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Multiphysics Topology Optimization of Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow Systems

E. Dede[1]
[1]Toyota Research Institute of North America, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA

This paper is focused on topology optimization of heat transfer and fluid flow systems for multiphysics objectives. Specifically, COMSOL Multiphysics software is coupled with a method of moving asymptotes optimizer in a custom COMSOL / MATLAB script. Various physical process including conduction, convection-diffusion, and Navier-Stokes flow are considered. To illustrate the method, a standard ...

Mathematical Modeling of a Lithium Ion Battery

R. E. White[1], and Long Cai[2]
[1]R.E. White & Associates LLC, Columbia, South Carolina, USA
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA

The existing lithium ion battery model in COMSOL’s Multiphysics  software is extended to include the thermal effects. The thermal behavior of a lithium ion battery is studied during the galvanostatic discharge process with and without a pulse. The existing lithium ion battery model in COMSOL 3.5a is extended by adding an energy balance and the temperature dependence of properties of ...

Solid-Liquid Phase Change Simulation Applied to a Cylindrical Latent Heat Energy Storage System

D. Groulx[1], and W. Ogoh[1]

[1]Mechanical Engineering Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

One way of storing thermal energy is through the use of latent heat energy storage systems. One such system, composed of a cylindrical container filled with paraffin wax, through which a copper pipe carrying hot water is inserted, is presented in this paper. It is shown that the physical processes encountered in the flow of water, the heat transfer by conduction and convection, and the phase ...

Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Blood Flow over a Backward-Facing Step: Steady-State Simulation

M.W. Siebert[1], and P.S. Fodor[1]
[1]Physics Department, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA

In this work, the fluid flow over a 2D backward-facing step is analyzed in order to provide a case study for the use of different models for the blood dynamic viscosity in COMSOL Multiphysics. Three non-Newtonian models, as well as the Newtonian model are used to study the shear stresses and the reattachment length as a function of the fluid speed. The non-Newtonian models used in this study are ...

Two-Dimensional COMSOL Simulation of Heavy-Oil Recovery by Electromagnetic Heating

M. Carrizales[1], and L.W. Lake[1]

[1]The University of Texas at Austin, University Station, Austin, Texas, USA

Introducing heat to the formation has proven to be an effective way of lowering the oil viscosity of heavy oils by raising the temperature in the formation. The application of electrical energy has gained more interest during the last decade because it offers fewer restrictions for its successful application compared to the conventional steam flooding methods. Although this recovery technique ...

Benchmarking COMSOL - Part 2: CFD Problems

Darrell Pepper
Professor of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Nevada - Las Vegas

Using COMSOL 3.5a, a set of benchmark problems requiring the use of the COMSOL Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) module has been simulated. Several of the problems include fluid-heat transfer interactions (Computational Heat Transfer - CHT). The four problems are: flow over a 2-D circular cylinder compressible flow in a shock tube incompressible heated flow over a 2-D backward facing step ...

Nanoscale Heat Transfer using Phonon Boltzmann Transport Equation

S. Sihn[1,2], and A.K. Roy[2]

[1]Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, Ohio, USA
[2]University of Dayton Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio, USA

COMSOL Multiphysics was used to solve a phonon Boltzmann transport equation (BTE) for nanoscale heat transport problems. One dimensional steady-state and transient BTE problems were successfully solved based on finite element and discrete ordinate methods for spatial and angular discretizations, respectively, by utilizing the built-in feature of the COMSOL, Coefficient Form of PDE.

Coupled Structural and Magnetic Models: Linear Magnetostriction in COMSOL

J. Slaughter[1]
[1]Etrema Products, Inc., Ames, Iowa, USA

Accurate modeling of magnetostrictive materials and devices requires coupling of electrical, magnetic, mechanical, and possibly acoustic domains. There are relatively few finite  element software packages that include all these physical models and even fewer that include magnetostrictive models. Comsol Multiphysics was used to create linear magnetostrictive models with fully coupled ...

Multiphysics Simulation of a Packed Bed Reactor

A.E. Varela[1], and J.C. García[1]

[1]University of Carabobo, Valencia, Venezuela

Most reactor designs are based on pseudo homogeneous models. This paper studies the COMSOL simulation of a packed bed reactor using a 2-D heterogeneous model. The case considered was a packed reactor with spherical catalyst for oxidation of o-xylene in air to phthalic anhydride. Large differences in intra-pellet temperature were found in comparison with the average temperatures resulting from ...

Multiphysics Simulation of the Effect of Sensing and Spacer Layers on SAW Velocity

P. Zheng[1,4], D.W. Greve[2,4], and I.J. Oppenheim[3,4]

[1]Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
[2]Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
[3]Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
[4]National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA

Surface acoustic wave gas sensors use a chemically sensitive resistive layer to detect gas concentration. The resistivity of the sensing material, the sensing layer thickness, and the spacer layer thickness all affect the surface wave propagation velocity. Existing analytic theory relates the change in velocity to various parameters. However some variables in this theory are not ...

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