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Numerical Simulation of a Joule Heating Problem

S.M.F. Garcia[1], and P. Seshaiyer[2]
[1]U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
[2]George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, USA

In this work we consider a 1-D mathematical model that describes a heating problem combined with electrical current flows in a body which may undergo a phase change as a result of the heat generated by the current, so-called Joule heating. The model consists of a system of nonlinear partial differential equations with quadratic growth in the gradient. Joule heating is generated by the resistance ...

Solving Two-scale Transport Laws During Frying of Foods Using COMSOL Multiphysics

J. Maneerote, and P.S. Takhar
International Center for Food Industry Excellence Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA

Microscale comprised of the scale of food biopolymers at which biochemical reactions and textural changes take place, and the macroscale was the scale of interaction of polymers with surrounding water, vapor and oil phases. Numerous novel equations such as generalized Darcy’s law based fluid transport equations for various phases; near-equilibrium equation governing phase change from liquid ...

Investigating the Influence of Dynamic Jet Shapes on the Jet Electrochemical Machining Process

M. Hackert[1], G. Meichsner[2], S.F. Jahn[1], and A. Schubert[1]
[1]Chemnitz University of Technology, Chair Micromanufacturing Technology, Germany
[2]Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology Chemnitz, Germany

Electrochemical Machining is a potential procedure for micro manufacturing technology. Especially the absence of machining forces makes it advantageous for processing metals with high hardness and for the generation of complicated geometries. Applying a closed electrolytic free jet (Jet Electrochemical Machining - Jet-ECM) the electric current is restricted to a limited area. That allows working ...

Dynamic Simulation Of Particle Self-Assembly Applied To Microarray Technology

V. Di Virgilio, A. Coll, S. Bermejo, and L. Castañer
Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain

In this work we want to explore some techniques, microfluidic and electrospray-ionization based, suitable for dynamic microarrays\' fabrication. The fabrication techniques are based on manipulation and self-assembly of selective coated micro and nanobeads. The simulation will include electro-osmotic flow, species transport, and electrostatics.

Simulation of Interaction of Low-Temperature Plasma with Immersed Solids

V. Hrubý, and R. Hrach
Department of Surface and Plasma Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic

The computer simulation with COMSOL Multiphysics has become a widely used technique for the study of various problems in the field of plasma physics. Despite the increasing performance of computers, fully three-dimensional particle simulations still have got extremely high demands on hardware and computer time. Although many problems could be solved by fluid models, results obtained by these ...

Air Flow Characteristics Inside an Industrial Wood Pallet Drying Kiln

A-G. Ghiaus, M-A. Istrate, and A-M. Georgescu
Technical University of Civil Egineering, Bucharest, Romania

Analysis and optimization of air flow distribution inside drying kiln systems contribute to the improvement of the final product quality. The present study reports on the threedimensional numerical solution of air flow within a drying kiln enclosure. The air flow field is examined in different configurations and operation conditions. Depending on the off/on switched fans, we obtain various air ...

Investigation Of Bone Marrow Stem Cells In The Bone Marrow Niche In An In Vitro System

P. Lezuo, M. Stoddart, and M. Alini
AO Research Institute, Davos, Grison, Switzerland

We aim to develop an in vitro culture system to mimic the human bone marrow stem cell niche in an artificial perfusion bioreactor environment to culture human adult stem cells. State of the art human bone marrow stem cell research shows that even smallest changes in the physical, thermo dynamical or biochemical environment induce a differentiation of human bone marrow stem cells into other cell ...

Super-resolution Properties of the Maxwell Fish-Eye

D. Grabovickic, J. C. Gonzalez, J. C. Miñano, and P. Benitez
Universidad Politecnica de Madrid
Madrid, Spain

In this paper we present an analysis that shows the Maxwell Fish Eye (MFE) only has super-resolution property for some particular frequencies (for other frequencies, the MFE behaves as conventional imaging lens). These frequencies are directly connected with the Schumann resonance frequencies of spherical symmetric systems. The analysis have been done using a thin spherical waveguide (two ...

Multiphysics Modeling of Nanoparticle Detection - Current Status and Collaboration Sought

D. Krizaj[1], I. Iskra[2], Z. Topcagic[1], and M. Remskar[2]
[1]University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Ljubljana, Slovenia
[2]Institut Jozef Stefan, Ljubljana, Slovenia

We are developing nanoparticle detector for airborn particles. The detection principle is based on condensation of nanoparticles forming micron sized water droplets and detection of the droplets by a capacitive type nanodetector. We have successfully performed some experimental evaluations of the detection principle and are in the stage of optimization of several parts of the system. As shown ...

Impulsive Thermomechanics of hypersonic surface phononic crystals

F. Banfi[1], D. Nardi[2], and M. Travagliati[3]
[1]Dipartimento Matematica e Fisica, Università Cattolica, Brescia, Italy
[2]JILA, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado, United States
[3]Center for Nanotechnology Innovation @NEST, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Pisa, Italy

Ultrafast optical generation of pseudosurface acoustic waves is investigated in hypersonic surface phononic crystals. The thermomechanics is modeled from first-principles to follow the initial impulsive heat-driven displacement in the time domain. Spectral decomposition of the displacement over the surface phononic crystal eigenmodes outlines asymmetric resonances featuring the coupling between ...

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