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COMSOL-News-Magazine-2017
COMSOL-News-Magazine-2017-Special-edition-acoustics
COMSOL News Magazine 2017

Numerical Evidence of Unrest-Related Electromagnetic Effects in the Campi Flegrei Caldera, Italy

G. Perillo [1], G. De Natale [2], M. G. Di Giuseppe [2], A. Troiano [2], C. Troise [2],
[1] University of Naples Parthenope, Naples, Italy
[2] INGV – Osservatorio Vesuviano, Naples, Italy

Electric, magnetic and electromagnetic (em) methods are widely used to monitor active volcanoes. A review of such applications is presented in Johnston (cit). Em signals were recorded in correspondence of numerous volcanic eruptions, for example in the case of the Mt. Unzen in Giapppone, of Merapi in Indonesia, Etna in Italy and during rapid deformation in Long Valley in California. ...

Simulation of Incompressible Flow through Rhombohedric Pores

R. Viola[1][3], F. Zama[2], M.Tuller[3], and E. Mesini[1]

[1]DICMA, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
[2]Dep. of Mathematics, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
[3]Dep. of Soil, Water, and Environmental Science, University of Arizona, Arizona, USA

Advances in visualization and discretization of pore structures by means of Computed Tomography, and rapidly increasing computational capabilities, allow numerical modeling of pore-scale fluid flow based on the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations rather than using a macroscopic approach based on Darcy’s law. To test the capabilities of the COMSOL Multiphysics modeling platform, we ...

Non Linear Mechanical and Poromechanical Analyses: Comparison with Analytical Solutions

M. Souley, and A. Thoraval
INERIS
Ecole des Mines
Parc de Saurupt, France

The long-term behaviour of the underground excavations is a social and economic challenge particularly in the contexts of post-mining or radioactive waste storage. Numerical modelings are currently used to understand and forecast the complex behaviour of rock mass around the underground cavities. In order to accurately perform these multiphysics modelings at high space and time scales, it is ...

A 3D Thermal Model for Lunar Surface Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software: Validation and Results

K. Durga Prasad [1], S.V.S. Murty [1], V. K. Rai [1],
[1] Planetary Sciences Division, Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

A comprehensive three dimensional finite element thermal model has been developed using COMSOL Multiphysics® software to understand the thermo-physical behaviour of the uppermost regolith layer of the moon. The model can simulate variable layers, layer thickness and dimensions and can account for complex geometry, different size, irregular meshing, parametric based variation in physics and ...

Constraints on Ocean Floor Permeability from Hydrothermal Modelling - new

S. Titarenko[1], A. McCaig[1]
[1]School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK

The Atlantis massif is a domal submarine seamount close to the mid-Atlantic Ridge at 30 °N. Close to the crest of the Massif, the Lost City hydrothermal field (LCHF) has been active for at least 120,000 years, venting fluids with a temperature of 40-90 °C. 5 km north of Lost City, a temperature profile has been measured in IODP Hole 1309D, with a near-conductive thermal gradient of ~100 °C/km ...

Coupled Gas Flow and Thermal and Reactive Transport in Porous Media for Simulating Waste Stabilization Phenomena in Semi-Aerobic Landfill

H. Ishimori, K. Endo, T. Ishigaki, H. Sakanakura, and M. Yamada
National Institute for Environmental Studies
Tsukuba, Ibaraki
Japan

Semi-aerobic landfill has interesting structure that passively provides the atmospheric oxygen into landfilled waste due to the heat convection generated by the decomposition of landfilled waste. There are limited studies on the mechanisms of the oxygen transport. This paper presents the governing equations and parameter estimation methods for the numerical simulation of the gas fluid flow and ...

Analysis of Multiphysics Problems Related to Energy Piles

E. Evgin[1], J.A.I. Sedano [1], Z. Fu[1]
[1]University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada

Energy piles transfer the mechanical loads from buildings to the ground and serve as heat exchangers. Temperature changes in the ground influence its moisture content. This paper examines the effect of soil moisture content on the shaft resistance of a pile. Tests were carried out in the laboratory to determine the mechanical properties of an interface corresponding to various soil moisture ...

Building a Robust Numerical Model for Mass Transport Through Complex Porous Media

J. Perko[1], D. Mallants[1], E. Vermariën[2], and W. Cool[2]
[1]Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK-CEN), Mol, Belgium
[2]Belgian Agency for Radioactive Waste and Enriched Fissile Material (ONDRAF/NIRAS), Mol, Belgium

Mass transport modelling through porous media is typically characterized by complex physics and geometry. In the particular case of radionuclide transport, modelling for radioactive waste repositories, an additional level of complexity, and thus uncertainty, originates from the long time frames involved. Performing a safety analysis of a radioactive waste disposal system requires therefore ...

Deep-Seated Spreading Model Tested on Etna Mount with FEM

F. Pulvirenti[1,2], M. Aloisi[1], M. Mattia[1], and C. Monaco[2]
[1]Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia sezione di Catania
[2]Università di Catania

Structural, morphological and ground deformation studies suggest that the eastern flank of Mt. Etna (eastern Sicily) is spreading seaward.  According to the deep-seated spreading model, both the volcanic edifice and its uppermost basement are spreading eastwards because of magma inflation processes related to a dike complex located at a depth between the summit craters and the Valle del ...

Underground Coal Fire Extinction Model Using Coupled Reactive Heat and Mass Transfer Model in Porous Media

S. Suhendra[1], M. Schmidt[1], and U. Krause[1]
[1]Laboratory II.2: “Flammable Bulk Materials and Dusts, Solid Fuels”, Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Berlin, Germany

Green house gases emission associated with natural hazard of underground coal seam fire has been recognized as a worldwide problem leading to global warming threat. Therefore, in this paper a model to study underground coal fire is presented and the results will be devoted to strategic development of coal fire extinction technology within the framework of Sino-German Coal Fire Research ...