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Investigation of Mean-Flow Effects on Tubular Combustion Chamber Thermoacoustics Using a Burner Transfer Matrix Approach - new

A. Andreini[1], B. Facchini[1], A. Innocenti[1], D. Pampaloni[1]
[1]University of Florence, Florence, Italy

The paper presents a methodology to account for local mean-flow effects on thermo-acoustic instabilities to improve typical calculations performed under the zero-Mach number assumption. A 3D FEM model of a simplified combustor is solved with COMSOL Multiphysics® Pressure Acoustics interface. The Helmholtz equation is used to model the combustor and the classical k-τ model for the Flame Transfer ...

Using COMSOL Multiphysics to Model Crust Development at the Surface of Whole Beef Meat Subjected to Hot Air Jet

J. Sicard [1], S. Portanguen [1], C. Chevarin [1], A. Kondjoyan [1]
[1] INRA Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Saint-Genès-Champanelle, FRANCE

Crust which develops at the surface of meat leads to reactions which affect food color, flavor and safety. Whole pieces of meat are only contaminated by microorganisms at their surface. Thus intense thermal treatment can inactivate pathogenic bacteria; however the associated high temperatures also lead to the formation of carcinogenic compounds. An experimental study of crust development at ...

Use of Simulation in the Development of Next-generation Measurement Standards for Radiation Dosimetry

R. E. Tosh[1], H. Chen-Mayer[1]
[1]NIST, Gaithersburg, MD, USA

Calibration of field instruments used in radiation treatment clinics is currently traceable to NIST primary standards via protocols involving static, flat-field radiation beams. By contrast, radiation beams prescribed for treating cancer incorporate temporal and spatial modulation strategies in order to maximize dose to the tumor while sparing healthy tissue. Differences in the detector ...

Stress Analysis on All-Ceramic Specimens of Different Geometries During Thermalcycling Tests

D. Fabris [1], B. Henriques [2], J. C. M. Souza [1], J. Guimarães [1], M. Fredel [1]
[1] Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil
[2] Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Blumenau, SC, Brazil; and CMEMS-Uminho, Universidade do Minho, Guimarães, Portugal

Dental restorations can be made by different materials bonded together, which grant good mechanical resistance and aesthetic at the same time. In order to evaluate the behavior of dental restorations in the oral environment, a test, called thermocycler, is used, which simulates the temperature changes and the chemical environment of the mouth. The objective of this work is to evaluate thermal ...

Influence of a Refurbishing on an Old Residential Building’s Wall in Paris in Summer: Mass and Heat Transfer Approach - new

K. Azos-Diaz[1], B. Tremeac[2], F. Simon[2], D. Corgier[2], C. Marvillet[1]
[1]Laboratoire de Chimie Moléculaire, Génie des Procédés Chimique et Energétique, Paris, France
[2]MANASLU Ing., Savoie Technolac, Le Bourget du Lac, France

The implementation of thermal insulation in old residential building walls could compromise the hygrothermal behavior of the construction, especially in summer time when it is placed inside. A bad installation of insulation could have consequences on the quality of indoor air conditions and on the health of the wall mostly during hot periods. Thus, the evaluation of heat and mass transfer ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® as a Tool to Increase Safety in the Handling of Acetylene Cylinders Involved in Fires

F. Ferrero[1], M. Beckmann-Kluge[1], and K. Holtappels[1]

[1]BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing Division II.1 “Gases, Gas Plants”, Berlin, Germany

In this paper a mathematical model for predicting the heating-up of an acetylene cylinder involved in a fire is presented. In the simulations polynomial functions were used to describe the temperature dependency of the thermal properties of the cylinder interior, which is a complex system composed by a solid porous material, a solvent and acetylene dissolved in it. Model equations covered heat ...

BHE Field Design by Superposition of Effects in Space and Time

S. Lazzari[1], E. Zanchini[1]
[1]DIENCA - University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

A design method for BHE fields in the absence of groundwater flow is presented, based on the superposition of effects. The effects of any periodic heat load with a period of one year can be obtained by a weighted sum of the effects of a monthly unit step heat load, properly displaced in time. The interference among BHEs is evaluated by the superposition of effects in space. The result of the ...

Application of the Hot Wire Technique and COMSOL Multiphysics for Heat Transfer Monitoring in Solids

J. Hernandez[1], V. Suarez[1], J.A. Calderon[1], E. Marin[1], B. Rojas[1], A.G. Juarez[1], J. Guarachi[1]
[1]Centro de Investigación en Ciencia Aplicada y Tecnología Avanzada Unidad Legaria del Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Mexico, Distrito Federal, Mexico

We applied the Hot Wire (HW) technique and COMSOL Multiphysics software to study the heat transfer of a homogeneous and isotropic solid material. The HW technique is based on the application of a linear power density modulated by a rectangular pulse of heat, in a specific time period. The power density is applied over the symmetry axis of the sample to produce a radial heat flux and investigate ...

Inverse Analysis for Heat Transfer Coefficient Identification

F. Tondini[1], P. Bosetti[1], and S. Bruschi[1]

[1]DIMS, University of Trento, Trento, Italy

The hot stamping of boron steels for producing complex structural components of the car body-in-white is more and more widespread. Optimization of sheet forming technologies at elevated temperatures is still troublesome, since the thermal, mechanical and metallurgical phenomena interacting during hot stamping force to feed the numerical model of the process by a huge amount of data, most of ...

Modeling of Shrinkage Behavior in Cement Paste Using Thermal-structural Interaction

T. Chen[1], and P.G. Ifju[1]
[1]University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA

This paper describes using thermal structural interaction to model the shrinkage behavior in cement paste under drying. An inverse method of combining the finite element analysis and the least-squares method is implemented to fit experimentally determined shrinkage in order to obtain material propertiesfrom the complex geometry used in the tests. The finite element model is created in COMSOL ...