I.M. Abdel-Motaleb, J. Lavrencik 
Department of Electrical Engineering, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA
There is urgent need to monitor dental and oral diseases, such as tooth decay, gum diseases, and teeth grinding. Such monitoring can be achieved by embedding sensors in the mouth. This technique faces some difficulties. The first is how the power needed for the operation of the sensors and the associated electronic chips can be generated. This power can be generated using the pressure exerted by ...
IIT Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India
Electroosmotic flow of power-law fluids in a slit channel(1D) is analyzed. The governing equations are the Poisson–Boltzmann equation, the Cauchy momentum equation, Generalized Smoluchowski equation and the continuity equation are used to get shear stress, dynamic viscosity, and velocity distribution. Simulations are performed to examine the effects of ?H, flow behavior index, double layer ...
Reliability Enhancement of Bio MEMS based Cantilever Array Sensors for Antigen Detection System using Heterogeneous Modular Redundancy
L. S. Sundharam
Kumaraguru college of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil nadu, India
The objective of the work is to propose a reliability enhancement model for antigen detection system (ADS) using bio MEMS based cantilever array sensors using heterogeneous modular redundancy technique. The reliability of the ADS is expressed in terms of the constituent sub systems which are heterogeneous not only in their respective structures and behaviors but also in their forms. The possible ...
V. Gnanaraj, V. Mohan, and B. Vellaikannan
Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai, Tamilnadu, India
A fundamental understanding of the transport phenomena in microfluidic channels is critical for systematic design and precise control of such miniaturized devices towards the integration and automation of Lab-on- a-chip devices. Electroosmotic flow is widely used to transport and mix fluids in microfluidic systems. Electroosmotic transport in convergent divergent micronozzle is significant in ...
Interfacing Continuum and Discrete Methods: Convective Diffusion of Microparticles and Chemical Species in Microsystems
CEA-LETI, Department of Biotechnology, Grenoble, France
Convective transport of macromolecules or micro and nanoparticles in microsystems are usually predicted by solving the Navier Stokes equations for the carrier fluid and a concentration equation for the diffusing species. In the case of isolated particles or complicated geometries with extremely small apertures or microporous material, the concentration equation maybe replaced by a Monte Carlo ...
Pryor Knowledge Systems, Inc., Bloomfield Hills, MI, USA
COMSOL Multiphysics software, when properly configured, can readily solve modeling problems in the laminar flow regime using the standard Navier-Stokes equations or in the fully turbulent flow regime using the kappa-epsilon model. Failure to solve a particular model is typically manifested by instability in the calculation and a failure of the model to converge. This paper presents a new approach ...
University of Cambridge
This work presents a different use of COMSOL as an integrated component of a computational tool framework used to automate designs creation. CNS-Burst is a computational synthesis method that has been implemented with the aim of automatically generating solutions to an assigned design task. COMSOL is integrated in the method and used to evaluate the performance of the design solutions found. ...
Kinetic Investigation of a Mechanism for Generating Microstructures on Polycrystalline Substrates Using an Electroplating Process
T. Soares, H. Mozaffari, H. Reinecke
Universität Freiburg, Freiburg im Breisgau, BW, Germany
Hochschule Furtwangen, Tuttlingen, BW, Germany
The purpose of this study is to understand the growth mechanism of copper (Cu) films on a Cu-Zn system substrate with a pre-defined pattern. The pattern was defined by conducting a selective etching process on a two-phase polycrystalline substrate. As a result of this process, there were etched regions correspondent to beta-phase crystals and quasi non-etched regions that belong to alpha-phase ...
G. S. Masi, S. V. De Guido, G. Montagna, C. Martucci, P. M. Congedo, L. Vasanelli , M. G. Manera, R. Rella
Department of Innovation Engineering, University of Salento, Lecce, Italy
CNR-IMM, Lecce, Italy
Introduction: Accurate fluid temperature control in microfluidic channels is a requirement for many lab-on-chip and micro-reactors.Thin films resistive metal heaters have proven to be the best choice for localizing heating applications with integrated microfluidic systems. A thin platinum layer has been chosen as the metal used to realize the meander because of its positive and linear temperature ...
N. Qudus, T. Mahbub, S. A. Ali, and M. Shajahan
 Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka Bangladesh
A finite element model is employed to describe the electric potential distribution and electroosmotic flow field inside a wavy cylindrical channel. The model uses coupled Laplace and Poisson-Boltzmann to evaluate the electric potential distribution inside the channel. It also contains continuity and Navier–Stokes equations for the solution of fluid flow. A particle trajectory model was ...