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Surface Plasmon Resonance

J. Crompton[1], S. Yushanov[1], L.T. Gritter[1], K.C. Koppenhoefer[1]
[1]AltaSim Technologies, Columbus, OH, USA

The resonance conditions for surface plasmons are influenced by the type and amount of material on a surface. Full insight into surface plasmon resonance requires quantum mechanics considerations. However, it can be also described in terms of classical electromagnetic theory by considering electromagnetic wave reflection, transmission, and absorption for the multi-layer medium. The two commonly ...

Simulation of Acoustic Energy Harvesting Using Piezoelectric Plates in a Quarter-Wavelength Straight-Tube Resonator

B. Li[1], J.H. You[1]
[1]Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX, USA

An acoustic energy harvesting mechanism at low frequency (~200 Hz) using lead zirconate titanate (PZT) piezoelectric cantilever plates placed inside a quarter-wavelength straight-tube resonator has been studied using COMSOL Multiphysics 4.3 and compared with experimental data. When the tube resonator is excited by an incident wave at its acoustic eigenfrequency, an amplified acoustic resonant ...

Modeling a Combined Photovoltaic-Thermal Panel

E. Gutierrez-Miravete[1], B. Fontenault[2]
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Hartford, CT, USA
[2]General Dynamics-Electric Boat, Groton, CT, USA

A novel combined photovoltaic-thermal panel can simultaneously increase the conversion efficiency of the PV cell and utilize some of the excess thermal energy created by the conversion process (see Figure 1). The Conjugate Heat Transfer physics in COMSOL was used to create a two-dimensional, steady state model of such a combined photovoltaic cell-thermal panel. Figure 2 shows a magnified view of ...

Numerical Simulation of Phonon Dispersion Relations for Phononic Crystals

G. Zhu[1], E.M. Dede[1]
[1]Toyota Research Institute of North America, Ann Arbor, MI, USA

In previous work, a two-dimensional (2D) model was carried out to simulate the phononic band structure of a phononic crystal with square lattice structure, but this model did not account for the out-of-plane phonon dispersions [1]. In fact, for 2D films used for coating materials, it is more interesting to understand their cross-plane properties. In this work, the phonon dispersion relation of ...

Load Cell Design Using COMSOL Multiphysics

A. Marchidan[1], T. Sullivan[1], J. Palladino[1]
[1]Trinity College, Hartford, CT, USA

COMSOL Multiphysics was used to design a binocular load cell. A three-dimensional linear solid model of the load cell spring element was studied to quantify the high-strain regions under loading conditions. The load cell was fabricated from 6061 aluminum, and general purpose Constantin alloy strain gages were installed at the four high-strain regions of the spring element. The four gages were ...

Optimization of Artificial Diffusion Stabilization Techniques and Corresponding Mesh Density Distribution in Drift Dominated Transport of Diluted Species

J. Jadidian[1], M. Zahn[1], N. Lavesson[2], O. Widlund[2], K. Borg[2]
[1]Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
[2]ABB Corporate Research, Västerås, Sweden

This paper presents an optimized combination of artificial diffusion techniques to stabilize a drift dominated streamer discharge model which includes COMSOL Multiphysics’ Transport of Diluted Species modules for positive ion, negative ion, and electron charge densities, coupled through the Electrostatic module. A Thermal Conduction and Convection module is responsible for the heat transfer in ...

Modeling of Chloride Transport in Cracked Concrete: a 3-D Image–Based Microstructure Simulation

Y. Lu[1], E. Garboczi[1], D. Bentz[1]
[1]National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA

The prediction of concrete materials service life is not easy, because the complex heterogeneous microstructure and the random nature of concrete materials. Study the presence of cracks in concrete and their effect on coupled reaction and transport are of great interest in civil engineering. Cracks with different widths and depths will reduce the cover thickness and accelerate the migration of ...

Numerical Study of a DC Electromagnetic Liquid Metal Pump: Limits of the Model

N. Kandev[1]
[1]Institut de recherche d'Hydro-Québec, Shawinigan, QC, Canada

This work presents the results of a 3D numerical magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) simulation of an electromagnetic DC pump for liquid metal using a rectangular metal flow channel subjected to an externally imposed transversal inhomogeneous magnetic field. In this study. 3D numerical simulation based on the finite element method was carried out using the computer package COMSOL Multiphysics 3.5a. The ...

A COMSOL Model of Damage Evolution Due to High Energy Laser Irradiation of Partially Absorptive Materials

P. Joyce[1], J. Radice[1], A. Tresansky[1], J. Watkins[1]
[1]United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA

In this paper we present a transient numerical model of the heat transfer and thermochemical damage evolution in an IR translucent material using COMSOL Multiphysics. The model is evaluated using literature supplied and experimentally determined material properties for carbon black laden PMMA (polymethyl-methacrylate). This variant of PMMA was chosen because it is homogeneous, isotropic, and the ...

Piezoelectric Buzzer Optimization for Micropumps

A. Garcia[1], A. Marcus[1], F. Tejo[1], C. Precker[1], C. Moreira[2]
[1]Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Campina Grande, PB, Brazil
[2]Instituto Federal de Alagoas, Maceio, AL, Brazil

Piezoelectric buzzers are low cost devices which can be used successfully as actuators in diaphragm-based micro-pumps. The buzzers are piezoelectric wafers (lead-zirconate-titanate-PZT) that are glued on a brass membrane and they are available within different sizes and thicknesses. For the best performance of a diaphragm pump, it is necessary to have a large displacement of the membrane. This ...

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