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A Finite Element Test of the 2002-2003 Etna Eruption

F. Pulvirenti[1][2], M. Aloisi[1], G. De Guidi[2], M. Mattia[1], and C. Monaco[2]
[1]Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
[2]Dipartimento di Scienze Geologiche, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy

Structural, morphological and ground deformation studies suggest that the eastern flank of Mt. Etna (eastern Sicily) is spreading seaward. Three contrasting models have been proposed: deep-seated spreading, shallow sliding and tectonic block movements. In order to better understand the kinematics of instability processes on eastern flank of Mt. Etna, a numerical simulation has been applied to a ...

Variation of the Frost Boundary below Road and Railway Embankments in Permafrost Regions in Response to Solar Irradiation and Winds 

N.I. Kömle[1] and W. Feng[2]
[1]Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Graz, Austria
[2]State Key Laboratory of Frozen Soil Engineering, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Lanzhou, China

We present COMSOL solutions for a coupled gas flow and heat transfer problem, which occurs particularly when traffic pathways are constructed in high altitude and arctic regions, where the underground is frozen soil. To avoid melting of the frozen ground (which usually leads to mechanical instability) one has to find suitable measures to keep the subsurface soil and the embankment suitably cool. ...

Control of Rolling Direction for Released Strained Wrinkled Nanomembrane

P. Cendula[1], S. Kiravittaya[1], J. Gabel[1], and O.G. Schmidt[1]

[1]Institute for Integrative Nanosciences, Dresden, Germany

Strained wrinkled and flat nanomembranes have different bending properties when they are released from the underlying substrate. This is caused by increased bending rigidity of the wrinkled film in one direction. We provide theoretical and numerical analysis of the directional rolling of wrinkled films, which is important for positioning rolled-up tubes on the short mesa edge during fabrication.

COMSOL Multiphysics® Version 4

Svante Littmarck
President and CEO, COMSOL

Svante Littmarck is the CEO of the COMSOL group. He co-founded COMSOL in 1986. He holds a M.Sc. in Applied Mathematics from the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm. In 2004 he received an honorary doctoral degree from the Royal Institute of Technology.

Towards a Finite Element Calculation of Acoustical Amplitudes in HID Lamps

B. Baumann[1], M. Wolff[1], J. Hirsch[2], P. Antonis[2], S. Bhosle[3], and R. Valdivia Barrientos[4]
[1]Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Hamburg, Germany
[2]Philips Lighting, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
[3]LAPLACE, Université de Toulouse and CNRS, Toulouse, France
[4]National Institute of Nuclear Research, Salazar, Ocoyoacac, Mexico

High intensity discharge lamps can experience flickering and even destruction, when operated at high frequency alternating current. The cause of these problems has been identified as acoustic resonances inside the lamp’s are tube. Here, a finite element approach for the calculation of the acoustic response function is described. The developed model does not include the plasma dynamics.

Cascades of Secondary Particles in High Voltage Accelerators

M. Cavenago[1], P. Antonini[1][3], P. Veltri[2], N. Pilan[2], V. Antoni[2], and G. Serianni[2]
[1]INFN-LNL, Legnaro, Padova, Italy
[2]Consorzio RFX, Padova, Italy
[3]Centro Ric. E. Fermi, Roma, Italy

A very simplified system for high voltage test is studied, considering reason for voltage holding failures which are not covered by conventional and local design criteria. A first understanding of the problem is obtained by solving the electrostatic potential in a 2D axis symmetric geometry, considering in detail the electrode shapes, and following a cascade of particle between opposite ...

Simulation and Evaluation of Small High-Frequency Side Scan Sonars Using COMSOL

J. Jonsson[1], E. Edqvist[1], H. Kratz[1], M. Almqvist[2], and G. Thornell[1]
[1]Ångström Space Technology Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
[2]Department of Measurement Technology and Industrial Electrical Engineering, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

High frequency side-scan sonar, to be fitted on a miniaturized submersible explorer, have been simulated and built. The purpose of this study is to see if COMSOL Multiphysics® can be used to predict the performance of the sonar, especially the beam width, setting the resolution of the system. Four models were created, from simple 2-D geometries to more complex 3-D models. The simulated beam ...

Modeling Mechanical Deformation and Optical Waveguiding Properties of Ion-Implanted Diamond

F. Bosia[1], P. Olivero[2], and E. Vittone[2]
[1]Dipartimento di Fisica Teorica, Università di Torino, Torino, Italy
[2]Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale, Università di Torino, Torino, Italy

Ion implantation in insulating materials leads to local variations in mechanical and optical properties that can be exploited for the fabrication of micro-structures. In particular, ion irradiation of diamond causes the formation of buried amorphised layers, with correspondent mass density and refractive index variations that depend on the level of “damage” of the crystal structure. ...

Growth and Remodelling of Intracranial Saccular Aneurysms

A. Di Carlo[1], V. Sansalone[2], A. Tatone[3], and V. Varano[1]
[1]Modelling and Simulation Lab, Università Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
[2]Laboratoire de Mécanique Physique, Université Paris Est, Paris, France
[3]DISAT, Università degli Studi dell’Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy

We present a mechanical model a growing spherical shell suitable for predicting the evolution of a Saccular Cerebral Artery Aneurysms (SCAA). It relies basically on the Kröner-Lee decomposition, used to describe the interplay between the current and the relaxed configuration of body elements. Rupture or stabilization of a SCAA are the end effect of a number of biological mechanisms, still poorly ...

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