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Modeling Convection during Melting of a Phase Change Material

D. Groulx, and R. Murray
Mechanical Engineering
Dalhousie University
Halifax, NS
Canada

COMSOL Multiphysics can be used to model a latent heat energy storage system. A 2D numerical study was performed to simulate melting of a PCM including both conduction and convective heat transfer. The heat transfer in fluids and laminar flow physics interfaces were used. To model natural convection, proper volume force was applied to the PCM. The viscosity was input as a piecewise, continuous ...

2D Axisymmetric Temperature Profile Modeling of a Delayed Coking Drum During Pre-Run Warm Up

P. H. A. Valenca [1], A. Waturuocha [1], K. Wisecarver [1],
[1] Russell School of Chemical Engineering, University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK, USA

Delayed Coking is a refining process, which takes heavy petroleum residue as a feed. A 2D axisymmetric stationary model was created to simulate this pre-run condition with nitrogen gas, as an attempt to calibrate the model before simulating with an oil residue. The single-phase laminar flow and the heat transfer in fluids modules were used simultaneously. The results show that the model ...

Analysis of Burning Candle

J.S. Crompton, L.T. Gritter, S.Y. Yushanov, and K.C. Koppenhoefer
AltaSim Technologies LLC, Columbus, OH, USA

Analysis of burning candles is extremely complex; combustion produces a highly non-linear temperature profile through the flame in which local temperatures may exceed 1400 °C. Heat transfer includes radiation, conduction and convection components and the low melting point of the candle wax leads to a phase change that allows mass transport via capillary flow prior to combustion in the flame. ...

Simulation of the Temperature Profile During Welding with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Using Rosenthal's Approach - new

A. Lecoanet[1], D. G. Ivey[1], H. Henein[1]
[1]Department of Chemical & Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada

A 3D finite element analysis is carried out, using COMSOL® software, to reproduce the thermal profile obtained with Rosenthal’s equation. The implemented heat transfer equation has been modified as a means to approximate Rosenthal’s solution. An analysis of the differences between the simulation and Rosenthal’s solution, when the geometry of the domain and the source are changed, has been ...

Simulation of Spiral-Tube Heat Exchangers in COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

K. O. Lund [1], S. M. Lord [2],
[1] Kurt Lund Consulting (COMSOL Certified Consultant), Del Mar, CA, USA
[2] SML Associates, Encinitas, CA, USA

A frequently occurring geometry for heat exchangers is that of a long tube wound into a helix or spiral around a core volume. There is to be heat exchange between the tube and the gases (or solids) in the core. However, the length scales of these two parts of the geometry are very different, thus complicating the interface between the tube and the core processes. Usually, the tube is too ...

Thermal Analysis of Additive Manufacturing - new

S. Yushanov[1], J. S. Crompton[1], K. C. Koppenhoefer[1]
[1]AltaSim Technologies, LLC., Columbus, OH, USA

This study analyzed the laser powder bed additive manufacturing process. The laser is modeled as a moving heat source with time dependent heat transfer causing local, transient melting of the metal powder. Heat transfer is considered to take place due to convection in the molten metal pool, solidification of molten metal and conduction, convection and radiation to the surrounding environment. ...

A Practical Method to Model Complex Three-Dimensional Geometries with Non-Uniform Material Properties Using Image-based Design and COMSOL Multiphysics®

J. Cepeda[1], S. Birla[2], J. Subbiah[2], H. Thippareddi[1]
[1]Department of Food Science & Technology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA
[2]Department of Biological Systems Engineering, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA

Geometries with heterogeneous material properties are typically defined as a set of multiple parts, each part representing a different material. However, assembling or defining the individual parts of complex geometries can be difficult. A practical method based on image-based mesh generation, a custom algorithm for labeling materials, and interpolation functions of COMSOL Multiphysics® can be ...

3D Simulation of Laser Interstitial Thermal Therapy in the Treatment of Brain Tumors

M. Nour [1], A. Lakhssassi [1], E. Kengne [1], M. Bougataya [1],
[1] Université du Québec en Outaouais, Gatineau, QC, Canada

Abstract: Due to the restriction of the number of probes that a patient can tolerate, and the inaccurate information provided by the invasive temperature measurements, which provide information only at discrete points, a mathematical model simulation is more effective to help doctors in planning their thermal treatment doses. This will maximize therapeutic effects while minimizing side effects. ...

Implementation of a Viscoelastic Material Model to Simulate Relaxation in Glass Transition - new

Z. Zheng[1], R. Zhang[1]
[1]Corning Incorporated, Corning, NY, USA

Introduction: Glass relaxation occurs in a range of temperature during transition from equilibrium to super-cooled liquid. Viscoelastic material model can be applied to simulate glass behavior during the glass transition regime and to predict the glass deformation and stress evolution. Viscoelasticity is the property of materials that exhibit both viscous and elastic characteristics when ...

Thermal Simulations of a LED Light Using COMSOL Multiphysics

M. Maaspuro[1]
[1]University of Turku, Turku, FInland

An experimental LED light composed of a multi-chip LED-module, a LED driver and an efficient heat sink, was investigated using COMSOL Multiphysics software and the Heat Transfer Module. In an LED light heat is mainly generated in the LEDs but some amount of heat is generated also in the LED driver. The main target of the simulations was to resolve the junction temperatures of LEDs, the most ...

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