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Classical Models of the Interface Between an Electrode and an Electrolyte

E. Gongadze[1], S. Petersen[1], U. Beck[2], and U. van Rienen[1]
[1]Institute of General Electrical Engineering, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
[2]Institute of Electronic Appliances and Circuits, University of Rostock,
Rostock, Germany

The Electrical Double Layer (EDL) plays a major role in understanding the interface between a charged surface (e.g. an implant) and ionic liquids (e.g. body fluids). The three classical models of the EDL (Helmholtz, Gouy, and Chapman-Stern) are numerically solved for a flat surface electrode in the 3D Electrostatics application mode of COMSOL Multiphysics® 3.5a. The values of the electric ...

Analysis of Burning Candle

J.S. Crompton, L.T. Gritter, S.Y. Yushanov, and K.C. Koppenhoefer
AltaSim Technologies LLC, Columbus, OH, USA

Analysis of burning candles is extremely complex; combustion produces a highly non-linear temperature profile through the flame in which local temperatures may exceed 1400 °C. Heat transfer includes radiation, conduction and convection components and the low melting point of the candle wax leads to a phase change that allows mass transport via capillary flow prior to combustion in the flame. ...

Development of a 10 kW Microwave Applicator for Thermal Cracking of Lignite Briquettes

B. Lepers [1], G. Link [1], J. Jelonnek [1]
[1] Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Pulsed Power and Microwave Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany

Introduction: The use of microwave energy for thermal cracking (from thermal stress and water pore pressure) of lignite-coal briquettes increases the lignite friability [1] and is beneficial for later chemical treatment inside a gasifier (for methanol production for example). An adequate use of microwave energy can improve the overall efficiency of the gasification process based on lignite ...

CVD Graphene Growth Mechanism on Nickel Thin Films - new

K. Al-Shurman[1], H. Naseem[2]
[1]The Institute for Nanoscience & Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA
[2]Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA

Chemical vapor deposition is considered a promising method for synthesis of graphene films on different types of substrate utilizing transition metals such as Ni. However, synthesizing a single-layer graphene and controlling the quality of the graphene CVD film on Ni are very challenging due to the multiplicity of the CVD growth conditions. COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to investigate ...

Exploratory FEM-Based Multiphysics Oxygen Transport and Cell Viability Models for Isolated Pancreatic Islets

P. Buchwald
Diabetes Research Institute and the Department of Molecular and Cellular Pharmacology, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA

Cellular-level oxygen consumption and cell viability models incorporating physiologically realistic assumptions and fully scaled 2D/3D geometries have been implemented in COMSOL Multiphysics for isolated pancreatic islets. Oxygen consumption was assumed to follow Michaelis-Menten–type kinetics and to cease when local concentrations fell below a critical threshold. Results are in good agreement ...

Analysis of Hydrodynamic Plain Journal Bearing

Ravindra Mane[1], Sandeep soni[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat, Gujarat, India

This paper presents the 3D model of hydrodynamic plain journal bearing using COMSOL Multiphysics®. Using 3D Model, pressure distribution in plain journal bearing is obtained by steady state analysis of plain journal bearing. Generalized Reynolds equation is used for analyzing hydrodynamic journal bearing by COMSOL Multiphysics® as well as by analytical method by applying Sommerfeld boundary ...

Modelling and Simulation of a Single Particle in Laminar Flow Regime of a Newtonian Liquid

D. Jamnani[1]

[1] Alpha Project Service, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

The interaction of a single particle in straight rectangular channel in laminar flow is modelled explicitly using the set of Navier Stokes equation for the fluid motion and Newton momentum equation for the particle motion in Cartesian coordinate system. The evaluation of integral force acting on the particle along with the behaviour of streamlines as a function of Reynolds number ReP < 120 is ...

Tunable MEMS Capacitor for RF Applications

H. S. Shriram[1], T. Nimje[1], D. Vakharia[1]
[1]BITS Pilani, Rajasthan, India

Radio Frequency MEMS devices have emerged to overcome the problem of high losses associated with semiconductors at high frequencies. A tunable MEMS capacitor is a micrometre-scale electronic device whose capacitance is controlled through different actuation mechanisms which govern the moving parts. It can have electrostatic or electrothermal actuators depending on the functional complexity and ...

Models for Simulation Based Selection of 3D Multilayered Graphene Biosensors

E. Lacatus [1], G. C. Alecu [1], A. Tudor [1],
[1] Politehnica University of Bucharest, București, Romania

At the forefront of a new generation of sensors graphene and graphene composite materials are intensively studied for medical and biosensing applications. The outstanding electrical, mechanical and quantum properties of graphene make them a promising material solution to overlap the existing gap between biological and non-biological systems into a continuum like-viscoelastic integrated model. ...

Optimizing the Performance of MEMS Electrostatic Comb-Drive Actuator with different Flexure Springs

S. Gupta[1], T. Pahwa[1], R. Bansal[1], V. Bansal[1], B. Prasad[1], D. Kumar[1]
[1]Electronic Science Department Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana

A new design of electrostatic comb drive actuator is presented in this paper by using different spring designs and with different folded beam lengths. An increased displacement of lateral comb drive actuator will subsequently be accomplished with the same actuation voltage. Stress distribution over different spring designs are simulated by COMSOL 3.5a using a standard comb drive with 4 movable ...