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Development of a Laser Cladding Process Model

F. Wirth [1], K. Wegener [1],
[1] IWF, ETH Zürich, Switzerland

Additive manufacturing is attracting more and more interest. Laser Cladding is one of these additive manufacturing processes. For this a quasi-stationary physical based 3D process model is presented, which has been developed taking into account heat transfer, melt pool fluid flow including surface tension effects (Marangoni convection) and free surface movement. Thereby the resulting surface ...

Analysis and Optimization of Dragonfly Wing Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

A. Kumar [1], C. Kaur [1], S. S. Padhee [2],
[1] PEC University of Technology, Chandigarh, India
[2] IIT Ropar, Punjab, India

This paper explores the complexities of a dragonfly's flapping wing motion. It includes the literature as well as analytical results using simulations done in COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The study depicts the Fluid-Structure Interaction of the 2D wing (airfoil) with air, governed by Naiver-Stokes equations. The wing follows mathematical functions and is given motion similar to dragonfly's ...

Modal Analysis of Elastic Ring Squeeze Film Damper for Small Gas Turbine Engines

S. Thennavarajan[1][2], P. Jeyaraj [1], L. P. Manikandan [2], S. S. Kulkarni [2], S. Jana [2],
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, NITK, Surathkal, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
[2]CSIR- National Aerospace Laboratories, Bengalore, Karnataka, India

The high speed gas turbine is a power plant developed for modern aircrafts. It is widely used and developed because it can meet the high power to weight ratio. The rotor system of modern small gas turbine works above the critical speeds. Hence, there is a stricter requirement for the control and isolation of vibration magnitude under heavy unbalance load and passing through critical speeds. An ...

Magneto-Hydrodynamic Numerical Study of DC Electromagnetic Pump for Liquid Metal

A. Daoud, and N. Kandev
Institut de recherche d'Hydro-Quebec (LTE), Shawinigan, Quebec, Canada

The electromagnetic pumping (EMP) of electrically-conducting fluid is of growing interest for many industrial applications requiring precise flow control, enabling stopping or reversing flow direction without any moving parts or mechanical devices. Presented in this work are the results of a 3D numerical magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) simulation of direct current (DC) EMP for liquid ...

Studying Magnetohydrodynamic Effects in Liquid Metal Flow Under Transverse Magnetic Field Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

S. Sahu[1], R. Bhattacharyay[1], E. Rajendrakumar[1]
[1]Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, India

Liquid metals are foreseen as a multipurpose coolant in fusion blanket systems. However, the strongly magnetic environment of the fusion reactor hinders the regular flow of the liquid metal. It interacts with transverse magnetic field and produces a Lorentz force opposing the flow, modifying the regular flow profile in the circular pipe or rectangular ducts. Complex geometry and lack of ...

3D Analysis of Cavitation in Control Valve by Pressure Variation - new

E. Luz[1], D. M. P. Cunha[2], V. H. C. Lemos[2]
[1]Universidade Federal do Pará - UFPA, Belém, PA, Brasil; Centro de Instrução Almirante Braz de Aguiar - CIABA, Belém, PA, Brasil
[2]Centro de Instrução Almirante Braz de Aguiar - CIABA, Belém, PA, Brasil

The phenomenon of cavitation can severely affect the working of valves used to control liquid flow. Cavitation occurs when the pressure is reduced and the water evaporates, forming bubbles. When bubbles pass into an area of higher pressure, they condense and collapse, releasing a large amount of energy able to removing the surface layers of the material. In this work, we model the effects of ...

Control the Poly-Dispersed Droplet Breakup Mode in a Droplet-based Microfluidic Device by External Electric Field

Y. Li [1], K. Nandakumar [1], M. Jain [1],
[1] Cain Department of Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA

Droplet–based microfluidics has received special research attentions in last two decades due to its superior control over fluid flow as well as other unique advantages[1]. By introducing two immiscible fluids into microfluidic systems, the reagent fluid is encapsulated inside discrete droplets or slugs of nanoliter volume [2]. Interestingly, two breakup modes, termed as “mono-dispersed” and ...

Model of Pressure Drop Separation during Aqueous Polymer Flow in Porous Media

D. C. Raharja [1], R. E. Hincapie [1], M. Be [1], C. L. Gaol [1], L. Ganzer [1],
[1] Clausthal University of Technology, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany

Aqueous polymers used for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) application is considered a complex fluid. It can exhibit Newtonian and Non-Newtonian behavior depending on the velocity or the stresses that it is submitted during the flooding process. Therefore, the polymer flooding project requires a detailed understanding of chemical and physical process occurred in the porous subsurface reservoir, ...

Optimization of the Herringbone Type Micromixer Using Numerical Modelling and Validation by Measurements - new

E. Tóth[1], K. Iván[1], P. Fürjes[2]
[1]Pázmány Péter Catholic University, Budapest, Hungary
[2]Research Centre for Natural Sciences Institute for Technical Physics and Materials Science Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary

COMSOL Multiphysics® software was used in this study to simulate mixing by diffusion and by secondary flow. Particle tracing model was applied to simulate the mixing of cells in the microchannel. Results agreed well with the measurement, an optimal herring-bone structure was proposed for integration into a bioanalytical system.

Pneumo-Hydrodynamic Droplet Generation

V. Mamet [1], P. Namy [2], N. Berri [1], L. Tatoulian [1], P. Ehouarn [1], V. Briday [1], P. Clemenceau [2], B. Dupont [1]
[1] DBV Technologies, Bagneux, France
[2] SIMTEC, Grenoble, France

Introduction Droplet-based microfluidics is a large source of research for scientists of new biotechnologies, aerosols or other 2D-Microfluidics devices. Here, we will focus on an industrial application of a 3D microfluidic device : the PH2DG, Pneumo-HydroDynamic Droplet Generator. The aim of the process is to produce mono-disperse, regular pattern of droplets, with a minimum size. To use it in ...