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Radionuclide Transport Through Different Routes Near a Deposition Hole for Spent Nuclear Fuel

V-M.S. Pulkkanen[1]

[1]VTT, Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland

Radionuclide transport modeling is a part of the research concerning geological disposal of spent nuclear fuel. Typically, the transport models near a single deposition hole focus on the reactions of nuclides, while the model geometry and the flow of groundwater are often simplified. In this paper, instead, a radionuclide transport model in a detailed 3D geometry with no reactions is introduced. ...

Multiphysics Simulation of Thermoelectric Systems - Modeling of Peltier-Cooling and Thermoelectric Generation

M. Jaegle
Fraunhofer-Institute for Physical Measurement-Techniques (IPM), Freiburg, Germany

Electro-thermal interaction is commonly considered only as a matter of joule heating. In addition, the Seebeck-, Peltier- and Thompson-Effects are significant in materials with high thermoelectric figure of merit Z. These thermoelectric materials have a high Seebeck-coefficient α, a good electric conductivity σ, and a poor thermal conductivity λ. They have widespread areas of ...

Microwave Heating at the Grain Level

S. Lefeuvre[1], and O. Gomonova[2]
[1]Eurl Creawave, Toulouse, France
[2]Siberian State Aerospace University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia

The microwave heating and processing of heterogeneous material is usually simulated using a set of coupled PDE equations in an homogeneous medium. Nowadays it is possible to describe more accurately the process with a suitable description of the heterogeneities that is at the grain level. Many authors work with spheres (circles) to represent the grains but it is difficult to achieve an ...

Multiphase Transport with Large Deformations Undergoing Rubbery-Glassy Phase Transition: Applications to Drying

T. Gulati[1], A. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Drying of biomaterials such as foodstuffs involves mass, momentum and energy transport along with large shrinkage of the porous material, which have significant effects on their final quality. Foodstuffs exhibit non-linearity when undergoing large deformations that affect the transport process in a critical way. Thus, it becomes important to perform a two-way coupling of the multiphase transport ...

Modelling of the Dynamical Fluorescent Micro-Thermal Imaging Experiment on the Heat Diffusion in the La5Ca9Cu24O41 Spin Ladder Compound - new

E. Khadikova[1], F. de Haan[1], P. H. M. van Loosdrecht[2]
[1]Zernike Institute for Advanced Materials, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
[2]Department of Physics, University of Cologne, Köln, Germany

The dynamical fluorescent micro-thermal imaging (FMI) experiment has been used to investigate the phonon-magnon interaction in the 1D Heisenberg antiferromagnet La5Ca9Cu24O41. This material shows highly anisotropic heat conductivity due to the efficient magnetic heat transport along the spin ladders in the compound carried by magnetic excitations (magnons). To extract information on the phonon ...

A Simplified Approach to the Contact in Thermo-mechanical Analysis of Refractory Linings

Y. Kaymak
VDEh Betriebsforschungsinstitut GmbH
Düsseldorf, Germany

The geometrical design and material choice for a refractory lining requires a good understanding of its thermo-mechanical behavior. Design engineers clearly need a tool for fast and efficient computation of thermo-mechanical state of refractory linings under various conditions. However, standard simulation models and their solutions suffer as the linings are composed of many refractory blocks in ...

Screening Effects in Probing the Electric Double Layer by Scanning Electrochemical Potential Microscopy

R.F. Hamou[1], P.U. Biedermann[1], A. Erbe[1], and M. Rohwerder[1]
[1]Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany

A computational method is developed to study probing the electric double layer by Scanning Electrochemical Potential Microscopy. The model is based on a modified Poisson- Boltzmann equation, which takes into account steric effects. We investigated the effect of metallic apex protrusion and the Open Circuit Potential (OCP) of the tip on the probed potential. A clear electrostatic screening effect ...

Modeling a Cooling Skylight

M. Fält, and R. Zevenhoven
Thermal and Flow Engineering Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering
Åbo Akademi University
Turku
Finland

Air-conditioning produced by traditional vapor compression cycle is an energy demanding operation. By using passive cooling methods is it possible to avoid, or at least reduce, the need for vapor compression cooling. A passive radiative cooling method could be a three windowed skylight, filled with a greenhouse gas. Earlier modeling of such a skylight has shown promising results, and work has ...

Analysis of Hydrodynamic Plain Journal Bearing

Ravindra Mane[1], Sandeep soni[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat, Gujarat, India

This paper presents the 3D model of hydrodynamic plain journal bearing using COMSOL Multiphysics®. Using 3D Model, pressure distribution in plain journal bearing is obtained by steady state analysis of plain journal bearing. Generalized Reynolds equation is used for analyzing hydrodynamic journal bearing by COMSOL Multiphysics® as well as by analytical method by applying Sommerfeld boundary ...

Low Pt Cathodes for High Performance PEMFCs: Modeling and Experiments

F. Daouda[1], J. Hamelin[1], P. Benard[1], S. Kumar Natarajan [1]
[1]Insitut de recherche sur l'hydrogène, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada

We present a novel multi-layered electrode fabrication technique for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). This method consists of alternate layers of Pt deposition (0.05 mg/cm²) by sputtering on the painted multi-walled carbon-Nafion layer (CNL) with larger concentration of catalyst particles closer to the membrane. Parametric models were developed and validated by experimental ...