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Multiphysics Modeling of a Gas Bubble Expansion

B. Chinè [1], and M. Monno[2]
[1]Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy and Instituto Tecnologico de Costa Rica, Cartago, Costa Rica
[2]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy

Modeling and simulation softwares are very useful tools when we have to analyse and understand the different phenomena occurring during metal foams processing, because several simultaneous physical mechanisms have to be accounted for. In this work we use Comsol Multiphysics 4.2 to model a spherical hydrogen gas bubble expanding in aluminium liquid, initially at rest. The aim of the present ...

Efficient Simulation of 3D Electro-optical Waveguides Using the Effective Refractive Index Method

M. Herlitschke, M. Blasl, and F. Costache
Fraunhofer Institute for Photonic Microsystems
Dresden, Germany

3D FEM simulation of millimeter-scale, complex electro-optically induced waveguide based devices demands the use of grids with more than several million nodes. Hence the simulation could take substantial time and require large amounts of available memory. This paper presents a computation algorithm based on the conversion of an initial 3D waveguide structure into an analogous 2D structure, ...

Modeling of a Switchable Permanent Magnet Magnetic Flux Actuator

I. Dirba, and J. Kleperis
Institute of Solid State Physics of University of Latvia
Riga, Latvia

A simple magnetic circuit consisting of ferromagnetic core material, air gap, permanent magnets and current coils can be used to form magnetic actuators, motors etc. devices. In this work the current coils are not used to generate working magnetic field, but just to switch magnetic flux created by permanent magnets in necessary direction. Analytical and numerical (Finite Element Model, ...

Experimental and Numerical Study of Microbial Improved Oil Recovery in a Pore Scale Model by using COMSOL

M. Shabani Afrapoli, L. Shidong, S. Alipour , and O. Torsaeter
Department of Petroleum Engineering and Applied Geophysics
NTNU
Trondheim, Norway

A number of visualization experiments are carried out at the laboratory temperature with oil, brine and bacteria suspension for evaluating the performance of MIOR in a glass micromodel. The observations show the effects of bacteria on remaining oil saturation. The interfacial tension reduction, wettability alteration and flow pattern changes are recognized as active mechanisms. COMSOL ...

Simulation and Verification of Coupled Heat and Moisture Modelling

N. Williams Portal[1], M. van Aarle[2], and J. van Schijndel[2]
[1]Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Göteborg, Sweden
[2]Department of Architecture, Building and Planning, Technical University of Eindhoven, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

This paper includes the implementation and comparison of two types of moisture potentials for the combined transport: the natural logarithmic of the suction pressure (LPc) and the relative humidity (RH). The finite element method has been utilized to evaluate coupled 1D thermal and hygric transport by means of COMSOL Multiphysics. The combined transport mechanisms were described by the ...

Multiphysics Design of ESS-Bilbao Linac Accelerating Cavities Using COMSOL

J. L. Munoz, and I. Rodriguez
ESS-Bilbao
Bilbao, Spain

A proton linac drives particles using the electric field of a high power RF standing wave in a resonant cavity. The design of these cavities involve several aspects of multiphysics simulation, that have been accomplished using COMSOL. The first step consist on the geometric optimization of the cavities in order to have the correct frequency while maximizing some figures of merit. This task ...

Simulation and Verification of a Capacitive Proximity Sensor

T. Schlegl, and H. Zangl
Graz University of Technology
Graz, Austria

State of the art proximity sensors are most often based on optical or tactile methods. Although these sensor systems are widely used (e.g. clamping protection) the reveal several drawbacks. Most optical sensors need a line of side whereas tactile sensors cannot be used to determine a distance to an approaching object. Capacitive sensing technology has proven to be an interesting alternative to ...

Transient Modelling of a Fluorine Electrolysis Cell; Fully Coupled Electric Currents, Heat-Transfer, Diluted Species Transport and Laminar Bubbly Flow

R. Pretorius[1], P. L. Crouse[1], and C. J. Hattingh[2]
[1]University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa
[2]Metallurgical Testing and Consultation (MTC) cc, Farrarmere, South Africa

A laboratory-scale fluorine reactor was simulated with COMSOL Multiphysics®. This model employs fundamental fully coupled electron-, heat-, mass- and momentum transfer (two-phase) equations to deliver a transient model of the above-mentioned reactor. Quasi-steady-state results were produced for the current density, electric field, temperature, reactive species concentration, gas- and liquid ...

Microwave Plasma Simulation Applied to a Double ICP Jet Reactor

H.-E. Porteanu, and R. Gesche
Ferdinand-Braun-Institut
Berlin, Germany

ICP reactors are usually meter sized and driven at RF frequencies, for example at 13.56 MHz. We developed a miniature resonator allowing an inductive type of coupling of microwaves at 2.45 GHz to a plasma jet, flowing in ceramic tubes. Previous experiments and simulations show an efficient energy transfer of microwaves to plasma of about 80 %. The new development of our ICP structure contains ...

Compression Driver Simulation Including Air Damping in Phase Plug

R.Christensen, and U. Skov
iCapture ApS
Gadstrup, Denmark

A compression driver is a certain type of electrodynamic loudspeaker which has a phase plug with slits in front of the diaphragm. The slits are narrow enough that the so-called viscothermal effects are of significant importance. In this paper a 2D axisymmetric finite element model of a commercial compression driver is established where the vibroacoustic behavior can be evaluated. The ...