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Residence Time Distribution for Tubular Reactors - new

L. R. de Souza Jr.[1], L. Lorenz[1]
[1]Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil

In the core of Chemical Engineering is the reactor design that includes most of all scientific disciplines. The reactors, in general, are treated ideally. Unfortunately, it is observed in the real world a very different behavior from that expected. Thus, to characterize nonideal reactors is used, among others, residence time distribution function E(t). The aim of this present work is to ...

Analysis of Heat, Mass Transport, and Momentum Transport Effects in Complex Catalyst Shapes for Gas-Phase Heterogeneous Reactions Using COMSOL Multiphysics

A. Nagaraj[1], and P. Mills[2]

[1]Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA
[2]Department of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA

The global demand for sulfuric acid has been forecast to grow at an average of 2.6% per year from 2005 – 2010. The primary objective of this work is to analyze the performance of various heterogeneous catalyst shapes that have been proposed for the oxidation of SO2 to SO3 used in the manufacture of sulfuric acid. COMSOL Multiphysics provides a powerful numerical platform for simulation of ...

Models for Simulation Based Selection of 3D Multilayered Graphene Biosensors

E. Lacatus [1], G. C. Alecu [1], A. Tudor [1],
[1] Politehnica University of Bucharest, București, Romania

At the forefront of a new generation of sensors graphene and graphene composite materials are intensively studied for medical and biosensing applications. The outstanding electrical, mechanical and quantum properties of graphene make them a promising material solution to overlap the existing gap between biological and non-biological systems into a continuum like-viscoelastic integrated model. ...

On the Limitations of Breakthrough Curve Analysis in Fixed-Bed Adsorption

J. Knox [1],
[1] Marshall Space Flight Center - NASA, Huntsville, AL, USA

This work examined in detail the a priori prediction of the axial dispersion coefficient from available correlations versus obtaining it and also mass transfer information from experimental breakthrough data and the consequences that may arise when doing so based on using a 1-D axially dispersed plug flow model in COMSOL Multiphysics® software and its associated Danckwerts outlet boundary ...

An Overview of Impellers, Velocity Profile and Reactor Design - new

P. Patel[1], P. Vaidya[1], G. Singh[2]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
[2]Indian Oil Corporation Limited, Faridabad, Haryana, India

This paper presents a simulation approach to develop a model for understanding the mixing phenomenon in a stirred vessel. The mixing in the vessel is important for effective chemical reaction, heat transfer, mass transfer and phase homogeneity. In some cases, it is very difficult to obtain experimental information and it takes a long time to collect the data. Such problems can be solved using ...

Simulator for Automotive Evaporative Emissions Restraint Systems

S. Schlüter [1], E. Schieferstein [1], T. Hennig [1], K. Meller [1],
[1] Fraunhofer UMSICHT, Oberhausen, Germany

Fuel vapor restraint systems are used in vehicles to avoid discharge of volatile hydrocarbons from fuel tanks. The topic of this paper is the proper operation of fuel vapor restraint systems depending on the composition of bioethanol-fuel-blends. Experimental data serve as input to a model built with COMSOL Multiphysics® to simulate the performance of fuel vapor restraint systems depending on ...

Development of a User Interface for Design of SO2 Oxidation Fixed-Bed Reactors

A. Nagaraj [1], P. L. Mills [1],
[1] Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA

H2SO4 is a very important chemical commodity, and indeed, a nation’s H2SO4 production has been a reasonably good indicator of its industrial strength for the last century or so1,2. Nearly 350 MM tons of H2SO4 was produced in 20143.The demand for H2SO4 in United States exceeds the supply and hence to increase production, recycling and innovative clean technologies must be explored. From ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulations of Graphene Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) Growth - new

K. M. Al-Shurman[1], H. Naseem[1]
[1]The Institute for Nanoscience & Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA

Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is a promising effective method for synthesis of graphene films. CVD graphene film is obtained from hydrocarbon species such as CH4 through complex catalytic chemical reactions on the surface of the catalyst. Therefore, studying the catalytic reaction kinetics is essential process for understanding the thermal decomposition rate of methane on catalyst surface as ...

Water Quality Modeling of Drinking Water Storage Reservoir Noardburgum

N. Wolthek[1]
[1]Vitens NV, Zwolle, The Netherlands

The water storage reservoir at the WTP Noardburgum is used to even out demand and supply and ensure a stable drinking water production capacity. At the moment the rectangular reservoir has a single pipeline which serves as an inlet during the fill cycle and as an outlet during the draw cycle. This study aims to examine the current mixing characteristics of the reservoir and to investigate ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulation of 3D Single-Phase Transport in a Random Packed Bed of Spheres - new

A. Dixon[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

Packed beds are important in the chemical industries. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) can simulate detailed flow and scalar transport in packed beds for improved understanding and quantitative information. We present simulations of single-phase gas flow, conjugate heat transfer and isothermal dispersion of mass in a 3D model of a randomly-packed bed (tube-to-particle diameter ratio = 5.96) of ...

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