M. Haghighi-Yazdi, and P. Lee-Sullivan
University of Waterloo
In this study, a capability has been developed for modeling the linear viscoelastic behaviour of a glassy polymer using COMSOL Multiphysics®. The two rheological models by Maxwell and Kelvin-Voigt were used for modeling stress relaxation and creep loading behavior, respectively, of a typical gas pipe under two modes of plane stress and plane strain. An advantage of the developed model is its ...
L. Desgrosseilliers, and D. Groulx
A cornerstone of Chemical and Mechanical Engineering undergraduate programs the world over is the experimental and theoretical study of heat exchange. Graduating engineering students gain some appreciation in their lab course by comparing empirical correlations combined with the thermodynamics of heat exchange with the real operation of a counter-current, double pipe, single-phase heat exchanger.
P. Barthelemy, and
Visualization Sciences Group, Burlington, MA, USA
Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, USA
Understanding the rock structure at nano to micro scale is of growing importance in geology, oil and gas, and hydrology. New approaches that relies on a variety of high resolution 3D imaging techniques offered tremendous potential. These new approaches, in the meanwhile, introduce significant new challenges. Starting from digital imaging data, the paper introduces an image-to-simulation ...
J. Raj, S. Birla, K. Pitchai, J. Subbiah, and D. Jones
Indian Institute of Crop Processing Technology, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India
Dept. of Biological Systems Engineering, University of Nebraska Lincoln, Lincoln, NE
Dept. of Food-Science, University of Nebraska Lincoln, Lincoln, NE
Domestic microwave ovens are notorious for their uneven heating of food materials. This is caused by a varying electromagnetic field whose variation is caused by a number of factors dependent on the oven and the food parameters. Experimental validation of heating would therefore give highly variable results and would be labour, resource and time intensive. Thus modeling of the microwave ...
S. Loire, and P. Kauffmann
University of California
Santa Barbara, CA
Recently, electrokinetic flows have raised the interest of the scientific community. Driving flow with an electric field leads to promising applications for mixing, concentration, pumping application in lab on chips. However, current models are still inaccurate and don\'t fit the measures. The simple decoupled model developed by Ramos et al does not predict velocities for all parameters. ...
P. Lin, C. Chang, H. Huang, and B. Zheng
Mechanical and Aerospace Eng., Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ
FTR Systems (Shanghai) Inc., Shanghai, China
PolarOnyx, Inc., San Jose, CA
School of Mechatronics Eng., University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China
The heat sink designs using impinging liquid jets, which form stagnation flows, feature uniform heat transfer coefficients, and provide thin thermal boundary layers, are studied to reduce the heat from GPUs. Three different designs using central, micro, and uniform-cross-section (UCS) central jets are studied and simulated in COMSOL. The efficiency factors, defined as the ratio of total ...
D. Gonzalez, J. Gardner, and O. Tigli
Biomedical Engineering, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL,
Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL
Nanoparticles are being extensively researched as a noninvasive method for selectively targeting and killing cancer cells. In this study, we model the thermal activation of gold nanospheres and nanorods in a fluidic environment to determine the thermal response of the surrounding medium.
T. Burnett, and D. Lower
CH2M-WG Idaho, LLC
The Idaho Cleanup Project at the Idaho National Laboratory
Idaho Falls, ID
Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) has been selected as a means of treating calcined high level waste (HLW). The process combines high temperature and pressure to densify the HLW in to a mineral similar to the geologic formulation of granite. This study uses COMSOL to predict densification and shape deformation of a stainless steel can filled with HLW. Two approaches were used to model ...
Simulation of Dendritic Solidification in Cubic and HCP Crystals by Cellular Automaton and Phase-Field Models
M. A. Zaeem, H. Yin, and S. D. Felicelli
Center for Advanced Vehicular Systems, Mississippi State University, MS
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, TN
Mechanical Engineering Department, Mississippi State University, MS
A cellular automaton (CA)-finite element (FE) model and a phase field (PF)-FE model were used to simulate equiaxed dendritic growth during solidification of cubic and hexagonal crystals. The governing equations of PF model include three coupled partial differential equations (PDE) for evolution of concentration, temperature, and non-conserved PF variable. These PDEs were solved using the ...
T. Eppes, I. Milanovic, and S. Thiruvengadam
University of Hartford
West Hartford, CT
Patch antennas are widely used in communications links with unmanned aerial vehicles. Their hemispherical send and receive patterns enable the systems to maintain radio frequency contact over a wide range of vehicular attitudes. A microstrip-fed design offers other attractive features including lightweight, inexpensive, and a 3-D structure that can be easily integrated into the fuselage. This ...