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AO@SW with Vrala: Simulations and Tests

C. Del Vecchio[1], G. Agapito[1], L. Carbonaro[1], F. Marignetti[2], E. De Santis[2], Y. Coia[2]
[1]National Institute for Astrophysics, Arcetri Astrophysical Observatory, Firenze, Italy
[2]University of Cassino and Southern Latium, Cassino, Italy

VRALA is the ideal candidate as an Adaptive Optics actuator at visible wavelengths. Its electric characteristics variations, suitable current commands, and an effective magnetic circuit geometry provide a 2 kHz correction bandwidth and a 25 mm actuator density. The magnetic core allows unprecedented performances with a negligible thermal impact. Pre-shaping the coil currents greatly simplifies ...

Optimizing Transducer Configuration of Capacitive Sensors for Agricultural Applications

N. Stroia[1], D. Moga[1], G. Mocanu[1], Z. Barabas[1], R. Moga [2]
[1]Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

This work aims to determine optimized configuration using COMSOL Multiphysics® for a class of transducers. Two types of capacitive sensors needed for monitoring and control in agriculture are investigated: a rain sensor and a soil humidity sensor. COMSOL Multiphysics® is used to test various configurations for both transducers, like the number of teeth in the comb, the depth of the teeth, the ...

The Effects of a Superparamagnetic Ground on the EMI Response of a Target

A. T. Clark[1]
[1]Research & Development, WM Robots LLC, Colmar, PA, USA

Soil’s electromagnetic properties adversely affect the performance of electromagnetic induction (EMI) sensors and if conditions are severe enough, render them useless. A simple circuit model is often used to express the electromagnetic induction response of a target analytically. This analytic model produces a response function that contains unique characteristics based on the target’s ...

A Phase Field Approach to Model Laser Power Control in Spot Laser Welding

C. Touvrey[1], V. Bruyere[2], P. Namy[2]
[1]CEA DAM, Valduc, France
[2]SIMTEC, Grenoble, France

Spot laser welding is largely used in industrial manufacturing, especially in the case of small penetration depth. Unfortunately, welded joins are often polluted by porosities. The formation of porosities depends on complex thermo-hydraulic phenomena. During the interaction, a deep and narrow cavity - called the keyhole - is formed. At the end of the interaction, surface tension forces ...

Multi-Layers Surface Coil Design: Geometry Optimization

S. Aissani[1], L. Guendouz[2]
[1]CRM2, Institut Jean Barriol, University of Lorraine, Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France
[2]Mesures et architectures électroniques, University of Lorraine, Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France

Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (RQN) is a radio frequency (RF) spectroscopic technique that is used to detect quadrupole nuclei such as Nitrogen-14. NQR was found to be a good candidate for detecting narcotics, explosives and medicines [1]. However, due to its low sensitivity the use of NQR is still limited. One way to increase the sensitivity is to improve the RF coil by means of a better RF ...

Simple Finite Element Model of the Topografiner

H. Cabrera[1], D. A. Zanin[1], L. G. De Pietro[1], A. Vindigni[1], U. Ramsperger[1], D. Pescia[1]
[1]Laboratory for Solid State Physics, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland

In our recent experiments we are revisiting the topografiner technology for the imaging of surface topography with a resolution of a few nanometers. In these new technique called Near-Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (NFESEM), low-energy electrons are emitted from a polycrystalline tungsten tip via electric-field assisted tunneling. In order to characterize and improve the capabilities ...

Electro-Chemical Etching & Deposition of a Super Alloy Using Tertiary Current Distribution Method

M. Yeoman[1], R. Damodharan[1]
[1]Continuum Blue Ltd., Ystrad Mynach, UK

The application of super-alloys has grown up in numbers in the industries like aerospace, automotive, nuclear, thermal power plant & medical implants. The initial cost of prototyping and the selection of suitable manufacturing methods & test fixtures made by electrochemical machining (ECM) has proven to be expensive process especially where tolerances are extremely tight on the nanometre scale. ...

Integrated Ion Optics Design

T. Majoros[1], B. Sebök[1]
[1]Department of Atomic Physics, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary

Introduction: This study aims the optimization and sensitivity analysis of an existing device. A Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometer (SIMS) device is to be equipped with a high power laser in order to increase sputtering speed. The modified device must be capable of handling the increased level of contamination and energy spread of sample ions. Use of COMSOL Multiphysics® software: Transmission ...

Modeling of Grounding Systems Considering the Soil Ionization Effect Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

R. A. Coelho[1], H. A. D. Almaguer[1]
[1]Universidade Regional de Blumenau - FURB, Blumenau, SC, Brazil

The soil ionization is an important phenomenon to be considered in the analysis of grounding electric systems. In this way, this work has proposed a procedure that allows modeling grounding systems with COMSOL Multiphysics and MATLAB® taking into account the soil ionization effects according to the Dynamic and Energy Balance models. Comparisons between calculated results and those reported in ...

Impedance measurements in reinforced concrete and 3D FEM simulations

Nogueira, A.1, Nóvoa, X.R.1, Keddam, M.2, Vivier, V.2
1 Universidade de Vigo (E.T.S.E.I.) Spain
2 UPR 15 CNRS “LISE”, case 133 - Université P. & M. Curie, Paris, France

The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements in reinforced concrete are reported and compared with 3D-finite element simulations with FEMLAB software. It was shown that the current injected in the cement past was partially collected by the reinforcement. Moreover, from both experimental results and calculations, it was shown that the fraction of current collected depends on the ...

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