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Optimization of the Lithium Insertion Cell with Silicon Negative Electrode for Automotive Applications

R. Chandrasekaran, and A. Drews
Research and Advanced Engineering
Ford Motor Company
Dearborn, MI

The US Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC) has established goals for long term commercialization of advanced batteries for electric vehicle applications. In this work, a dual lithium-ion insertion cell with silicon as the negative electrode and an intercalation material as the positive electrode is modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics. Both are composite porous electrodes with binder, void ...

Optimization of an Electrochemistry System

D. Mi [1],
[1] KEISOKU Engineering System Co., Ltd., Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan

Optimization of a typical electrochemical system with insulating shields is considered in this work, which objective is to reduce the current peak due to singularity and smooth the current density distribution along electrode surface. Moving mesh method was adopted to allow change in design variables, i.e., position and width of the insulating shields. It was found that combining optimization ...

Evaluation of Design Options for Tubular Redox Flow Batteries

T. Struckmann [1], M. William Nix [1], S. Ressel [1],
[1] Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Department of Mechanical Engineering and Production Management, Hamburg, Germany

Redox flow batteries are promising candidates for future stationary electrical energy storage systems. All vanadium redox flow batteries (VRFBs) are already used in demonstration projects (see e.g. [1]). While the common VRFB cell design is planar, a tubular cell design might display advantages as reduced sealing lengths and reduced manufacturing costs due to an extrusion production. In this ...

Implementation of an Active Fluid Cooling Design in a 48 V High-Power Battery Module

Z. Wu [1], A. Stawarski [2], H. Kemper [2],
[1] Energy Storage Systems, FH Aachen - University of Applied Sciences, Aachen, Germany; RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
[2] Energy Storage Systems, FH Aachen - University of Applied Sciences, Aachen, Germany

Individual batteries have their own operational temperature ranges, which shall be respected to avoid both damaging of the cells and shortening of the cycle life. In terms of the Li-Ion cells, many of them do not function well at higher temperatures. Therefore, a better understanding of the thermal behavior of individual cells within a battery system, which can be achieved through simulation ...

Alternative Designs to Harness Natural Convection in Flow Batteries

A. Ansari [1], S. Kumar [1],
[1] Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

The earlier work in our group has established that natural convection plays a dominant role in SLRFB. We used it to run a battery in which interestingly, the contents are agitated for brief spells when no current flows through it. The present work focuses on electrode configurations that harness the role of natural convection. In one such configuration, electrodes are positioned away from cell ...

Modeling Migration-Diffusion-Reaction Processes in an Idealized Lithium-Sulfur Cell

G. Minton [1], R. Purkayastha [1], S. Walus [1], M. Marinescu [2], T. Zhang [2], G. Offer [2],
[1] Oxis Energy Ltd, Oxford, United Kingdom
[2] Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

During the basic operation of a lithium-sulfur (Li-S) cell, sulfur molecules are required to undergo a complex mix of electrochemical and chemical reaction processes. To date, almost all modeling of Li-S cell behavior has been undertaken using electroneutral, structurally homogenized, cell scale models accounting for most of these processes. The presented work was undertaken in order to try and ...

Modeling of Lead-acid Flow Battery

M. N. Nandanwar[1], S. K. Gupta[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India

Failure of conventional lead-acid battery is attributed to degradation of solid active mass (PbO2 and PbSO4 ). A number of research efforts are underway worldwide to overcome degradation of active mass to improve the cycle life of lead-acid batteries. Soluble lead-acid flow battery (SLFB) is a new kind of lead-acid flow battery in which products of discharge remain in dissolved state. SLFB ...

Optimizing Fuel Cell Design with COMSOL Multiphysics

Chin-Hsien Cheng[1]
[1]Renewable Energy RD Center, Chung-Hsin Electric & Machinery, Taiwan

Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) were investigated using COMSOL Multiphysics with the AC/DC Module and Chemical Engineering Module. Simulation may be used to increase the performance while decreasing the cost of the catalyst later (CL). Experimental validation of single and multi-layer CL was performed for varied PBI electrolyte content. The validated model was used to investigate ...

Modeling of Charge Transport in Ion Bipolar Junction Transistors

A.V. Volkov[1], K. Tybrandt[1], I.V. Zozoulenko[1], M. Berggren[1]
[1]Organic Electronics, ITN, Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden

Modeling of an ion bipolar junction transistor (IBJT) is performed using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. Our model describes the IBJT which was developed and characterized [1]. The IBJT under consideration consists of an anion-selective collector and emitter, a cation-selective base and a neutral junction. The physical model is based on Poisson and Nernst-Planck (PNP) equations. A two ...

Simulation and Design of Lithium Ion Battery Packs for the Altitude Conditions in Northern Chile

A. Mallco Carpio [1], M. Cortes Carmona [1],
[1] University of Antofagasta, Antofagasta Energy Center, Antofagasta, Chile

One of the most noticeable effects in loss of performance and capacity of thermal systems is produced by altitude. This causes that the density of a compressible fluid and the atmospheric pressure are considerably reduced, causing a decrease in electrical power and thermal systems. Given this, the packages of lithium ion batteries that use forced cooling by a compressible fluid, are directly ...