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Benchmark Calculations with COMSOL of the Transport of Radionuclides Through Clay and Bentonite Barriers in a Geological Repository

M.L. Sentís[1], F. Altorfer[1], M. Herfort[1], A. Jakob[2], G. Kosakowski[2], and S. Friedel[3]

[1]Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate, Villigen, Switzerland
[2]Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland
[3]COMSOL Multiphysics GmbH, Zürich, Switzerland

A benchmark study was carried out by the Swiss Nuclear Safety Inspectorate (ENSI) in collaboration with the Laboratory for Waste Management (LES) of the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) in order to evaluate the capabilities of the program COMSOL for the calculation of the transport of radionuclides through clay and bentonite barriers in a geological repository for radioactive waste. In this study ...

Development and Characterization of High Frequency Bulk Mode Resonators

H. Pakdast, Z. Davis
DTU Nanotech, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

This article describes the development of a bulk mode resonator which can be employed for detection of bio/chemical species in liquids.  The goal is to understand the mechanical and electrical properties of a bulk mode resonator device which exhibit high frequency resonance modes and Q-factor. A high resonance frequency is desirable because a small change in the resonator’s mass, for ...

Surface Plasmon Polaritons Photonic Device Design and All-optical Modulation

J. Chen
Peking University, Beijing, China

Surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs), which are confined along metal-dielectric interfaces, have attracted great interest in the area of ultracompact photonic circuits due to their strong field confinement and enhancement. COMSOL Multiphysics is an efficient and powerful software package to simulate the characteristics of SPPs. In recent years, we did some works on SPPs in experiments as well as ...

Determination of Electric Potential Distribution and Cell Resistance of a Uranium Electrorefining Cell

S.P. Ruhela, S. Agarwal, B. Muralidharan, B.K. Sharma, B.P. Reddy, G. Ravisankar, K. Nagarajan, C.A. Babu, and P. Kalyanasundaram
Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603 102, Tamil Nadu, India

Electrorefining is an electrolytic process for obtaining high purity metal. In this process the impure metal is made anode and the high purity metal is deposited on cathode. Electrorefining is a key step in pyrochemical reprocessing of spent fuel from metal fuel fast reactors. Development of an electrorefining cell, in which processing of 10 kg of simulated spent fuel will be demonstrated, is ...

Prism Coupling of Light in Optical Waveguides

J.T. Andrews, R.R. Kumar, and P.K. Sen
Department of Applied Physics, S G S Institute Technology & Science, Indore, Maharashtra, India

We report the results of simulation showing light coupling in waveguides through prism coupling method. Prism coupling method of light coupling in waveguides is a dominant method adopted by photonic device fabricators. It is necessary to understand the effect various parameters on light coupling in such processes. We used industry standard PDE solver COMSOL Multiphysics to study and analyze the ...

Solving Two-scale Transport Laws During Frying of Foods Using COMSOL Multiphysics

J. Maneerote, and P.S. Takhar
International Center for Food Industry Excellence Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA

Microscale comprised of the scale of food biopolymers at which biochemical reactions and textural changes take place, and the macroscale was the scale of interaction of polymers with surrounding water, vapor and oil phases. Numerous novel equations such as generalized Darcy’s law based fluid transport equations for various phases; near-equilibrium equation governing phase change from liquid ...

A Flexible Scheme For Numerical Homogenisation In Linear Elasticity

A. Gerisch[1], S. Tiburtius[1], Q. Grimal[2], and K. Raum[3]
[1]Technische Universität Darmstadt, Germany
[2]Université Pierre et Marie Curie Paris VI, France
[3]Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany

Musculoskeletal mineralised tissues (MMTs), like bone or tendon, are a prime example of naturally occuring, hierarchically structured material. They display a great variety in mechanical function but are all based on essentially the same building block: the mineralised collagen fibril (100 nanometer in diameter). This building block is arranged in various spatial structures across many length ...

Dynamic Simulation of Bone Morphogenetic Protein Patterning in a 3D Finite-Element Model of the Danio Rerio Embryo

D. Umulis, and S. Lee
Purdue University
West Lafayette, IN

Zebrafish development of the dorsoventral axis relies on the spatiotemporal distribution of Bone Morphogenetic Protein (BMP) signaling, which is regulated by numerous secreted molecules such as Tolloid, Sizzled, and Chordin. The rich dorsal/ventral patterning network must achieve both spatial precision in the patterning of downstream targets and confernspatial precision at distinct time points ...

Development of the Service Frame for SBS Tracker GEM and TENDIGEM Development

F. Noto[1], E. Cisbani[2], F. Librizzi[1], F. Mammoliti[3], C.M. Sutera[1]
[1]Istituto Nazionale Fisica Nucleare - Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy; Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy
[2]Istituto Nazionale Fisica Nucleare - Sezione di Roma, Roma, Italy; Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Roma, Italy
[3]Istituto Nazionale Fisica Nucleare - Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy; Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy

The Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM) technology has been proven to tolerate rate larger than 50 MHz/cm² without noticeable aging and to provide the sub-millimeter resolution on working chambers up to 45x45 cm² [1]. A new GEM tracker is under development for the upgrade of the SBS spectrometer in Hall A at Jefferson Lab. The chambers of the tracker have been designed in a modular way: each chamber ...

Proof of Concept and Properties of Micro Hydraulic Displacement Amplifier

R. Zhu[1], A. Malisauskaite[1], U. Mescheder [1], U. Wallrabe[2]
[1]Hochschule Furtwangen University, Furtwangen, Baden-Württemberg,Germany
[2]Institut für Mikrosystemtechnik (IMTEK), Freiburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Nowadays, mathematical models have been widely applied in varies fields; especially in fluid mechanics and nonlinear material which are very complex or even not possible to be calculated using analytical methods. In this paper, a hydraulic displacement amplifier coupled with fluid mechanics and hyperelastic material is studied through 2D axisymmetric FSI (Fluid-structure interaction) model in ...

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