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Dispersion Analysis in Coaxial Cables at High Frequencies

S. C. Hegde[1]
[1]VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

The coaxial cable is one of the most commonly used bandwidth limited signal transmission line.Dispersion is a signal distortion phenomenon which arises due to frequency dependence of phase velocity of signal components. This phenomenon was explained through time domain approach by studying time taken by signals of various frequencies to propagate through the cable, which eventually may cause ...

Tunable MEMS Capacitor for RF Applications

H. S. Shriram[1], T. Nimje[1], D. Vakharia[1]
[1]BITS Pilani, Rajasthan, India

Radio Frequency MEMS devices have emerged to overcome the problem of high losses associated with semiconductors at high frequencies. A tunable MEMS capacitor is a micrometre-scale electronic device whose capacitance is controlled through different actuation mechanisms which govern the moving parts. It can have electrostatic or electrothermal actuators depending on the functional complexity and ...

3D Electromagnetic Field Simulation in Microwave Ovens: A Tool to Control Thermal Runaway

T. Santos[1], L.C. Costa[1,2], M. Valente[1,2], J. Monteiro[1,2], and J. Sousa[3]
[1]University of Aveiro, Portugal
[2]I3N, Aveiro, Portugal
[3]TEKA Portugal S.A., Ílhavo, Portugal

In microwave heating applications, the energy is introduced directly into the volume of the material and as consequence the quality of the process is highly dependent on the uniformity of the electromagnetic field distribution along it. That is, the non uniformity of the heating is a potential problem with serious consequences. Thermal runaway is the most critical, in materials with temperature ...

Simulating Plasmon Effects in Nano-Structured OLED Cathodes Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

L. Wang [1],
[1] Konica Minolta Laboratory USA, Inc., San Mateo, CA, USA

Organic light emitting diode (OLED) is an emerging technology for next-generation flat panel display and solid-state area lighting thanks to its many advantages such as light weight, low operating voltage, and flexibility, etc. A typical OLED has a multilayer structure that includes a glass or plastic substrate, an anode (ITO), a hole transport layer (HTL), an emitting layer (EML), an electron ...

Impedance Matching of Tag Antenna to Maximise RFID Read Ranges & Optimising a Tag Antenna Design for a Particular Application - new

M. Yeoman[1], M. O'Neill[2]
[1]Continuum Blue Ltd., Ystrad Mynach, UK
[2]Tumbling Dice Ltd., Newcastle, UK

RFID tags are ever increasing in their daily use, from the monitoring of components, the tracking of produce during processing & production, as well as being used in much of the touch-less technologies seen today. With this technology, there has been the ever increasing need to reduce the power required to activate the RFID tag, while maximizing the read range in certain applications. In ...

Plasmonic Waveguide Analysis

K. C. Koppenhoefer [1], S. Yushanov [1], J. S. Crompton [1],
[1] AltaSim Technologies, Columbus, OH, USA

Surface Plasmons (SP) or Surface Plasmon Polaritons (SPP) are electromagnetic excitations that propagate at the interface between a dielectric and a conductor, and are evanescently confined in the perpendicular direction to the propagation. They arise via coupling of the electromagnetic field to oscillations of the conductor’s electron plasma and are characterized in terms of dispersion and ...

Simulation of Vector Mode Grating Coupler Interfaces for Integrated Optics

C. T. Nadovich [1],
[1] Lafayette College, Easton, PA, USA

The use of grating couplers to couple conventionally phased and polarized light near vertically in and out of optical slab or film waveguides [1] represents an attractive method to interface optical fiber to photonic ICs. Previously developed grating coupler designs use transversely uniform grating structures matched to conventional scalar fiber modes. The performance of these geometries can be ...

Modeling Electrical and Thermal Conductivities of Biological Tissue in Radiofrequency Ablation

M. Trujillo[1], E. Berjano[1]
[1]Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain

Radiofrequency ablation is a minimally invasive techinique which is used to treat some kinds of cancer. The realism of theoretical models is very important. An influential factor in this realism is mathematical functions that model the temperature-dependence of tissue thermal and electrical conductivities. The aim of this work is to review the mathematical functions employed to model the ...

Optical and Electrical Modeling of Three Dimensional Dye Sensitized Solar Cells

P. Guo[1]
[1]Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA

Dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have received tremendous attention as alternative photon harvesting devices. While the sintered TiO2 nanoparticle network attached with dye molecules achieves efficient photon absorption, the electrons have to diffuse through the long TiO2 network to reach the contact, resulting in a high electron density and thus increased recombination. Extensive research ...

Enhanced Surface Plasmon Polariton Propagation Induced by Active Dielectrics - new

M. Mattheakis[1], C. Athanasopoulos[1], G. P. Tsironis[1]
[1]University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece

We present numerical simulations for the propagation of surface plasmon polaritons in a dielectric-metal-dielectric waveguide using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. We show that the use of an active dielectric with gain that compensates metal absorption losses enhances substantially plasmon propagation. Furthermore, the introduction of the active material induces, for a specific gain value, a ...

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