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Silicon Nanopillar Array for Light Emission Enhancement in Color-converting LED

P. Ding (丁佩) [1],
[1] Department of Mathematics and Physics, Zhengzhou Institute of Aeronautical Industry Management, Zhengzhou, Henan, China

Plasmonic metallic nanostructures have been demonstrated an effective way to enhance the light emission efficiency in LEDs. Here, we propose a design of white LEDs that combining dielectric silicon nanopillar array in the color-converting layer. By investigating theoretically the guided mode caused by the nanopillar array-waveguide system, we demonstrate that the silicon nanopillar arrays enable ...

Absorption and Scattering of Gold Nanoparticles

I. Bariakhtar [1],
[1] Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA, USA

The interest to study the nanoparticles absorbed on the substrate is caused by the multiple practical applications of such systems [1, 2]. The author suggests a method of examining their properties by calculating the absorption and scattering of the electromagnetic field by such system [3,4,5]. It was shown that the Raman scattering and the light absorption can be increased by orders with the ...

Spectroscopic Modeling of Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting

P. Cendula [1], J. O. Schumacher [1],
[1] Institute of Computational Physics, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Winterthur, Switzerland

A photoelectrochemical (PEC) cell uses solar energy to split water to hydrogen and oxygen in single integrated device. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy is a suitable tool to characterize recombination and reaction mechanisms in PEC cell. Full numerical drift-diffusion calculations of the electrochemical impedance were conducted. The linear dependence of abscissa (real part) in Nyquist ...

Thermal-Optical Modeling of a Signal Enhancement Approach for Paper-Based Diagnostics

D. Gasperino [1]
[1] Intellectual Ventures Laboratory, Bellevue, WA, USA

INTRODUCTION: Point of care diagnostics aimed at low-resource settings need to be relatively simple, robust and low-cost. The most commonly-used diagnostic platform in these settings is the lateral flow assay (LFA). LFAs are paper-based immunoassays designed to perform on-strip binding with analytes in patient samples in order to generate a visual signal if disease-specific antigen is ...

Modeling PIN Photodiodes

R.W. Pryor
Pryor Knowledge Systems Inc., Bloomfield Hills, MI, USA

This paper presents one approach to the modeling of an abrupt junction PIN photodiode light sensor using COMSOL Multiphysics software and the incorporated SPICE® capability. The current model is built using the capabilities of SPICE in COMSOL Multiphysics 4.0. This model demonstrates the use of SPICE and the AC/DC Module to build a conduction current, rather than an electrostatic, model. This ...

Plasmonics Based Keys for Image Encryption that Uses Exclusive OR Logic Operation - new

N. K. Nishchal[1], A. Fatima[1], I. Mehra[1], D. Kumar[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Patna, Patna, Bihar, India

Optical encryption has become a significant research field due to its remarkable advantages [1-5]. The unique features of plasmonics have drawn researchers’ attention towards the role which it can play in information security [3 & 4]. The electric field is greatly enhanced when a metallic nanoparticle is illuminated by an appropriate electromagnetic field. The distribution and enhancement of ...

Simulations of Rolled-up Optical Microcavities Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

Shilong Li [1],
[1] Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics (SITP), Shanghai, China

By using a combination of top-down and bottom-up strategies (see Fig. 1), rolled-up optical microcavities have gained considerable attention owing to their excellent customizability [1]. For example, the resonant spectrum of a rolled-up optical microcavity is well defined by simply tailoring the rolling length before it rolls [2], as shown in Fig. 2. In order to have a good visualization for the ...

Cancer Detection Using Coagulation Therapy with Coaxial Antenna - new

S. M. Ali[1], A. K. Jha[1], S. Mahapatra[1], M. Panigrahi[1]
[1]Trident Academy of Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Nearly seven lakh Indians die of cancer, while over 10 lakh are newly diagnosed with some form of the disease every year. Surgical resection is not always feasible in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Microwave Coagulation Therapy (MCT) has been used as an alternative to resection and its efficiency has been evaluated in tissue microwave irradiation from a dipole antenna causes water ...

Modeling of III-Nitride Quantum Wells with Arbitrary Crystallographic Orientation for Nitride-Based Photonics

M. Kisin, R. Brown, and H. El-Ghoroury

Ostendo Technologies, Inc., Carlsbad, CA, USA

A program for self-consistent modeling of electron-hole energy spectrum and space-charge distribution in III-nitride based quantum well (QW) structures has been developed. The model takes into consideration full 6-band description of the valence band states, nonparabolicity of the electron spectrum, quantum confinement of electrons and holes, strain induced modifications of the band structure, ...

3D Modeling of Plasmon Excitation by Grating

G.G. Gentili[1], S. Pietralunga[2], M. Bolzoni[1]
[1]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Elettronica e Informazione, Milano, Italy
[2]INFN-CNR, Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie, Milano, Italy

Grating-assisted optical coupling into long-range modes of strip plasmonic waveguides is analyzed by a 3D numerical simulation with COMSOL Multiphysics. We used the RF Module and its scattering formulation. A comparison with results obtained using the common 2D approximated analysis is shown for the case of 1D grating coupler and input Gaussian beam. Excited diffracted modal field distribution ...