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Development of an On-Line Wall-Fouling Sensor for Pipeline Transportation of Heavy Oil-Water Mixtures

S. Rushd[1], and R.S. Sanders[1]
[1]Chemical & Materials Engineering Department, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada

A beneficial method for transporting highly viscous hydrocarbons (e.g. heavy oil and bitumen) through a pipeline is known as Lubricated Pipe Flow (LPF). A major challenge for this technology is flow instability caused by the formation of a wall-coating of oil or the thinning and/or loss of the lubricating water layer in the pipe. This issue can be addressed by using capacitance sensors to ...

Modeling Ferrofluid Flow in an Annular Gap Moving with Reciprocating Shaft

Y. He[1], R. Nilssen[1]
[1]Department of Electric Power Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

Ferrofluids have been successfully used in the seals for rotary shafts, but few studies focus on the reciprocating motion seals. Since the completely different operational regimes, previous experiences on the rotary motions could not be directly applied on the cases for reciprocating shafts. In this study, we present a simplified model to describe the process that a shaft linearly moving in a ...

A Modeling Study of Electrical Characteristics of Anisotropic Conductive Film Adhesives

R. Divigalpitiya
3M Canada Company, London, ON, Canada

Finite element analysis provides new insights into the electrical behavior of conducting adhesives. We show that at a contact between a spherical conducting particle and a flat conducting substrate the current distribution is non-uniform: the current is concentrated at the periphery of the contact. In practice, the current concentration has important implications. We further shed light on what ...

Track Visualisation of Charged Particles in a Dipole Magnetic Field

B. Polychronopulos
Smiths Detection (Watford) Ltd, Watford, UK

This paper presents results on the visualisation of tracks of charged particles in a non-uniform magnetic field. The field modelled is that generated by a coil driven by DC current. The motion of typical particles, such as electrons, ions and multiply-charged heavy particles has been simulated.  The motion is initially assumed to be in vacuum, so that collisions with neutral particles can ...

An MHD Modeling of High-Temperature SiC Solution Growth

F. Mercier[1], D. Chaussende[1], J.M. Dedulle[1,2] and J. Lefebure[1]
[1]Laboratoire des Matériaux et du Génie Physique (LMGP), Grenoble INP - CNRS, France
[2]IRIS Technologies, Grenoble, France

Despite its real advantages compare to seeded sublimation growth, SiC solution growth has never given convincing results. The difficulty of stabilizing the growth front, and thus avoiding any polycrystal formation results from a poor description and understanding of the coupled phenomena that occur in the crucible. This paper addresses the coupled electromagnetism, heat transfer and fluid ...

Modelling of a Differential Sensor in Eddy Current Non-destructive Evaluation

A. Rosell[1], and G. Persson[2]
[1]Volvo Aero Corporation, Trollhättan, Sweden
[2]Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden

Interaction between the probe and a defect in eddy current non-destructive evaluation is studied. Evaluation of sensor signal response is the basis for the calculation. In this work a differential sensor is considered and the problem regarded here is problem 8 from the testing of electromagnetic analysis methods (TEAM) workshops. The truncation, referring to the position of the outer ...

Designing Magnetic Coils from the Inside Out

C. Crawford, and D. Wagner
University of Kentucky
Lexington, KY

Traditionally the design cycle for magnetic fields involves guessing at a reasonable conductor and magnetic material configuration, using finite element analysis (FEA) software to calculate the resulting field, modifying the configuration, and iterating to produce the desired results. We take the opposite approach of specifying the required magnetic field, imposing it as a boundary condition on ...

Current Density, Electric Field and AC Loss Simulation of Mono Block and Single Layer Polygonal HTS Cable Using COMSOL Multiphysics

G. Konar[2], R. K. Mandal[1], and N. Chakraborty[2]
[1]Electrical Engineering Department, Seacom Engineering College, Dhulagar,West Bengal, India
[2]Power Engineering Department, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

High temperature super conducting (HTS) cables are gaining attentions for their ability to transmit more power compared to their convention counterparts with essentially no resistance and electromagnetic emissions. They are also appropriate for solving the grid congestion problem in the power corridors with their reduced size and weight. But the AC loss that occurs in the HTS cables reduces the ...

Numerical Calculation of the Dynamic Behavior of Asynchronous Motors with COMSOL Multiphysics

J. Güdelhöfer[1], R. Gottkehaskamp[1], A. Hartmann[1]
[1]Department of Electrical Machines and Electromagnetic Field Theory, University of Applied Sciences Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany

This paper shows how a time-dependent and non-linear simulation of the dynamic operation behavior of an induction machine is executed by means of the \"Rotating Machinery\" interface from COMSOL Multiphysics 4.2a. The two-dimensional FEM model is connected to electrical circuits by coupling the physics \"Rotating Machinery\" and \"Electrical Circuit\" interfaces. These circuits include the ...

Superconducting RF Cavity Performance Degradation after Quenching in Static Magnetic Field

I. Terechkine[1], T. Khabiboulline[1], D. Sergatskov[1]
[1]Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL, USA

Performance degradation of a superconducting RF cavity after quenching in an external magnetic field was calculated using COMSOL. This degradation is due to the increased resistance of a superconducting surface with trapped magnetic flux. The amount of the trapped flux depends on the size of the normally-conducting opening that develops in the superconducting wall of a cavity during quenching. ...