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Heterodimensional Charge-Carrier Confinement in Sub-Monolayer InAs in GaAs - new

S. Harrison[1], M. Young[1], M. Hayne[1], P. D. Hodgson[1], R. J. Young[1], A. Strittmatter[2], A. Lenz[2], U. W. Pohl[2], D. Bimberg[2]
[1]Department of Physics, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK
[2]Institut für Festkörperphysik, Berlin, Germany

Low-dimensional semiconductor nanostructures, in which charge carriers are confined in a number of spatial dimensions, are the focus of much solid-state physics research, offering superior optical and electronic properties over their bulk counterparts. Both two-dimensional (2D) and zero-dimensional (0D) structures have seen wide-ranging applications in laser diodes, solar cells and LEDs to name ...

Three-Dimensional Percolation Properties Simulation of a Marine Coating Based on Its Real Structure Obtained from Ptychographic X-Ray Tomography - new

B. Chen[1], M. Guizar-Sicairos[2], G. Xiong[1], L. Shemilt[1], A. Diaz[2], J. Nutter[1], N. Burdet[1], S. Huo[1], F. Vergeer[3], A. Burgess[4], I. Robinson[1]
[1]London Centre for Nanotechnology, University College London, London, UK
[2]Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland
[3]AkzoNobel Co. Ltd., Sassenheim, Netherlands
[4]AkzoNobel (UK) Co. Ltd., Tyne and Wear, UK

We present quantitative nano-scale analysis of the 3D spatial structure of an anticorrosive aluminium epoxy barrier marine coating obtained by ptychographic X-ray computed tomography (PXCT) [1-3]. We then use COMSOL Multiphysics® software to perform simulations on the acquired real 3D structure to demonstrate how percolation through this actual 3D structure impedes ion diffusion in the ...

Empirical Model Dedicated to the Sensitivity Study of Acoustic Hydrogen Gas Sensors Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

A. Ndieguene[1], I. Kerroum[1], F. Domingue[1], A. Reinhardt[2]
[1]Laboratoire des Microsystèmes et de Télécommunications/Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Trois-Rivières, QC, Canada
[2]Laboratoire d’Électronique et des Technologies de l’Information, CEA, LETI Grenoble, France

Due to the increasing demand for hydrogen gas sensors for applications such as automation, transportation, or environmental monitoring, the need for sensitive and reliable sensors with a short response time is increasing. This paper presents an empirical model that studies the sensitivity of acoustic hydrogen gas sensors. A parametric study based on the variation of physical properties of ...

Simple Finite Element Model of the Topografiner - new

H. Cabrera[1], D. A. Zanin[1], L. G. De Pietro[1], A. Vindigni[1], U. Ramsperger[1], D. Pescia[1]
[1]Laboratory for Solid State Physics, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland

In our recent experiments we are revisiting the topografiner technology for the imaging of surface topography with a resolution of a few nanometers. In these new technique called Near-Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (NFESEM), low-energy electrons are emitted from a polycrystalline tungsten tip via electric-field assisted tunneling. In order to characterize and improve the ...

Ribbon Formation in Twist-Nematic Elastomers

L. Teresi[1], V. Varano[1]
[1]LaMS - Modelling & Simulation Lab, Università degli Studi Roma Tre, Roma, Italy

Nematic Elastomers (NEs) possess both the elastic properties of rubbers and the orientational properties of liquid crystals. Those two properties makes the configuration of NEs very sensitive to isotropic-nematic phase transition. Our goal is to replicate with numerical experiments the phenomena of shape formation in Twist-Nematic Elastomers (TNEs): a flat bar evolves into a helicoidal shape ...

Electric Field Density Distribution for Cochlear Implant Electrodes

N.S. Lawand[1], J. van Driel[2], P.J. French[2]
[1]Electronic Instrumentation Laboratory (EILab), Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS), Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
[2]Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

Cochlear Implants are implantable devices which bypasses the non-functional inner ear and directly stimulates the hearing nerve with electric currents thus enabling deaf people to experience sound again. Implant electrode array design is limited in electrode count, due to their large size in accordance to scala tympani (ST) with restrictions for deeper insertion in ST thus depriving access to ...

Design and Simulation of MEMS based Thermally Actuated Positioning Systems

D. Mallick[1], P. K. Podder[1], A. Bhattacharyya[1]
[1]Institute of Radio Physics & Electronics, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India

With continuous advancement in nanotechnology, requirement is rising for high precision motion controlled positioning system. Such system plays crucial role in the fabrication of micro and nano-sized objects and assemblies. They can be used for automated mask aligner, as biological sensors, in optical technology as deformable mirrors. Most significant requirements for the actuators in a ...

Modeling of Directional Dependence in Nanowire Flow Sensor - new

A. Piyadasa[1,3], P. Gao[1,2,3]
[1]Department of Physics, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
[2]Department of Materials Science & Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
[3]Institute of Materials Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA

3D finite element analysis model has been constructed for testing the directional dependence in a novel form of nanowire array gas flow sensor. Single nanowire (p-type single crystal Silicon) model is developed using fluid structure interaction and piezoresistivity components in the MEMS Module for COMSOL Multiphysics® software. Change in resistivity tensor due to induced stress in the nanowire ...

Powerful automation and optimization methods for Material- and Process analysis with COMSOL Multiphysics and Matlab

T. Frommelt
SGL Group, Technology & Innovation, Meitingen, Germany

Thomas Frommelt received his PhD in physics in 2007 from the University of Augsburg for experimental work and simulation analysis on acoustically driven microfluidic mixing. In 2008, he joined the SGL Group and introduced COMSOL Multiphysics as the tool for flexible equation based modelling. Since then, he has focused on carbon material and process simulation employing methods of optimization ...

A Study of the Effects of Mounting Supports, and Dissipation on a Piezoelectric Quartz Double-Ended Tuning Fork Gyroscope

G. Choi[1], Y. Yong[1]
[1]Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA

A COMSOL model of a piezoelectric quartz double ended tuning fork gyroscope was implemented. The gyroscope has two detection modes; the first mode detects the angular velocity about a z-axis perpendicular to the tuning fork plane (x-y plane), while the second mode detects the angular velocity about a y-axis that is the longitudinal axis along the length of the tuning fork. Eigenfrequency ...