Numerical Simulations of Methane Aromatization with and without a Ceramic Hydrogen Separation Membrane
Z. Li, C. Kjølseth, S. Hernandez Morejudo, R. Haugsrud
University of Oslo, Department of Chemistry, FERMiO, Oslo, Norway
Protia, Oslo, Norway
University of Oslo, Department of Chemistry, InGAP, Oslo, Norway
Oxygen-free methane aromatization has been attracting growing attention due to a potential means for producing high valuable products such as aromatics and hydrogen. Many studies have been focused on catalysts screening and characterization, and elementary thermodynamic steps of the reaction. However, little attention has been paid to fluid dynamics which are important for an industrial ...
Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Realising the interlinkage of nature and engineering are of paramount essential while comprehending the basics of system’s performances. Application of biotechniques in air pollution control is one such emerging scientific area, where the understandings of these complex systems demand more utilisation of computing softwares. Recently, biofiltration is a versatile biological air pollution control ...
COMSOL Computational Fluid Dynamics for Microreactors Used in Volatile Organic Compounds Catalytic Elimination
M. Olea, S. Odiba, S. Hodgson, A. Adgar
School of Science and Engineering, Teesside University, Middlesbrough, United Kingdom
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that will evaporate easily into the air at room temperature and contribute majorly to the formation of photochemical ozone. They are emitted as gases from certain solids and liquids in to the atmosphere and affect indoor and outdoor air quality. They includes acetone, benzene, ethylene glycol, formaldehyde, methylene chloride, ...
J. Torres, and D. Montane
Centre Huile Lourde Ouvert et Experimental (CHLOE), University of Pau, France
Department of Chemical Engineering, Virgili University, Tarragona, Spain
Steam Reforming of Ethanol using a Catalytic Wall Reactor (CWR) was successfully studied using COMSOL Multiphysics. A mathematical model was used to describe the reactor performance in terms of the main variables and dimensionless groups. Simulations showed that at specified conditions CWR maintains a thermal performance adequate for evaluating catalysts under a uniform temperature profile. CWR ...
L. R. de Souza Jr., L. Lorenz
Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil
In the core of Chemical Engineering is the reactor design that includes most of all scientific disciplines. The reactors, in general, are treated ideally. Unfortunately, it is observed in the real world a very different behavior from that expected. Thus, to characterize nonideal reactors is used, among others, residence time distribution function E(t). The aim of this present work is to ...
S. Jin, J. McReynolds, X. Li, J. Guan
Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
Currently, researchers are looking for ways to mass-produce biologically functional pancreatic beta cells in vitro because of the shortage of donor tissue needed for diabetes cell therapy. The beta cells will become hypoxic if their high oxygen demands are not met. We hypothesized that the biological function of beta cells can be improved if they are cultured in a 3D collagen scaffold, which ...
Modeling of Packed Bed Reactors: Hydrogen Production by the Steam Reforming of Methane and Glycerol - new
A. Dixon, B. MacDonald, A. Olm
Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
The conventional route to hydrogen production is by steam reforming of methane (MSR) in a multitubular packed bed. With the increasing use of biodiesel as a renewable fuel, interest has grown in steam reforming of the excess glycerol produced as a side product (GSR). We use COMSOL Multiphysics® software to model a tubular packed bed reactor, solving a single pellet model at each point. The ...
E. Lacatus , G. C. Alecu , A. Tudor ,
 Politehnica University of Bucharest, București, Romania
At the forefront of a new generation of sensors graphene and graphene composite materials are intensively studied for medical and biosensing applications. The outstanding electrical, mechanical and quantum properties of graphene make them a promising material solution to overlap the existing gap between biological and non-biological systems into a continuum like-viscoelastic integrated model. ...
R. Winz, N. Schröder, W. Wiechert, and E. von Lieres
Institute of Biotechnology 2, Research Centre Jülich, Jülich, Germany
Research Center for Micro and Nanochemistry, University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
In recent years lab-on-microchip technology has become a powerful tool for micro-scale analysis of biochemical processes. In the studied system the overall process consists of transport, convection, diffusion, reaction and adsorption processes. Two compounds A and B, contained in a carrier fluid (buffer), are introduced into a reaction channel via a Y-shaped double-inlet. As the streams flow ...
Danish Technological Institute, Aarhus C, Denmark
The use of the finite element method for understanding and analyzing the freezing and drying processes of food products is in focus in this paper. The objective of this study is to develop a model that can predict temperature distribution and weight loss of food products during the freezing and drying processes. The problem was solved by utilizing heat, mass transfer and moving mesh model. In ...