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Quench Propagation and Detection in a YBCO Racetrack

G. Escamez[1], C. Lorin[1], T. Wu[1], P. J. Masson[1]
[1]University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA

High temperature superconductors (HTS) such as YBCO coated conductors show great promise for future applications where high magnetic fields are needed. The superconducting state only exists under a critical surface defined in the (J,T,B) space. Quench is the process by which a current-carrying superconducting conductor changes rapidly and irreversibly from the superconducting state to the non ...

Finite Element Analysis of Transient Ballistic-Diffusive Heat Transfer in Two-Dimensional Structures - new

S. Hamian[1], T. Yamada[2], M. Faghri[3], K. Park[1]
[1]University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
[2]Lund University, Lund, Sweden
[3]University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA

For the last two centuries, the conventional Fourier heat conduction equation has been used for modeling a diffusive nature of macroscale heat conduction by considering the energy conservation and Fourier's linear approximation of heat flux. However, it cannot accurately predict heat transport when the length scale is comparable to or smaller than the mean free path of thermal energy carriers or ...

Use of FEM in the Design of an HTS Insert Coil for a High Field NMR Magnet - new

E. Bosque[1]
[1]Applied Superconductivity Center, National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Tallahassee, FL, USA

High temperature superconductors (HTS) allow larger current densities through coil wound electromagnets, which produce higher magnetic fields. A high field HTS insert demonstration magnet is being built with high field homogeneity (~1 ppm) for application in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The HTS NMR system is inserted into the bore of an existing high field magnet. A compensating Helmholtz ...

太赫兹声子极化激元的产生及与金属天线的相互作用

吴强 [1], 潘崇佩 [1], 张琦 [1],
[1] 南开大学,天津,中国

“极化激元”是固体物理学中的重要概念,泛指各种极性元激发与光子的耦合。其中,声子极化激元是指晶格振动的声子与电磁场中的光子相互耦合的一种极化激元波。使用飞秒光在铁电晶体铌酸锂中通过光学非线性效应可产生声子极化激元,其频率位于太赫兹波段,在晶格的振动弛豫、太赫兹光谱、与介观微结构作用等领域已有广泛应用。 声子极化激元涉及电磁场和晶格场的耦合问题,其形式满足黄昆方程。我们使用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 的多物理场(偏微分方程组以及射频模块)模拟了块状铌酸锂晶体中产生声子极化激元波的产生和传输。 铌酸锂晶体作为太赫兹应用的集成化平台,可通过在平板波导上引入微结构实现对太赫兹波的调控。诸多手段中,太赫兹天线作为电磁场的传播场与局域场转换的关键部件,对太赫兹通信和太赫兹光谱等领域都有不可替代的作用。基于这一点,我们设计了一种尖端相对的棒状天线结构,使用 COMSOL ...

Comparison Between Phase Field and ALE Methods to Model the Keyhole Digging During Spot Laser Welding

V. Bruyere[1], C. Touvrey[1], P. Namy[2]
[1]CEA-DAM, Is-sur-Tille, France
[2]SIMTEC, Grenoble, France

Nowadays, spot laser welding is a full-fledged part of industrial manufacturing and is routinely used due to its advantages. It generates very located temperature gradients, and therefore, induces small distortions in the pieces. The COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to model the interaction stage of an isolated impact made with a Nd:YAG pulsed laser. The free surface evolution has been ...

Development of a COMSOL Application for the Efficient Evaluation of an Engineered Barrier System

D. Sampietro [1], E. Abarca [1], H. von Schenck [2], J. Molinero [1]
[1] Amphos 21 Consulting S.L., Barcelona, Spain
[2] Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co., Stockholm, Sweden

Radioactive waste repositories include barriers that work to contain the waste, thereby protecting human health and the environment. In deep geological disposal systems, barriers include the natural geological barrier and the engineered barrier system (EBS). The ability of the EBS to limit groundwater flow is important and optimized design solutions are often sought by means of numerical ...

Modeling the Vanadium Oxygen Fuel Cell

F.T. Wandschneider[1], M. Küttinger[1], P. Fischer[1], K. Pinkwart[1], J. Tübke[1], H. Nirschl[2]
[1]Fraunhofer-Institute for Chemical Technology, Pfinztal, Germany
[2]Karlsruhe Institute for Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany

A two-dimensional stationary model of a vanadium oxygen fuel cell is developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. This energy storage device combines a vanadium flow battery anode and an oxygen fuel cell cathode. The oxygen reduction reaction generates additional water, leading to a degradation of the catalyst performance over time. A logistic function is introduced to the Butler-Volmer equation in order ...

Simulation of Daisy Chain Flip-Chip Interconnections

G.S. Durante[1] and M. Fretz[1]

[1]CSEM Zentralschweiz, Alpnach Dorf, Switzerland

Flip-chip interconnection technologies have been tested through the use of a test chip with embedded single-bump daisy chains. The Flip-Chip technologies are selected among Au bump Thermocompression (TC) with and without Nonconductive Adhesives (NCA) underfiller, anisotropic conductive adhesive (ACA) bonding, and AuSn20 eutectic solder. The single bumps were then measured with a high precision ...

Application of COMSOL Multiphysics® Pipe Flow Module to Develop a High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) System Loop Model

P. K. Jain[1], D. Wang[1], J. D. Freels[1]
[1]Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

Oak Ridge National Laboratory’s High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) is the highest flux reactor-based source of neutrons for research in the United States. Thermal and cold neutrons produced by HFIR are used to study physics, chemistry, material science, engineering, and biology. Currently, RELAP5 code is the primary transient safety analysis tool used to perform thermal-hydraulic system safety ...

Simulating Organogenesis in COMSOL Multiphysics®: Image-Based Modeling - new

D. Iber[1,3], Z. Karimaddini[1,3], E. Unal[1,2], D. Menshykau[1,3]
[1]D-BSSE, ETH Zurich, Basel, Switzerland
[2]DBM University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
[3]Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics (SIB), Lausanne, Switzerland

Mathematical Modeling has a long history in developmental biology. Advances in experimental techniques and computational algorithms now permit the development of increasingly more realistic models of organogenesis. In particular, 3D geometries of developing organs have recently become available. In this paper, we show how to use image-based data for simulations of organogenesis in the COMSOL ...