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Poroelastic Models of Stress Diffusion and Fault Re-Activation in Underground Injection

R. Nopper[1], J. Clark[2], C. Miller[1]
[1]DuPont Company, Wilmington, DE, USA
[2]DuPont Company, Beaumont, TX, USA

Stress and failure in the earth have long been observed to couple to hydrogeology. Poroelastic models, introduced by soil scientists, can account for strong two-way coupling between porous crustal rock formations and their pore fluids. Current efforts to provide new energy resources (water injection in EGS, enhanced oil recovery) and to reduce pollution (CO2 sequestration, deepwell disposal) ...

Thermo-Fluid Dynamics of Flue Gas in Heat Accumulation Stoves: Study Cases

D. Rossi[1], P. Scotton[1]
[1]University of Padova, Department of Geosciences, Padova, Italy

The research aims to clarify some aspects of the thermo-fluid dynamics of woody biomass flue gas, within the twisted conduit inside the heat accumulation stoves, and exposes also some analysis about the heat transport and heat exchange processes. The high temperature flue gas flows in the conduit, releasing heat to the refractory. The heat stored in the refractory is then released to the ...

Conjugate Heat Transfer

J. Crompton[1], L. Gritter[1], S. Yushanov[1], K. Koppenhoefer[1]
[1]AltaSim Technologies, Columbus, OH, USA

Quenching from high temperature by fluid flow has been analyzed; when no phase transformation occurs heat transfer is a function of conduction and convection. Flow conditions may lead to turbulent flow that affects the heat dissipation over the surface. Analysis of heat transfer with phase transformation is more complex ue to the range of near-wall effects from film boiling, transition boiling, ...

Natural Convection Driven Melting of Phase Change Material: Comparison of Two Methods

D. Groulx[1], F. Samara[1], P.H. Biwole[2]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
[2]Department of Mathematics and Interactions, University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis, Nice, France

Design of latent heat energy storage systems (LHESS) requires knowledge of heat transfer processes within them, as well as the phase change behavior of the phase change material (PCM) use. COMSOL Multiphysics can be used to model (LHESS). Natural convection plays a crucial role during the charging phase of the LHESS, and methods to incorporate this heat transfer mode within COMSOL simulation ...

Launcher Design for Chemical Looping Combustion

F. Gao[1], D.W. Greve[1]
[1]Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

We report here on the use of the COMSOL emw (electromagnetic waves) module in the design of a microwave launcher. This launcher is to be used in a microwave Doppler sensor that is incorporated into a chemical looping combustion system. The launcher is designed in two steps. First, we determine the best mode for launching a wave into air from an overmoded cylindrical waveguide. he TE11 mode is ...

Orientation of Piezoelectric Crystals and Acoustic Wave Propagation

G. Zhang[1]
[1]Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA

Surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices are commonly used as wireless filters, resonators, and sensors. The confinement of acoustic energy near the surface of a piezoelectric substrate in a SAW sensor makes it highly sensitive for discerning surface perturbation. As sensors, SAW devices have the potential to provide a high-performance sensing platform with capabilities of remote and high-temperature ...

Computationally Assisted Design and Experimental Validation of a Novel ‘Flow-Focussed’ Microfluidics Chip for Generating Monodisperse Microbubbles

M. Conneely[1], V. Hegde[2], H. Rolfsnes[1], A. Mason[2], D. McLean[1], C. Main[1], F.J.D. Smith[2], W.H.I. McLean[2], P.A. Campbell[1]
[1]Carnegie Physics Laboratory, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom
[2]Division of Molecular Medicine, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom

Whilst initially developed as a diagnostic aid to improve echogenicity in ultrasound imaging, gas-filled lipid microbubbles are now emerging as a next generation \'theranostic\' tool in the medical arena. Here, their therapeutic potential has now been realized through their unique capability to deliver molecular species such as drugs and genes by means of disrupting the cell membrane in response ...

RFID-Enabled Temperature Sensor

I.M. Abdel-Motaleb[1], K. Allen [1]
[1]Department of Electrical Engineering, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA

The design of a RFID-enabled temperature sensor is described in this paper. In this sensor, a change in temperature causes structural beams to bend, which results in a proportional displacement of the plates of the capacitor. Plates\' displacement results, in turn, in changing the value of its capacitance. The capacitor of the sensor is coupled to the LC resonant network of a passive RFID tag. ...

Modeling Internal Heating of Optoelectronic Devices Using COMSOL

N. Brunner[1][,][2]
[1]Voxtel, Inc, Beaverton, OR, USA
[2]University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA

In this paper the heat transfer module in COMSOL is utilized to simulate internal heating of an Avalanche Photodiode due to light-induced current through a resistivity that depends on charge carrier concentrations in the device. Initial tests are done by modeling the heating process on a previously-solved silicon p-n junction as a proof of concept before advancing to a more complicated geometry. ...

Steps for the Optimization of Pipe and Tubing Extrusion Dies

J.R. Puentes[1], T.A. Osswald[1], S. Schick[2], J. Berg[2]
[1]Polymer Engineering Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
[2]TEEL Plastics, Baraboo, WI, USA

The extrusion of polyolefin pipes suffers degradation due to mechanical design problems of the extrusion die that is commonly used. This study uses numerical and computational approaches to detect problematic areas in the die geometry. Simulations show that in the conventional die there are areas of stagnation and recirculation of the melt flow, resulting in greater residence times, one of the ...