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Simulating HFIR Core Thermal Hydraulics Using 3D-2D Model Coupling

A. Travis[1], K. Ekici[1], J. Freels[2]
[1]The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
[2]Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

A model utilizing interdimensional variable coupling is presented for simulating the thermal hydraulic interactions of the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) core at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The model’s domain consists of a three-dimensional fuel plate and a two-dimensional coolant channel slice. In simplifying the coolant channel, the computational cost and solution time are both ...

Reynolds Number Dependent Porous Media Flow Using the Brinkman Equation

R. Rieck[1], A. Bénard[1], and C. Petty[1]
[1]Michigan State University, Michigan, USA

Porous media fluid dynamic modeling has been widely explored and utilized in many academic and industrial applications. Cross flow filtration being one attractive application, whereas the fluid and filtrate flow parallel the porous media, and thereby induce shearing stress along the membrane surface to reduce fouling. In modeling porous media flow, it is common to describe the porous domain by ...

The Transient Modeling of Bubble Pinch-Off Using an ALE Moving Mesh

C.J. Forster, and M.K. Smith
Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA

The use of an acoustic field to control the boiling process has the potential to increase the overall rate of heat transfer and delay the critical transition to film boiling. This system is being investigated through the development of a model of a single boiling bubble near a flat, heated, horizontal surface in the presence of an acoustic field. The dynamics of the bubble interface is ...

Investigations on Hydrodynamic in Stirred Vessels for Educational Purposes

A. Egedy, T. Varga, and T. Chován
University of Pannonia
Department of Process Engineering
Veszprém, Hungary

With detailed hydrodynamic modelling of a system the critical parameters and operation limits can be determined. In the field of fluid dynamic and reactor engineering one of the most important aspects is the practical knowledge of future engineers and technicians. In our research several different reactor constructions and impeller configurations were modelled to achieve a better ...

Magneto-Hydrodynamic Numerical Study of DC Electromagnetic Pump for Liquid Metal

A. Daoud, and N. Kandev
Institut de recherche d'Hydro-Quebec (LTE), Shawinigan, Quebec, Canada

The electromagnetic pumping (EMP) of electrically-conducting fluid is of growing interest for many industrial applications requiring precise flow control, enabling stopping or reversing flow direction without any moving parts or mechanical devices. Presented in this work are the results of a 3D numerical magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) simulation of direct current (DC) EMP for liquid ...

Depth-Averaged Modeling of Groundwater Flow and Transport

P. Kitanidis
Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA

In many groundwater studies, the areal extent of an aquifer is much larger than its thickness so that flow and transport take place primarily in horizontal directions. Thus, the most common type of modeling in practical applications is two-dimensional involving vertically averaged dependent variables, primarily hydraulic head and solute concentration. This is a tutorial on depth-averaged ...

Numerical Solutions for the Lévêque Problem of Boundary Layer  Mass or Heat Flux

E. Holzbecher
Weierstrass Institute for Applied Analysis and Stochastics (WIAS), Berlin, Germany

The Lévêque problem is an idealized simple situation concerning the influence of the boundary on the distribution of temperature or mass in Hagen-Poiseuille flow. Here, the performance of numerical solutions is examined for a range of Péclet numbers, spanning 11 orders of magnitude. We examine the Sherwood, resp. Nusselt numbers and confirm the cubic square rule for high flow ...

Numerical Study of the Self-ignition of Tetrafluoroethylene in a 100-dm3-reactor

F. Ferrero[1], M. Kluge[1], R. Zeps[1], T. Spoormaker[2]
[1]BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Berlin, Germany
[2]Chairman PlasticsEurope Fluoropolymers TFE Safety Task Force, Du Pont De Nemours, Dordrecht, The Netherlands

The self-ignition of tetrafluoroethylene (TFE) caused by contact with hot surfaces has been analyzed with the help of simulations performed with COMSOL Multiphysics®. The current study focuses on large-scale heated reactors for the industrial production of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) from TFE at high pressures. Simulations of the self-heating and consequent self-ignition of TFE in a 100-dm3 ...

Helium Two-Phase Flow in a Thermosiphon Open Loop

B. Baudouy[1] and F. Visentin[1]
[1]CEA, Irfu, SACM, Gif-sur-Yvette, France

The construction of high magnetic field superconducting coils requires the use of low temperature superconductors that must be cooled down to liquid helium temperature (4.2 K). Natural two-phase convection loops, i.e. thermosiphon loop, are used as cooling system for large superconducting magnets mainly because of its passive nature. The study present a thermohydraulics model realized with ...

Solar Cell Cooling and Heat Recovery in a Concentrated Photovoltaic System

M. Cozzini[1]
[1]Fondazione Bruno Kessler (FBK), Renewable Energies and Environmental Technologies (REET) Unit, Trento, Italy

Concentrated photovoltaic systems with high efficiency solar cells are being widely investigated, aiming at improving the cost-efficiency balance in the solar energy field. Different cell types are in use: e.g., high concentration triple junction cells, reaching efficiencies of the order of 35 - 40 % at 1000 suns, and medium concentration mono-crystalline silicon cells, with efficiencies of the ...