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Voltage Induced in a Coil by a Moving Magnet

A magnet moving axially through the center of a coil will induce a voltage across the coil terminals. One practical application of this is in shaker flashlights, where the flashlight is vigorously shaken back and forth, causing a magnet to move through a multi-turn coil, which provides charge to the battery. In this model, the motion of a magnet through a coil is modeled, and the induced ...

Bandgap Analysis of a Photonic Crystal

This model investigates the wave propagation in a photonic crystal that consists of GaAs pillars placed equidistant from each other. The distance between the pillars determines a relationship between the wave number and the frequency of the light, which prevents light of certain wavelengths propagating inside the crystal structure. This frequency range is called the photonic bandgap. There are ...

Capacitive Pressure Sensor

A capacitive pressure sensor is simulated. This model shows how to simulate the response of the pressure sensor to an applied pressure, and also how to analyze the effects of packing induced stresses on the sensor performance.

Buoyancy Flow of Free Fluids

This model couples the Navier Stokes equations and the heat transfer equations to examine density driven flow of free fluids. Here the fluid is in a square cavity with a heated wall. The buoyancy force is a Boussinesq term added to the Navier-Stokes equations. The equation is nondimensionalized, so the material coefficients are set up using Rayleigh and Prandtl numbers. The parametric solver ...

Heating Circuit

Small heating circuits find use in many applications. For example, in manufacturing processes they heat up reactive fluids. The device used consists of an electrically resistive layer deposited on a glass plate. The layer causes Joule heating when a voltage is applied to the circuit. The layer’s properties determine the amount of heat produced. This multiphysics example simulates the ...

Sonic Crystal

Phononic and sonic crystals have generated rising scientific interest for very diverse technological applications. These crystals are made of periodic distributions of scatterers embedded in a matrix. Under certain conditions, acoustic band gaps can form. These are spectral bands where propagation of waves is forbidden. This model first analyzes as sonic crystal and determines its band ...

Frequency Selective Surface, Periodic Complementary Split Ring Resonator

Frequency selective surfaces (FSS) are periodic structures with a bandpass or a bandstop frequency response. This model shows that only signals around the center frequency can pass through the periodic complimentary split ring resonator layer.

Loudspeaker Driver

This example shows you how to model a loudspeaker of the dynamic cone driver type, common for low and medium frequencies. The model analysis includes the total electric impedance and the on-axis sound pressure level at a nominal driving voltage, as functions of the frequency. The spatial characteristics of the speaker are depicted in a directivity plot. The tutorial model is set up using a ...

Thin-Film Resistance

In modeling of transport by diffusion or conduction in thin layers, we often encounter large differences in dimensions of the different domains in a model. If the modeled structure is a so-called sandwich structure, we can replace the thinnest geometrical layers with a thin layer approximation, provided that the difference in thickness is very large. This method can be used in many ...

Steady-State 2D Heat Transfer with Conduction

This example shows a 2D steady-state thermal analysis including convection to a prescribed external (ambient) temperature. It is given as a benchmarking example. The benchmark result for the target location is a temperature of 18.25 C. The COMSOL Multiphysics model, using a default mesh with 556 elements, gives a temperature of 18.28 C. Successive uniform refinements show a temperature of 18.26 ...