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Diverse Models for Graphite Brick Deformation and Stress State in UK AGR Nuclear Reactors

J. Burrow [1], A. Bond [1],
[1] Quintessa Ltd, United Kingdom

The UK Advanced Gas-cooled Reactor fleet, operated by EDF Energy, utilize a graphite core consisting of a lattice of around 3000 annular bricks. Due to irradiation, oxidation and thermal effects, the bricks deform and loose mass as they age. Of key concern is the late-life behavior of the bricks, in particular the predicted time at which brick shrinkage reverses into expansion, generating large ...

Simulation of an AlN Thin Film Resonator for High Sensitivity Mass Sensors

M. Maitra [1], H. B. Nemade [1], S. Kundu [1],
[1] Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, Assam, India

The objective of this paper is to show the simulation of a piezoelectric thin film device and its application as a sensor. Piezoelectric aluminum nitride thin film clamped at two ends is simulated using COMSOL Multiphysics software. The device consists of the piezoelectric thin film suspended on a cavity etched on a silicon substrate. Two metal electrodes are placed at the two fixed sides of the ...

MEMS Cleanroom Particle Contamination Flow Visualization through Fluid-Structure Interaction Simulation

S. P. Regalla [1], S. R. Vutla [1], A. Shushanth [1], P. K. Pattnaik [1], K. Ramaswamy [1], M. B. Srinivas [1]
[1] Birla Institute of Technology and Science Pilani, Hyderabad Campus, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

This paper reports the simulation of micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) cleanroom for the purpose of determining the effect of particulate contaminants on the static stress response of cantilever type MEMS devices, such as high precision MEMS pressure sensor. The contaminant presence has been qualitatively verified through computational fluid dynamic simulation of the clean room in COMSOL ...

Influence of Notches in Corners of Casement Windows on Stress Experienced in the Aluminum Profiles under Thermal Load

J. Arfaoui [1], L. Fromme [1]
[1] University of Applied Sciences Bielefeld, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Bielefeld, Germany

Modern aluminum casement windows consist of an inner and outer profile made of aluminum, which are separated by an insulating bar made of polyamide (see Figure 1). Due to the low heat conductivity of the plastic material the thermal interaction between the living space and the surrounding is reduced significantly, but thermal expansion of the different materials could cause elastic or even ...

Modeling of a Direct Methanol Fuel Cell

J. Drillet [1],
[1] DECHEMA-Forschungsinstitut, Frankfurt, Germany

This work aims at the modelling of a 5 cm^2 Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC) with mixed serial/parallel serpentine flow fields in terms of current/voltage behavior. One of the main challenge to overcome consists on lowering the so-called methanol cross over from the anode through the polymer membrane to the cathode that is responsible for mixed-potential formation at the cathode where both ...

Analysis of an Inductive Proximity Sensor

A. Frey [1], I. Kuehne [2], R. Großmann [1], T. Frommelt [1], L. Fromme [3], T. Koch [4],
[1] Augsburg University of Applied Sciences, Augsburg, Bavaria, Germany
[2] Heilbronn University, Heilbronn, Germany
[3] Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences, Bielefeld, Germany
[4] COMSOL Multiphysics GmbH, Göttingen, Germany

Today, 90 percent of automation sensors are binary proximity detectors. Besides capacitive and optical types, inductive proximity sensors are essential for industrial applications. Compared to their mechanical counterparts, they offer almost ideal properties as contact-free and wear-free working principle as well as high switching frequency and precision. Inductive sensors cover a detection ...

Uniform Reaction Rates and Optimal Porosity Design for Hydrogen Fuel Cells

J. H. Al-Smail [1]
[1] King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

We develop a porosity-optimization problem to improve the electrochemical reactions taking place in hydrogen fuel cells. We introduce a mathematical model, which involves a system of conservation laws defined in a porous space domain. Our goal is to find the domain's optimal porosity function that can make the oxygen-hydrogen reaction as uniform as possible. The optimal porosity design ...

Kinetics of Proteins in the Blood-Brain Barrier

K. Gandhi [1],
[1] University of California, Riverside, CA, USA

The delivery of chemotherapy for cancer into the central nervous system, in particular the brain, remains a challenge. This results in brain metastases commonly being a cause of death from cancer. Here, we look at the environment of the blood-brain barrier. Then, we explore two proteins (breast cancer resistance protein and p-glycoprotein) that may inhibit the transport of medications (erlotinib ...

Thermal Simulations of Naturally Ventilated Buildings

C. K. Kuruba [1], R. C. Thiagarajan [1],
[1] ATOA Scientific Technologies Pvt Ltd, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Ventilation is mainly used to control indoor air quality and for the purpose of thermal comfort by diluting and displacing pollutants. Because of the effects it has on health, comfort, and serviceability, indoor air quality in our homes is becoming of increasing concern to many people. Many countries even push citizens to opt for energy conservation , energy savings buildings based on natural ...

Design and Simulation of Electroactive Polymer-Based Artificial Muscles for Biomedical Application

A. S. Tripathi [1], B. P. Chatterjee [2], S. Das [3],
[1] Advanced Technology Development Centre, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, India
[2] Dept. of Cardiology, Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, India
[3] School of Medical Science and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, India

Electro-active polymer (EAP) based actuators are one of the suitable contenders for use in artificial muscles based bio-medical application because of their bio compatibility and lower active actuation voltage requirement phenomenon. At present Ionic polymer metal composites (IPMC), a type of EAP based actuator are being developed for various applications. IPMC actuator generally consist ...