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An Approach to Modeling Vacuum Desorption - new

C. F. Gomez[1], R. Schunk[1], R. F. Coker[1], J. Knox[1]
[1]NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA

The objective of this simulation effort is to develop a mathematical model of vacuum desorption on a POC (Proof of Concept) canister loaded with Zeolite 13X/5A . This canister contains a pelletized adsorption bed which is used to adsorb H2O and CO2. Once this bed is fully saturated with an equilibrium loading, desorption is then accomplished by reducing the pressure to near vacuum. This type of ...

Numerical Analysis of the Self-Heating Behaviour of Coal Dust Accumulations - new

D.Wu[1], E. Van den Bulck[1]
[1]Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Department of Mechanical Engineering, KU Leuven, Belgium

Introduction Self-heating behaviour of dust accumulations is a multiphysics field coupled heat and mass transfer in the porous media. A typical experimental apparatus with a hot storage oven and mesh wire baskets has been taken as the study object. The influence of gas flow velocity, oxygen concentration and ambient temperature on the self-heating behaviour of the dry coal dust sample has been ...

Simulação Fluidodinâmica de um Digestor Contínuo - new

R. Kreczkiuski[1], I. Neitzel[1]
[1]Faculdade de Telêmaco Borba - FATEB, Telêmaco Borba, Paraná, Brasil

No processo Kraft a madeira é reduzida a uma massa fibrosa. Neste processo são rompidas as ligações entre as estruturas da madeira separando as fibras. Esta operação, denominada de polpação, é realizada em um equipamento denominado de digestor. Este trabalho analisa o comportamento fluidodinâmico interno a um digestor contínuo do tipo Kamyr.

Formation of Porosities During Spot Laser Welding of Tantalum

C. Touvrey[1], and P. Namy[2]
[1]CEA Valduc, France
[2]SIMTEC, France

The aim of the study is to predict the formation of porosities in the case of spot laser welding of tantalum. During the interaction, a deep and narrow cavity, called the keyhole, is generated. At the end of the interaction, surface tension provokes the collapse of the keyhole. Gas bubble can then be trapped into the melting pool, and give birth to residual porosities, according to the ...

Negative Thermal Expansion Materials: Thermal Stress and Implications for Composite Materials

M.J. Jakubinek[1,2], C.A. Whitman[2,3], and M.A. White[1,2,3]
[1]Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
[2]Institute for Research in Materials, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
[3]Department of Chemistry, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

There is considerable interest in the possibility of combining NTE materials with normal (positive) thermal expansion materials, to reduce the potential of failure of a material or component due to thermal stress fracture. Finite element analysis (FEM) is used to explore the overall expansion and thermal stress in composites.

COMSOL Validation Progress on Supercritical Hydrogen Heat Transfer

J. D. Freels
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

The only known supercritical hydrogen heat transfer data, at similar conditions to the HFIR CS, was taken by NASA in the 1960s. This rocket-engine test data did not compare well with any computer simulation results.It was hypothesized that the reason for this discrepancy was due to the large heat fluxes in the NASA rocket engines and unique hydrogen fluid properties. Therefore, a need existed to ...

Model-Based Calibration System for Direct Thermal Printing

W. Vetterling[1], and Z. Peng[1]
[1]Zink Imaging, Inc., Bedford, Massachusetts, USA

This document describes a method for maintaining the long-term calibration of a full color direct thermal printer. An essential component of the system is a thermal model created using COMSOL Multiphysics that allows fitting of color data recorded at different temperatures and exposure times to model results for the same conditions. The fitted results reveal the depth and thickness of color dye ...

Loading Conditions in the Feed Sparger of a Steam Drum Influenced by Thermal Shock

P. Goyal, A. Dutta, R.K. Singh, and K.K. Vaze
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Steam drum in a nuclear power plant is one of the important components of Primary Heat Transport (PHT) system where steam is separated from the steam water mixture. Steam water mixture emanating from the reactor core is separated in a steam drum. Separated steam goes to the turbine whereas separated water after mixing with incoming feed water returns to the reactor. The entire feed water flow is ...

Thermal Simulation of an Evaporation Reactor

H. Rouch, and S. Desbois
INOPRO
Villard de Lans, France

In this article we present Simulations results of an evaporation reactor for optical layer applications. The thermal simulation concern the source of the evaporated material. An experimental problem is ralated to the shape of the material powder surface: due to the evaporation rate, the surface don\'t keep his flat initial shape and this has a strong effect on the local evaporation rate. In ...

Efficiency of Evacuated Tubular Solar Thermal Collector

J. Ma and X. Wei
Southeastern Louisiana University
Hammond, LA

Using COMSOL® 3.5a, models were created to simulate the heat transfer between the working fluid and the selective coating as well as the natural convection of the working fluid itself. In these models, a constant heat input on half of the selective coating facing the sun was considered as energy input from the sun, and the open end of the tube, where the working fluid can flow in and out of the ...

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