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Modeling with COMSOL the Interaction Between Subducting Plates and Mantle Flow

J. Rodríguez-González[1], A.M. Negredo[1], P. Petricca[2], and E. Carminati[2][3]


[1]Departamento de Geofísica y Meteorología, Facultad de CC. Físicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
[2]Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Roma La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
[3]Istituto Geologia Ambientale e Geoingegneria – CNR, Roma, Italy

Subduction processes have great importance as are related to volcanism and earthquake occurrence. Old and cold plates should subduct steeper than younger ones, but the subduction angle is highly variable and does not always correlate with the age of the plates. Some researchers propose a global or net westward drift of the lithosphere relative to the mantle and this assessment is still a matter ...

Cascades of Secondary Particles in High Voltage Accelerators

M. Cavenago[1], P. Antonini[1][3], P. Veltri[2], N. Pilan[2], V. Antoni[2], and G. Serianni[2]
[1]INFN-LNL, Legnaro, Padova, Italy
[2]Consorzio RFX, Padova, Italy
[3]Centro Ric. E. Fermi, Roma, Italy

A very simplified system for high voltage test is studied, considering reason for voltage holding failures which are not covered by conventional and local design criteria. A first understanding of the problem is obtained by solving the electrostatic potential in a 2D axis symmetric geometry, considering in detail the electrode shapes, and following a cascade of particle between opposite ...

Modeling the Behavior of Phased Arrays in Brain Tissue: Application to Deep Brain Stimulation

V. Valente[1], A. Demosthenous[1], and R. Bayford[2]

[1]Department of Electronic & Electrical Engineering, University College London, London, United Kingdom
[2]Department of Natural Sciences, Middlesex University, London, United Kingdom

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is a therapeutic tool used for a number of neurological disorders including chronic pain, incontinence and movement disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease. DBS consists of the low-frequency stimulation of an area of the brain, known as basal ganglia. The stimulation is provided by clinical implant, consisting of a pulse generator and an electrode lead ...

Thin Membrane Modelling for the Electrical Stimulation of Auditory Nerve

A. Grünbaum[1], S. Petersen[1], H.W. Pau[2], and U. van Rienen[1]

[1]IEF funded by DFG Research Training Group 1505/1 Welisa, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
[2]Otolaryngology “Otto Körner”, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany

Modeling of 2-5 μm thin membranes into a cochlea with a width of 2 cm is computationally. The paper is focused on two approximative methods used to overcome this problem and in addition a simple model challenging of a plate capacitor with a thin membrane of different thickness in-between is presented. The results of simulations with both thin layer approximation methods are compared with ...

A Fully Coupled Three-Dimensional Dynamic Model of Polymeric Membranes for Fuel Cells

P. Alotto[1], M. Guarnieri[1], and F. Moro[1]

[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica, Università di Padova, Padova, Italy

The proton exchange membrane is a key component in the currently widely studied Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells. In this paper a fully coupled three-dimensional dynamic numerical model of the membrane including all the physically relevant phenomena, i.e. ion transport, hydration-dependent conductivity and thermal effects is presented. The highly non-linear model is discretized by means of ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Version 4

Svante Littmarck
President and CEO, COMSOL

Svante Littmarck is the CEO of the COMSOL group. He co-founded COMSOL in 1986. He holds a M.Sc. in Applied Mathematics from the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm. In 2004 he received an honorary doctoral degree from the Royal Institute of Technology.

Assessment of COMSOL Capabilities to Analyse the Thermo- Hydrodynamic Behaviour of the MSR Core

A. Cammi[1], V. Di Marcello[1], C. Fiorina[1], and L. Luzzi[1]

[1]Nuclear Engineering Division, Department of Energy, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy

The present work is aimed at evaluating the capabilities of COMSOL Multiphysics® to treat heat transfer in Molten Salt Reactors (MSR). The analyzed situation is represented by the molten salt in turbulent regime flowing through a cylindrical channel surrounded by graphite, with both the fluid and the solid generating power. A suitable validation framework has been set up on the basis of an ...

Elastoplastic Models of the Interaction between Active Fronts of the Southern Alps and Dinarides (NE Italy and NW Slovenia)

M. Coccia[1], E. Carminati[1], F. Rolandone[2], M. Battaglia[1], D. Zuliani[3], and P. Fabris[3]
[1]Università La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
[2]Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
[3]Centro Ricerche Sismologiche, Udine, Italy

We use GPS measurements and Finite Element analysis to investigate strain accumulation in the interaction between active fronts of the Southern Alps and Dinarides at the northern edge of the Adriatic micro-plate. We develop a three dimensional model of the area taking into account the regional topography, approximating the crust as an elasto-plastic medium and reproducing as close as possible ...

Growth and Remodelling of Intracranial Saccular Aneurysms

A. Di Carlo[1], V. Sansalone[2], A. Tatone[3], and V. Varano[1]
[1]Modelling and Simulation Lab, Università Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
[2]Laboratoire de Mécanique Physique, Université Paris Est, Paris, France
[3]DISAT, Università degli Studi dell’Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy

We present a mechanical model a growing spherical shell suitable for predicting the evolution of a Saccular Cerebral Artery Aneurysms (SCAA). It relies basically on the Kröner-Lee decomposition, used to describe the interplay between the current and the relaxed configuration of body elements. Rupture or stabilization of a SCAA are the end effect of a number of biological mechanisms, still poorly ...

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