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Modeling of Laser Processing For Advanced Silicon Solar Cells

G. Poulain[1], D. Blanc[1], A. Kaminski[1], B. Semmache[2], and M. Lemiti[1]
[1]Université de Lyon: Institut des Nanotechnologies de Lyon INL, CNRS, INSA de Lyon, Villeurbanne, France
[2]SEMCO Eng., Montpellier Cedex 5 - France

Silicon solar cells still require cost reduction and improved efficiency to become more competitive. New architectures can provide a significant increase in efficiency, but today most of the approaches need additional processing steps. In this context, laser processing offers a unique way to replace technological steps like photolithography that is not compatible with the requirements of the ...

A Model of Gas Bubble Growth by COMSOL Multiphysics

B. Chinè[1,2], and M. Monno[1,3]
[1]Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
[2]Instituto Tecnològico de Costa Rica, Escuela de Ciencia e Ingenierìa de Materiales, Cartago, Costa Rica
[3]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy

We use COMSOL Multiphysics to model a gas bubble expansion in a viscous liquid initially at rest, a very common system for lightweight foamed materials from metal production and polymer processing. Modelling and simulation of foam processing during the production step involves many complexities, mainly due to the coupled momentum, mass and energy transport mechanisms, presence of more phases in ...

From CT Scan to Plantar Pressure Map Distribution of a 3D Anatomic Human Foot

S. Gerbino, and P. Franciosa
University of Molise, School of Engineering, Via Duca degli Abruzzi, Termoli, Italy

Understanding the stress-strain behavior of human foot tissues and pressure map distributions at the plantar interface is of interest into biomechanical investigations. In particular, monitoring plantar pressure maps is crucial to establishing the perceived human comfort of shoe insoles. A 3D anatomical detailed FE human foot model was created, starting from CT (Computer Tomography) scans of a ...

On The Modelling Of Electrowetting Using COMSOL Multiphysics

J.F. Dannenberg, J. Brinkert, and E.A.D. Lamers
Reden b.v., Hengelo (ov.), The Netherlands

One of the upcoming technologies in displays is that of the electrowetting displays. A surface can be covered by a colored oil or transparent water using a voltage to increase or decrease the wettability of the surface. A simulation of the behavior of such a thin film of oil in water, forced to move due an electrostatic field, has been made using the level-set, two-phase flow application mode ...

Simulation And Verification Of Thomson Actuator Systems

A. Bissal, G. Engdahl, E. Salinas, and M. Ohrstrom
ABB / KTH, Stockholm, Sweden

The Thomson coil’s (TC) inherent characteristics are appropriate to meet the needs of high speed actuators for mechanical switching devices in so-called smart grids. This is due to the massive forces that it can exert in the time scale of milliseconds. A coupled COMSOL Multiphysics model is developed in 2D involving spice circuits, Magneto-statics, and Moving Mesh Mode for predicting the motion ...

Modeling of Vickers indentation of TiAl alloys

G. Maizza, and R. Cagliero
Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, Torino, Italy

Instrumented indentation is increasingly used as an alternative non-destructive test method to measure mechanical properties of small volumes of materials. In this work, the instrumented indentation test is applied as a non-destructive method to assess the mechanical properties of TiAl components during the setup of a real production process. This study is a preliminary contribution devoted to ...

Modeling of High Temperature Superconducting Tapes, Arrays and AC Cables Using COMSOL

O. Chevtchenko
Technical University of Delft, The Netherlands

In this paper we present a set of numerical models created with COMSOL Multiphysics. The set includes quantitative models of a superconducting tape operated at 77 Kelvin, carrying a transport current and exposed to external magnetic field; an array of such tapes and a triaxial high temperature superconducting cable. Similar models were created in the past. However, an advantage of our approach ...

Modelling and Analysis of Acoustic Emissions and Structural Vibration in a Wind Turbine

B. Marmo, and B. Carruthers
Reactec Ltd., Edinburgh, United Kingdom

The onshore wind turbine industry must overcome many technical, commercial, and environmental difficulties. A significant element for planning consent is operational noise. Acoustic limits are strictly enforced and can lead to near-neighbour complaints as well as contractual disputes. Reactec have diagnosed, analysed and solved a problematic tonal resonance for a major wind turbine generator ...

Modeling Of A Single Pulse Electric Discharge At Sphere/Flat Interface By Coupling Contact Multiphysics And Phase Transformations

G. Maizza, P. Di Napoli, and R. Cagliero
Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali ed Ingegneria Chimica, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

Contact electro-thermal phenomena are of great theoretical and technological interest to a large number of processing applications, such as spot welding, current-assisted sintering, electrical circuitry (switches) and motors. A model has been developed, aiming at predicting physical and metallurgical phenomena in a steel sample upon rapid heating induced by current pulse discharge. Electric ...

Using Computational Fluid Dynamics Model to Predict Changes in Velocity properties in Stented Carotid Artery

S. Vaidehi, and A. Ritter
Stevens Institute of Technolgy, Hoboken, NJ, USA

Atherosclerosis is a disease that narrows, thickens, hardens and restructures a blood vessel due to substantial plaque deposit. In the Carotid Artery, the decision to treat using endarterectomy and stenting is determined by the velocity as measured by Doppler flow in the common Carotid Artery. The measured Doppler velocity as compared with the contra-lateral side has been correlated with the ...