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Optimizing the Performance of MEMS Electrostatic Comb-Drive Actuator with different Flexure Springs

S. Gupta[1], T. Pahwa[1], R. Bansal[1], V. Bansal[1], B. Prasad[1], D. Kumar[1]
[1]Electronic Science Department Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana

A new design of electrostatic comb drive actuator is presented in this paper by using different spring designs and with different folded beam lengths. An increased displacement of lateral comb drive actuator will subsequently be accomplished with the same actuation voltage. Stress distribution over different spring designs are simulated by COMSOL 3.5a using a standard comb drive with 4 movable ...

Heat Transfer Modeling and Analysis of a Rotary Regenerative Air Pre-heater

R. K. Krishna, R. Ramachandran, and P. Srinivasan
Birla Institute of Technology and Science
Pilani
Rajasthan, India

An attempt has been made to sustain the efficiency of an air pre-heater(APH) in the long run. The APH is modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics in 3D and fed with real life conditions. Upon Heat transfer analysis, the temperature profile was found out and from that, the regions undergoing maximum thermal fatigue stress was identified. The plates of the APH to the periphery are subjected to maximum ...

Simulation of the Temperature Profile During Welding with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Using Rosenthal's Approach - new

A. Lecoanet[1], D. G. Ivey[1], H. Henein[1]
[1]Department of Chemical & Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada

A 3D finite element analysis is carried out, using COMSOL® software, to reproduce the thermal profile obtained with Rosenthal’s equation. The implemented heat transfer equation has been modified as a means to approximate Rosenthal’s solution. An analysis of the differences between the simulation and Rosenthal’s solution, when the geometry of the domain and the source are changed, has been ...

Modeling the Thermal-Mechanical Behavior of Mid-Ocean Ridge Transform Faults

E. Roland[1], M. Behn[2], and G. Hirth[3]
[1]MIT/WHOI Joint Program, Woods Hole, MA, USA
[2]Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, USA
[3]Brown University, Providence, RI, USA

To investigate the thermal-mechanical behavior of oceanic transform faults, we calculate 3-D steady-state incompressible mantle flow and heat transport using COMSOL Multiphysics. Our model incorporates a nonlinear viscous rheology with a visco-plastic approximation to simulate lithospheric brittle failure. We incorporate the effects of hydrothermal circulation and hanges in frictional ...

Simulation of Nanopores in Capacitive Energy Extraction Based on Double Layer Expansion (CDLE)

E. Ruiz-Reina [1], F. Carrique [2], A.V. Delgado [3], M.M. Fernández [3],
[1] Department of Applied Physics II, University of Málaga, Málaga, Spain
[2] Department of Applied Physics I, University of Málaga, Málaga, Spain
[3] Department of Applied Physics, University of Granada, Granada, Spain

Capacitive energy extraction based on double layer expansion (CDLE) is a new method devised for extracting energy from the exchange of fresh and salty water in porous electrodes. First suggested by D. Brogioli, it is enclosed in a group of emergent technologies jointly known as Capmix methods. The CDLE technique is based on the fact that the capacitance of the electric double layer (EDL) ...

Surface Plasmon Resonance

J. Crompton[1], S. Yushanov[1], L.T. Gritter[1], K.C. Koppenhoefer[1]
[1]AltaSim Technologies, Columbus, OH, USA

The resonance conditions for surface plasmons are influenced by the type and amount of material on a surface. Full insight into surface plasmon resonance requires quantum mechanics considerations. However, it can be also described in terms of classical electromagnetic theory by considering electromagnetic wave reflection, transmission, and absorption for the multi-layer medium. The two commonly ...

Numerical Investigation of the Convective Heat Transfer Enhancement in Coiled Tubes

L. Cattani[1]
[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale, Università degli Studi di Parma, Parma, Italy

The work is focused on the numerical analysis of forced convection in curved tubes investigating the correlation between the heat transfer and friction factor enhancement and the effects of the wall curvature. The analysis was performed by integrating the continuity, momentum and energy equations within COMSOL Multiphysics. The local Nusselt number reaches values higher than the ones expected ...

Fluid-Structure Interaction Analysis of a Peristaltic Pump

N. Elabbasi, J. Bergstrom, and S. Brown
Veryst Engineering, LLC.
Needham, MA

Peristaltic pumping is an inherently nonlinear multiphysics problem where the deformation of the tube and the pumped fluid are strongly coupled. We used COMSOL Multiphysics to investigate the performance of a 180 degree rotary peristaltic pump with two metallic rollers, and an elastomeric tube pumping a viscous Newtonian fluid. The model captures the peristaltic flow, the flow fluctuations ...

Air Damping of Oscillating MEMS Structures: Modeling and Comparison with Experiment

S. Gorelick[1], M. Leivo[1], U. Kantojärvi[1]
[1]VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland

Excessive air damping can be detrimental to the performance of oscillating MEMS components. Complex systems, such as structures in pre-etched cavities or angular comb-drive scanning mirrors, typically require simulations to reliably evaluate the air damping. The simulated and experimental performance of the following systems was evaluated and compared: two types of out-of-plane cantilevers, in ...

Modeling Convection during Melting of a Phase Change Material

D. Groulx, and R. Murray
Mechanical Engineering
Dalhousie University
Halifax, NS
Canada

COMSOL Multiphysics can be used to model a latent heat energy storage system. A 2D numerical study was performed to simulate melting of a PCM including both conduction and convective heat transfer. The heat transfer in fluids and laminar flow physics interfaces were used. To model natural convection, proper volume force was applied to the PCM. The viscosity was input as a piecewise, continuous ...