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Anisotropic Heat Transfer through Woven Carbon Fibers

This model and presentation shows how to model anisotropic properties of fibers in a heat transfer simulation. Because the fibers orientation is not easy to define explicitly, the curvilinear coordinate interface is used to define the fiber orientation. The fibers have high thermal conductivity in the fiber direction and low conductivity in the perpendicular direction.

Fluid-Structure Interaction in Aluminum Extrusion

In massive forming processes like rolling or extrusion, metal alloys are deformed in a hot solid state with material flowing under ideally plastic conditions. Such processes can be simulated effectively using computational fluid dynamics, where the material is considered as a fluid with a very high viscosity that depends on velocity and temperature. Internal friction of the moving material acts ...

The Magnus Effect

The Magnus effect explains the curl that soccer players can give the ball, resulting in the enjoyable goals that we can see in every World Cup™. This model looks at the Magnus effect in the laminar and turbulent flow regimes for transient and stationary flows. It also discusses the simulation results and relates them to experimental measurements on soccer balls found in the literature.

Microwave Heating of a Cancer Tumor

Electromagnetic heating is ideally suited for modeling in COMSOL Multiphysics. This model shows the area of hyperthermic oncology but the modeling issues and techniques are generally applicable to any problem involving electromagnetic heating. The purpose of this model is to compute the radiation field and the Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) in liver tissue for a thin coaxial slot antenna used ...

Contact Switch

This model illustrates how to implement a multiphysics contact. It models the thermal and electrical behavior of two contacting parts of a switch. The electrical current and the heat flow from one part to the other only through the contact surface. The contact switch device has a cylindrical body and plate hook shapes at the contact area. There, the thermal and electrical apparent resistances ...

Evaporation in Porous Media with Small Evaporation Rate

Evaporation in porous media is an important process in food and paper industry among others. Many physical effects must be considered: fluid flow, heat transfer in porous media and transport of moisture. This tutorial describes how dry air flowing through a humid porous medium can partially dry it. It is assumed that the initial amount of liquid water in the porous medium is large enough and ...

Continuous Casting

This example models the casting process of a metal rod from liquid to solid state using the Non-Isothermal Flow multiphysics interface, which combines heat transfer and fluid flow. The model describes the fluid and solid flow and heat transport, including the phase transfer from melt to solid. This phase change causes momentum changes, latent heat release and a variation in physical ...

Convection Cooling of Circuit Boards - 3D Natural Convection

The suite of models examine the air cooling of circuit boards populated with multiple integrated circuits (ICs), which act as heat sources. Two possible cooling scenarios are depicted: vertically aligned boards using natural convection, and horizontal boards with forced convection (fan cooling). In this case, contributions caused by the induced (forced) flow of air dominate the cooling. To ...

Tin Melting Front

This example demonstrates how to model phase transition by a moving boundary interface according to the Stefan problem. A square cavity containing both solid and liquid tin is submitted to a temperature difference between left and right boundaries. Fluid and solid parts are solved in separate domains sharing a moving melting front. The position of this boundary through time is calculated ...

Condensation Detection in an Electronic Device with Transport and Diffusion

This example simulates the thermodynamical evolution of moist air in an electronic box with the aim of detecting whether condensation occurs when the external environment properties change. The model imports measured data for the air temperature, pressure, and water vapor concentration. For the first part of the simulation, the water vapor concentration is considered to be homogeneous inside the ...