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Multiphysics Process Simulation of the Electromagnetic-Supported Laser Beam Welding

M. Bachmann, V. Avilov, A. Gumenyuk, and M. Rethmeier
BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing
Berlin, Germany

The article deals with the magnetically-supported high-power full-penetration laser beam welding of aluminum. A stationary simulation was conducted accounting for the effects of natural convection, Marangoni convection and solid-liquid phase transition as well as an electromagnetic volume source term. An ac magnet below the weld specimen induces eddy currents. Consequently, Lorentz forces occur ...

Optimization of a Thermoelectric Conversion System

J. R. Chase [1],
[1] Alphabet Energy, Hayward, CA, USA

Thermoelectric materials have no theoretical limit to conversion efficiency of heat into electrical power. In order to compete with other forms of power generation and small-scale energy conversion, thermoelectric converters need to maximize their practical usability when integrated with real-world sources of waste heat, and in real-life service environments. This trade-off reduces itself to ...

Chromatographic Separation of Tröger’s Base in a Batch Column

A. Fayolas [1], M.G. Sanku[1], M. Pascoa[1], M. Xynou[1]
[1]KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

The objective of the study is to investigate the chiral separation of Tröger’s base enantiomers using batch chromatography. Because of its resolution, chromatography is often the preferred method for chiral separations. The separation of Tröger’s base is resolved by using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. It is modeled by one dimension geometry, having the length of the column set and computed ...

Modeling of Straight Jet Dynamics in Electrospinning Process

R. Pandya [1], A. Kumar [2], V. Runkana [1],
[1] Tata Research Development and Design Centre, Tata Consultancy Services, Pune, India
[2] Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India

Electrospinning is a process where high voltage is applied to produce polymer fibers of nanoscale diameter. Various polymers have been used for this process in molten form or as a solution with an appropriate solvent such as glycerol. The melt solidifies while the solvent evaporates to produce fibers. The fibers produced have properties such as high surface to volume ratio and a molecular ...

Fluid-structure Interaction Modeling of Air Bearing

H.R. Javani[1], P. Kagan[2], F. Huizinga[1]
[1]ASML - MDev – Mechanical analysis, Veldhoven, The Netherlands
[2]ASML - MDev – System Dynamics, Veldhoven, The Netherlands

Air bearings are special type of bearings which provide nearly zero friction between two surfaces. This is achieved by a compressed layer of gas between the surfaces. This study presents a modeling technique for an Air bearing component. COMSOL Multiphysics® is used to efficiently solve a coupled Fluid-Structure Interaction analysis. Computational time is significantly reduced compared to ...

Time Dependent Simulations of Thermoelectric Thin Films and Nanowires for Direct Determination of their Efficiency with COMSOL Multiphysics®

M. Muñoz Rojo[1], J. Jose Romero[1], D. Ramos[1], D. Borca-Tasciuc[2], T. Borca-Tasciuc[2], M. Martín Gonzalez[1]
[1]Instituto de Microelectrónica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
[2]Rensselaer Polytechnique Institute, Troy, New York, USA

Thermoelectric materials are one of the most promising materials for future and nowadays energy harvesting devices, as they can convert heat into electricity and vice-versa. The efficiency of thermoelectric materials is related with the figure of merit, ZT. Our work deals with the determination of the parameters that affect the measurement of the ZT with the Harman technique and the best ...

Numerical Modeling of Sampling Airborne Radioactive Particles Methods from the Stacks of Nuclear Facilities in Compliance with ISO 2889 - new

P. Geraldini[1]
[1]Sogin Spa, Rome, Italy

The main objective of this study is to verify the compliance of an ongoing nuclear facilities stack design with the ISO 2889 requirements, during normal and off-normal conditions. In particular, with the numerical simulations, they have been identify well-mixed sample locations along the chimney and the compliance with the International Standard requirements as result of stack flow rate and ...

Modeling a Lung-on-a-Chip Microdevice

M. J. Hancock [1], N. Elabbasi [1],
[1] Veryst Engineering, LLC., Needham, MA, USA

Organ-on-a-chip microdevices combine microfluidics, MEMS, and biotechnology techniques to mimic the multicellular architectures, tissue-tissue interfaces, physicochemical microenvironments, and vascular perfusion of the body.[1] Such devices are being developed to provide better levels of tissue and organ functionality compared with conventional cell culture systems, and have great potential to ...

Investigation on Sensor Fault Effects of Piezoelectric Transducers on Wave Propagation and Impedance Measurements

I. Buethe[1], C.-P. Fritzen[1]
[1]University of Siegen, Institute of Mechanics and Control Engineering-Mechatronics, Siegen, Germany

For active Structural Health Monitoring (SHM), one popular sensor type is the piezoelectric wafer active sensor (PWAS) due to its multi-purpose application as actuator and sensor and its low cost. It is used to generate a wave field, which interacts with the structure and is recorded by a second set of PWASs. This method is called acousto ultrasonics. The change in wave field from transducer ...

Embedded Microfluidic/Thermoelectric Generation System for Self-Cooling of Electronic Devices - new

R. Kiflemariam[1], H. Fekramandi[1], C. Lin[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA

A 3D electro-conjugate heat transfer model was made to study an embedded microfluidic/TEG system (μF/TEG) system. An innovative embedded microfluidic/TEG system (μF/TEG) system is proposed which enables a device to be able to provide power to its cooling system eliminating external power input and resulting in energy efficient and more reliable heat removal system. The research identifies ...