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Numerical Analysis of Propeller-induced Low-frequency Modulations in Underwater Electric Potential Signatures of Naval Vessels in the Context of Corrosion Protection Systems

D. Schaefer[1], J. Doose[2], A. Rennings[1], and D. Erni[1]
[1]General and Theoretical Electrical Engineering (ATE), Faculty of Engineering, University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
[2]Technical Center for Ships and Naval Weapons (WTD 71), Bundeswehr, Eckernförde, Germany

Since October 2009 the laboratory of ATE has carried out collaborative research with the WTD 71 that aims for prediction, reduction and optimization of so-called underwater electric potential (UEP) signatures. COMSOL is used to simulate potential distributions in the context of impressed current cathodic protection (ICCP) systems. The electrode kinetics is considered by using boundary conditions ...

Numerical Modeling of Cold Crucible Induction Melting

I. Quintana[1], Z. Azpilgain[1], D. Pardo[2], and I. Hurtado[1]
[1]Mechanical and Industrial Production Department, Faculty of Engineering, Mondragon Unibertsitatea, Loramendi 4, Mondragon 20500 Gipuzkoa, Spain
[2]Department of Applied Mathematics, Statistics, and Operational Research, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Leioa, Spain, and IKERBASQUE (Basque Foundation for Sciences), Bilbao, Spain

This paper describes a numerical solution method for the simulation of a cold crucible induction melting (CCIM) process involving the coupling of electromagnetic, temperature and turbulent velocity fields. During the CCIM process, the metal charge is contained on a water cooled segmented copper crucible, and the energy necessary to heat, melt, and overheat the charge is generated by an ...

Modeling and Simulation of Hydrogen Storage Device for Fuel Cell Plant Using COMSOL Multiphysics

O. Akanji, and A. Kolesnikov
Department of Chemical & Metallurgical Engineering
Tshwane University of Technolgy
Pretoria, South Africa

In this work, a 2D dynamic simulation for a portion of metal hydride based hydrogen storage tank was performed using computational software COMSOL 4.0a Multiphysics. The software is used to simulate the diffusion and heating of hydrogen in both radial and axial directions. The model consists of a system of partial differential equations (PDE) describing two dimensional heat and mass transfer of ...

3D Simulation of Heat and Moisture Diffusion in Constructions

M. Bianchi Janetti, and F. Ochs
University of Innsbruck
Unit Building Physics
Innsbruck, Austria

The simulation of heat and moisture transfer represents an essential resource in designing energy efficient buildings. In this paper a time-dependent wall model, consisting of several homogeneous domains, with third-type boundary conditions imposed on the surfaces, is implemented in the COMSOL Multiphysics environment. Temperature and moisture content is calculated inside the construction for ...

Simulation and Verification of a Capacitive Proximity Sensor

T. Schlegl, and H. Zangl
Graz University of Technology
Graz, Austria

State of the art proximity sensors are most often based on optical or tactile methods. Although these sensor systems are widely used (e.g. clamping protection) the reveal several drawbacks. Most optical sensors need a line of side whereas tactile sensors cannot be used to determine a distance to an approaching object. Capacitive sensing technology has proven to be an interesting alternative to ...

Direct Pore-scale Modeling of Two-phase Flow Through Natural Media

I. Bogdanov, J. Kpahou, and A. Kamp
Open and Experimental Centre for Heavy Oil (CHLOE)
University of Pau
Pau, France

Direct numerical simulation of single- and two-phase flow in real pore systems is addressed in our paper. The X–ray computed micro-tomography technique has been applied first to reconstruct in details a real pore space of a subcentimetric sample. Making use of dedicated software (ScanIP) the generated porous medium images has been processed to build a 3D pore space geometry. Finally, based on ...

Transient Electromagnetic-Thermal FE-Model of a SPICE-Coupled Transformer Including Eddy Currents with COMSOL Multiphysics 4.2

H. Neubert[1], R. Disselnkötter[2], and T. Bödrich[1]
[1]Technische Universität Dresden, Institute of Electromechanical and Electronic Design, Dresden, Germany
[2]ABB AG, Forschungszentrum Deutschland, Ladenburg, Germany

Current transformers are used to measure currents in power grid systems. They are characterized by strong interactions between external electrical sources and loads respectively and the magnetic subsystem. Self-heating due to losses has to be considered because of the temperature-dependent material behaviour. The paper presents a transient 3D FEA transformer model which includes a H(|B|) ...

Benchmark of COMSOL vs. ROXIE Codes for the Calculation of a Particle Accelerator Quadrupole

I. Rodriguez, and J. L. Munoz
ESS Bilbao
Bilbao, Spain

The field quality requirements of most particle accelerator magnets are very tight and, therefore, very precise simulations are needed to accurately calculate these devices. CERN\'s ROXIE code is widely used as a reference software to calculate normal conducting and superconducting magnets for particle accelerator applications. ROXIE uses the full vector potential coupled to the BEM-FEM ...

Comparison Between Honeycomb and Fin Heat Exchangers

P. Gateau[1], P. Namy[2], and N. Huc[3]
[1]SAS SYNGAS, rue du camp d’aviation, 44320, Saint Viaud, France, paul.gateau@syngas.eu
[2]SIMTEC, 8 rue Duploye, 38100, Grenoble, patrick.namy@simtecsolution.fr
[3]COMSOL FRANCE, WTC, 38000, Grenoble, nicolas.huc@comsol.fr

Metal honeycombs are used as catalyst supports. They can be considered as complex fins for heat exchange. A simple heat transfer model was compared with 2D simulations using COMSOL Multiphysics. There was a good correlation when the fluid temperature was the same in all cells. However, significant discrepancy apperared when compared with a 3D simulation with laminar flow. Honeycomb cells ...

Simulation of Electrochemical Etching of Silicon with COMSOL

A. Ivanov
Hochschule Furtwangen
Furtwangen, Germany

Electrochemical etching of silicon (anodization) is a process that can be used for etching of forms of nearly arbitrary shapes. The difficulty of applying the process for mass production is in the many parameters influencing the process, such as electrolyte concentration and temperature, silicon substrate doping and type, and so on. COMSOL as an FEM simulation tool is very suitable for ...