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The Effect of Different Geometries on the Thermal Mantle Convection

M. Herein, and A. Galsa
Department of Geophysics
Eötvös University
Budapest, Hungary

For the numerical solving of the equations, Comsol has been applied. Simulations have been modeled in 2D Cartesian, in cylindrical coordinate system and in a “mantle-like” cylindrical-shell. Mantle dynamics is controlled by the Rayleigh number (Ra), which is the ratio of the buoyancy and viscous force. The effect of Ra has been studied in the range of 1e4 to 1e7. The significance of the ...

Numerical Modeling of Cold Crucible Induction Melting

I. Quintana[1], Z. Azpilgain[1], D. Pardo[2], and I. Hurtado[1]
[1]Mechanical and Industrial Production Department, Faculty of Engineering, Mondragon Unibertsitatea, Loramendi 4, Mondragon 20500 Gipuzkoa, Spain
[2]Department of Applied Mathematics, Statistics, and Operational Research, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Leioa, Spain, and IKERBASQUE (Basque Foundation for Sciences), Bilbao, Spain

This paper describes a numerical solution method for the simulation of a cold crucible induction melting (CCIM) process involving the coupling of electromagnetic, temperature and turbulent velocity fields. During the CCIM process, the metal charge is contained on a water cooled segmented copper crucible, and the energy necessary to heat, melt, and overheat the charge is generated by an ...

Analysis of a Three-phase Transformer Using COMSOL Multiphysics and a Virtual Reality Environment

A.Buchau, and W. M. Rucker
Institut für Theorie der Elektrotechnik
Universität Stuttgart
Stuttgart, Germany

The simulation software COMSOL Multiphysics is applied to the numerical com-putation of the magnetic fields of a three-phase transformer. A three-dimensional model of the geometrical configuration is created with the help of the CAD tools of COMSOL Multiphysics. There, all dimensions of the transformer are defined by parameters. The creation of an optimal finite element mesh is improved by some ...

Heat and Mass Transfer in a Gypsum Board Subjected to Fire

B. Weber
Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology
Duebendorf, Switzerland

Heat and mass transfer through a gypsum board exposed to fire is simulated and compared to experimental data. The gypsum board is modeled as a porous medium with moist air in the pores. A dehydration front develops at the fire side and travels through the board, consuming energy and releasing water vapor. The vapor migrates through the porous medium by convection and diffusion, and condenses in ...

Transient Modelling of a Fluorine Electrolysis Cell; Fully Coupled Electric Currents, Heat-Transfer, Diluted Species Transport and Laminar Bubbly Flow

R. Pretorius[1], P. L. Crouse[1], and C. J. Hattingh[2]
[1]University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa
[2]Metallurgical Testing and Consultation (MTC) cc, Farrarmere, South Africa

A laboratory-scale fluorine reactor was simulated with COMSOL Multiphysics®. This model employs fundamental fully coupled electron-, heat-, mass- and momentum transfer (two-phase) equations to deliver a transient model of the above-mentioned reactor. Quasi-steady-state results were produced for the current density, electric field, temperature, reactive species concentration, gas- and liquid ...

Expert System for Synchronous Machines Based on COMSOL Multiphysics

G. E. Stebner, and C. Hartwig
Ostfalia University
Wolfenbüttel, Germany

Even though the researches in synchronous machines are advanced, the practical design still is a problem because of the complex interaction between several design parameters. The project “EaSync” at the Ostfalia University focuses on the bundling of machine models using COMSOL Multiphysics® to create a semi-automatic engineering process. The project is based on student research projects and a ...

Direct Pore-scale Modeling of Two-phase Flow Through Natural Media

I. Bogdanov, J. Kpahou, and A. Kamp
Open and Experimental Centre for Heavy Oil (CHLOE)
University of Pau
Pau, France

Direct numerical simulation of single- and two-phase flow in real pore systems is addressed in our paper. The X–ray computed micro-tomography technique has been applied first to reconstruct in details a real pore space of a subcentimetric sample. Making use of dedicated software (ScanIP) the generated porous medium images has been processed to build a 3D pore space geometry. Finally, based on ...

Modeling of a Switchable Permanent Magnet Magnetic Flux Actuator

I. Dirba, and J. Kleperis
Institute of Solid State Physics of University of Latvia
Riga, Latvia

A simple magnetic circuit consisting of ferromagnetic core material, air gap, permanent magnets and current coils can be used to form magnetic actuators, motors etc. devices. In this work the current coils are not used to generate working magnetic field, but just to switch magnetic flux created by permanent magnets in necessary direction. Analytical and numerical (Finite Element Model, ...

Design of Electrochemical Machining Processes by Multiphysics Simulation

M. Hackert-Oschätzchen, S. F. Jahn, and A. Schubert
Chemnitz University of Technology
Chemnitz, Germany

The principle of electrochemical machining (ECM) is the anodic dissolution of a metallic workpiece at the interface to a liquid ionic conductor under the influence of electric charge transport. This erosion principle works independently from the mechanical hardness of the workpiece and is free of mechanical forces. The design of electrochemical machining processes is still performed ...

Modal Characterization of the Plasmonic Slot Waveguide Using COMSOL Multiphysics

F. Frezza[1], P. Nocito[2], and E. Stoja[1]
[1]Department of Information Engineering, Electronics and Telecommunications, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
[2]MISE, Communication Department, ISCOM, Rome, Italy

We investigate and compare the characteristics of the fundamental guided mode sustained by a subwavelength plasmonic slot waveguide for three types of metals: gold, silver and aluminium. This is done in terms of mode effective index, propagation length, confinement and, as the mode under study is quasi-TEM, we also develop a transmission line model that can be useful in the design of optical ...