C. Siegel, G. Bandlamudi, N. van der Schoot, and A. Heinzel
Zentrum für BrennstoffzellenTechnik GmbH, Duisburg, Germany
Institut für Energie- und Umweltverfahrenstechnik, University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
Accurate bipolar-plate and flow-field layout is one crucial task for optimizing fuel cells. These cell components perform several functions, including charge transport or gas and water transport throughout the cell just to name a few. Overall, the design depends on the fuel cell application or the geometrical size of the assembly. The requirements for a flow-field used in a high temperature ...
P. Krastev, and B. Tracey
Neurometrix, Inc., Waltham, Massachusetts, USA
Nerve localization is important for applications in regional anesthesia. Localization is achieved by stimulating the nerve with an electric field produced by a current from a needle inserted into the body of the patient, close to the target nerve. Modeling of the electric field in close proximity to the nerve may help to explain observed variations in threshold currents and can help to ...
Periodic Near-field Enhancement on Metal-Dielectric Interfacial Gratings at Optimized Azimuthal Orientation
M. Csete[1,2], X. Hu, A. Sipos, A. Szalai, A. Mathesz, and K. Berggren
Research Laboratory of Electronics, Nanostructures Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Massachusetts, USA
Department of Optics and Quantum Electronics, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
The effect of plasmon-wavelength scaled gratings on the surface plasmon resonance is studied experimentally and theoretically. The model samples are multi-layers containing laser fabricated gratings at bimetal-polymer interfaces. Dual-angle dependent surface plasmon resonance measurements are performed illuminating the samples by monochromatic light in Kretschmann arrangement. The double ...
T. Xu, C.K.A. Mewes, S. Gupta, and W.H. Butler
Department of Physics and Astronomy and Center for Materials for Information Technology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA
Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering and Center for Materials for Information Technology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA
The Giant Magneto Resistance (GMR) effect is a quantum mechanical effect which can be observed in systems consisting of thin alternating ferromagnetic and non-ferromagnetic layers. Simulation using COMSOL allows the evaluation of the magneto-resistance ratio and the electrical resistances of realistic CPP-GMR devices and opens the possibility to study new device materials and designs.
T. Merrill, A. La Barck, and J. Docimo
Rowan University, Glassboro, New Jersey, USA
FocalCool, LLC, Mullica Hill, New Jersey, USA
Reperfusion injury is caused by the rapid restoration of blood flow to oxygen-starved tissue. Animal studies show that intermittent periods of occlusion (also called post-conditioning) during reperfusion can limit tissue damage to vital organs such as the heart and brain. These studies suggest that the protective effects of post-conditioning relate to the dynamics of blood flow. COMSOL is being ...
I. Sgura, F. Zarcone, and B. Bozzini
Dipartimento di Matematica, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
Brindisi Fuel Cell Durability Laboratory, Facoltà di Ingegneria Industriale, Università del Salento, Brindisi, Italy
Corrosion and contact ohmic resistance of the stainless steel current collectors in molten carbonates is one of the greatest obstacles to widespread application of molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFC). We simulate the variation of material parameters values, accounting for the impact of corrosion of the metallic current collectors on the performance of the porous cathode. Furthermore, we couple a ...
A. Dutta, P. Goyal, R.K. Singh, and K.K. Vaze
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Cross-flow around a group of cylinders is a very common phenomenon in engineering, such as flow around heat exchanger tube arrays. The cross-flow-induced vibration might cause a reduction of equipment life and might even lead to the occurrence of severe accidents. Hence, it is necessary to understand the mechanism of flow-induced vibration and the associated fluid–structure interaction in order ...
J.M. Gozalvez-Zafrilla, M.C. Leon-Hidalgo, J. Lora-Garcia, A. Santafe-Moros, and J.C. Garcia-Diaz
Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Brine disposal from desalination plants placed in inland areas far from sea is an important problem. Evaporation ponds can be used for reducing the waste to solid state but they require huge amounts of land. Evaporation using arrays of wet surfaces can minimize the land requirements. One characteristic of the methods based on natural evaporation is the uncertainty associated to the influent ...
Aerodynamic Study For Air To Gas Leakage Reduction In A Typical Rotary Regenerative Air Preheater Of Coal-Fired Steam Generators
L. Ferravante, C. Zagano, and V. Marra
RSE S.p.A. - via Rubattino, Milano, Italy
COMSOL S.r.l. - Via Vittorio Emanuele II, Brescia, Italy
The present study relates to the reduction of the amount of air to gas leakage in a typical rotary regenerative air preheater of coal-fired steam generators, by means of computational thermo-fluid-dynamics. Due to the gaps, or clearances, required for rotation, there is a significant amount of leakage of the higher pressure air to the lower pressure gas stream. This paper presents a turbulent ...
A. Priarone, and S. Lazzari
DIPTEM-TEC, Università di Genova, Genova, Italia; Corresponding Author: firstname.lastname@example.org
DIENCA, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italia
The effect of the infinite length approximation on evaluating the temperature of the surface of Borehole Heat Exchangers is determined by means of COMSOL Multiphysics. In detail, two 2D models of a BHE are compared: in the first model, the domain is represented by a cross-section of the geometry, while in the second model, it is represented by an axial-section of the geometry and, thus, the BHE ...