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Modeling Thermal Bridging at Interface Conditions: Analysis of Solutions for Reducing Thermal Bridges Effects on Building Energy Consumption

C. Balocco[1], E. Marmonti[1]
[1]Dipartimento di Energetica, Università di Firenze, Firenze, Italy

In Europe considerable building activity can be expected over the coming decades; Net Zero Energy Buildings refers to a building with minimal power, until maximum 15 kW/m^2. In both cases this requires very well insulated buildings with minimal thermal bridges. Concrete balconies, that extend the floor slab through the building envelope, are a common example of thermal bridging, where structural ...

Using COMSOL for Optimal Design of Engineering Barriers of Nuclear Waste Repositories

L.M. de Vries[1], A. Nardi[1], A.E. Idiart[1], P. Trinchero[1], J. Molinero[1], F. Vahlund[2], H. von Schenck[2]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain
[2]Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management, Stockholm, Sweden

The Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co (SKB) is responsible for final disposal of spent fuel and radioactive waste. SKB operates SFR, an underground waste repository in crystalline rock. The evolution of groundwater flow within the repository needs to be estimated considering different options for the design of the engineered barriers. The goal is to predict the effects of flow and ...

Magnetic and Circuital Modeling of a Low Harmonic Pollution Three Phase Transformer

E. Scotoni[1], C. Tozzo[2], D. Zoccarato[1], F. Paganini[1]
[1]TMC Italia, Busto Arsizio, Italy
[2]COMSOL, Brescia, Italy

A three phase transformer with very low harmonic pollution transferred back to power line is here presented. In fact, thanks to the described setup, intermediate harmonics (5th and 7th) are not going out back to the power line feeding the primary. These results has been extensively validated versus measurements performed on produced and shipped machine. With these results, TMC is then featuring ...

Thermal and Fluid Dynamics Studies Applied to Steel Industry

G. Tracanelli[1], M. Culos[1]
[1]Studio di Ingegneria Industriale Tracanelli, San Vito al Tagliamento, Italy

The energy pay back is one of the most interesting field especially in the steel industry where this contribution is strictly connected to steams and emissions inside and outside the plant. Perhaps, this application is sometimes disturbed by a strong variation of emissions (\"off gas\"). One example is the arc furnace where the process is very discontinuous and there are many fluctuations in the ...

High Frequency Electromagnetic Device Modeling with COMSOL: Simulation vs. Experiment

P. Alotto[1], F. Dughiero[1], F. Bressan[1], M. Bullo[1]
[1]Università di Padova, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale, Padova, Italy

Computer simulation is mandatory for the optimization of electromagnetic devices. Here we concentrate on two classes of devices operating in the MHz and GHz range, namely microwave ovens and TEM cells for electromagnetic compatibility testing. In particular we concentrate on the issue that numerical results are usually different from the experimental ones and this can be due, among others ...

Coupled Hydrochemical Modeling for the Optimal Design of an In-situ Redox Experiment

P. Trinchero[1], J. Molinero[1], G. Román-Ross[1], A. Nardi[1], L.M. De Vries[1], T. Karvonen[2], P. Pitkänen[3]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain
[2]WaterHope, Helsinki, Finland
[3]Posiva, Eurajoki, Finland

In this work, we present a number of scoping calculations that have been carried out to design an in-situ redox experiment (Figure 1) focused on assessing potential changes in the pH and redox conditions and in the buffering capacity of the Olkiluoto bedrock (i.e. the site for the Finnish spent fuel repository). A characteristic of these models lies in the need to integrate prior information, ...

COMSOL Computational Fluid Dynamics for Microreactors Used in Volatile Organic Compounds Catalytic Elimination

M. Olea[1], S. Odiba[1], S. Hodgson[1], A. Adgar[1]
[1]School of Science and Engineering, Teesside University, Middlesbrough, United Kingdom

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that will evaporate easily into the air at room temperature and contribute majorly to the formation of photochemical ozone. They are emitted as gases from certain solids and liquids in to the atmosphere and affect indoor and outdoor air quality. They includes acetone, benzene, ethylene glycol, formaldehyde, methylene chloride, ...

3D Simulation of Air-Glass Heat Exchange in a Set of Vials

G. Mongatti[1], A. Borelli[1]
[1]Marchesini Group, Pianoro, Italy

In this model a three-dimensional heat transfer analysis was performed by using COMSOL Multiphysics\' Heat Transfer Module. The model is about the heating of a set of vials (Figure 1) in a current of hot air in the laminar regime. We used time dependent studies to predict the thermal behavior of the glass and to estimate the temperatures in the various points of the bottles at various times. ...

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