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Improving Fuel Usage in Microchannel Based Fuel Cells

P. Fodor, and J. D'Alessandro
Dept. of Physics
Cleveland State University
Cleveland, OH

In this work a miniaturized fuel cell design based on microchannels, into which the liquid fuel and oxidizer streams are fed through T shaped connectors, is optimized for improved fuel usage. This particular design exploits the laminar nature of the fluid flow at small Reynolds numbers to keep the fuel and oxidizer confined in the vicinity of the corresponding electrodes without the need of a ...

Surface Aeration System Modeling using COMSOL

G. Selembo, P. Selembo, J. Stanton, and G. Paulsen
University of North Carolina
Charlotte, NC

Surface aeration systems are used in the wastewater treatment industry for the transfer of oxygen in the activated sludge process. These systems are capital intensive and also require a significant amount of energy to operate. Scale-up and design of these systems is largely empirical, and due to the size of these systems, modifications for experimental testing can be economically prohibitive. ...

Material Characterization Method Development: From Education to Design Optimization

C. Morgan[1], N. Kenkare[1], M. Williams[2], A. Peterson[2], and D. Williams[2]
[1]Alcon Eye Care Division of Novartis R&D, Duluth, GA
[2]Alcon Eye Care Division of Novartis R&D and Georgia Institute of Technology Co-op Program, GA

Introduction of silicone hydrogel contact lens materials provided products of unprecedented capability to deliver oxygen to the eye during wear. One additional material characteristic of interest is the material’s permeability to ions. This paper discusses descriptive tools and optimization of an impedance method of characterizing ion permeability. A physical model of conductive paper with ...

Design of a MEMS Capacitive Comb-drive Accelerometer

T. Kaya[1], B. Shiari[2], K. Petsch[1], and D. Yates[2]
[1]Central Michigan University, School of Engineering and Technology, Mount Pleasant, MI
[2]University of Michigan, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Ann Arbor, MI

In this work, a MEMS low-g accelerometer with three sensitive directions is designed for health monitoring applications. The accelerometer may have different sensitivity in different axes. The proof-mass of the device is suspended by four serpentine springs, and the comb drive structure is used to form the differential capacitor to measure the displacement of the proof-mass. The structure has an ...

Modeling Convection during Melting of a Phase Change Material

D. Groulx, and R. Murray
Mechanical Engineering
Dalhousie University
Halifax, NS
Canada

COMSOL Multiphysics can be used to model a latent heat energy storage system. A 2D numerical study was performed to simulate melting of a PCM including both conduction and convective heat transfer. The heat transfer in fluids and laminar flow physics interfaces were used. To model natural convection, proper volume force was applied to the PCM. The viscosity was input as a piecewise, continuous ...

Muscle-Electrode Interface Simulation

A. Altamirano, C. Toledo, A. Vera, R. Muñoz, and L. Leija
Centro de Investigacion y Estudios Avanzados
Instituto Politecnico Nacional
Mexico

In this article, the aim is to study different types and forms of electromyography (EMG) electrodes, for bipolar configuration, and the electric interface with muscle phantom. COMSOL Multiphysics allows modeling shapes and contact surfaces. Surface and needle electrodes will be modeled. A number of different trials and combinations will be presented; exploring different geometric shapes and ...

Multi-Domain Analysis of Silicon Structures for MEMS Based-Sensors

N. Bhalla[1], S. Li[2], and D. Chung[1]
[1]Chung Yuan Christian University, Chungli,Taiwan
[2]National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan

Investigation in this paper aims at performing Mechanical Stress Strain analysis, Thermal, Piezoresistive and Piezoeletric analysis of Silicon Structures using COMSOL. The simulation results have been cross checked by mathematical calculation.

Designing Magnetic Coils from the Inside Out

C. Crawford, and D. Wagner
University of Kentucky
Lexington, KY

Traditionally the design cycle for magnetic fields involves guessing at a reasonable conductor and magnetic material configuration, using finite element analysis (FEA) software to calculate the resulting field, modifying the configuration, and iterating to produce the desired results. We take the opposite approach of specifying the required magnetic field, imposing it as a boundary condition on ...

Simulation Studies on Stress Generation and Volume Expansion due to Electrochemical Lithium Insertion in a Silicon Nanowire

G. Sikha, and J. Gordon
Applied Materials, Inc.
Santa Clara, CA

Silicon electrodes are presently being pursued as the potential negative electrode for lithium-ion batteries owing to its high gravimetric (mAh/g) and volumetric capacity (mAh/L) compared to the existing state of the art graphite electrode. Recent experimental studies have demonstrated the use of nano size Si electrodes which minimizes insertion induced stresses due to facile strain ...

Reconstruction for Interstitial Diffuse Optical Tomography (iDOT) for Human Prostate

X. Liang, K. Kang-Hsin Wang, and T. Zhu
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA

Determination of tissue optical properties distributions is very important for determining light fluence distribution during photodynamic therapy (PDT). In this study, an interstitial diffuse optical tomography (iDOT) system was used to characterize the spatial distribution of optical properties for a series of mathematical phantoms as well as verification measurements in a prostate phantom. ...