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Design of a MEMS Capacitive Comb-drive Accelerometer

T. Kaya[1], B. Shiari[2], K. Petsch[1], and D. Yates[2]
[1]Central Michigan University, School of Engineering and Technology, Mount Pleasant, MI
[2]University of Michigan, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Ann Arbor, MI

In this work, a MEMS low-g accelerometer with three sensitive directions is designed for health monitoring applications. The accelerometer may have different sensitivity in different axes. The proof-mass of the device is suspended by four serpentine springs, and the comb drive structure is used to form the differential capacitor to measure the displacement of the proof-mass. The structure has an ...

Residence Time Distribution for Tubular Reactors - new

L. R. de Souza Jr.[1], L. Lorenz[1]
[1]Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil

In the core of Chemical Engineering is the reactor design that includes most of all scientific disciplines. The reactors, in general, are treated ideally. Unfortunately, it is observed in the real world a very different behavior from that expected. Thus, to characterize nonideal reactors is used, among others, residence time distribution function E(t). The aim of this present work is to ...

Optimizing the Performance of MEMS Electrostatic Comb-Drive Actuator with different Flexure Springs

S. Gupta[1], T. Pahwa[1], R. Bansal[1], V. Bansal[1], B. Prasad[1], D. Kumar[1]
[1]Electronic Science Department Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana

A new design of electrostatic comb drive actuator is presented in this paper by using different spring designs and with different folded beam lengths. An increased displacement of lateral comb drive actuator will subsequently be accomplished with the same actuation voltage. Stress distribution over different spring designs are simulated by COMSOL 3.5a using a standard comb drive with 4 movable ...

Electrical Modeling of Molten Salt Electro-Refining Processes

A. OURY [1], P. Namy [1],
[1] SIMTEC, Grenoble, France

A common pyrometallurgical route for the recovery of numerous metals and rare earths is high-temperature molten salt electrolysis. This process involves an electrolyte made of a molten salt in which the metal to be recovered, most commonly present in its oxide form, is dissolved. When a current is applied between the cathode and anode, the metal is deposited as a solid or a liquid at the ...

The Virtual Aquarium: Simulations of Fish Swimming

M. Curatolo [1], L. Teresi [2],
[1] Department of Engineering, Università Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
[2] Department of Mathematics and Physics, Università Roma Tre, Roma, Italy

Our goal is to reproduce the key features of carangiform swimming by running 2D simulations which fully exploit the Fluid-Structure Interaction interface of COMSOL Multiphysics software. Fish swimming is an important area of research, with relevant developments on biomechanics, robotics and mathematical modeling. Usually, in fish swimming simulations, the motion of the fish is assigned, and much ...

CVD Graphene Growth Mechanism on Nickel Thin Films - new

K. Al-Shurman[1], H. Naseem[2]
[1]The Institute for Nanoscience & Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA
[2]Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA

Chemical vapor deposition is considered a promising method for synthesis of graphene films on different types of substrate utilizing transition metals such as Ni. However, synthesizing a single-layer graphene and controlling the quality of the graphene CVD film on Ni are very challenging due to the multiplicity of the CVD growth conditions. COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to investigate ...

Surface Plasmon Resonance

J. Crompton[1], S. Yushanov[1], L.T. Gritter[1], K.C. Koppenhoefer[1]
[1]AltaSim Technologies, Columbus, OH, USA

The resonance conditions for surface plasmons are influenced by the type and amount of material on a surface. Full insight into surface plasmon resonance requires quantum mechanics considerations. However, it can be also described in terms of classical electromagnetic theory by considering electromagnetic wave reflection, transmission, and absorption for the multi-layer medium. The two commonly ...

Sensitivity Analysis of Different Models of Piezoresistive Micro Pressure Sensors

S. Meenatchisundaram[1], S. M. Kulkarni[2], S. Bhat
[1]Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Surathkal, Karnataka, India.

Piezoresistive pressure sensors have received much attention over the years because of low cost, simple measurement techniques, etc. There is a challenge in design with respect to appropriate positioning, shape and temperature compensation. Different models of piezoresistive pressure sensors are proposed to enhance its sensitivity in terms of output voltage. This paper aims in sensitivity ...

Electrical Conductivity Modeling and Validation in Unidirectional Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites

P. Banerjee[1], J. L. Schmidt[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA

Carbon fiber (CF) reinforced polymer composites (CFRP) have begun to replace Al-Zn-Mg alloys in applications which require high strength-to-weight ratios. The anisotropy of CFRP composites is a result of melt crystallized extrusion techniques that impart an inherent directionality to the CFs and the associated material’s properties. Electrical conductivity was modeled across the entire CF ...

Coupled PDEs with Initial Solution from Data in COMSOL Multiphysics®

M. K. Gobbert[1], X. Huang[1], S. Khuvis[1], S. Askarian[1], B. E. Peercy[1]
[1]University of Maryland - Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD, USA

This paper presents information on techniques needed in COMSOL Multiphysics® to enable computational studies of coupled systems of PDEs for time-dependent non-linear problems. Furthermore, we demonstrate how to use data files as input for initial conditions. To illustrate the techniques, we consider a system of two time-dependent non-linear PDEs from mathematical biology that couples an ...