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Finite Element Analysis of an Enzymatic Biofuel Cell: The Orientations of a chip inside a blood artery

C. Wang[1], Y. Parikh[1], Y. Song[1], and J. Yang[1]
[1]Mechanical & Materials Science Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA

Output performance of an implantable enzymatic biofuel cell (EBFC) with three- dimensional highly dense micro-electrode arrays has been simulated with a finite element analysis approach. The purpose of this research is to optimize the orientation of this EBFC chip inside a blood artery such that the mass transport of glucose around all the micro-electrodes can be improved and hence output ...

Simulation of Electromagnetic Enhancement in Transition Metamaterials using COMSOL

I. Mozjerin[1], T. Gibson[1], and N.M. Litchinitser[1]
[1]Department of Electrical Engineering, The State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, USA

Metamaterials are a new class of artificial materials, which possess various unusual properties. One of these properties is a negative index of refraction produced by setting both the dielectric permittivity ε and the magnetic permeability μ of the material less than zero. Unique electromagnetic phenomena occurring at the interface between negative-index materials and conventional ...

Modeling the Collimator-Detector Scattering Using Stochastic Differential Equations and COMSOL

A. Jeremic[1], T. Farncombe[2], S. Liu[2], and Y. Abdul-Rehman[1]
[1]Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
[2]Department of Radiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is a nuclear medicine imaging technique that uses gamma rays. It has been especially useful for bone scans, cardiac perfusion imaging, tumor scans and brain imaging. The main advantage of SPECT imaging is that it can target particular tissue receptors allowing one to focus on the imaging of the diseased tissue. In most cases Monte Carlo ...

Designing B-field Coils from the Inside-Out

C.B. Crawford[1], Y. Shin[1], and G. Porter[1]
[1]Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA

Traditionally the design cycle for magnetic fields involves guessing at a reasonable conductor / magnetic material configuration, using FEA software to calculate the resulting field, modifying the configuration, and iterating to produce the desired field. Our method involved solving the classical Laplace equation on regions with imposed boundary conditions, which was implemented ...

The Effect of a Correlated Surface Roughness and Convection on Heat Conduction

A.F. Emery[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA

Heat conduction through a slab, 0 ≤ x ≤ W is one dimensional. However, if one of the edges, say x=0, is rough the conduction will be two dimensional. The two dimensionality varies with the correlation length with a maximum at a length approximately 10% of the slab width. The maximum percentage standard deviation of the flux is of the order of 3 time that of the roughness. Monte ...

Design Simulations of a General Purpose Research Micro Reactor for Methane Conversion to Syngas.

C. Bouchot[1], and M.A. Valenzuela[1]
[1]Instituto Politécnico Nacional-ESIQIE, México D.F, México

A general purpose stainless steel micro reactor setup for methane conversion is being designed for research purposes. We intend to design and build a modular device that would be able to manage different types of reactions depending on the installed modules. The device should be able to allow the study of gas phase reactions at low (atmospheric) and high pressures (up to 20 MPa), with the ...

Optimization of a Thermal Actuator for Low Power/Low Cost Applications

R. Zúñiga-Quesada[1], M. Vílchez-Monge[1], P. Vega-Castillo[1]
[1]Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica, Cartago, Costa Rica

This work describes the study of a thermal actuator and modifications to the materials employed in order to decrease power consumption and implementation costs. For this study, we worked on improving the thermal actuator described in the work of T. Ebefors. The criteria for choosing the new materials were lower power consumption, commercial availability, and ease processing. The thermal actuator ...

Linear Convection and Conduction in Cylinders of Water Exposed to Periodic Thermal Stimuli

R.E. Tosh[1], and H.H. Chen-Mayer[1]
[1]National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA

Primary reference standards for determining absorbed dose to water in radiotherapy beams used at cancer clinics and hospitals ultimately must make reference to the temperature change in water produced by ionizing radiation. The most direct experimental technique for this purpose is water calorimetry. Since the dose distributions delivered by such beams are nonuniform, temperature signals ...

Viscous damping of a periodic perforated MEMS microstructure when the Reynolds’ equation cannot be applied: Numerical simulations

D. Homentcovschi[1], and R.N. Miles[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, SUNY Binghamton, NY

This paper develops a computational model for determining the total damping coefficient for a unit cell of a MEMS microscale device containing a repetitive pattern of holes. The basic cell of the microstructure is approximated by an axi-symmetric domain and the velocity and pressure fields are determined from solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations using the finite element software package ...

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