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The Transient Modeling of Single-Bubble Nucleate Boiling in a Sub-Cooled Liquid Using an ALE Moving Mesh

C. J. Forster, and M. K. Smith
Georgia Institute of Technology
Athens, GA

This paper investigates the evolution of a single bubble going through growth, pinch-off, and condensation while rising due to buoyancy forces in a sub-cooled liquid. Phase change is modeled on the evolving liquid-vapor interface by considering changes in enthalpy and heat fluxes at the interface. A comparison of the ALE model is made with the same single-bubble system computed with a level ...

Poromechanics Investigation at Pore-scale Using Digital Rock Physics Laboratory

S. Zhang[1],
N. Saxena[2],
P. Barthelemy[1], and
M. Marsh[1]
[1]Visualization Sciences Group, Burlington, MA, USA
[2]Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, USA

Understanding the rock structure at nano to micro scale is of growing importance in geology, oil and gas, and hydrology. New approaches that relies on a variety of high resolution 3D imaging techniques offered tremendous potential. These new approaches, in the meanwhile, introduce significant new challenges. Starting from digital imaging data, the paper introduces an image-to-simulation ...

FEM Analysis of Laser-Induced Heating of Gold Nanoparticles

D. Gonzalez[1], J. Gardner[1], and O. Tigli[2]
[1]Biomedical Engineering, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL,
[2]Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL

Nanoparticles are being extensively researched as a noninvasive method for selectively targeting and killing cancer cells. In this study, we model the thermal activation of gold nanospheres and nanorods in a fluidic environment to determine the thermal response of the surrounding medium.

Double Pipe Heat Exchanger Modelling - COMSOL Uses in Undergraduate Education

L. Desgrosseilliers, and D. Groulx
Mechanical Engineering
Dalhousie University
Halifax, NS

A cornerstone of Chemical and Mechanical Engineering undergraduate programs the world over is the experimental and theoretical study of heat exchange. Graduating engineering students gain some appreciation in their lab course by comparing empirical correlations combined with the thermodynamics of heat exchange with the real operation of a counter-current, double pipe, single-phase heat exchanger.

Simulation of Dendritic Solidification in Cubic and HCP Crystals by Cellular Automaton and Phase-Field Models

M. A. Zaeem[1], H. Yin[2], and S. D. Felicelli[3]
[1]Center for Advanced Vehicular Systems, Mississippi State University, MS
[2]Oak Ridge National Laboratory, TN
[3]Mechanical Engineering Department, Mississippi State University, MS

A cellular automaton (CA)-finite element (FE) model and a phase field (PF)-FE model were used to simulate equiaxed dendritic growth during solidification of cubic and hexagonal crystals. The governing equations of PF model include three coupled partial differential equations (PDE) for evolution of concentration, temperature, and non-conserved PF variable. These PDEs were solved using the ...

Simulation of Field Enhancement in Anisotropic Transition Metamaterials using COMSOL

A. Pandey, and N. Litchinitser
The State University of New York at Buffalo
Buffalo, NY

Transition metamaterials constitute a new class of engineered materials which have material properties tailored in such a manner that the refractive index gradually changes from positive to negative. An important question is what happens at the interface of a positive and negative index material. In this work, we design anisotropic transition materials using metal-dielectric layers and study ...

Modeling Linear Viscoelasticity in Glassy Polymers using Standard Rheological Models

M. Haghighi-Yazdi, and P. Lee-Sullivan
University of Waterloo
Waterloo, ON

In this study, a capability has been developed for modeling the linear viscoelastic behaviour of a glassy polymer using COMSOL Multiphysics®. The two rheological models by Maxwell and Kelvin-Voigt were used for modeling stress relaxation and creep loading behavior, respectively, of a typical gas pipe under two modes of plane stress and plane strain. An advantage of the developed model is its ...

Densification and Shape Change of Calcined High Level Waste During Hot-Isostatic Pressing

T. Burnett, and D. Lower
CH2M-WG Idaho, LLC
The Idaho Cleanup Project at the Idaho National Laboratory
Idaho Falls, ID

Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) has been selected as a means of treating calcined high level waste (HLW). The process combines high temperature and pressure to densify the HLW in to a mineral similar to the geologic formulation of granite. This study uses COMSOL to predict densification and shape deformation of a stainless steel can filled with HLW. Two approaches were used to model ...

Simulation of PTFE Billet Sintering using COMSOL

A. Roday, and P. Nicosia
Garlock Sealing Technologies
Palmyra, NY

Sintering is an important step in the manufacturing of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) billets. The challenge in heating large billets stems from the inherent low thermal conductivity of PTFE. Existing literature suggests determining maximum heating rate experimentally using recommended guidelines. This paper uses COMSOL to aid in optimizing the temperature profile required for a particular ...

Coupled Magnetodynamic and Electric Circuit Models for Superconducting Fault Current Limiter

L. Graber[1], J. Kvitkovic[1], T. Chiocchio[1], M. Steurer[1], S. Pamidi[1], and A. Usoskin[2]
[1]Center for Advanced Power Systems, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL
[2]Bruker Energy & Supercon Technologies Inc., Billerica, MA

Finite element models, which include the shielding characteristics of superconductors are often complex and would currently not allow us to study 3D models of devices of complex geometry such as fault current limiters. We propose instead a model based on variable electric conductivity, which is suitable to simulate magnetic field characteristics of inductive superconducting fault current ...