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Wireless RF Digital System for Mouth-Embedded Multi-Sensor Communication

I.M. Abdel-Motaleb[1], J. Lavrencik [1]
[1]Department of Electrical Engineering, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA

There is urgent need to monitor dental and oral diseases, such as tooth decay, gum diseases, and teeth grinding. Such monitoring can be achieved by embedding sensors in the mouth. This technique faces some difficulties. The first is how the power needed for the operation of the sensors and the associated electronic chips can be generated. This power can be generated using the pressure exerted by ...

COMSOL Simulations for Steady State Thermal Hydraulics Analyses of ORNL’s High Flux Isotope Reactor

P.K. Jain[1], V.B. Khane[2], J.D. Freels[1]
[1]Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
[2]Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO, USA

Simulation models for steady state thermal hydraulics analyses of ORNL’s HFIR have been developed using COMSOL. A single fuel plate and coolant channel of each type of HFIR fuel element was modeled in three dimensions. The standard k-? turbulence model was used in simulating turbulent flow with conjugate heat transfer. The COMSOL models were developed to be fully parameterized to allow ...

COMSOL-based Simulations of Criticality Excursion Transients in Fissile Solution

C. Hurt[1], P. Angelo[2], R. Pevey[1]
[1]Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
[2]Y-12 National Security Complex, Safety Analysis Engineering, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

Simulation of criticality accident transients offers the ability to confirm understanding of critical configurations, bound accident scenarios and aid comprehensive emergency planning. Computational ability to recreate excursion power histories in fissile solution is sought due to the predominance of solutions in process criticality accidents. Applicable solution transient physics methodologies ...

Vibration and Acoustic Analysis of a Trussed Railroad Bridge under Moving Loads

R. Costley[1], H. Diaz-Alvarez[1], M. McKenna[1], A. Miller[1]
[1]U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, MS, USA

Two finite element models have been developed to investigate the acoustic radiation from a Pratt truss train bridge. The first model was a time dependent structural model that determined the vibration response of the structure due to two wheels, representing a single axle, moving across the bridge at constant speed. This model was expanded to include multiple axles to represent a locomotive. The ...

Irrotational Motion of an Incompressible Fluid Past a Wing Section in an Unbounded Region

J. Russell[1]
[1]Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL, USA

Developers of numerical models who address the title problem face several hurdles, such as: (1), the need to formulate boundary conditions applicable in an unbounded region; (2), The need to specify conditions suitable to ensure a unique solution in a doubly connected region; and (3), The need to allow the interior boundary to have a sharp edge, such as a cusp. The aim of the work reported ...

Progress in Numerical Simulation of HIIPER Space Propulsion Device

P. Keutelian[1], A. Krishnamurthy[1], G. Chen[1], B. Ulmen[1], G.H. Miley[1]
[1]University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA

HIIPER is an experimental space propulsion device using a helicon and an IEC as a plasma generation and acceleration stage, respectively. There is an experiment in progress, but for true rapid iteration and to model the performance of the engine, COMSOL is a strong candidate for fulfilling these roles and continuing with the project until its production phase. The simulation is built with very ...

Numerical Study of a DC Electromagnetic Liquid Metal Pump: Limits of the Model

N. Kandev[1]
[1]Institut de recherche d'Hydro-Québec, Shawinigan, QC, Canada

This work presents the results of a 3D numerical magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) simulation of an electromagnetic DC pump for liquid metal using a rectangular metal flow channel subjected to an externally imposed transversal inhomogeneous magnetic field. In this study. 3D numerical simulation based on the finite element method was carried out using the computer package COMSOL Multiphysics 3.5a. The ...

Parametric Study of Electrolyte-Supported Planar Button Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

A. Aman[1], R. Gentile[1], Y. Xu[1], N. Orlovskaya[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA

Fuel cells are devices that convert chemical energy of a fuel into electrical energy through electrochemical processes. One of the types of fuel cell is the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) that uses solid ceramics for electrolytes. Numerical simulation involves constructing a mathematical model of the SOFC and use of specifically designed software programs that allows the user to manipulate the ...

Multiphase Transport with Large Deformations Undergoing Rubbery-Glassy Phase Transition: Applications to Drying

T. Gulati[1], A. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Drying of biomaterials such as foodstuffs involves mass, momentum and energy transport along with large shrinkage of the porous material, which have significant effects on their final quality. Foodstuffs exhibit non-linearity when undergoing large deformations that affect the transport process in a critical way. Thus, it becomes important to perform a two-way coupling of the multiphase transport ...

Low Pt Cathodes for High Performance PEMFCs: Modeling and Experiments

F. Daouda[1], J. Hamelin[1], P. Benard[1], S. Kumar Natarajan [1]
[1]Insitut de recherche sur l'hydrogène, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada

We present a novel multi-layered electrode fabrication technique for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). This method consists of alternate layers of Pt deposition (0.05 mg/cm²) by sputtering on the painted multi-walled carbon-Nafion layer (CNL) with larger concentration of catalyst particles closer to the membrane. Parametric models were developed and validated by experimental ...

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