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The Influence of Channel Aspect Ratio on Performance of Optimized Thermal-Fluid Structures

E.M. Dede
Toyota Research Institute of North America, Ann Arbor, MI, USA

Multiphysics optimization of thermal-fluid systems is an emerging area of interest with application to the development of high performance cooling technologies for electronic systems. This paper builds on previous work focused on the development of a computational platform for numerical optimization. Specifically, a sample optimized topology is briefly described, and the final result is ...

Numerical Inversion of Surface Deformation at Long Valley Caldera (California) By Using 3D Mechanical Models

S. Pepe, P. Tizzani, and A. Manconi
IREA-CNR, Napoli, Italy

We use 3D numerical models to analyze the ground deformation observed at Long Valley Caldera (LVC) between 1992 and 2000 via space-based geodetic techniques. More specifically, we implement a complex model that includes the topography and the material heterogeneities information of LVC. The 3D heterogeneous models are implemented of COMSOL models in a Genetic Algorithm optimization to constrain ...

Simulation of Flaw Signals in a Magnetic Flux Leakage Inspection Procedure

O. Nemitz, and T. Schmitte
Salzgitter Mannesmann Forschung GmbH, Duisburg, Germany

In the inspection of steel products with respect to flaws a magnetic flux leakage (MFL) test procedure can be applied. In this procedure a “horseshoe” shaped yoke is used, whose legs are wrapped with coils through which an alternate current with a high frequency (3 kHz) is flowing. Hereby a thin magnetic field is induced near the surface of the test object which leaks from the material if a flaw ...

Convergence Rates For Models With Coupled 1D / 2D Subdomains

A. Bradji[1], E. Holzbecher[2], and M.S. Litz[2]
[1]Department of Mathematics, University of Annaba, Algeria
[2]Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Germany

It is well known that the convergence rate of a numerical model is significantly reduced, when the genuine character of the setting with differential equation and boundary condition is not given anymore. Here we examine the decrease of convergence order for models using COMSOL in which the problem set-up includes a coupling between a 1D and a 2D subdomain. In terms of physics we are dealing with ...

Surface Aeration System Modeling using COMSOL

G. Selembo, P. Selembo, J. Stanton, and G. Paulsen
University of North Carolina
Charlotte, NC

Surface aeration systems are used in the wastewater treatment industry for the transfer of oxygen in the activated sludge process. These systems are capital intensive and also require a significant amount of energy to operate. Scale-up and design of these systems is largely empirical, and due to the size of these systems, modifications for experimental testing can be economically prohibitive. ...

COMSOL Multiphysics Modelling for Measurement Device of Electrical Resistivity in Laboratory Test Cell

C. Rémi, M. Bergeron, and S. Moreau
Antony, France

Bioreactor landfill is based on a homogeneous distribution of the moisture content to increase waste biodegradation. Most of studies have shown that Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) can be a suitable method to study water content variation (2D and 3D). ERT is influenced by many physical parameters and no single relationship with volumetric water content was yet established for Municipal ...

Microfluidic Systems for Cell Growth and Cell Migration Studies

M.Dimaki[1], P. Shah[1], D. Kwasny[1], J. Lange Moresco[2], and W. E. Svendsen[1]
[1]Department of Micro- and Nanotechnology, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark
[2]Sunstone Capital, Copenhagen, Denmark

Lab-on-a-chip devices for cell culturing are becoming imperative in order to satisfy the needs for point-of-care or decentralized laboratory testing. Towards that goal we have developed miniaturized membrane based cell culture chambers for use within the field of chromosome analysis. The same principle was applied for the development of a miniaturized cell migration device. Flow and ...

Simulation of the Behaviour of a Knitted Structure Made of NiTi Wires to the Mechanical Loading

J. Kafka
Technical University of Liberec
Department of Engineering Mechanics
Liberec, Czech Republic

This article describes the response of the knitted fabric to the mechanical loading and how a simplified FE model can approach realistically the response of the structure to the mechanical loading. The knitted fabric is made of nitinol material, which belongs to the group of shape memory alloys. The simulations show the behaviour of this structure in unidirectional stretching and in bending ...

Improved Finite Element Modeling of Heat and Mass Transfers in Single Corn Kernels During Drying

A. J. Kovacs, and M. Nemenyi
University of West Hungary
Institute of Biosystems Engineering
GYMS, Hungary

Our Institute at the West Hungarian University is dealing with modelling of heat physical treatments in agricultural (biological) materials. The essential key in order to gain accurate results is to know the driving forces during heat and mass transfers. In case of mass transfer processes the application of moisture gradient as driving force gives false results. Therefore, we use water ...

Study of Gas Dynamics in the Heat-accumulation Stoves

P. Scotton, and D. Rossi
Dipartimento di geoscienze
Università di Padova
Padova, Italy

The paper aims to clarify some aspects of the gases hydro-dynamics within the twisted conduct of heat accumulation stoves (ceramic-refractory stoves) downstream the combustion chamber. Both Comsol laminar and k-e turbulent models have been used in case of straight and curved pipes with circular, square and rectangular cross-sections, at different Reynolds numbers, in case of smooth wall (Comsol ...