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Modeling a Nozzle in a Borehole - new

E. Holzbecher[1], F. Sun[1]
[1]Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

Within a borehole a nozzle can be installed in order to increase the efficiency of fluid injection. The position of the nozzle is located near the perforated casing of an injection well. A COMSOL Multiphysics® model is set up for a typical nozzle design as applied in practice. The model is based on the Navier-Stokes equations with turbulence closures using k-ε model and k-ω closures. We find a ...

The Microgeometry of Pressure Seals - new

R. P. Ruby[1], G. Kulkarni[2], U. Kanade[1]
[1]Noumenon Multiphysics Pvt. Ltd., Pune, Maharashtra, India
[2]Oneirix Engineering Laboratories Pvt. Ltd., Pune, Maharashtra, India

Seals or gaskets that are compressed between walls of a container are important to many industrial applications. Understanding the performance of such seals requires an understanding of the microscopic geometry of the sealing surfaces, because the fluid seeps around the undulations of such surfaces. This paper presents strong computational evidence that the microgeometry of such surfaces depends ...

Heat Transfer Modeling of Power Cables in Tunnels - new

F. Boukrouche[1], C. Moreau[1], W. Frelin[1]
[1]EDF R&D, Moret-sur-Loing, France

Electric power, in cities or for power plant outflow, is most often transmitted through underground cables. Due to increased electricity demands power suppliers make large investments to house these cables in deep or shallow tunnels. The thermal environment is complex, with different kind of cables placed in different configurations, transmitting different powers. These are hard to take into ...

Studying PEM Fuel Cells using Equation Based Simulation

J. Blackburn [1], N. McCartney [1],
[1] National Physical Laboratory, London, UK

We present computer simulation results for PEM fuel cells using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. We have developed novel PDE equations at NPL from first principles and these are more realistic than models typically used in literature. The theory includes Maxwell-Stephan and Nernst-Planck equations for the diffusion and electrochemistry as well as equations governing electrostatic and stress/strain ...

Control of Real Distributed Parameter Systems Modeled by COMSOL Multiphysics® Software - new

C. Belavý[1], G. Hulkó[1], S. Lipár[1], B. Barbolyas[1]
[1]Institute of Automation, Measurement and Applied Informatics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovak Republic

In the paper, first a basic concept of the engineering approach for modeling and control of distributed parameter systems (DPS) based on interpretation of controlled systems as lumped input and distributed output systems (LDS) is introduced. Next, FEM modeling of temperature fields in casting mould and extruder body as real DPS by means of the software environment COMSOL Multiphysics® is ...

Computational Study on Transition of Oil-Water Flow Morphology due to Sudden Contraction in Microfluidic Channel - new

J. Chaudhuri[1], S. Timung[1], T. K. Mandal[1], D. Bandyopadhyay[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, Assam, India

The flow morphology of two immiscible fluids in a microfluidic device finds numerous applications such as emulsification, synthesis of nanomaterials [1], lab-on-a-chip devices and biological analysis [2]. It offers many advantages over the conventional macroscopic devices because of its availability for higher surface to volume ratio, ability to handle small volume of fluids, easier process ...

Benchmarking Tailored Formulations of Multiphase Flow in Porous Media

Á. Sainz [1,2], A. Nardi [1], E. Abarca [1], F. Grandía [1]
[1] Amphos 21 Consulting S.L., Barcelona, Spain
[2] Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France

Nowadays, gas and nuclear waste storage, shale gas and EOR exploitation rise the need to understand and predict the fate of multiphase flows in the underground. Various formulations for multiphase flow arise from different linear combinations of governing equations and choice of associated unknowns. Each formulation has its own benefits and drawbacks; and the optimal may vary depending on the ...

Comparison of Industrial Agitation for Batch Reacting Vessel Mixing in Bioethanol Fermentation

H. Rana [1],
[1] Loughborough University, United Kingdom

This paper presents the investigation into the phenomena during batch reactor vessel mixing comparing agitation equipment; the Rushton turbine and the Marine propeller; in the production of bioethanol by yeast fermentation. The key factors addressed in selecting equipment were fluid vector flow, energy dissipation resulting in shear damage to yeast cells, agitation power consumption, critical ...

Integration of the DeProF Model for Two-Phase Flow in P.M. into the Subsurface Flow Module

M. S. Valavanides [1], E. D. Skouras [2], A. N. Kalarakis [3], V. N. Burganos [2],
[1] TEI Athens, Athens, Greece
[2] FORTH/ICE-HT, Patras, Greece
[3] TEI of Western Greece, Patras, Greece

Relative permeability maps for steady-state two-phase flow in porous media, delivered by implementing the DeProF model [1] algorithm, were integrated within COMSOL Multiphysics® software [2] to resolve field-scale flows in porous media. The mechanistic model DeProF [1], predicts the relative permeability of oil and water in terms of the capillary number, Ca, the oil/water flowrate ratio, r, ...

Simulation of Supercritical Fluid Extraction Process

P. Katiyar [1], S. Khanam [1],
[1] Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India

This paper deals with the simulation of mathematical model for supercritical extraction. Reverchon, 1996 extracted sage oil using supercritical extraction method from sage leaves at 9 MPa and 50 ᵒC. Four mean size of sage leaves ranging from 0.25 to 3.10 mm were taken for extraction with other experimental conditions and process parameters. Experimental results were fitted in the model developed ...