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Chemical Reactions in a Microfluidic T-Sensor: Numerical Comparison of 2D and 3D Models

R. Winz[1][2], N. Schröder[1], W. Wiechert[1], and E. von Lieres[1]
[1]Institute of Biotechnology 2, Research Centre Jülich, Jülich, Germany
[2]Research Center for Micro and Nanochemistry, University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany

In recent years lab-on-microchip technology has become a powerful tool for micro-scale analysis of biochemical processes. In the studied system the overall process consists of transport, convection, diffusion, reaction and adsorption processes. Two compounds A and B, contained in a carrier fluid (buffer), are introduced into a reaction channel via a Y-shaped double-inlet. As the streams flow ...

Thin Membrane Modelling for the Electrical Stimulation of Auditory Nerve

A. Grünbaum[1], S. Petersen[1], H.W. Pau[2], and U. van Rienen[1]

[1]IEF funded by DFG Research Training Group 1505/1 Welisa, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
[2]Otolaryngology “Otto Körner”, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany

Modeling of 2-5 μm thin membranes into a cochlea with a width of 2 cm is computationally. The paper is focused on two approximative methods used to overcome this problem and in addition a simple model challenging of a plate capacitor with a thin membrane of different thickness in-between is presented. The results of simulations with both thin layer approximation methods are compared with ...

Assessment of COMSOL Capabilities to Analyse the Thermo- Hydrodynamic Behaviour of the MSR Core

A. Cammi[1], V. Di Marcello[1], C. Fiorina[1], and L. Luzzi[1]

[1]Nuclear Engineering Division, Department of Energy, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy

The present work is aimed at evaluating the capabilities of COMSOL Multiphysics® to treat heat transfer in Molten Salt Reactors (MSR). The analyzed situation is represented by the molten salt in turbulent regime flowing through a cylindrical channel surrounded by graphite, with both the fluid and the solid generating power. A suitable validation framework has been set up on the basis of an ...

Modeling Mechanical Deformation and Optical Waveguiding Properties of Ion-Implanted Diamond

F. Bosia[1], P. Olivero[2], and E. Vittone[2]
[1]Dipartimento di Fisica Teorica, Università di Torino, Torino, Italy
[2]Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale, Università di Torino, Torino, Italy

Ion implantation in insulating materials leads to local variations in mechanical and optical properties that can be exploited for the fabrication of micro-structures. In particular, ion irradiation of diamond causes the formation of buried amorphised layers, with correspondent mass density and refractive index variations that depend on the level of “damage” of the crystal structure. ...

A Multi-Physics Framework for the Geometric Optimization of a Diaphragm Electrostatic Micropump

E. Bertarelli[1], R. Ardito[1], E. Bianchi[1], K. Laganà[1], A. Corigliano[1], G. Dubini[1], and R. Contro[1]

[1]Department of Structural Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy

In this work, an electrostatic diaphragm micropump is investigated by means of COMSOL Multiphysics®. A fluid-dynamic model is adopted to evaluate the fluid flow characteristics inside the pumping chamber, in static conditions. In parallel, electromechanical quasi-static simulations are performed to evaluate the occurrence of membrane movement and pull-in phenomena. Finally, a simplified ...

Bio-Effluents Tracing in Ventilated Aircraft Cabins

G. Petrone[1], L. Cammarata[1], and G. Cammarata[1]
[1]Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, University of Catania, Catania, Italy

Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) are issues of very high interest, determining comfortable conditions for occupants and no-contaminated local atmosphere. The aircraft cabins are more confined and have a higher occupant density than other indoor environments such as offices or residential houses. The passengers and the crew share a closed and ventilated cabin, which brings potential risk ...

Control of Rolling Direction for Released Strained Wrinkled Nanomembrane

P. Cendula[1], S. Kiravittaya[1], J. Gabel[1], and O.G. Schmidt[1]

[1]Institute for Integrative Nanosciences, Dresden, Germany

Strained wrinkled and flat nanomembranes have different bending properties when they are released from the underlying substrate. This is caused by increased bending rigidity of the wrinkled film in one direction. We provide theoretical and numerical analysis of the directional rolling of wrinkled films, which is important for positioning rolled-up tubes on the short mesa edge during fabrication.

Growth and Remodelling of Intracranial Saccular Aneurysms

A. Di Carlo[1], V. Sansalone[2], A. Tatone[3], and V. Varano[1]
[1]Modelling and Simulation Lab, Università Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
[2]Laboratoire de Mécanique Physique, Université Paris Est, Paris, France
[3]DISAT, Università degli Studi dell’Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy

We present a mechanical model a growing spherical shell suitable for predicting the evolution of a Saccular Cerebral Artery Aneurysms (SCAA). It relies basically on the Kröner-Lee decomposition, used to describe the interplay between the current and the relaxed configuration of body elements. Rupture or stabilization of a SCAA are the end effect of a number of biological mechanisms, still poorly ...

Simulation and Evaluation of Small High-Frequency Side Scan Sonars Using COMSOL

J. Jonsson[1], E. Edqvist[1], H. Kratz[1], M. Almqvist[2], and G. Thornell[1]
[1]Ångström Space Technology Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
[2]Department of Measurement Technology and Industrial Electrical Engineering, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

High frequency side-scan sonar, to be fitted on a miniaturized submersible explorer, have been simulated and built. The purpose of this study is to see if COMSOL Multiphysics® can be used to predict the performance of the sonar, especially the beam width, setting the resolution of the system. Four models were created, from simple 2-D geometries to more complex 3-D models. The simulated beam ...

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