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Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Blood Flow over a Backward-Facing Step: Steady-State Simulation

M.W. Siebert[1], and P.S. Fodor[1]
[1]Physics Department, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA

In this work, the fluid flow over a 2D backward-facing step is analyzed in order to provide a case study for the use of different models for the blood dynamic viscosity in COMSOL Multiphysics. Three non-Newtonian models, as well as the Newtonian model are used to study the shear stresses and the reattachment length as a function of the fluid speed. The non-Newtonian models used in this study are ...

Multiphysics Topology Optimization of Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow Systems

E. Dede[1]
[1]Toyota Research Institute of North America, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA

This paper is focused on topology optimization of heat transfer and fluid flow systems for multiphysics objectives. Specifically, COMSOL Multiphysics software is coupled with a method of moving asymptotes optimizer in a custom COMSOL / MATLAB script. Various physical process including conduction, convection-diffusion, and Navier-Stokes flow are considered. To illustrate the method, a standard ...

Modeling of Drying of Cellular Ceramic Structures: Coupled Electromagnetic and Multiphase Porous Media Model

A. Dhall[1], G. Peng[2], G. Squier[2], M. Geremew[3], L. Bogaczyk[2], J. George[3], W.A. Wood[3], and A.K. Datta[1]
[1]Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
[2]Manufacturing Technology & Engineering, Corning Inc., Sullivan Park, Corning, New York, USA
[3]Corporate Research, Corning Inc., Sullivan Park, Corning, New York, USA

Cellular ceramic substrates are extensively used for pollution control systems in vehicles. The manufacturing process of them can involve microwave drying. In this study, we describe the development of a modeling framework for the microwave drying process of these substrates. The transport model is implemented in COMSOL 3.5a using 4 PDEs: 1) Convection-Conduction for temperature, 2) Convection ...

COMSOL in the Academic Environment at USNA

K. Mcilhany[1], and R. Malek-Madani[2]
[1]Department of Physics U. S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland, USA
[2]Department of Mathematics, U. S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland, USA

The U.S. Naval Academy has used COMSOL as a research tool for many years. Academic usage of COMSOL for student use has only begun in the last five years. Student involvement comes in four types, course-wide usage, focused course related work, student projects and semester-long research projects. A summary of how COMSOL has been successfully used at USNA will be given, showing examples of ...

Drying of Corn Kernels: From Experimental Images to Multiscale Multiphysics Modeling

P. Takhar[1], and S. Zhang[2]

[1]Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas, USA
[2]Visualization Sciences Group Inc., Burlington Massachusetts, USA

This work demonstrated the importance and feasibility of experimental image to simulation workflow. The workflow is successfully applied to a food processing study, where multiphysics and multiscale modeling based on 3D experimental image reconstruction contributes to the preservation of corn, one of the major food sources for the world population.

Finite Element Analysis of Microscale Luminescent Glucose Sensors in the Skin Dermis

S. Ali[1], and M. McShane[1]
[1]Department of Biomedical Engineering, Texas A&M University-College Station, Texas, USA

With the rising predominance of diabetes, successful management of blood glucose levels is increasingly important. Key efforts have focused on the development of optical microscale glucose sensing systems based on the encapsulation of glucose oxidase within microspheres coated with polyelectrolyte multilayer nanofilms. A two-substrate mathematical model of microscale optical glucose sensors in ...

Finite Element Analysis of an Enzymatic Biofuel Cell: The Orientations of a chip inside a blood artery

C. Wang[1], Y. Parikh[1], Y. Song[1], and J. Yang[1]
[1]Mechanical & Materials Science Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA

Output performance of an implantable enzymatic biofuel cell (EBFC) with three- dimensional highly dense micro-electrode arrays has been simulated with a finite element analysis approach. The purpose of this research is to optimize the orientation of this EBFC chip inside a blood artery such that the mass transport of glucose around all the micro-electrodes can be improved and hence output ...

Optimization of a Thermal Actuator for Low Power/Low Cost Applications

R. Zúñiga-Quesada[1], M. Vílchez-Monge[1], P. Vega-Castillo[1]
[1]Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica, Cartago, Costa Rica

This work describes the study of a thermal actuator and modifications to the materials employed in order to decrease power consumption and implementation costs. For this study, we worked on improving the thermal actuator described in the work of T. Ebefors. The criteria for choosing the new materials were lower power consumption, commercial availability, and ease processing. The thermal actuator ...

Mathematical Modeling of a Lithium Ion Battery

R. E. White[1], and Long Cai[2]
[1]R.E. White & Associates LLC, Columbia, South Carolina, USA
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA

The existing lithium ion battery model in COMSOL’s Multiphysics  software is extended to include the thermal effects. The thermal behavior of a lithium ion battery is studied during the galvanostatic discharge process with and without a pulse. The existing lithium ion battery model in COMSOL 3.5a is extended by adding an energy balance and the temperature dependence of properties of ...

Implementation of a Paraxial Optical Propagation Method for Large Photonic Devices

J.E. Toney[1]

[1]Pennsylvania State University Electro-Optics Center, Freeport, Pennsylvania, USA

We demonstrate the use of COMSOL Multiphysics with MATLAB to model signal generation in wide-bandgap semiconductor radiation detectors. A quasi-hemispherical detector design is compared with a simple, planar detector. Results show that the quasi-hemispherical design can simply and effectively compensate for the poor hole transport of most compound semiconductor materials. In this paper we ...

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