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Transient Heating and Cooling in a Packed Bed with Fluid Flow for Controlling Solute Adsorption

A. Horner [1], S. Groskreutz [1], S. Weber [1],
[1] University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

We have created and optimized a multiphysics model using COMSOL Multiphysics® software that incorporates the Free and Porous Media Flow and Heat Transfer in Porous Media interfaces to simulate the temperature profile of a chromatographic system under external heating and cooling conditions. In chromatography, a liquid mobile phase is pumped through a column containing a stationary phase made ...

基于等效热模型的三维封装快速热仿真技术

唐旻 [1], 冯强强 [1], 董一琳 [1]
[1] 上海交通大学,上海,中国

近年来,三维系统级封装技术逐渐成为人们的关注焦点,是下一代集成电路封装设计最有发展潜力的实现方案。然而,热管理是系统级封装技术需解决的关键问题。图1是典型的系统级封装结构,包含堆叠芯片、硅通孔、封装基板、热界面材料以及多层凸点结构。若对该结构的所有细节进行建模,将会消耗巨大的计算资源,导致分析效率非常低下。因此,本论文将封装中的硅通孔层以及凸点层等复杂结构进行等效处理,提取它们在水平和垂直方向上的等效热导率以及等效比热容、等效密度等参数。例如,在建模过程中,采用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 传热模块对硅通孔层的水平方向等效热导率进行提取,边界设置如图2所示,通过仿真得到的热源端温度来推导等效热导率。类似地,垂直方向的等效热导率提取如图3所示。经过上述处理,可将封装中的硅通孔层以及凸点层等复杂结构等效为介质均匀的材料,然后再采用 COMSOL 进行整体封装结构的热仿真 ...

热管与相变材料相结合的锂电池热管理研究

江智元 [1], 王琼 [1],
[1] 西安交通大学,西安,中国

引言 采用相变材料的汽车电池热管理技术已经被广泛研究,利用相变材料的相变潜热对电池进行温控,能有效降低电池高倍率工作条件下的电池温升,提高温度均匀性[1,2]。热管作为一种高导热,紧凑型,形式灵活的换热器件,也被用于电池热管理之中[3,4]。本文针对相变材料与热管相结合的换热结构,对该结构的换热特点,以及对影响该结构换热效果的相关参数进行了数值模拟研究。 COMSOL Multiphysics® 的使用 利用 COMSOL Multiphysics 中的电化学模块和传热模块,建立了二维的电池-热管-相变材料“三明治”结构(图1)。电池部分采用了热-电化学耦合的电池产热模型,热管采用了三层结构的烧结热管模型。 结果 对于耦合换热模块而言,热管冷端的散热情况和相变材料的厚度对模块的换热效果影响较大。如图2所示,电池的温度随着热管冷端换热系数的提高而下降,温度下降并非线性 ...

微波多模腔金属边界移动对加热的影响研究

于雨田 [1],
[1] 四川大学应用电磁所,成都,中国

本作品通过研究微波炉矩形金属璧的单向移动,实现腔体内电场分布的变化,从而达到调节作用腔体内各点的电场分布的目的。图表1为仿真几何模型示意图,除了腔体内部的小块土豆,其余的腔体材料均为理想导体铜,腔体内为标准大气压下的空气。图表1中300mm*30mm*350mm矩形块的设计是为了更便捷地计算移动后的网格。本次仿真沿x轴正方向向外移动2的外侧面金属壁来实现腔体的移动。端口激励源为TE10模、频率2.45GHz、功率700W、相位为0的微波。图表2为金属壁移动示意图,通过软件的移动网格接口实现移动金属壁的仿真。仿真结果良好,图表3和图表4显示了移动后的输入端口S11值以及土豆加热效果,金属壁移动40mm后,加热物体的加热均匀性提高了14.33%,加热效率提高了38.53%,说明合理地移动微波腔体金属壁可以有效地提高模型的加热均匀性和加热效率。研究结果对工业和科研有着较好的参考意义 ...

Early Stage Melt Ejection in Laser Percussion Drilling

T. Eppes[1]
[1]University of Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA

Laser percussion drilling is widely used in the aerospace industry to produce cooling holes in jet engine components. This process is a thermal, contact-free process which involves firing a sequence of focused optical pulses onto a target material [1-4]. During each optical pulse, the central portion of the target area heats to a liquid then vapor state where the expanding gas produces a recoil ...

Thermal and Electrostatic Analyses of One Dimensional CFC Diagnostic Calorimeter for SPIDER Beam Characterisation

M. De Muri[1][2], M. Dalla Palma[1], P. Veltri[1], A. Rizzolo[1], N. Pomaro[1], and G. Serianni[1]
[1]Consorzio RFX, Euratom-ENEA Association, Padova, Italy
[2]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica, Padova University, Padova, Italy

The main purpose of SPIDER (Source for the Production of Ions of Deuterium Extracted from RF plasma) test facility is the investigation and optimization of a negative ion beam produced by the full size ion source for ITER NBIs (Neutral Beam Injectors). Thermal, transient, non-linear FE (Finite Element) analyses and also electrostatic analysis have been performed as a feasibility study, to ...

Multiphysics Modeling of Spring-Supported Thrust Bearings for Hydropower Applications

F.X. Borràs[1], J. Ukonsaari[2], A. Almqvist[1]
[1]Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden
[2]Vattenfall Research and Development, Luleå, Sweden

Spring-supported thrust bearings are used in huge rotor dynamic machines, generally to support the shafts from the biggest hydropower generators. Any attempt of modifying yhis type of thrust bearing implies huge investment and is associated with some risks. The goal of the present work is to predict the performance of spring-supported thrust bearings. With the model it is possible to carry out ...

Modeling and Analysis of a Direct Expansion Geothermal Heat Pump (DX): Part I-Modeling of Ground Heat Exchanger

C. Rousseau[1], J. Fannou[1], L. Lamarche[1], M. Ouzzane[2]
[1]École de Technologie Supérieure, Montréal, Québec, Canada
[2]CanmetENERGY, Varennes, Québec, Canada

Geothermal heat pump technology is actually one of the most interesting processes to provide heat and cold to a building. In this study, a model of the ground exchanger of a direct expansion geothermal heat pump (DX) is going to be presented in 1 dimension. The model represents the phase change of the refrigerant, here Chlorodifluoromethane R22, with governing continuity, momentum and energy ...

Use of COMSOL as a Tool in the Design of an Inclined Multiple Borehole Heat Exchanger

E. Johansson[1], J. Acuña[1], B. Palm[1]
[1]Royal Institute of Technology KTH, Stockholm, Sweden

A field of connected boreholes can be used both for cooling, heating and storage purposes. The boreholes transfer heat to or from the ground, which over time changes the temperature in the ground. It is important that the borehole field is properly sized and evaluated before the construction. This study presents results from borehole field evaluations of inclined boreholes used for cooling ...

Virtual Pharmacokinetic Model of the Human Eye - new

L. Murtomäki[1], S. Kotha[2]
[1]Aalto University, Greater Helsinki, Finland
[2]University Of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

There is a great need for an effective drug treatment of the posterior eye, as the major reason for visual disability in industrial countries is Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD). In USA alone, there are almost 2 million people affected by AMD [1]. A virtual pharmacokinetic 3D model of the human eye is built to address this problem, using COMSOL Multiphysics® software, based on the Finite ...