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Surface Plasmon Resonance

J. Crompton[1], S. Yushanov[1], L.T. Gritter[1], K.C. Koppenhoefer[1]
[1]AltaSim Technologies, Columbus, OH, USA

The resonance conditions for surface plasmons are influenced by the type and amount of material on a surface. Full insight into surface plasmon resonance requires quantum mechanics considerations. However, it can be also described in terms of classical electromagnetic theory by considering electromagnetic wave reflection, transmission, and absorption for the multi-layer medium. The two commonly ...

Load Cell Design Using COMSOL Multiphysics

A. Marchidan[1], T. Sullivan[1], J. Palladino[1]
[1]Trinity College, Hartford, CT, USA

COMSOL Multiphysics was used to design a binocular load cell. A three-dimensional linear solid model of the load cell spring element was studied to quantify the high-strain regions under loading conditions. The load cell was fabricated from 6061 aluminum, and general purpose Constantin alloy strain gages were installed at the four high-strain regions of the spring element. The four gages were ...

Simulation of Acoustic Energy Harvesting Using Piezoelectric Plates in a Quarter-Wavelength Straight-Tube Resonator

B. Li[1], J.H. You[1]
[1]Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX, USA

An acoustic energy harvesting mechanism at low frequency (~200 Hz) using lead zirconate titanate (PZT) piezoelectric cantilever plates placed inside a quarter-wavelength straight-tube resonator has been studied using COMSOL Multiphysics 4.3 and compared with experimental data. When the tube resonator is excited by an incident wave at its acoustic eigenfrequency, an amplified acoustic resonant ...

Optimization of Artificial Diffusion Stabilization Techniques and Corresponding Mesh Density Distribution in Drift Dominated Transport of Diluted Species

J. Jadidian[1], M. Zahn[1], N. Lavesson[2], O. Widlund[2], K. Borg[2]
[1]Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
[2]ABB Corporate Research, Västerås, Sweden

This paper presents an optimized combination of artificial diffusion techniques to stabilize a drift dominated streamer discharge model which includes COMSOL Multiphysics’ Transport of Diluted Species modules for positive ion, negative ion, and electron charge densities, coupled through the Electrostatic module. A Thermal Conduction and Convection module is responsible for the heat transfer in ...

Modeling of Chloride Transport in Cracked Concrete: a 3-D Image–Based Microstructure Simulation

Y. Lu[1], E. Garboczi[1], D. Bentz[1]
[1]National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA

The prediction of concrete materials service life is not easy, because the complex heterogeneous microstructure and the random nature of concrete materials. Study the presence of cracks in concrete and their effect on coupled reaction and transport are of great interest in civil engineering. Cracks with different widths and depths will reduce the cover thickness and accelerate the migration of ...

Towards Rotordynamic Analysis with COMSOL Multiphysics

M. Karlsson[1]
[1]ÅF, Stockholm, Sweden

In this paper a pre-study on using COMSOL Multiphysics for rotordynamic analysis is presented. It is concluded that it is possible to use COMSOL Multiphysics to perform rotordynamical analysis. However, there are no standard environment for rotordynamics, hence the user has to extend the structural model with the rotordynamics effect such as gyroscopic effect and rotordynamical coefficients. By ...

Finite Element Solution of Nonlinear Transient Rock Damage with Application in Geomechanics of Oil and Gas Reservoirs

S. Enayatpour[1], T. Patzek[1]
[1]The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA

The increasing energy demand calls for advances in technology which translate into more accurate and complex simulations of physical problems. Understanding the rock damage is essential to understanding the geomechanics of hydrocarbon reservoirs. The fragile microstructure of some rocks makes it difficult to predict the propagation of fracture in these rocks, therefore a mathematical model is ...

Poroelastic Models of Stress Diffusion and Fault Re-Activation in Underground Injection

R. Nopper[1], J. Clark[2], C. Miller[1]
[1]DuPont Company, Wilmington, DE, USA
[2]DuPont Company, Beaumont, TX, USA

Stress and failure in the earth have long been observed to couple to hydrogeology. Poroelastic models, introduced by soil scientists, can account for strong two-way coupling between porous crustal rock formations and their pore fluids. Current efforts to provide new energy resources (water injection in EGS, enhanced oil recovery) and to reduce pollution (CO2 sequestration, deepwell disposal) ...

COMSOL Thermal Model for a Heated Neural Micro-Probe

M. Christian[1], S. Firebaugh[1], A. Smith[1]
[1]United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA

This project utilizes the heat transfer module of the COMSOL Multiphysics environment to model the effects that an ohmic heating probe will have on neural tissue. The model quantifies the thermal impact of active components embedded on a neural micro probe by solving the Penne’s bioheat equation with an external MATLAB function to determine the heat generation along the length of the probe. The ...

Modeling a Combined Photovoltaic-Thermal Panel

E. Gutierrez-Miravete[1], B. Fontenault[2]
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Hartford, CT, USA
[2]General Dynamics-Electric Boat, Groton, CT, USA

A novel combined photovoltaic-thermal panel can simultaneously increase the conversion efficiency of the PV cell and utilize some of the excess thermal energy created by the conversion process (see Figure 1). The Conjugate Heat Transfer physics in COMSOL was used to create a two-dimensional, steady state model of such a combined photovoltaic cell-thermal panel. Figure 2 shows a magnified view of ...

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