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Classical Models of the Interface Between an Electrode and an Electrolyte

E. Gongadze[1], S. Petersen[1], U. Beck[2], and U. van Rienen[1]
[1]Institute of General Electrical Engineering, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
[2]Institute of Electronic Appliances and Circuits, University of Rostock,
Rostock, Germany

The Electrical Double Layer (EDL) plays a major role in understanding the interface between a charged surface (e.g. an implant) and ionic liquids (e.g. body fluids). The three classical models of the EDL (Helmholtz, Gouy, and Chapman-Stern) are numerically solved for a flat surface electrode in the 3D Electrostatics application mode of COMSOL Multiphysics® 3.5a. The values of the electric ...

Fast 2D Simulation of Superconductors: A Multiscale Approach

V.M. Rodriguez-Zermeno[1], M.P. Sørensen[1], N.F. Pedersen[2], N. Mijatovic[2], and A.B. Abrahamsen[3]
[1]DTU Mathematics, Lyngby, Denmark
[2]DTU Electrical Engineering, Lyngby, Denmark
[3]Materials Research Division, Risø, DTU, Roskilde, Denmark

This work presents a method to calculate AC losses in thin conductors such as the commercially available second generation superconducting wires through a multiscale meshing technique. The main idea is to use large aspect ratio elements to accurately simulate thin material layers. For a single thin superconductor, several standard test cases are simulated including transport current, externally ...

Failure Modes of Underground MV Cables: Electrical and Thermal Modelling

P.A. Wallace[1], M. Alsharif[1], D.M. Hepburn[1], and C. Zhou[1]
[1]Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Two simulations of the performance of a Paper Insulated Lead Covered (PILC) Medium Voltage (MV) underground cable are presented. The first presents the thermal response of a cable, over seven days, to a realistic load with a diurnal variation. The second concentrates on the variation of the electric field stress within the cable over a single AC cycle. The effects of a void defect within the ...

A Study of Optical Sensor Based on Fiber Bragg Grating Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

C. Gavrila[1] and I. Lancranjan[2]

[1]Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
[2]Advanced Study Centre, National Institute for Aerospace Research “Elie Carafoli”, Bucharest, Romania

Fiber optic sensors can measure a large range of physical, chemical and environmental variables such as temperature, pressure, shape, position, chemical concentration, moisture, etc. Fiber optic sensors provide measurements in applications where the conventional electrical based sensors cannot be used, due to measurement requirements such as extreme temperature, small size, high sensor count, or ...

Multibody Contact Analysis of an Rzeppa CV-Joint

L. Armellin[1], F. Gatelli[1], and G. Tanghetti[1]

[1]R&D Department, Metelli S.p.A., Cologne, BS, Italy

Ball joints are widely used in many applications. This paper describes the contact and kinematic analysis of an Rzeppa type constant-velocity joint (CV-joint). Starting from a conveniently simplified 3D model, at fixed joint angle of 45°, a CV-joint made of all “generic steel” components has been studied. Considering only a “perfect” geometry (i.e. not affected by ...

Modelling of Heat and Mass Transfer in Food Products

[1]M.B. Andreasen

[1]Danish Technological Institute, Aarhus C, Denmark

The use of the finite element method for understanding and analyzing the freezing and drying processes of food products is in focus in this paper. The objective of this study is to develop a model that can predict temperature distribution and weight loss of food products during the freezing and drying processes. The problem was solved by utilizing heat, mass transfer and moving mesh model. In ...

FSI Analysis of Microcantilevers Vibrating in Fluid Environment

A. Ricci[1] and E. Giuri[1]

[1]Materials and Microsystems Laboratory (CHI-Lab), Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

Cantilever vibration in fluid environment is probably one of the most common Fluid Structure Interaction problems in the field of Micro/Nano Electro Mechanical Systems. Usually the effect of fluid on cantilever oscillation is characterized in terms of mode resonance frequencies and quality factors (Qs). In this work a new approach to the above FSI problem is proposed: modes Q factors and ...

Permanent Magnet Arrangements for Low-Field NMR

C. Horch[1], S. Schlayer[1], and F. Stallmach[1]
[1]Faculty of Physics and Earth Sciences, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany

For low-field NMR (Nuclear magnetic resonance), NdFeB permanent magnet arrangements are proposed to provide the static polarizing magnetic field. Especially a parallel and a circular arrangement of the permanent magnets, iron yokes and small shim magnets were tested and improved by COMSOL. The intent was to guide the design and the construction of NMR magnets by calculating the magnetic field ...

Helical Coil Flow: A Case Study

M. Cozzini[1]

[1]Renewable Energies and Environmental Technologies Research Unit, Fondazione Bruno Kessler, Povo, TN, Italy

Stationary flow configurations in curved pipes constitute an important subject from both the theoretical and the practical point of view. A typical application concerns the calculation of secondary flow effects on the thermal efficiency of heat exchangers. Motivated by a similar problem, this paper investigates the flow patterns in a helical duct of non trivial cross section. The considered ...

Numerical Modelling of a Free-Burning Arc in Argon. A Tool for Understanding the Optical Mirage Effect in a TIG Welding Device

J-M. Bauchire[1], E. Langlois-Bertrand[1], and C. de Izarra[1]
[1]GREMI, CNRS, Université d’Orléans, Orléans, France

In this paper, we present the numerical modelling of a free-burning arc and its application to the understanding of optical mirage effect which could occur in a TIG (Tungsten Inert Gas) device used in welding applications.

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