Y. Sheng, and L. Yu
Quebec City, QC
A biconcave-shaped Red Blood Cell was trapped and deformed in a dual-trap optical tweezers. The two highly focused trapping beams of Gaussian intensity distribution were modeled as background field in the COMSOL Radio Frequency Module. The 3D radiation stress distribution on the cell surface was computed via the Maxwell stress tensor. The 3D deformation of the cell was computed with the ...
Modeling of the Heat Transfer Between a CO2 Sequestration Well and the Surrounding Geological Formation
B. Sponagle, M. Amadu, D. Groulx, and M. Pegg
Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Process Engineering and Applied Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
In a carbon sequestration system CO2 would be pumped down a well and into a reservoir at supercritical temperatures and pressures. An important consideration is the long term stability of the reservoir. The goal of these simulations is to thermally model the injection well and investigate the temperature gradient developed in the cap rock. Ultimately, results from this study will lead to an ...
Advanced Magnet Lab
Palm Bay, FL
The paper presents the numerical analysis of quench propagation in a DH magnet wound with a commercially available MgB2 wire in a fiber-glass composite matrix and operating at 20 K. The quench is induced by a small heater located on the first layer of the magnet close to the peak field area. The quench dynamics, peak temperature along with detection requirements are derived from the simulation ...
L. Desgrosseilliers, and D. Groulx
A cornerstone of Chemical and Mechanical Engineering undergraduate programs the world over is the experimental and theoretical study of heat exchange. Graduating engineering students gain some appreciation in their lab course by comparing empirical correlations combined with the thermodynamics of heat exchange with the real operation of a counter-current, double pipe, single-phase heat exchanger.
M. Haghighi-Yazdi, and P. Lee-Sullivan
University of Waterloo
In this study, a capability has been developed for modeling the linear viscoelastic behaviour of a glassy polymer using COMSOL Multiphysics®. The two rheological models by Maxwell and Kelvin-Voigt were used for modeling stress relaxation and creep loading behavior, respectively, of a typical gas pipe under two modes of plane stress and plane strain. An advantage of the developed model is its ...
P. Barthelemy, and
Visualization Sciences Group, Burlington, MA, USA
Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, USA
Understanding the rock structure at nano to micro scale is of growing importance in geology, oil and gas, and hydrology. New approaches that relies on a variety of high resolution 3D imaging techniques offered tremendous potential. These new approaches, in the meanwhile, introduce significant new challenges. Starting from digital imaging data, the paper introduces an image-to-simulation ...
The Transient Modeling of Single-Bubble Nucleate Boiling in a Sub-Cooled Liquid Using an ALE Moving Mesh
C. J. Forster, and M. K. Smith
Georgia Institute of Technology
This paper investigates the evolution of a single bubble going through growth, pinch-off, and condensation while rising due to buoyancy forces in a sub-cooled liquid. Phase change is modeled on the evolving liquid-vapor interface by considering changes in enthalpy and heat fluxes at the interface. A comparison of the ALE model is made with the same single-bubble system computed with a level ...
Keisoku Engineering System Co. Ltd.
A study of an atmospheric pressure direct current microplasma discharge in He/N2 is performed using COMSOL Multiphysics. The calculation of heat transfer is fully coupled with the plasma simulation so as to resolve the gas heating in discharges. A simple circuit model is used to decide the discharge voltage so that the current-voltage (I-V) characteristics are obtained. The I-V ...
Simulation of Dendritic Solidification in Cubic and HCP Crystals by Cellular Automaton and Phase-Field Models
M. A. Zaeem, H. Yin, and S. D. Felicelli
Center for Advanced Vehicular Systems, Mississippi State University, MS
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, TN
Mechanical Engineering Department, Mississippi State University, MS
A cellular automaton (CA)-finite element (FE) model and a phase field (PF)-FE model were used to simulate equiaxed dendritic growth during solidification of cubic and hexagonal crystals. The governing equations of PF model include three coupled partial differential equations (PDE) for evolution of concentration, temperature, and non-conserved PF variable. These PDEs were solved using the ...
An Analysis of Spin-Diffusion Dominated Ferrofluid Spin-Up Flows in Uniform Rotating Magnetic Fields
S. Khushrushahi, A. Guerrero, C. Rinaldi, and M. Zahn
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA
Univeridad Industrial de Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia
University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, Mayaguez, PR
This work analyzes the spin-diffusion dominated explanation for spin-up bulk flows in ferrofluid filled cylinders, with no free surface, subjected to a uniform rotating magnetic field. COMSOL results are compared to experimental results and analytical results. Simulating ferrofluid spin-up flows have many subtleties, especially when using a single domain region to model the ferrofluid ...