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Modeling Flow of Magnetorheological Fluid through a Micro-channel

N.M. Bruno[1], C. Ciocanel[1] and A. Kipple[2]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA
[2]Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA

This paper presents the approach taken through the utilization of COMSOL Multiphysics 3.5a, to develop a model that simulates the flow of a magnetorheological (MR) fluid through a micro-channel. The model was developed as an aid in the analysis of a micropump that produces flow by means of displacement of a MR fluid slug within a microchannel.

Study of Artificial Molecular Engines Action Through COMSOL Multiphysics® Program

L. Moro[1], F. Lugli[1], and F. Zerbetto[1]

[1]Department of Chemistry “G. Ciamician”, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy

Rotaxanes are a class of molecules recently developed in laboratory that have been heralded as possible molecular motors. The motor is constituted by a linear molecule (thread) and a ring-shaped molecule (macrocycle), which is free to move along the thread, switching between two, or more, energetically stable interaction points (stations). Molecular motors start their functioning far from ...

Modeling and Simulation of MEMS Based 3D Vibrating Gyroscope for Mobile Robotics Applications

M. Ramya, R. P. S. Valli, R. Vidya, G. Anju, and M. Alagappan
PSG College of Technology
Tamil Nadu, India

In this study, a biomimetic vibrating 3D MEMS Gyroscope is designed, consisting of two circular diaphragms with a club shaped structure placed over one of them. This MEMS based vibrating gyroscope was modeled and simulated using COMSOL Multiphysics 4.1 - MEMS module. The purpose of the research was to develop an effective gyroscope for guidance and control of mobile robots. The simulated ...

Near-Wall Dynamics of Microbubbles in an Acoustical Trap - new

L. Wright[1], G. Memoli[1], P. Jones[2], E. Stride[3]
[1]National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, UK
[2]University College London, London, UK
[3]University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

Understanding the interactions between microbubbles and surfaces is key to the successful deployment of microbubbles in a range of applications. Two important examples are their use as a drug delivery mechanism, and their potential use of acoustically-driven bubbles as microscale sensors. Drug delivery with bubbles involves sonication at high frequency close to a boundary, and sensing with ...

AC Electrothermal Characterization of Doped-Si Heated Microcantilevers Using Frequency-Domain Finite Element Analysis - new

K. Park[1], S. Hamian[1], A. M. Gauffreau[2], T. Walsh[2]
[1]Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
[2]Department of Mechanical, Industrial & Systems Engineering, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA

This work investigates the frequency-dependent electrothermal behaviors of freestanding doped-silicon heated microcantilever probes operating under the periodic (ac) Joule heating. The transient heat conduction equation for each component (i.e., the low-doped heater region, the high-doped constriction region, and the high-doped leg region) is solved using the general heat transfer module for DC ...

CMOS Based Atom Chips for Sensor Applications

Ph. Neuman [1], A. Nemecek [1], C. Koller [2]
[1] Department for Micro-and Nanosystems, University of Applied Sciences Wiener Neustadt, Austria
[2] Department for Micro-and Nanosystems, University of Applied Sciences Wiener Neustadt, Austria, and School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK

Ultra-cold atomic systems have proven over the last decade to be a excellent platform for the realization of quantum sensors, quantum computation or quantum simulation applications. A special implementation of this technology is the so called atom chip, where the magnetic fields generated by wires on a semiconductor chip will result in elaborated trapping potentials for the atomic ensembles. ...

Near-Field of Resonating Piezoelectric Membrane Used as Ultrasound Transducer

V. Tzanov [1], J. Munoz [1], F. Torres [1], N. Barniol [1],
[1] Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Spain

Micro-machined ultrasound transducers have a wide range of applications. As a sensor or actuator they can be used for measuring fluid speed and direction, to mix and excite particles (sonication), for taking images (ultrasonography), for non-destructive testing and many other purposes in wide variety of fields. For this particular study, a simplified model of micro-machined piezoelectric ...

Electron Trajectories in Scanning Field-Emission Microscopy

H. Cabrera [1],
[1] Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland

The Scanning Field Emission Microscopy (SFEM) is a novel technology similar to the better known Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM). In STM, electrons are exchanged between the outermost atom of a sharp tip and the outermost atom of a target over sub-nanometer distances by means of the quantum mechanical tunnel effect. When the tip is scanned parallel to the surface, the tunneling current can be ...

Green's Function Approach to Efficient 3D Electrostatics of Multi-Scale Problems

C. Roman [1], L. Schmid [1], L. Stolpmann [1], C. Hierold [1],
[1] ETH, Zurich, Switzerland

We present an efficient method to compute efficiently the general solution (Green's Function) of the Poisson Equation in 3D. The method proves its effectiveness when dealing with multi-scale problems in which lower dimensional objects, such as nanotubes or nanowires (1D), are embedded in 3D. Our case-study is a field effect device with a carbon nanotube channel having diameter around 2 nm and ...

High Coupling Factor Piezoelectric Materials for Bending Actuators: Analytical and Finite Elements Modeling Results

I.A. Ivan[1], M. Rakotondrabe[1], and N. Chaillet[1]
[1]FEMTO-ST Institute, University of Franche-Comte, Besançon, France

New giant piezoelectric factor materials such as PMN-PT and PZN-PT were researched during the last decade and are actually becoming commercially available. As they seem very attractive for actuator designs, we studied their potential in replacing PZT ceramics. In a first comparative approach, we tested a series of classic rectangular composite bimorph structures of different combinations of ...