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COMSOL Multiphysics® Software and PV: A Unified Platform for Numerical Simulation of Solar Cells and Modules

M. Nardone [1],
[1] Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH, USA

Introduction: Existing solar cell (photovoltaic, PV) device simulation software is either open source with limited capabilities (1D only) [1,2] or extremely expensive with obscure functionality [3]. PV researchers need an accessible and versatile simulation tool to optimize existing technologies and to reduce the time from concept to prototype for new technologies. This work demonstrates how ...

Load Cell Design Using COMSOL Multiphysics

A. Marchidan[1], T. Sullivan[1], J. Palladino[1]
[1]Trinity College, Hartford, CT, USA

COMSOL Multiphysics was used to design a binocular load cell. A three-dimensional linear solid model of the load cell spring element was studied to quantify the high-strain regions under loading conditions. The load cell was fabricated from 6061 aluminum, and general purpose Constantin alloy strain gages were installed at the four high-strain regions of the spring element. The four gages were ...

Simulation of Droplet Impingement on a Solid Surface by the Level Set Method - new

J. Hu[1], R. Jia[1], K. Wan[2], X. Xiong[3]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, USA
[2]Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA
[3]Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, USA

The dynamic behavior of droplet impingement on a solid surface is important to many engineering applications. This paper studied the dynamic behavior of a droplet impinging onto solid dry surfaces with different surface wettability using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The simulation results were validated against experimental results. It was found that the Level Set method can predict the ...

Simulation of Current Density for Electroplating on Silicon Using a Hull Cell

F. Lima[1], U. Mescheder[1], H. Reinecke[3]
[1]Hochschule Furtwangen University, Furtwangen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
[3]Institut für Mikrosystemtechnik, Freiburg im Breisgau, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany

Electrodeposition has a major advantage over other methods of thin film deposition. It allows deposition at atmospheric pressure and room temperature, requiring inexpensive equipment. However, there are several parameters which can influence an electroplated metal layer quality. The current density distribution is taken into consideration. The Hull cell is an electrodeposition tank with a ...

COMSOL Implementation of a Multiphase Fluid Flow Model in Porous Media

M. Diaz-Viera, D. Lopez-Falcon, A. Moctezuma-Berthier, and A. Ortiz-Tapia
Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo, México D.F., Mexico

The aim of the present work is to implement in COMSOL Multiphysics a multiphase fluid flow model in porous media, also known in the oil reservoir engineering literature as a black oil model, using a standard finite element approach. In particular, we are interested to apply this model coupled with a multiphase, multicomponent transport model to study Enhanced Oil Recovery processes at laboratory ...

Analysis of Burning Candle

J.S. Crompton, L.T. Gritter, S.Y. Yushanov, and K.C. Koppenhoefer
AltaSim Technologies LLC, Columbus, OH, USA

Analysis of burning candles is extremely complex; combustion produces a highly non-linear temperature profile through the flame in which local temperatures may exceed 1400 °C. Heat transfer includes radiation, conduction and convection components and the low melting point of the candle wax leads to a phase change that allows mass transport via capillary flow prior to combustion in the flame. ...

Simulation of Spiral-Tube Heat Exchangers in COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

K. O. Lund [1], S. M. Lord [2],
[1] Kurt Lund Consulting (COMSOL Certified Consultant), Del Mar, CA, USA
[2] SML Associates, Encinitas, CA, USA

A frequently occurring geometry for heat exchangers is that of a long tube wound into a helix or spiral around a core volume. There is to be heat exchange between the tube and the gases (or solids) in the core. However, the length scales of these two parts of the geometry are very different, thus complicating the interface between the tube and the core processes. Usually, the tube is too ...

Simulation of the Temperature Profile During Welding with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Using Rosenthal's Approach - new

A. Lecoanet[1], D. G. Ivey[1], H. Henein[1]
[1]Department of Chemical & Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada

A 3D finite element analysis is carried out, using COMSOL® software, to reproduce the thermal profile obtained with Rosenthal’s equation. The implemented heat transfer equation has been modified as a means to approximate Rosenthal’s solution. An analysis of the differences between the simulation and Rosenthal’s solution, when the geometry of the domain and the source are changed, has been ...

Application of COMSOL Multiphysics® Software in Transport Phenomena Educational Processes

P. L. Mills [1], M. Vasilev [1], P. Sharma [1],
[1] Department of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA

Introduction Use of simulation software for solving realistic engineering problems has grown significantly in recent years due to the availability of less expensive but more powerful computers and development of user-friendly yet robust codes. From an educational perspective, students in STEM disciplines can now solve complex problems in a relatively short period of time, which provides new ...

Design Optimization of Printed Circuit Board Embedded Inductors through Genetic Algorithms with Verification by COMSOL Multiphysics®

M. Madsen[1], J. Mønster[1], A. Knott[1], M. Andersen[1]
[1]Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark

This paper describes the implementation of a complete design tool for design, analysis, optimization and production of PCB embedded inductors. The paper shows how LiveLink™ for MATLAB® and COMSOL Multiphysics® make it possible to combine the scripting and calculation power of MATLAB with the simulation power of COMSOL Multiphysics in order to get an extremely efficient tool for inductor design. ...