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Radar Cross Section

This tutorial model demonstrates the use of a background field in an electromagnetic scattering problem. Although this example is a boat hit by a radar, this same technique can be used in any situation where an isolated object meets electromagnetic waves from a distant source. For example, several orders of magnitude smaller, an equally common application is plasmon resonant nanoparticles. ...

Step-Index Fiber

The transmission speed of optical waveguides is superior to microwave waveguides, because optical devices have a much higher operating frequency than microwaves, enabling a far higher bandwidth. This model is an example of a single step-index waveguide made of silica glass. The inner core is made of pure silica glass with refractive index n1 = 1.4457 and the cladding is doped, with a ...

Fresnel Equations (RF)

A plane electromagnetic wave propagating through free space is incident at an angle upon an infinite dielectric medium. This model computes the reflection and transmission coefficients and compares to the Fresnel equations.

MRI Birdcage Coil

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) systems generate a magnetic flux density (B-field) to create images. Providing a homogeneous field distribution within a birdcage coil is a key factor for improving the quality of the scanned data. A homogeneous magnetic field can be found through quadrature excitation, in combination with the appropriate number of lumped elements. In this model, the magnetic ...

Coplanar Waveguide Bandpass Filter

Coplanar waveguide (CPW) bandpass filters can be designed using interdigital capacitors (IDCs) and short-circuited stub inductors (SSIs). This is a very efficient manufacturing method for producing bandpass filters, which can readily be implemented on a GaAs wafer. The Coplanar Waveguide Bandpass Filter tutorial model presents a design that is compact in relation to its resonant frequency and ...

H-Bend Waveguide 3D

These examples show how to model a rectangular waveguide for microwaves in 2D and 3D. A single hollow waveguide can conduct two kinds of electromagnetic waves: transversal magnetic (TM) or transversal electric (TE) waves. The models examine a TE wave that has no electric field component in the direction of propagation. More specifically, for the models, you select the frequency and ...

Modeling of Pyramidal Absorbers for an Anechoic Chamber

In this model, a microwave absorber is constructed from an infinite 2D array of pyramidal lossy structures. Pyramidal absorbers with radiation-absorbent material (RAM) are commonly used in anechoic chambers for electromagnetic wave measurements. Microwave absorption is modeled using a lossy material to imitate the electromagnetic properties of conductive carbon-loaded foam.

Finding the Impedance of a Coaxial Cable

The coaxial cable (coax) is one of the most ubiquitous transmission line structures. It is composed of a central circular conductor, surrounded by an annular dielectric, and shielded by an outer conductor. This model computes the electric and magnetic field distribution inside of the coaxial cable, analyzes the impedance, and compares the result with the analytic solution.

Modeling of a Mobile Device Antenna

Electrical components in wireless communication systems are designed to be small and light for portability and productivity while maintaining decent performance and efficiency. Antennas are essential components in mobile devices and are required to fit in the limited space allowed by industrial specifications. To fulfill this requirement, a planar inverted-F antenna (PIFA) is common and a ...

A SMA Connector on a Grounded Coplanar Waveguide

SMA connectors are popularly used on printed circuit boards (PCB) for testing. This model shows how to excite an SMA connector on a microwave substrate and how to terminate a grounded coplanar waveguide (GCPW) with 50 ohm using a lumped port and an air-bridge.