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Numerical Modeling of Power Reactors' Fuel Bundles

R. Schmidt[1], T. Yousefi[2], B. Farahbaksh[2], M. Z. Saghir[2]
[1]University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, LA, USA
[2]Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada

Fuel bundles in the CANDU (CANada Deuterium Uranium) reactor are designed for heating a pressurized coolant (heavy water) to generate electricity. The designs for the fuel bundles differ based on the number of heating elements. The flow of heavy water over the elements and inside the shell is highly turbulent. In this paper, COMSOL Multiphysics® is used to simulate the heavy water flow ...

Phase-sensitive Microcalorimetry for Study of Low-level Radioactive Sources

H. Chen-Mayer[1], R. E. Tosh[1]
[1]NIST, Gaithersburg, MD, USA

Microcalorimetry for standardizing activities of radionuclide samples entails measurements of input power heat flow from the sample cell, with the radioactive sample compared to the reference cell under balanced conditions. The measurement is susceptible to noise due to drift and 1/f effects; thus, a better result might be expected with periodic insertion of the source into the sample chamber ...

Heat Generation from H₂/D₂ Pressurization of Nanoparticles: Simulation of the Experiments on COMSOL Multiphysics®

A. Osouf[1], G. Miley[2], B. Stunkard[3], T. Patel[3], E. Ziehm[2], K. Kyu-Jung[3], A. Krishnamurthy[1]
[1]Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA
[2]Department of Nuclear, Plasma & Radiological Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA
[3]University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA

A COMSOL Multiphysics® model of our apparatus has been created in order to simulate the pressurizations of our nanoparticles by Deuterium. Using reference measurements during a cooling process, we calibrated the model so that its thermal aspects reflect the ones of our experimental set up. To reproduce the pressurizations, the following variables are parameters : the location of the heat ...

Annealing Furnaces Modelisation for Photovoltaïc Applications

J. Givernaud[1]
[1]EMIX, St Maurice La Souterraine, France

The optimisation of dimensions, materials choice of heaters in annealing furnaces are done with COMSOL Multiphysics® in 2D-axisymetry. Heat losses sources are identified and corrective actions can be taken in function of simulation results. A power saving of more than 50% is achieved thanks to simulations.

Flow Analysis and Optimization of a Hierarchical Plate Heat Exchanger for an Adsorption Heat Pump

E. Tempfli[1], F.P. Schmidt[1]
[1]Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Fluid Machinery (FSM), Karlsruhe, Germany

The paper investigates the hydrodynamic performance of a hierarchical parallel channel network for the objective of optimal thermal coupling to heat released in the adsorption processes, as in adsorption heat pumps. More specifically, the uniformity of the fluid flow over the network is improved by optimizing the topology of the manifold channels of the two hierarchical levels. For this purpose ...

Statistical Sensitivity Analysis of Li-ion Pouch Battery Cell Dimension and Design

A. Samba[1], N. Omar[2], H. Gualous[3], Y. Firouz[2], O. Capron[2], M. Abdel MonemO[2], J. Smekens[2], P. Van den Bossche[2], J. Van Mierlo[2]
[1]VUB ETEC, Brussel, Belgium and UCBN, LUSAC, Cherbourg, France
[2]VUB ETEC, Brussel, Belgium
[3]UCBN, LUSAC, Cherbourg, France

Multi-Scale and Multi-Dimensional (MSMD) modeling approaches have been proposed to simulate the thermal, electrical distributions and concentration behaviors of large size pouch cell. This approach is based on coupling of the energy balance with the Newman’s electrode model. Newman’s 1D electrochemical model is often used for small size batteries but not sufficient enough for large size where ...

Enhanced Transient Modeling of Hybrid Photovoltaic Air (PVT) Module - new

R. Kiflemariam[1], M. Almaz[1], F. Zevallos[1], C. Lin[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA

A 2D transient heat conduction model was created in COMSOL Multiphysics® software to study the performance of photovoltaic-thermal (PVT) water system. The model captures the variation of important environmental and system parameters such as outside temperature, solar irradiation, air velocity and temperature. The model has a good agreement with experimental data for the photovoltaic cell ...

Strong Localization and Rapid Time Scales of Superheating in Solid-State Nanopores - new

E. Levine[1], G. Nagashima[1], D. Hoogerheide[1], M. Burns[2], J. Golovchenko[1]
[1]Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
[2]Rowland Institute at Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA

Extreme localized superheating and homogeneous vapor bubble nucleation have recently been demonstrated in a single nanopore in thin, solid state membranes [1]. Aqueous electrolytic solution present within the pore is superheated to well above its boiling point by Joule heating from ionic current driven through the pore. Continued heating of the metastable liquid can eventually lead to explosive ...

Fresh Produce Safety During Hydrocooling: An Engineering Model - new

A. Warning[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Hydrocooling is the process by which warm produce is chilled with water. The chilling of warm produce generates a negative pressure differential between the produce (warm) and (cold) water due to the condensation of water vapor inside the produce which forms a vacuum and can pull in contaminated water through an opening. A porous media based model of water infiltration was developed using a ...

A Computational Study on Thermal Conductivity Measurements of High Temperature Liquid Materials - new

X. Ye[1], R. W. Hyers[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering, University of Massachusetts - Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA

Accurate thermo-physical properties of materials are valuable for both scientific research and industrial applications. For high temperature liquid materials, two issues exclude traditional methods: elevated reactivity of test material and experimental apparatus, uncontrolled heat transfer through radiation and convection. Electromagetic Levitation (EML) based Modulated Calorimetry (EML-MC) ...