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Direction of Arrival (DoA) Performance of Several Acoustic Vector-Sensor Configurations in the Reverberant Environment

M. Wajid [1], A. Kumar [1], R. Bahl [1],
[1] Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Delhi, India.

Several acoustic vector-sensor (AVS) configurations have been tested for direction of arrival (DoA) estimation in a diffused reverberant environment using pressure gradient method. The discrete pressure sensors have been arranged with different geometrical placement and pressure gradients have been estimated for finding DoA of an acoustic source. The received signals at the pressure sensor for ...

Thermal and Electrostatic Analyses of One Dimensional CFC Diagnostic Calorimeter for SPIDER Beam Characterisation

M. De Muri[1][2], M. Dalla Palma[1], P. Veltri[1], A. Rizzolo[1], N. Pomaro[1], and G. Serianni[1]
[1]Consorzio RFX, Euratom-ENEA Association, Padova, Italy
[2]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica, Padova University, Padova, Italy

The main purpose of SPIDER (Source for the Production of Ions of Deuterium Extracted from RF plasma) test facility is the investigation and optimization of a negative ion beam produced by the full size ion source for ITER NBIs (Neutral Beam Injectors). Thermal, transient, non-linear FE (Finite Element) analyses and also electrostatic analysis have been performed as a feasibility study, to ...

Study of an Electroacoustic Absorber

A-S. Moreau[1], H. Lissek[1], and R. Boulandet[1]
[1]EPFL-STI-IEL-LEMA, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland

In this paper, the underlying concept of electroacoustic absorbers is studied with the help of Comsol Multiphysics® Acoustics Module. Among the different ways to obtain variable acoustic properties on an electroacoustic transducer's voicing face, there is the shunting of the transducer's electrical input. With such shunt devices, the acoustic impedance that the transducer's membrane presents ...

Study of Artificial Molecular Engines Action Through COMSOL Multiphysics® Program

L. Moro[1], F. Lugli[1], and F. Zerbetto[1]

[1]Department of Chemistry “G. Ciamician”, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy

Rotaxanes are a class of molecules recently developed in laboratory that have been heralded as possible molecular motors. The motor is constituted by a linear molecule (thread) and a ring-shaped molecule (macrocycle), which is free to move along the thread, switching between two, or more, energetically stable interaction points (stations). Molecular motors start their functioning far from ...

Biosimulation of Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

K. Shahim[1], J-M. Drezet[1], J-F. Molinari[2], S. Momjian[3], and R. Sinkus[4]

[1]LSMX, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
[2]LSMS, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
[3]University Hospitals of Geneva and University of Geneva, Switzerland
[4]Waves and Acoustics Laboratory, ESPCI, Paris, France

A numerical finite element model of one human brain is built in COMSOL in order to study a particular form of hydrocephalus, the so called Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH). The geometry of the ventricles and the skull is obtained by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and imported in COMSOL Multiphysics. Form the mechanical point of view, the brain parenchyma is modeled as a porous medium fully ...

Modeling Soil Water Dynamics with Time-Variable Soil Hydraulic Properties

A. Schwen[1], G. Bodner[2], A. Schnepf[3], D. Leitner[3], G. Kammerer[1], and W. Loiskandl[1]

[1]Institute of Hydraulics and Rural Water Management, Univ. Natural Resour. Appl. Life Sci., BOKU, Wien, Austria
[2]Institute of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Univ. Natural Resour. Appl. Life Sci., BOKU, Wien, Austria
[3]Institute of Soil Science, Univ. Natural Resour. Appl. Life Sci., BOKU, Wien, Austria

Modeling soil water dynamics requires an accurate description of soil hydraulic properties, i.e. the retention and hydraulic conductivity functions. Generally, these functions are assumed to be unchanged over time in most simulation studies. In this paper, we implemented temporal changes in the soil hydraulic properties in a Richards’ equation simulation of soil water dynamics. Based on ...

Current Density Simulations in the Electrodeposition from Ionic Liquids: Effects of the Conductivity

I. Perissi[1], C. Borri[1], S. Caporali[1], and A. Lavacchi[1]
[1]Department of Chemistry, University of Firenze, Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy

The overall goal of this work is the use of COMSOL Multiphysics® in the modeling of the current density distributions for the electrodeposition of aluminum coatings from ionic liquids. The local current distribution is strongly dependant on the conductivity and on the geometry of the galvanic cell and can only be computed by the numerical solution of the partial differential equations ...

Analog to Digital Microfluidic Converter

R. Dufour [1], C. Wu[1], F. Bendriaa[1], V. Thomy[1], and V. Senez[1]
[1]BioMEMS Group, IEMN, University of Lille Nord de France, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France

This paper presents an Analog to Digital Microfluidic Converter (ADMC) using passive valves and enabling the conversion of a continuous liquid flow into droplets for Electro-Wetting On Dielectric (EWOD) actuation. Valves calibration, geometry characteristics and losses reduction have been optimized using microfluidic application mode of COMSOL Multiphysics®.

Design of an Electrodynamically Actuated Microvalve Using COMSOL Multiphysics® and MATLAB®

M. Williams, J. Zito, J. Agashe, A. Sopeju, and D. Arnold
University of Florida, Gainesville, USA

This paper describes the design of a normally closed, electrodynamic microvalve.  Magnetic forces between a permanent magnet in the valve cover and a soft magnet in the valve seat hold the valve closed.  The combination of electrodynamic actuation and a mechanical restoring spring are used to open the valve.  A device model and a design optimization strategy using COMSOL ...

The use of COMSOL for Building Constructions Engineering Regarding Heat and Moisture Transport

H. Schellen, A. van Schijndel, and P. Briggen
Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands

Hunting Lodge St. Hubertus is one of the most prominent Dutch buildings from the early twentieth century. An extensive study of wind and wind-driven rain (WDR) was conducted to provide insight into the moisture load of the building facade, using measurements and CFD simulations. COMSOL Multiphysics was also used for modeling the moisture transport through the walls of the tower. The model ...