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Quasi-TEM Analysis of Multiconductor Transmission Lines Embedded in Layered Dielectric Region

S.M. Musa[1], and M.N.O. Sadiku[1]
[1]Prairie View A&M University Networking Academy, Prairie View, Texas, USA

This paper presents the quasi-TEM two-dimensional (2D) approach for the analysis of multiconductor transmission lines interconnect in single and two-layered dielectric region using the finite element method (FEM). FEM is especially suitable and effective for the computation of electromagnetic fields in strongly inhomogeneous media. We illustrate that FEM is as suitable and effective as other ...

Finite Element Analysis of Microscale Luminescent Glucose Sensors in the Skin Dermis

S. Ali[1], and M. McShane[1]
[1]Department of Biomedical Engineering, Texas A&M University-College Station, Texas, USA

With the rising predominance of diabetes, successful management of blood glucose levels is increasingly important. Key efforts have focused on the development of optical microscale glucose sensing systems based on the encapsulation of glucose oxidase within microspheres coated with polyelectrolyte multilayer nanofilms. A two-substrate mathematical model of microscale optical glucose sensors in ...

Finite Element Modeling a Redox-Enzyme-Based Electrochemical Biosensor

Y. Huang[1], and A. Mason[1]
[1]Electrical and Computer Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA

This paper describes the modeling of an electrochemical biosensor embedded in a microfluidic channel to determine the concentration of a target biomolecule. The total amount of analyte in the sample can be calculated by integrating the analyte concentration over the duration of the peak current. The biosensor is constructed by immobilizing redox-enzyme on an interdigitated array (IDA) electrode ...

Design Simulations of a General Purpose Research Micro Reactor for Methane Conversion to Syngas.

C. Bouchot[1], and M.A. Valenzuela[1]
[1]Instituto Politécnico Nacional-ESIQIE, México D.F, México

A general purpose stainless steel micro reactor setup for methane conversion is being designed for research purposes. We intend to design and build a modular device that would be able to manage different types of reactions depending on the installed modules. The device should be able to allow the study of gas phase reactions at low (atmospheric) and high pressures (up to 20 MPa), with the ...

Stochastic Modeling of Biological Systems – Ranking the Model Parameters of the Human Vocal Folds

D. Cook[1]
[1]New York University, New York, USA

Computational models of biological systems are becoming more and more common in medical research areas. Evidence of this can be found by examining the number of articles containing the term “finite element” in the expansive National Institutes of Health (NIH) digital research archive PubMed. Numerical modeling of biological systems allows the execution of “computational ...

Modeling of Shrinkage Behavior in Cement Paste Using Thermal-structural Interaction

T. Chen[1], and P.G. Ifju[1]

[1]University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA

This paper describes using thermal-structural interaction to model the shrinkage behavior in cement paste under drying. An inverse method of combining the finite element analysis and the least-squares method is implemented to fit experimentally determined shrinkage in order to obtain material properties from the complex geometry used in the tests. The finite element model is created using COMSOL ...

A Non-isothermal Modeling of a Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell

H. Shin[1]

[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan – Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA

Polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells have attracted attention as an alternative power source in various applications such as vehicles, portable supplies, and stationary power systems. A non-isothermal PEM fuel model is developed and simulated by using COMSOL Multiphysics. Although PEM fuel cells have been expected to be extensively used as an alternative power source, there have been ...

Viscous damping of a periodic perforated MEMS microstructure when the Reynolds’ equation cannot be applied: Numerical simulations

D. Homentcovschi[1], and R.N. Miles[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, SUNY Binghamton, NY

This paper develops a computational model for determining the total damping coefficient for a unit cell of a MEMS microscale device containing a repetitive pattern of holes. The basic cell of the microstructure is approximated by an axi-symmetric domain and the velocity and pressure fields are determined from solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations using the finite element software package ...

Computational Modeling of Magnetorheological Elastomers Using Soft and Hard Magnetic Particles

J. Biggs[1], P. VonLockette[1], and S. Lofland[1]
[1]Rowan University, Glassboro, New Jersey

Magnetorheological Elastomers (MREs) are a composite that consist of magnetic micrometer sized particles suspended within rubber matrix filler. By placing this material within an external magnetic field during the rubber curing process, the poles of the particles are forced to align and form chains of particles within the matrix. These chains cause the MRE to change its stiffness properties when ...

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