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Numerical Modelling Of Moisture Related Mechanical Stress In Wooden Cylindrical Objects Using COMSOL: A Comparative Benchmark

H. Schellen, and J. Van Schijndel
Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

For preservation of artefacts in a museum the indoor climate is often restricted to a very narrow interval for temperature, but most of all for relative humidity. In old buildings the museum conditions of artefacts, e.g. near cold walls, mostly are not in line with museum recommendations.To have an impression of indoor museum climates in old buildings, a large number of case studies were carried ...

An MHD Modeling of High-Temperature SiC Solution Growth

F. Mercier[1], D. Chaussende[1], J.M. Dedulle[1,2] and J. Lefebure[1]
[1]Laboratoire des Matériaux et du Génie Physique (LMGP), Grenoble INP - CNRS, France
[2]IRIS Technologies, Grenoble, France

Despite its real advantages compare to seeded sublimation growth, SiC solution growth has never given convincing results. The difficulty of stabilizing the growth front, and thus avoiding any polycrystal formation results from a poor description and understanding of the coupled phenomena that occur in the crucible. This paper addresses the coupled electromagnetism, heat transfer and fluid ...

Convergence Rates For Models With Coupled 1D / 2D Subdomains

A. Bradji[1], E. Holzbecher[2], and M.S. Litz[2]
[1]Department of Mathematics, University of Annaba, Algeria
[2]Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Germany

It is well known that the convergence rate of a numerical model is significantly reduced, when the genuine character of the setting with differential equation and boundary condition is not given anymore. Here we examine the decrease of convergence order for models using COMSOL in which the problem set-up includes a coupling between a 1D and a 2D subdomain. In terms of physics we are dealing with ...

Thermal Analysis of Joule Heated Ceramic Melter

P. Goyal, V. Verma, R.K. Singh, and K.K. Vaze
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

High level radioactive waste (HLW) generated by nuclear fuel cycle is immobilized using glass melters. In Glass melters such as Joule Heated Ceramic Melter (JHCM) electrodes immersed in the glass generates heat by the joule heating due to electric current passing between electrodes through glass. For melter performance it is required to evlaute temperature distribution in the melter. Thermal ...

Smoothing the Path to Simulation-Led Device Design

B. Pryor, and R. Pryor
Pryor Knowledge Systems
Bloomfield Hills, MI

Using modeling software such as COMSOL Multiphysics during the design phase, an approach called “simulation-led design”, allows ideas to be both inspired and validated by the use of simulations. Then, using simulations after the product is designed can shorten the prototype-testing portion of the development process and reduce its cost. This paper provides specifics on the nature of the ...

Hybrid FEM-BEM Approach for Two- and Three-Dimensional Open Boundary Magnetostatic Problems

A. Weddemann[1], D. Kappe[2], and A. Hütten[2]
[1]Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge MA, USA
[2]Department of Physics, Thin Films and Physics of Nanostructures, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany

In principal, the calculation of the magnetic state inside a magnetic object requires the evaluation of the field in the entire unbounded space. With finite element methods restricted to finite domains, commonly auxiliary domains are employed which result in a non-physical cut-off. Not only that these additional domains result in an increased number of degrees of freedom which are strictly ...

Designing a Smart Skin with Fractal Geometry

S. Ni, C. Yang Koh, S. Kooi, and E. Thomas
Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies
Dept. of Materials Science and Eng.
Cambridge, MA

Recently, the concepts of fractal geometry have been introduced into electromagnetic and plasmonic metamaterials. With their self-similarity, structures based on fractal geometry should exhibit multi-band character with high Q factors due to the scaling law. However, there exist few studies of phononic metamaterials having fractal geometry. COMSOL is used to investigate vector elastic and ...

Surface Aeration System Modeling using COMSOL

G. Selembo, P. Selembo, J. Stanton, and G. Paulsen
University of North Carolina
Charlotte, NC

Surface aeration systems are used in the wastewater treatment industry for the transfer of oxygen in the activated sludge process. These systems are capital intensive and also require a significant amount of energy to operate. Scale-up and design of these systems is largely empirical, and due to the size of these systems, modifications for experimental testing can be economically prohibitive. ...

Multifunctional Fluid Power Components using Engineered Lattice Structures

S. Newbauer, D. Cook, and D. Pettis
Milwaukee School of Engineering
Milwaukee, WI

Designing a component with multiple functions, e.g. load bearing and noise attenuation, can increase the effectiveness of each component and reduce the complexity of the overall system, thereby improving system efficiency as well. Current multifunctional components include metal foam. It is posited that the cellular pores of the metal foam can be engineered and optimized for desired ...

Xylophone Bar Magnetometry and Inertial-grade MEMS Optimisation: a Multiphysics Approach

H. T. D. Grigg, and B. J. Gallacher
Microsystems Group
Newcastle University
Newcastle upon Tyne
Tyne and Wear, UK

This paper presents ongoing research aimed at development of a MEMS magnetometer capable of nanoTesla sensitivity. Such a device would pave the way for inertial-grade MEMS IMUs. A resonant sensor is proposed, based on a Xylophone Bar sense element, and is analysed both directly and via COMSOL. Mode shapes and frequencies are found as functions of geometric parameters, and the results used ...