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A Reliable Approach to Estimate Surface-enhanced Raman Scattering Intensity of Metal Nanostructures

En-Ming You [1], Jun Yi [1], Song-Yuan Ding [1,2],
[1] State Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China
[2] Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Energy Materials, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China

Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is a fingerprint spectroscopy whose sensitivity is down to single molecule level. The mechanism of SERS is mainly contributed to huge enhancement of local electric field, which originated from surface plasmon resonance of metal nanostructures. It is very important to exactly calculate the local enhancement in the electric field strength for right ...

COMSOL Modeling of a Submarine Geothermal Chimney

M. Suárez [1], and F. Samaniego [2]
[1]Faculty of Sciences, Michoacán University (UMSNH), Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico
[2]Faculty of Engineering Postgrade Studies Division, National University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico City, Mexico

New geothermal energy sources hold promise for the future. Deep submarine geothermal energy related to hydrothermal vents is emerging in many places along the oceanic spreading centers. Shallow submarine geothermal systems are found near to continental platforms. We present the initial development of mathematical models to simulate the energy transport in submarine systems. A model for the ...

Zinc Corrosion in a Crevice

C. Taxén, and D. Persson
Swerea-Kimab, Stockholm, Sweden

Corrosion of metals in confined zones is a big industrial problem. The electrochemistry of such localized corrosion processes is complicated by the impact of the corrosion processes on the composition of the local solution. In the present problem, local interaction with the atmosphere causes uptake of O2 and CO2 and evaporation of water from the initially dilute NaCl-solution. This model ...

Track Visualisation of Charged Particles in a Dipole Magnetic Field

B. Polychronopulos
Smiths Detection (Watford) Ltd, Watford, UK

This paper presents results on the visualisation of tracks of charged particles in a non-uniform magnetic field. The field modelled is that generated by a coil driven by DC current. The motion of typical particles, such as electrons, ions and multiply-charged heavy particles has been simulated.  The motion is initially assumed to be in vacuum, so that collisions with neutral particles can ...

Durability Analysis on Solar Energy Converters Containing Polymeric Materials

J. Wirth, S. Jack, M. Köhl, and K.-A. Weiß
Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE, Freiburg, Germany

The key issues of the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems are research and development of solar technologies for the fast growing market of solar energy. This paper presents examples of the usage of COMSOL Multiphysics: The ingress of water is a serious reason for the degradation of photovoltaic modules which can hardly be measured using experimental approaches yet. Therefore, a ...

Extraction of Phenolic Compound from Grape Fruit. A Comparison Between a 3D FEM Model and Experimental Results

E. Madieta, I. Zouid, R. Siret, and F. Jourjon
Laboratoire GRAPPE, ESA, Angers, France

Fresh fruits and vegetables are gaining importance in the human diet because they contain many beneficial compounds. Among these compounds, phenols are of vital importance due to their antioxidant properties. It is well evident from previous researches that the skin of red grapes is considered a good source of phenols. The aim of this work is to simulate the extraction procedure of phenols in ...

Magneto-hydrodynamic Flow in Electrolyte Solutions

M. Qin[1], and H. Bau[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, USA

The paper presents and compares two models for simulating magneto-hydrodynamic flow of RedOx electrolyte in a conduit patterned with circular pillars. The first model solves the coupled Nernst-Planck and Navier-Stokes equations subjected to Butler-Volmer electrode kinetics and provides detailed information on ions’ concentrations. The second model treats the electrolyte as a conductor, and ...

The Fabrication of a New Actuator Based on the Flexoelectric Effect

S. Baskaran[1], S. Thiruvannamalai[1], N. Ramachandran[1], F.M. Sebastian[1], and J.Y. Fu[1]
[1]State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, USA

This paper presents a novel methodology towards the design, analysis, and the fabrication process involved in developing a cost effective method to create a piezoelectric actuator by means of the flexoelectric effect. The basic physical equations of the flexoelectric effect and the qualitative analysis of the flexoelectric actuator are done using COMSOL Multiphysics. This effect is used to align ...

Hydro-Mechanical Response of Sedimentary Rocks of Southern Ontario to Past Glaciations

O. Nasir[1], M.Fall[1], T.S. Nguyen[1,2], and E. Evgin[1]
[1]Department of Civil Engineering, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
[2]Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

The last glacial cycle in the Northern Hemisphere started approximately 120,000 year ago. During that cycle, Southern Ontario was buried under a continental ice cap, with a maximum thickness of up to 3km. The ice cap retreated approximately 10,000 years ago. The COMSOL Multiphysics code is used to model the physical processes of the impact of past glaciations on the evolution of hydraulic system ...

Computation of the Longitudinal Dispersion Coefficient in an Adsorbing Porous Medium Using Homogenization

A. Rijnks[1], M. Darwish[2], and H. Bruining[3]
[1]StatoilHydro ASA, Bergen, Norway
[2]Shell Exploration & Production International Centre, Rijswijk,
The Netherlands
[3]Section of Geoengineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, TU Delft, Delft, The Netherlands

The method to derive upscaled expressions for the dispersion coefficients for reactive flow in a porous medium uses a periodic unit cell (PUC), which consists for instance of a spherical grain in a cube, but nothing prohibits defining more complex PUC's. Homogenization leads to a coupled system of equations where the flow is described by Stokes equation and the concentration fluctuation is ...