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Keyhole Behavior During Spot Laser Welding

V. Bruyere [1], C. Touvrey [2], P. Namy [1]
[1] SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
[2] CEA DAM, Is-sur-Tille, France

The formation of porosities in spot laser welding depends on complex thermo-hydraulic phenomena. To understand and control these mechanisms, the COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to model both the interaction and cooling stages of an isolated impact made with a Nd:YAG pulsed laser. The model is based on the Phase Field method in order to apprehend the evolution of the liquid-gas interface ...

Multiphysics CAE Simulations of Casting Process for First-time-right Product Development

M. Hussain [1], Ramanathan S. [1], R. C. Thiagarajan [1],
[1] ATOA Scientific Technologies, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Casting product performance depends on material, flow, Process Temperature, Solidification, Shrinkage and residual stress. In a casting process, not all available resources are utilized effectively which results in low quality of casting, defects and metal wastage. Physics based modeling is increasingly used to optimize product performance, improve quality and reduce defects of casting products. ...

Modeling of the Reduction Stage during the Continuous Refining of Copper in a Packed Bed Reactor

F. Mansilla[1], L. Voisin [2]
[1]Advanced Mining Technology Center, Chile University, Santiago, Chile
[2]Department of Mining Engineering, Advanced Mining Technology Center, Chile University, Santiago, Chile

Throughout history, the copper pyrometallurgical processes have been carried out mostly in discontinuous or batch systems. In recent decades new continuous technologies have been developed but focused only on Smelting and Converting stages leaving aside the Refining one. In 2002 a novel technology was proposed by the Department of Mining Engineering of Chile University which consists in two ...

Design and Analysis of a Wetting Lens for the Pinhole Cameras of a Two Phase Flow System

A. K. Reddy[1], T. Satyanarayana[1]
[1]Lakireddy Balireddy Autonomous College of Engineering, Mylavaram, A.P., India

The present work reports the fabrication process of micro lens for pinhole cameras, modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics®, by satisfying the wetting properties. Wetting is a change in contact angle between the liquid and solid surface area. The wetting properties are clearly understood in terms of forces. The two immiscible fluids were taken for the formation of fluid-fluid and wall-fluid ...

Finite Element Analysis of Photoacoustic Response from Gold Nanoparticle

Y. Davletshin[1], J. C. Kumaradas[1]
[1]Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada

Photoacoustic (PA) imaging has matured into a clinical modality for tissue imaging and functional cancer cell research. It uses a pulsed laser to irradiate a region and generate a thermally-induced acoustic pressure wave that can be collected by an ultrasound transducer. The optical absorption/PA contrast of the region of interest can be enhanced by the use of plasmonic nanoparticles. The ...

Demonstration of All-Optical NAND Logic Gate Using Photonic Integrated Circuits

J. T. Andrews[1], R. Choubey[1], O P Choudhary[1], N. Malviya[1], A. Patel[1], M. Kumar[1], S. Chouksey[1], J. Solanki[1]
[1]National MEMS Design Center, Department of Applied Physics, Shri G S Institute of Technology & Science, Indore 452003 MP, India

A logic gate performs a certain Boolean logic operation on one or more logical inputs and produces a single logical output. The logic values are either “true” or “false.” Logic gates are bistable devices, that is, they may yield one of these two possible stable outputs. The NAND logic is a universal gate; any logic operation can be performed with various combinations of NAND logics. Many ...

Mathematical Modeling of Glucose Responsive Hydrogels

A. Pareek [1], T. Mathur [2], V. Runkana [1],
[1] Tata Research Development and Design Centre, Tata Consultancy Services, Pune, India
[2] Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India

Diabetes mellitus affects 387 million people across the world according to the latest estimates of International Diabetes Foundation. Insulin is one of the major drugs required to keep the glucose level within desired limits in a diabetic patient. Insulin is generally administered to a patient as a subcutaneous injection and consists of two forms namely, basal and bolus. The basal dosage is ...

Modeling the Vanadium Oxygen Fuel Cell

F.T. Wandschneider[1], M. Küttinger[1], P. Fischer[1], K. Pinkwart[1], J. Tübke[1], H. Nirschl[2]
[1]Fraunhofer-Institute for Chemical Technology, Pfinztal, Germany
[2]Karlsruhe Institute for Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany

A two-dimensional stationary model of a vanadium oxygen fuel cell is developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. This energy storage device combines a vanadium flow battery anode and an oxygen fuel cell cathode. The oxygen reduction reaction generates additional water, leading to a degradation of the catalyst performance over time. A logistic function is introduced to the Butler-Volmer equation in order ...

Ion Concentration and Electromechanical Actuation Simulations of Ionic Polymer-Metal Composites

K. J. Kim [1], T. Stalbaum [1], Q. Shen [1],
[1] Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV, USA

Ionic polymer-metal composite (IPMC) materials are promising candidates for soft robotics and artificial muscle applications. The primary actuation mechanism in such devices is ion migration in a polymer membrane, localized swelling, and a corresponding overall material deformation, which is multiphysics in nature. Simulations were performed for a rectangular IPMC actuator in response to a ...

Numerical Study of Laminar Forced Convection Cooling of Circuit Board Mounted Heat Source Array

S. Durgam [1], S. P. Venkateshan [1], T. Sundararajan [1],
[1] Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India

This paper deals with the numerical study of optimal distribution of rectangular heat sources populated on a substrate board for electronic cooling. The simulations are performed for laminar forced convection conjugate heat transfer with vertical orientation of substrate board. The laminar forced convection - conjugate heat transfer simulations are carried out using COMSOL Multiphysics® with ...