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Design and Simulation of 3D ZnO Nanowire Based Gas Sensors for Conductivity Studies

N. Gouthami, D. Parthiban, M. Alagappan, and G. Anju
PSG College of Technology
Tamil Nadu, India

The objective of this paper is to design a 3D Gas Sensor for sensing Hydrogen gas and to increase the conductivity at nano level. In this novel design, nanorods act as the sensing layer. The sensitivity towards gas adsorption is found to be increased due to its high surface to volume ratio. The total displacement and voltage on intermediate layer after gas adsorption will be changing by varying ...

Dynamic Characterization and Mechanical Simulation of Cantilevers for Electromechanical Vibration Energy Harvesting

N. Alcheick[1], H. Nesser[1], H. Debeda[1], C. Ayela[1], I. Dufour [1]
[1]Univ. Bordeaux, IMS Lab, Pessac, France

Energy harvesting from ambient vibrations has become an interesting topic for powering wireless sensor networks. Resonant microdevices based on MEMS have become of central importance at low frequency. The power produced at resonance is at least one order of magnitude larger than off frequency power since the largest strain is obtained at resonance. In order to obtain large strain for efficient ...

Nanoscale Heat Transfer using Phonon Boltzmann Transport Equation

S. Sihn[1,2], and A.K. Roy[2]

[1]Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, Ohio, USA
[2]University of Dayton Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio, USA

COMSOL Multiphysics was used to solve a phonon Boltzmann transport equation (BTE) for nanoscale heat transport problems. One dimensional steady-state and transient BTE problems were successfully solved based on finite element and discrete ordinate methods for spatial and angular discretizations, respectively, by utilizing the built-in feature of the COMSOL, Coefficient Form of PDE.

A Dynamic Electrowetting Simulation using the Level-Set Method

B. Cahill[1], A. Giannitsis[1], G. Gastrock[1], M. Min[1,2], and D. Beckmann[1]
[1]Institut für Bioprozess- und Analysenmesstechnik e.V., Heiligenstadt, Germany
[2] Department of Electronics, Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia

Electrowetting occurs with the electrical control of the surface wetting properties through the application of an electric potential. A simulation of electrowetting driven droplet dynamics is performed using the COMSOL Multiphysics level-set method for a sessile droplet and for a droplet in a microchannel. The response of the drop to a step voltage is studied. The contact angle at one edge of ...

Design and Analysis of 3D Capacitive Accelerometer for Automotive Applications

G. Vijila, S. Vijayakumar, M. Alagappan, and A. Gupta
PSG College of Technology
Tamil Nadu, India

This paper projects a novel 3D capacitive accelerometer design to identify a severe accident and initiate airbag deployment systems. It will detect the rapid negative acceleration of the vehicle to avoid the severity of the collision. Such a device demands excellent performance in terms of sensitivity, noise immunity, linearity, bias and scale factor stability over time and environmental ...

Simulation of Piezoelectric Transformers with COMSOL

T. Andersen[1], M. A. E. Andersen[1], O. C. Thomsen[1]
[1]DTU Elektro, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

In this work COMSOL is utilized to obtain the Mason lumped parameter model for a piezoelectric transformer (PT) design. The Mason lumped parameters are relevant in the design process of power converters. The magnitude of the impedance is simulated for a specific interleaved multilayer thickness mode PT. The PT design has been prototyped and the measurements results are compared with simulations. ...

Design and Simulation of Valveless Piezoelectric Micropump

L. Nayana[1], P. Manohar[1], S. Babu[1]
[1]Department of Electrical Engineering, Visvesvaraya Technological University, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

In this paper some discrete parts of a valveless piezoelectric micropump for drug delivery system is designed and simulated. The core components of the micropump are actuator unit that converts the reciprocating movement of a diaphragm actuated by a piezoelectric actuator into a pumping effect and Nozzle/diffuser elements that are used to direct the flow from inlet to outlet. Simulations are ...

Heat Transfer in Crossflow Heat Exchangers for Application with Microreactors - new

R. Pryor[1]
[1]Pryor Knowledge Systems, Inc., Bloomfield Hills, MI, USA

This paper explores methods of improving the heat transfer coefficient in a crossflow heat exchanger as would be employed in conjunction with an experimental or production microreactor. This derivation of the Cross-Flow Heat Exchanger from the COMSOL Multiphysics® software Model Library modifies the substrate geometry by adding two additional layers and uses the material copper in certain ...

Multiphysics Simulation of a Self-heating Paraffin Membrane Microactuator

P. Lazarou[1], C. Rotinat[1]
[1]CEA LIST/DIASI/LRI, Paris, France

A grand variety of microactuator technologies and demonstrators has been introduced during the last years. Of particular interest are the microactuators based on phase change materials and especially paraffin wax, which can volumetrically expand up to 15%, providing high force actuation. The object of this study is the numerical validation of a paraffin microactuator concept by coupling multiple ...

Development of MEMS-based Pressure Sensor for Underwater Applications

Aarthi E[1], Pon Janani S[1], Vaidevi S[1], Meenakshi Sundaram N [1], Chandra Devi K[1]
[1]PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Blind cave fish are capable of sensing flows and movements of nearby objects even in dark and murky water conditions with the help of arrays of pressure-gradient sensors present on their bodies called lateral-lines. To emulate this functionality of lateral-lines for autonomous underwater vehicles, an array of polymer MEMS pressure sensors have been developed that can transduce underwater ...