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Carbon Deposition in Heterogeneous Catalysis

Carbon deposition on the surface of solid catalysts is commonly observed in hydrocarbon processing. A known problem is that carbon deposits can impede the activity of catalysts as well as block the flow of gas through a catalyst bed. This example investigates the thermal decomposition of methane into hydrogen and solid carbon, over a catalyst. The influence on the catalyst activity is first ...

Laminar Static Mixer

In static mixers, also called motionless or in-line mixers, a fluid is pumped through a pipe containing stationary blades. This mixing technique is particularly well suited for laminar flow mixing because it generates only small pressure losses in this flow regime. This example studies the flow in a twisted-blade static mixer. The mixing of one species dissolved in water at room temperature is ...

Electroosmotic Flow in Porous Media

This example treats the modeling of electroosmotic flow in porous media. The system consists of a compartment of sintered porous material and two electrodes that generate an electric field. The cell combines pressure and electroosmotic driven flow. The equations that are solved are the continuity equations for flow velocity and current density together with a mass balance using the ...

Transport in an Electrokinetic Valve

This application presents an example of pressure driven flow and electrophoresis in a 3D micro channel system. Researchers often use a device similar to the one in this model as an electrokinetic sample injector in biochips to obtain well-defined sample volumes of dissociated acids and salts and to transport these volumes. Focusing is obtained through pressure driven flow of the sample and ...

Dissociation in a Tubular Reactor

Tubular reactors are often used in continuous large-scale production, for example in the petroleum industry. One key design parameter is the conversion, or the amount of reactant that reacts to form the desired product. In order to achieve high conversion, process engineers optimize the reactor design: its length, width and heating system. An accurate reactor model is a very useful tool, both at ...

Microchannel H-Cell

This example was originally formulated by Albert Witarsa under Professor Bruce Finlayson’s supervision at the University of Washington in Seattle. It was part of a graduate course in which the assignment consisted of evaluating the potential of patents in the field of microfluidics through mathematical modeling. The model treats an H-micro cell for separation through diffusion. The cell puts ...

Multicomponent Tubular Reactor with Isothermal Cooling

This application uses the Chemical Reaction Engineering Module to study an elementary, exothermic, irreversible reaction in a tubular reactor (liquid phase, laminar flow regime). To keep its temperature down, the reactor uses a cooling jacket with a constant coolant temperature. The steady-state behavior of the reactor is investigated. The application visualizes how the Chemistry and Transport ...

Fermentation in Beer Brewing

An important step in brewing beer is the fermentation process. Here, alcohol is formed together with various flavor substances from sugars in the presence of yeast. The initial sugar content, temperature, and yeast type dictates how the fermentation proceeds. This example models the fermentation process in a perfectly mixed tank with the Reaction Engineering interface. Additionally, it also ...

Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition of Methane

Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) engines are being considered as an alternative to traditional spark- and compression-ignition engines. As the name implies, a homogeneous fuel/oxidant mixture is auto-ignited by compression with simultaneous combustion occurring throughout the cylinder volume. Combustion temperatures under lean burn operation are relatively low, resulting in low ...

Drug Release from a Biomaterial Matrix

In this example, drug-release from a biomaterial matrix to damaged cell tissue is modeled. Specifically, a nerve guide delivers a regenerating drug to damaged nerve ends. The model involves detailed drug release kinetics, with rate expressions handling drug dissociation/association reactions as well as matrix degradation by enzyme catalysis. The enzyme reaction is described by Michaelis-Menten ...