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COMSOL News Magazine 2017

Optimal Installation Configuration of Thermoelectric Generators

Y. Kaymak [1], F. Mintus [1],
[1] VDEh-Betriebsforschungsinstitut GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany

This paper presents a multiphysics model to the convective, conductive and radiative heat transfer for the thermoelectric modules (TEMs), which are used to convert heat flux into electrical current. The model basically consists of heat transfer in solids, heat transfer in thin shells, surface-to-surface radiation and non-isothermal turbulent flow. The developed model has a good agreement with ...


唐旻 [1], 冯强强 [1], 董一琳 [1]
[1] 上海交通大学,上海,中国

近年来,三维系统级封装技术逐渐成为人们的关注焦点,是下一代集成电路封装设计最有发展潜力的实现方案。然而,热管理是系统级封装技术需解决的关键问题。图1是典型的系统级封装结构,包含堆叠芯片、硅通孔、封装基板、热界面材料以及多层凸点结构。若对该结构的所有细节进行建模,将会消耗巨大的计算资源,导致分析效率非常低下。因此,本论文将封装中的硅通孔层以及凸点层等复杂结构进行等效处理,提取它们在水平和垂直方向上的等效热导率以及等效比热容、等效密度等参数。例如,在建模过程中,采用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 传热模块对硅通孔层的水平方向等效热导率进行提取,边界设置如图2所示,通过仿真得到的热源端温度来推导等效热导率。类似地,垂直方向的等效热导率提取如图3所示。经过上述处理,可将封装中的硅通孔层以及凸点层等复杂结构等效为介质均匀的材料,然后再采用 COMSOL 进行整体封装结构的热仿真 ...

Analysis of Infrared Signature of a Ship Operating in MIR and FIR Bands

A. Pellegrini[1], A. Beucci[1], and F. Costa[1]

[1]ALTRAN Italia, Pisa, Italy

In this paper a methodology for calculating the infrared signature of complex objects is presented. The transient thermal analysis allows us to evaluate the temperature distribution on the investigated object, pointing out which parts tend to be warmer. These temperature values are handled in the post processing phase in order to evaluate the zero range radiance distribution and the radiance of ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulation of Energy Conversion and Storage Concepts Based on Oxide Crystals - new

C. Cherkouk[1], M. Zschornak[1], J. Hanzig[1], M. Nentwich[1], F. Meutzner[1], M. Urena[1], T. Leisegang[2], D. C. Meyer[1]
[1]Institute of Experimental Physics, Technische Universität Bergakademie, Freiberg, Germany
[2]Fraunhofer-Technologiezentrum, Freiberg, Germany

A mathematical model based on a finite element method (FEM) is presented as an initial approach for a system converting waste heat energy into chemical energy. This system consists of a pyroelectric LiNbO3 plate placed into a cylinder which undergoes a laminar water flow with an appropriate periodic heat source. It solves the heat transfer equation in non-isothermal flow, where the density of ...

Investigating the Performance of Mechanically Ventilated Double-Skin Facades with Solar Control Devices in the Main Cavity - new

C. G. Galante[1]
[1]Newtecnic Ltd, London, England, UK

The use of ventilated facades may reduce the cooling and heating energy demands of the building. Double-skin facades (DSFs) belong to the wider group of ventilated facades and currently represent one of the most interesting and studied facade systems. The purpose of this study is to investigate the thermal behaviour and performance of a DSF being designed for a real project in the Middle East ...

Transient Model of a Fluorine Electrolysis Cell

J. Vukasin [1], I. Crassous [1], B. Morel [1], J. Sanchez-Marcano [2], P. Namy [3]
[1] HRP, AREVA NC, France
[2] Institut Européen des Membranes - CNRS, France
[3] Simtec, France

In the nuclear fuel cycle, fluorine is produced by the electrolysis of the molten salt KF-2HF. It is a complex process to study since hydrofluoric acid and fluorine are hazardous and highly corrosive. A 3D-model of a lab-scale fluorine electrolysis cell has been developed to increase our understanding of this process, using the electric currents and the bubbly flow interfaces to simulate the ...

High Temperature Process Simulation

O. Geoffroy, and H. Rouch
INOPRO, Villard de Lans, France

The crystal growth industry uses high temperature processes. To improve production efficiency, a good knowledge of thermal effects is necessary. We show in this article a methodology to get reliable data by mixing simplified models, sensitivity studies and parameters adjustments. The precision is improved by comparison with experimental measurements.

Modeling of Shrinkage Behavior in Cement Paste Using Thermal-structural Interaction

T. Chen[1], and P.G. Ifju[1]
[1]University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA

This paper describes using thermal structural interaction to model the shrinkage behavior in cement paste under drying. An inverse method of combining the finite element analysis and the least-squares method is implemented to fit experimentally determined shrinkage in order to obtain material propertiesfrom the complex geometry used in the tests. The finite element model is created in COMSOL ...

Time-Dependent Thermal Stress and Distortion Analysis During Additive Layer Manufacturing, by Powder Consolidation by Laser Heating

M.S. Yeoman[1], J. Sidhu[2]
[1]1. Continuum Blue Ltd., Tredomen Innovation & Technology Park, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
[2]BAE Systems, Advanced Technology Centre, Bristol, United Kingdom

A time-dependent COMSOL Multiphysics model of an additive manufacture process, which uses powder consolidation by laser heating was developed, providing a platform to better understanding the manufacture process & provide a tool to reduce resulting distortion & optimization of an additive manufacture process. The model simulates a high intense laser energy source moving along a pre-defined time ...

Heat Transfer Modelling of Single High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell (HT PEFC) Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

V. Venkataraman[1]
[1]Centre for Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Research, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom

In this paper a 3D geometry of a single HT PEFC with all the components (membrane, cathode, anode & bipolar plate with flow field) was modelled for heat transfer. The source of heat within the fuel cell is the internal heat generated from electrochemical reactions. Heat source terms used in the model are: Joule Heat - Occurs in membrane and modelled as Volumetric heat source Irreversible ...