H. Machrafi[1,2], S. Cavadias
University of Liège, Thermodynamics of Irreversible Phenomena, Liège, Belgium
University Pierre et Marie Curie, Laboratoire des Procédés Plasma et Traitement de Surface, Paris, France
The purpose of this work is to show whether an important difference in Lithium solid concentration and electrolyte concentration can be observed in a Lithium-ion battery model, when considering either the Butler-Volmer kinetics or the Tafel kinetics for describing the electrode kinetics (including a boundary layer between the electrolyte and the electrode particles). During discharge, the lithium ...
G. Ha, S. S. Kim, J. H. Kim
Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea
Here we aim to advance geomagnetic modeling approaches using COMSOL Multiphysics® software and improve the degree of detail that can be obtained from the measured magnetic field. First, we carried out benchmark tests by comparing the computed results using the widely used analytic solutions for rectangular bodies with arbitrary direction of magnetization with those from the AC/DC Module of ...
Modeling and Simulation of Membrane Contactor Employed to Strip CO2 from Rich Solvents via COMSOL Multiphysics® - new
N. Ghasem, M. Al-Marzouqi, N. A. Rahim
United Arab Emirates University, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates
A mathematical model is developed for the stripping of CO2 from rich solvent. The rich solvent (aqueous NaOH) is used in CO2 absorption from natural gas through gas-liquid hollow fiber membrane contactor. The polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) hollow fiber membrane was fabricated via thermally induced phase separation techniques. COMSOL Multiphysics software package is used in solving the set of ...
Senior Materials Scientist, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center
A scientific hypothesis states that cryogenic trapped water is just under the surface of lunar soil at the poles in permanently shadowed craters. Microwave energy can be used to efficiently extract this water from permafrost. COMSOL permits calculation of the heating of simulated lunar soil using measured temperature dependent dielectric properties. Calculations at different microwave ...
B.G. Sammakia, S. Madduri, and W. Infantolino
Binghamton University, Binghamton, NY, USA
COMSOL Multiphysics was used to simulate an experiment in which the hygroscopic swelling in an epoxy material was measured along a temperature ramp. A simultaneous solution was sought for temperature and moisture concentration distribution in a moisture loaded epoxy sample. Initially the multiphysics problem was broken down into two separate cases - transient heat transfer analysis and transient ...
M. Ek, and D. Sichen
Materials Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
In the steelmaking processes, the stirring of the metal bath by argon (or nitrogen) injection is a widely used method to achieve chemical or thermal homogeneity. Computational fluid dynamics can be used as a very powerful tool to gain an insight into the mass transfer and heat transfer in liquid steel. In this paper, the flow behaviors in two different steelmaking reactors were simulated using ...
M.H. Poech, M. Weiß, and K. Gruber
Fraunhofer Institute for Silicon Technology, Itzehoe, Germany
Since a couple of years, sintering becomes more and more important for power electronics. To press a semiconductor under high temperature in silver paste on a substrate promises benefits for durability. Tests with semiconductors of different thickness expose some problems. After the cool down, some of them fall slightly from the substrate. Stress in the boundary layer, caused by different ...
C. Hollenstein, and A. Howling
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland
Finite elements using COMSOL Multiphysics have been used to simulate the edge plasma in a large area capacitively coupled RF reactor. In order to reduce numerical difficulties simplified reactor edge geometries have been used. First results show the importance of electrostatic double layers within this plasma. In addition the non-uniform behaviour of the plasma sheath around convex and ...
Z. Fang[1,2], R. O'Handley, Y. Liu, and M. Yang[2,3]
Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
Ferro Solutions Inc., Woburn, MA, USA
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
Here we investigate a promising passive cooling method through making advantage of the unique properties of ferrofluid. When a magnetic dipole or a permanent magnet is put at the hot side of a system, it will attract the cold ferrofluid to the hot place and displace the hot ferrofluid since cold ferrofluid below Tc has much stronger magnetization than that of hot ferrofluid above Tc. Then the hot ...
R.R. Thorat, H. Bruining
Petroleum Engineering, CiTG, TU Delft, Delft, The Netherlands
Recovery of oil by gas injection is usually inefficient due to the low viscosity of the gas, which results in bypassing of the oil. By adding surfactant solutions it is possible to get in-situ foam formation. Foam has a much higher “viscosity” and hence does not bypass the oil, leading to enhanced oil recovery. In this context, the foam propagation is studied experimentally and theoretically. ...