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Development of an On-Line Wall-Fouling Sensor for Pipeline Transportation of Heavy Oil-Water Mixtures

S. Rushd[1], and R.S. Sanders[1]
[1]Chemical & Materials Engineering Department, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada

A beneficial method for transporting highly viscous hydrocarbons (e.g. heavy oil and bitumen) through a pipeline is known as Lubricated Pipe Flow (LPF). A major challenge for this technology is flow instability caused by the formation of a wall-coating of oil or the thinning and/or loss of the lubricating water layer in the pipe. This issue can be addressed by using capacitance sensors to measure ...

Introduction to COMSOL based Modeling of Levitated Flywheel Rotor

A. Pilat
AGH University of Science and Technology
Kraków, Poland

This elaboration presents a pre-study on automatic rotor construction for the flywheel energy storage system dedicated to operate in the levitation mode. The optimization profile model is used as a basic profile source. The 3D flywheel shape is generated on the base of obtained profiles. Eigenfrequencies are calculated to validate the operation on rigid mode. A steel and aluminum based ...

Methodology for Calculation Scattering Parameters in a Transmission-Line Transducer

E.J.P. Santos[1], L.B.M. Silva[1]
[1]Laboratory for Devices and Nanostructures, Departamento de Eletrônica e Sistemas, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Várzea, Recife, PE, Brasil

Transmission-line transducers are used for the measurement of absorption and reflection of different materials, such as: liquids, granular medium, and ground. A simplified methodology for calculation of scattering parameters of such transducers is presented. The transducer cell is partitioned at each interface and the partial scattering equations are calculated, considering two interfaces at a ...

Magnetic and Circuital Modeling of a Low Harmonic Pollution Three Phase Transformer

E. Scotoni[1], C. Tozzo[2], D. Zoccarato[1], F. Paganini[1]
[1]TMC Italia, Busto Arsizio, Italy
[2]COMSOL, Brescia, Italy

A three phase transformer with very low harmonic pollution transferred back to power line is here presented. In fact, thanks to the described setup, intermediate harmonics (5th and 7th) are not going out back to the power line feeding the primary. These results has been extensively validated versus measurements performed on produced and shipped machine. With these results, TMC is then featuring ...

Validation of Space Charge Laminar Flow in Diodes

M. Cavenago[1]
[1]INFN-LNL, Legnaro, Padova, Italy

The well known Pierce design of electron and ion diodes is the base of particle source extraction systems [1,2]. It was heavily studied up to 1960 with analog computing and it now offers us a known case against which to compare the precision of fluid and particle tracing codes. The ideal model assumes zero particle kinetic energy at cathode emission, which is well matched in many sources: the ...

Going beyond Axisymmetry: 2.5D Vector Electromagnetics

Y.A. Urzhumov[1][,][2], N.I. Landy[1][,][2], C. Ciraci[2], D.R. Smith[1][,][2]
[1]Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Pratt School of Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
[2]Center for Metamaterials and Integrated Plasmonics, Pratt School of Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA

Linear wave propagation through inhomogeneous structures of size R?? (Fig.1) is a computationally challenging problem, in particular when using finite element methods, due to the steep increase of the number of degrees of freedom as a function of R/?. Fortunately, when the geometry of the problem possesses symmetries, one may choose an appropriate basis in which the stiffness matrix of the ...

SWRO (Desalination) Biofilm Remediation Technology Utilizing Centrifugal Micro-Fluids

E.M. Glenn[1]
[1]University of California, Irvine, CA, USA

Water-and-energy supply is a global issue of paramount importance. The demand for safe potable water is quickly exceeding the limits of natural regional water resources. Like oil, water is a finite resource; unlike oil, however, water has no alternatives. Water, energy and their environmentally sound solutions are interrelated; and of all the present-day environmental problems, those related to ...

Electromagnetic Parameters Extraction for Integrated-Circuit Interconnects for Open Three Conductors with Two Levels Systems

S.M. Musa[1], M.N.O. Sadiku[1], J.D. Oliver[1]
[1]Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, TX, USA

The accurate estimate of values of electromagnetic parameters are essential to determine the final circuit speeds and functionality for designing of high-performance integrated circuits and integrated circuits packaging. In this paper, a new quasi-TEM capacitance and inductance analysis of multiconductor multilayer interconnects is successfully demonstrated using the finite element method (FEM) ...

Optimizing Transducer Configuration of Capacitive Sensors for Agricultural Applications

N. Stroia[1], D. Moga[1], G. Mocanu[1], Z. Barabas[1], R. Moga [2]
[1]Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

This work aims to determine optimized configuration using COMSOL Multiphysics® for a class of transducers. Two types of capacitive sensors needed for monitoring and control in agriculture are investigated: a rain sensor and a soil humidity sensor. COMSOL Multiphysics® is used to test various configurations for both transducers, like the number of teeth in the comb, the depth of the teeth, the ...

Improving Intranasal Drug Delivery to the Olfactory Region Using Magnetophoretic Guidance - new

J. Xi[1], Z. Zhang[1], X. Si[2], H. Nanda[3], A. Ayoola[3]
[1]Mechanical & Biomedical Engineering, Central Michigan University, Mt. Pleasant, MI, USA
[2]Mechanical Engineering, California Baptist University, Riverside, CA, USA
[3]Calvin College, Grand Rapids, MI, USA

1. It is feasible to focus and guide nanoparticles with permanent magnets and ferromagnetic particles to achieve clinically significant olfactory dosages. 2. With appropriate magnetophoretic guidance and selective drug release, an olfactory delivery efficiency of more than 20% can be achieved. 3. The optimal particle size range for magnetophoretic guidance is 10−15 µm.

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