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Classical Models of the Interface Between an Electrode and an Electrolyte

E. Gongadze[1], S. Petersen[1], U. Beck[2], and U. van Rienen[1]
[1]Institute of General Electrical Engineering, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
[2]Institute of Electronic Appliances and Circuits, University of Rostock,
Rostock, Germany

The Electrical Double Layer (EDL) plays a major role in understanding the interface between a charged surface (e.g. an implant) and ionic liquids (e.g. body fluids). The three classical models of the EDL (Helmholtz, Gouy, and Chapman-Stern) are numerically solved for a flat surface electrode in the 3D Electrostatics application mode of COMSOL Multiphysics® 3.5a. The values of the electric ...

Simulator for Automotive Evaporative Emissions Restraint Systems

S. Schlüter [1], E. Schieferstein [1], T. Hennig [1], K. Meller [1],
[1] Fraunhofer UMSICHT, Oberhausen, Germany

Fuel vapor restraint systems are used in vehicles to avoid discharge of volatile hydrocarbons from fuel tanks. The topic of this paper is the proper operation of fuel vapor restraint systems depending on the composition of bioethanol-fuel-blends. Experimental data serve as input to a model built with COMSOL Multiphysics® to simulate the performance of fuel vapor restraint systems depending on ...

Exploratory FEM-Based Multiphysics Oxygen Transport and Cell Viability Models for Isolated Pancreatic Islets

P. Buchwald
Diabetes Research Institute and the Department of Molecular and Cellular Pharmacology, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA

Cellular-level oxygen consumption and cell viability models incorporating physiologically realistic assumptions and fully scaled 2D/3D geometries have been implemented in COMSOL Multiphysics for isolated pancreatic islets. Oxygen consumption was assumed to follow Michaelis-Menten–type kinetics and to cease when local concentrations fell below a critical threshold. Results are in good agreement ...

CVD Graphene Growth Mechanism on Nickel Thin Films - new

K. Al-Shurman[1], H. Naseem[2]
[1]The Institute for Nanoscience & Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA
[2]Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA

Chemical vapor deposition is considered a promising method for synthesis of graphene films on different types of substrate utilizing transition metals such as Ni. However, synthesizing a single-layer graphene and controlling the quality of the graphene CVD film on Ni are very challenging due to the multiplicity of the CVD growth conditions. COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to investigate ...

Electrical Conductivity Modeling and Validation in Unidirectional Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites

P. Banerjee[1], J. L. Schmidt[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA

Carbon fiber (CF) reinforced polymer composites (CFRP) have begun to replace Al-Zn-Mg alloys in applications which require high strength-to-weight ratios. The anisotropy of CFRP composites is a result of melt crystallized extrusion techniques that impart an inherent directionality to the CFs and the associated material’s properties. Electrical conductivity was modeled across the entire CF ...

Lamb Waves and Dispersion Curves in Plates and It’s Applications in NDE Experiences Using Comsol Multiphysics

P. Gómez, J. P. Fernandez, and P. D. García
Hydro-Geophysics & NDE Modeling Unit
University of Oviedo
Mieres, Spain

In this paper, a model for numerically obtaining lamb wave modes and dispersion curves in plates is presented. It is shown that COMSOL Multiphysics can be employed to simulate the behavior of guided waves in dispersive plates, which is useful for NDE applications. A two dimensional steel plate (4x0.1 meters) is excited with a space-time impact point source. To model the point source, we use ...

Analysis of Heat, Mass Transport, and Momentum Transport Effects in Complex Catalyst Shapes for Gas-Phase Heterogeneous Reactions Using COMSOL Multiphysics

A. Nagaraj[1], and P. Mills[2]

[1]Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA
[2]Department of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA

The global demand for sulfuric acid has been forecast to grow at an average of 2.6% per year from 2005 – 2010. The primary objective of this work is to analyze the performance of various heterogeneous catalyst shapes that have been proposed for the oxidation of SO2 to SO3 used in the manufacture of sulfuric acid. COMSOL Multiphysics provides a powerful numerical platform for simulation of ...

Models of Simple Iron Cored Electromagnets - new

J. Mammadov[1]
[1]University of Manchester, Manchester, UK

This report mainly discusses the implementation and results of a project proposal, “Modelling using Finite Element Methods”. The report is devoted to implementation, which is a model of an electromagnet. The software tool that is used to model the electromagnet is COMSOL Multiphysics®, a commercial FEA package provided by the University of Manchester, Computer Science School. Additionally, the ...

Simulation of Current Density for Electroplating on Silicon Using a Hull Cell

F. Lima[1], U. Mescheder[1], H. Reinecke[3]
[1]Hochschule Furtwangen University, Furtwangen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
[3]Institut für Mikrosystemtechnik, Freiburg im Breisgau, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany

Electrodeposition has a major advantage over other methods of thin film deposition. It allows deposition at atmospheric pressure and room temperature, requiring inexpensive equipment. However, there are several parameters which can influence an electroplated metal layer quality. The current density distribution is taken into consideration. The Hull cell is an electrodeposition tank with a ...

3D Electromagnetic Field Simulation in Microwave Ovens: A Tool to Control Thermal Runaway

T. Santos[1], L.C. Costa[1,2], M. Valente[1,2], J. Monteiro[1,2], and J. Sousa[3]
[1]University of Aveiro, Portugal
[2]I3N, Aveiro, Portugal
[3]TEKA Portugal S.A., Ílhavo, Portugal

In microwave heating applications, the energy is introduced directly into the volume of the material and as consequence the quality of the process is highly dependent on the uniformity of the electromagnetic field distribution along it. That is, the non uniformity of the heating is a potential problem with serious consequences. Thermal runaway is the most critical, in materials with temperature ...