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Lamb Waves in Fluid-Loaded Plates

T. Kaufmann[1], F. Kassubek[1], D. Pape [1], M. Lenner[1]
[1]ABB Corporate Research, Baden-Dättwil, Switzerland

Lamb waves are elastic waves propagating in free solid plates. In the case of plates loaded with a fluid, the equations describing these waves have to be modified to include the effects of the fluid. In our work we have tackled this problem using COMSOL Multiphysics®. We have used the two-dimensional plane strain model of the solid mechanics interface to calculate the eigenmodes of the coupled ...

Use of COMSOL Multiphysics® for IAQ Monitoring in Cleanrooms - new

G. Petrone[1], C. Balocco[2]
[1]BE CAE & Test, Catania, Italy
[2]Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Firenze, Firenze, Italy

High levels of Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) in Operating Theatres (OT) is an important issue in order to contribute in prevention of Surgical Site Infections (SSI). Despite of specific plant layouts are applied for OT ventilation (e.g. unidirectional flow), the effective use conditions can heavily modify the design microclimate and air quality levels. Medical staff presence and movements and sliding ...

Numerical Optimization of Heating for High-Speed Rotating Cup by Means of Multiphysics Modeling and its Experimental Verification - new

K. Kyrgyzbaev[1], M. Willert-Porada[1], M. Terock[1]
[1]University of Bayreuth, Chair of Materials Processing, Bayreuth, Germany

The physics of rotating cups and disks is an important research subject in many areas of engineering. The rotating cup/disk has been employed in many industrial applications such as spin-coating of phosphor on television screens or photoresist films on silicon wafer, concentrating solutions by evaporation, centrifugal atomization of metal melts, and glass flakes production. In this work the ...

Multiphysics Process Simulation of the Electromagnetic-Supported Laser Beam Welding

M. Bachmann, V. Avilov, A. Gumenyuk, and M. Rethmeier
BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing
Berlin, Germany

The article deals with the magnetically-supported high-power full-penetration laser beam welding of aluminum. A stationary simulation was conducted accounting for the effects of natural convection, Marangoni convection and solid-liquid phase transition as well as an electromagnetic volume source term. An ac magnet below the weld specimen induces eddy currents. Consequently, Lorentz forces occur ...

Simulating Frequency Nonlinearities in Quartz Resonators at High Temperature and Pressure

A. Beerwinkle[1], R. Singh[1], and G. Kirikera[2]
[1]Mechanics of Advanced Materials Laboratory, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Oklahoma State University, Tulsa, OK
[2]Geophysical Research Company, LLC, (GRC) Tulsa, OK

A three-dimensional finite element model, based on the linear field equations for superimposed small vibrations onto nonlinear thermoelastic stressed media given by Lee and Yong, was developed. This method involves solving the thermal stress and piezoelectric model with geometric and material nonlinearities. The thickness-shear mode frequency response of the model was benchmarked to ...

Influence of Electrode Kinetics on Lithium-ion Battery Characteristics

H. Machrafi[1,2], S. Cavadias[2]
[1]University of Liège, Thermodynamics of Irreversible Phenomena, Liège, Belgium
[2]University Pierre et Marie Curie, Laboratoire des Procédés Plasma et Traitement de Surface, Paris, France

The purpose of this work is to show whether an important difference in Lithium solid concentration and electrolyte concentration can be observed in a Lithium-ion battery model, when considering either the Butler-Volmer kinetics or the Tafel kinetics for describing the electrode kinetics (including a boundary layer between the electrolyte and the electrode particles). During discharge, the lithium ...

Design of Precision Magnetic Fields for Fundamental Neutron Symmetries - new

M. Higginson-Rollins[1], C. Crawford[2]
[1]Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA
[2]Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA

The traditionally magnetic design process involves guessing at a reasonable conductor geometry, using finite element analysis (FEA) software to calculate the resulting fields, and modifying the configuration iteratively to reach an acceptable solution. Taking the opposite approach, we developed a method of calculating the conductor geometry as a function of the desired magnetic field. This method ...

Modeling and Simulation of Membrane Contactor Employed to Strip CO2 from Rich Solvents via COMSOL Multiphysics® - new

N. Ghasem[1], M. Al-Marzouqi[1], N. A. Rahim[1]
[1]United Arab Emirates University, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates

A mathematical model is developed for the stripping of CO2 from rich solvent. The rich solvent (aqueous NaOH) is used in CO2 absorption from natural gas through gas-liquid hollow fiber membrane contactor. The polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) hollow fiber membrane was fabricated via thermally induced phase separation techniques. COMSOL Multiphysics software package is used in solving the set of ...

Using Microwaves for Extracting Water From the Moon

Edwin Ethridge
Senior Materials Scientist, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center

A scientific hypothesis states that cryogenic trapped water is just under the surface of lunar soil at the poles in permanently shadowed craters. Microwave energy can be used to efficiently extract this water from permafrost. COMSOL permits calculation of the heating of simulated lunar soil using measured temperature dependent dielectric properties. Calculations at different microwave ...

Support-Q Optimisation of a Trapped Mode Beam Resonator - new

T. H. Hanley[1], H. T. D. Grigg[1], B. J. Gallacher[1]
[1]Newcastle University, Newcastle-Upon-Tyne, UK

Introducing a disorder into a finite periodic oscillatory system induces the presence of a 'trapped mode': a mode in which the displacement field is localised to the region of the disorder. A main inhibitor to MEMS resonators achieving a high quality (Q) factor is energy radiation through the support to the substrate. The trapped modes present a way to tune this to a minimal value. An initial ...