A. Kermani ,
 Veryst Engineering LLC, Needham, MA, USA
Indoor ventilation with good air quality control prevents infection with minimizing the spread of airborne respiratory and other infections in hospitals. CFD can be utilized to optimize flow pattern in clean rooms especially hospital clean rooms. More than two million people in Europe are infected due to Health-care Associated Infection (HAI) (Pittet et al., 2005). It is believed that transfer ...
Simulation of Yield-Stress Fluid in a Rotational Rheometer: The Effect of Vane Geometry on the Accuracy of Measured Properties
J. Park , A. M. Oliva , N. R. Hargrave , D. Feys ,
 Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Missouri University of Science & Technology, Rolla, MO, USA
 Department of Civil, Architectural & Environmental Engineering, Missouri University of Science & Technology, Rolla, MO, USA
A rotational rheometer for Self-Consolidating Concrete was simulated as a yield-stress fluid in a 2D geometry. The effect of the vane geometry was investigated by comparing the analytical solutions with the numerical output for flow in the coaxial cylinders. This effect was studied by investigating the torque vs rotational velocity relation, the flow pattern, and the shear stress distribution. ...
Preliminary Study of Particle Trajectory and Secondary Flow in Bend Configurations to Reduce Erosion
O. Ayala , A. Arruda , L. Calembo , E. Enes , D. Monteiro , R. Paizante , A. Rocha , M. Simões , J. Michaeli ,
 Department of Engineering Technology, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA
 Brazil Scientific Mobility Program, CAPES, Brasilia, DF, Brazil
To the best of our knowledge, only few researchers have made attempts to minimize the erosion in bends by modifying the bend configuration in order to alter the particle-laden flow pattern to reduce the erosion. In this work, we revisited those previously proposed bend configurations to reduce erosion, in additional to two of our own design. We found that secondary flows play an important role ...
H. Rana ,
 Loughborough University, United Kingdom
This paper presents the investigation into the phenomena during batch reactor vessel mixing comparing agitation equipment; the Rushton turbine and the Marine propeller; in the production of bioethanol by yeast fermentation. The key factors addressed in selecting equipment were fluid vector flow, energy dissipation resulting in shear damage to yeast cells, agitation power consumption, critical ...
E. D. Skouras , A. N. Kalarakis , M. S. Valavanides , V. N. Burganos ,
 Foundation for Research and Technology, Hellas/Institute of Chemical Engineering Sciences, Patras, Greece
 Dept of Mechanical Engineering, TEI of Western Greece, Patras, Greece
 Dept of Civil Engineering, Applied Mechanics Laboratory, TEI of Athens, Athens, Greece
In general, macroscopic two-phase flow in porous media is a mixture of connected and disconnected oil flow. The latter is expressed as ganglion dynamics and drop traffic flow, patterns observed experimentally in pore network models [1,2] and real porous media [3,4]. This characteristic was adversely not taken into account in previous modeling approaches. The mechanistic model DeProF , ...
P. Katiyar , S. Khanam ,
 Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India
This paper deals with the simulation of mathematical model for supercritical extraction. Reverchon, 1996 extracted sage oil using supercritical extraction method from sage leaves at 9 MPa and 50 ᵒC. Four mean size of sage leaves ranging from 0.25 to 3.10 mm were taken for extraction with other experimental conditions and process parameters. Experimental results were fitted in the model developed ...
R. Pandya , A. Kumar , V. Runkana ,
 Tata Research Development and Design Centre, Tata Consultancy Services, Pune, India
 Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India
Electrospinning is a process where high voltage is applied to produce polymer fibers of nanoscale diameter. Various polymers have been used for this process in molten form or as a solution with an appropriate solvent such as glycerol. The melt solidifies while the solvent evaporates to produce fibers. The fibers produced have properties such as high surface to volume ratio and a molecular ...
Georg-August University, Göttingen, Germany
Viscous fingering is a topic of interest since the beginning of computational fluid dynamics. Here we focus on the classical constellation of miscible displacement, as it has been investigated in Hele-Shaw cells. A temperature or salinity front is entering with a fluid that has a different viscosity. The pure 1D flow is destabilized by the Saffman-Taylor instability. Using COMSOL Multiphysics® ...
Weierstrass Institute for Applied Analysis and Stochastics (WIAS), Berlin, Germany
The Lévêque problem is an idealized simple situation concerning the influence of the boundary on the distribution of temperature or mass in Hagen-Poiseuille flow. Here, the performance of numerical solutions is examined for a range of Péclet numbers, spanning 11 orders of magnitude. We examine the Sherwood, resp. Nusselt numbers and confirm the cubic square rule for high flow ...
I. Bogdanov, S. Jardel, A. Turki, and A. Kamp
Open & Experimental Centre for Heavy Oil, University of Pau, Pau, France
Pore-scale modeling of multiphase flow through porous media is addressed most frequently to improve our understanding of flow and transport phenomena in such settings. It can be used to obtain macro-scale constitutive equations, to assign multiphase flow properties in large scale models, to predict how these properties may vary with rock type, wettability, etc. The description of a physical ...