P. Vincent, E. Humphreys
College of Earth, Ocean, & Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
Department of Geological Sciences, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA
Introduction: Lithospheric delamination beneath the western U.S. is believed to be the driving mechanism responsible for the evolution of magmatic and topographic features observed at the surface in the western U.S.. This process requires hot asthenosphere to be in contact with the underside of cold sub-crustal lithosphere and believed to be initiated by the Yellowstone hot spot plume that due ...
D. Swaminathan, G. Minerbo, K. Pathak
Drilling and Production Group, Schlumberger, Houston, TX, USA
Introduction Computer simulations are widely used for the interpretation and inversion of electromagnetic measurements in well logging. Until recently, simulated logs have been computed with approximate 1D or 2D models. By using the COMSOL® RF Module installed on a cluster, we show that a full 3D finite-element simulated log can be obtained within an acceptable turnaround time. Use of ...
J. H. Johnson
University of Bristol School of Earth Sciences, Bristol, UK
The use of high-resolution topography in the finite element model demonstrates that deformation from a shallow pressure source can be dramatically affected by overlying relief, not only in magnitude, but also in azimuth. This result is significant as it allows traditionally anomalous data to be evenly weighted during inversions for magma reservoir parameters. The result that surface ...
U.S. Geological Survey, Golden, Colorado
Estimates of the probability of earthquakes in Alaska are improved through a finite element, viscoelastic analysis of the evolution of stress in the Earth’s crust and upper mantle. A solution to the problem is addressed through multiple FEMLAB applications, two for each subdomain, where each subdomain is a fault bounded block. The first application models the elastic response and sets up the ...
Modelling of Magnetic Resonance Sounding using Finite Elements (FEMLAB) for 2D Resistivity Extension
Braun, M., Rommel, I., Yaramanci, U.
Technische Universität Berlin, FG Angewandte Geophysik, Berlin
We show modellings of magnetic resonance sounding (MRS) data influenced by 2D electrical resistivity structures. We demonstrate exemplarily the impact of a 2D electrical resistivity distribution for a discontinued layer as geological situation. The effects are shown for 2D kernel functions and for calibration sounding curves. We compare the results considering a 2D structure with those of 1D ...
Prokofiev, D.1, Dunec, J.2
1 Shell International Exploration and Production
2 COMSOL, Inc.
The equations describing poroelastic materials are developed in detail and compared to those decribing Darcy flow and structural mechanics in COMSOL Multiphysics. The difference between the coupled poroelastic equations and those in COMSOL Multiphysics is shown to be an additional source term both in Darcy and in structures. Simple verification models are run to check the accuracy and behavior ...
R. Limacher, R. McHugh, and R. Westerman
Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland
The Amplitude vs. Offset (AVO) technique infers the elastic properties of geological targets from pre-stack seismic data. AVO analysis significantly reduces the drilling risks for oil and gas exploration and development, particularly in the Gulf of Mexico. One strand of the current, EC-funded ADEMA Project is to evaluate AVO in coal-bearing strata. The target application areas are long-wall ...
F. Rouyer, E. Lorenceau, and O. Pitois
Laboratoire de Physique des Matériaux Divisés et des Interfaces, Université Paris-est, Paris, France
We model the liquid transport in foam (i.e. drainage) by unidirectional flow transverse to a triangular planar area that represents channel (i.e. Plateau borders) cross-sections. Partial mobility of the interfaces is obtained balancing the bulk viscous stress with the surface viscous stress and a velocity equal to zero is imposed at the vertices. In liquid foams, the wedges of the channels are ...
G. Debenest, Y. Aspa, and M. Quintard
IMFT, GEMP group, Toulouse, France
The objective of this presentation is the evaluation of effective bulk transport properties of reactive porous biofilm. We present our microscale model that accounts for both momentum and mass balances.
O. Punkkinen, A. Jorma, K. Kari, and M. Olin
B+Tech, Helsinki, Finland
Posiva, Eurajoki, Finland
VTT, Espoo, Finland
In this work the issue of saturation phase erosion caused by groundwater leakages was approached both experimentally and computationally by employing COMSOL\'s Earth Science Module. We evaluated the total mass of eroded bentonite out of a cylindrical erosion channel both numerically and experimentally, and studied its dependence on time. It was observed that logarithmic eroded mass loss as a ...