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3D Multiphysics Modeling of Bulk High-Temperature Superconductors for Use as Trapped Field Magnets - new

M. Ainslie[1], J. Zou[1], D. Hu[1], D. Cardwell[1]
[1]Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

The authors are currently investigating the use of bulk high temperature superconductors as trapped field magnets (TFMs) in order to increase the electrical and magnetic loading of an axial gap, trapped flux-type superconducting electric machine. In electric machines, the use of superconducting materials can lead to increases in efficiency, as well as power density, which results in reductions ...

Control of Real Distributed Parameter Systems Modeled by COMSOL Multiphysics® Software - new

C. Belavý[1], G. Hulkó[1], S. Lipár[1], B. Barbolyas[1]
[1]Institute of Automation, Measurement and Applied Informatics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovak Republic

In the paper, first a basic concept of the engineering approach for modeling and control of distributed parameter systems (DPS) based on interpretation of controlled systems as lumped input and distributed output systems (LDS) is introduced. Next, FEM modeling of temperature fields in casting mould and extruder body as real DPS by means of the software environment COMSOL Multiphysics® is ...

Modelling of Reactive Non-Isothermal Mixture Flow and its Simulation in COMSOL Multiphysics® Software - new

V. Orava[1,2], O. Soucek[1], P. Cedula[2]
[1]Charles University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic
[2]Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Winterthur, Switzerland

I introduce a model of fluidized reactor which, in presence of heterogeneous platinum-based catalyst, decomposes liquid formic acid producing gaseous mixture of carbon dioxide and hydrogen as the product. I treat the physical system as a (Class II) mixture of four constituents - namely formic acid (FA), Platinum micro-pellets (Pt), carbon dioxide (CO_2) and hydrogen (H_2) - which can be, without ...

Evaluation of the Shutdown Time of Subsea Pipeline for Oil Transportation - new

D. Maciel[1], N. Bouchonneau[1]
[1]Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

The maintenance plan or rush-to-repair of a subsea pipeline for oil transport may result in the shutdown of the line, in other words, may stop the flow of fluid. During the shutdown, the temperature of the oil tends to decrease continuously, and the heavy molecules tend to crystallize and suspend in the oil, which increase the viscosity of the oil, and even form a paraffinic compound or freeze ...

Electrowetting and Droplet Transport in Digital Microfluidic Chips for Mixing Applications

S. F. Azam[1]
[1]IIT Hyderabad, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Over the last decade, electrowetting-on-dielectric (EWOD) has become one of the most blistering and versatile tool in digital microfluidics. It enables control over fluid shape and flow by electrical signals alone, which is viable by effective utilization of the excess charge accumulation at the interface between the droplet and the dielectric surface, also by polarization of line tension at the ...

A Flow and Transport Model in Porous Media for Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery Studies Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

M. A. Diaz-Viera [1], A. Ortiz-Tapia [1],
[1] Mexican Petroleum Institute, Mexico City, Mexico

A flow and transport model in porous media was implemented in COMSOL Multiphysics® software to simulate, analyze and interpret Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery (MEOR) processes at core scale under laboratory conditions. The flow model is biphasic and is based on the oil phase pressure and total velocity formulation in which the capillary pressure, relative permeabilities, the effects of ...

Modeling Metamaterials with a Time-Domain Perfectly Matched Layer Formulation

H. Assi [1], R. S. C. Cobbold [1],
[1] University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada

INTRODUCTION: Perfectly matched layers (PML) have been widely used for simulating wave propagation in unbounded media to effectively avoid spurious wave reflections from the computational domain boundaries. Time-domain PML formulations, especially for elastic waves, usually use a complex system of first-order equations. Compact second-order time-domain formulations are particularly desired ...

Non-isothermal Flow of CO2 in Injection Wells: Evaluation of Different Injection Modes

O. Silva [1],
[1] Amphos 21 Consulting S.L., Barcelona, Spain

Injection conditions of CO2 at the wellhead may play a major role on the flow behavior through the wellbore. The density and the injection rate reached at the bottomhole are key factors affecting the performance and efficiency of CO2 geological storage. In this work, a model of non-isothermal flow of CO2 in injection wells is developed using COMSOL Multiphysics® software and used to assess ...

Modeling of Space-Charge Effects in 3D Thermionic Devices

P. Zilio [1], W. Raja [2], A. Alabastri [3], R. Proietti Zaccaria [2]
[1] Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Italy
[2] Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Italy
[3] Rice University, USA

The formation of space charge clouds is a well known problem that affects thermionic emitters in regimes of high current emission. Although some analytical models have been presented, suitable for 1D geometries, the modeling of the problem in complex 3D structures remains a challenge due to the mutual coupling between electron trajectories and field they produce. Here we propose a model able to ...

Multiphysics Modeling of Sound Absorbing Fibrous Materials

T. G. Zielinski [1]
[1] Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland

Many of fibrous materials are very good sound absorbers, because the acoustic waves, which propagate in air and penetrate a fibrous layer, interact with the fibers so that the wave energy is dissipated. The dissipation is related to some viscous and thermal effects occurring on the micro-scale level. On the macroscopic level, a fibrous medium can be treated as an effective inviscid fluid, ...