University of Minnesota-Duluth, Duluth, MN, USA
Significant submarine mineral deposits form when hot, metal-laden, saline fluids emerge onto the seafloor and mix with ambient seawater. Resulting density changes of fluid mixtures can trigger fluid buoyancy reversals, brine pool formation, and metal accumulation (Figure 1). While some of these processes are known from experiments, the inception, development, and physical-chemical processes ...
Extraction of Thermal Characteristics of Surrounding Geological Layers of a Geothermal Heat Exchanger by COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulations - new
N. Aranzabal, J. Martos, J. Soret, J. Torres, R. García-Olcina, Á. Montero
Technical School of Engineering, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Department of Applied Physics, Politechnical University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
It has been demonstrated that is possible obtain the thermal parameters of geological layers of a BHE (Borehole Heat Exchanger) by fitting temperature evolution in an observer pipe inserted into borehole.
G. Maizza and A. Tassinari
Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali ed Ingegneria Chimica, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
Capacitor Discharge Sintering (CDS) is an ultrafast Electric Current Assisted Sintering method (u-ECAS) suited for electrically conductive powders. It is characterized by relatively short processing times (milliseconds range) and much lower sintering temperatures than the melting point of the powders. However, the CDS basic phenomena are not fully understood yet neither at the macroscale nor at ...
L. Braci, S. Ognier, and S. Cavadias
Laboratoire de Génie des Procédés Plasmas et Traitements de Surfaces, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris, University Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
Non-thermal plasma, generated in atmospheric pressure discharges, has been investigated in our laboratory in order to treat highly diluted (300 ppm to 1000 ppm) volatile pollutant. The collision of electrons created in the discharge with atmospheric air, leads to the formation of reactive species that can totally or partially oxidize the pollutants at near ambient temperature. The purpose of the ...
B. L. Crossley, M. Kossler, P.J. Collins, R. A. Coutu Jr., and L. A. Starman
Air Force Institute of Technology, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, USA
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been proven experimentally to be well suited for field emission applications. An optimized triode configured CNT field emission array is developed using the COMSOL Multiphysics Electrostatics Application to adjust five key physical dimensions to investigate the effects on the enhanced electric field at the CNT emitter tips. The five dimensions studied are CNT spacing, ...
Numerical Optimization of Heating for High-Speed Rotating Cup by Means of Multiphysics Modeling and its Experimental Verification - new
K. Kyrgyzbaev, M. Willert-Porada, M. Terock
University of Bayreuth, Chair of Materials Processing, Bayreuth, Germany
The physics of rotating cups and disks is an important research subject in many areas of engineering. The rotating cup/disk has been employed in many industrial applications such as spin-coating of phosphor on television screens or photoresist films on silicon wafer, concentrating solutions by evaporation, centrifugal atomization of metal melts, and glass flakes production. In this work the ...
T. H. Hanley, H. T. D. Grigg, B. J. Gallacher
Newcastle University, Newcastle-Upon-Tyne, UK
Introducing a disorder into a finite periodic oscillatory system induces the presence of a 'trapped mode': a mode in which the displacement field is localised to the region of the disorder. A main inhibitor to MEMS resonators achieving a high quality (Q) factor is energy radiation through the support to the substrate. The trapped modes present a way to tune this to a minimal value. An initial ...
Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Pinawa, MB, Canada
The hydro-mechanical (HM) numerical simulation of a shaft seal installed at a fracture zone in a hypothetical host rock using COMSOL is presented. Two different stages are considered in the numerical modelling. Stage 1 simulates the groundwater flow into an open shaft. Stage 2 simulates the groundwater flow after installation of shaft sealing-components. The shaft sealing components include: ...
M. Ek, and D. Sichen
Materials Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
In the steelmaking processes, the stirring of the metal bath by argon (or nitrogen) injection is a widely used method to achieve chemical or thermal homogeneity. Computational fluid dynamics can be used as a very powerful tool to gain an insight into the mass transfer and heat transfer in liquid steel. In this paper, the flow behaviors in two different steelmaking reactors were simulated using ...
K.Govardhan, K.Narmada, Nirmala Grace
VIT University, MEMS & Sensors Division, School of Electronics Engineering, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
VIT University, Sensor System Technology, School of Electronics Engineering, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
VIT University, Center for Nanotechnology Research, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
This study aims at the design and optimization of a Gas Sensing Chamber. The design takes advantage of the multiphysics simulation capabilities of COMSOL Multiphysics® to incorporate various physics such as CFD, Micro fluidics, Solid Mechanics, Electro thermal effects etc. The optimization needs to be done at multiple levels such as mixture of two gases, arriving laminar flow over the substrate, ...