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An Analysis of Skimboard Hydrodynamics

N.D. Barnett[1], and E. Gutirrez-Miravete[2]
[1]General Dynamics-Electric Boat, Kingston, Rhode Island, USA
[2]Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, USA

This paper report on a study of the hydrodynamics of skimboards and surfboards using the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) module in COMSOL. The study analyzes the flow in a thin water layer underneath a skim board in a 2-D Cartesian coordinate. Three different sets of boundary conditions were employed and one of them produced the best agreement with previous findings.

Coupled Structural and Magnetic Models: Linear Magnetostriction in COMSOL

J. Slaughter[1]
[1]Etrema Products, Inc., Ames, Iowa, USA

Accurate modeling of magnetostrictive materials and devices requires coupling of electrical, magnetic, mechanical, and possibly acoustic domains. There are relatively few finite  element software packages that include all these physical models and even fewer that include magnetostrictive models. Comsol Multiphysics was used to create linear magnetostrictive models with fully coupled ...

Benchmarking COMSOL - Part 2: CFD Problems

Darrell Pepper
Professor of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Nevada - Las Vegas

Using COMSOL 3.5a, a set of benchmark problems requiring the use of the COMSOL Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) module has been simulated. Several of the problems include fluid-heat transfer interactions (Computational Heat Transfer - CHT). The four problems are: flow over a 2-D circular cylinder compressible flow in a shock tube incompressible heated flow over a 2-D backward facing step ...

Implementation of a Paraxial Optical Propagation Method for Large Photonic Devices

J.E. Toney[1]

[1]Pennsylvania State University Electro-Optics Center, Freeport, Pennsylvania, USA

We demonstrate the use of COMSOL Multiphysics with MATLAB to model signal generation in wide-bandgap semiconductor radiation detectors. A quasi-hemispherical detector design is compared with a simple, planar detector. Results show that the quasi-hemispherical design can simply and effectively compensate for the poor hole transport of most compound semiconductor materials. In this paper we ...

The Use of CFD Simulations in Learning Fluid Mechanics at the Undergraduate Level

Marc K. Smith
Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology

Simple, accurate CFD simulations using COMSOL Multiphysics are used in a senior-level undergraduate course as a means to explore a number of fluid flows with the intent of developing a deep understanding of the underlying fluid mechanical mechanisms involved in the flows. Students also learn about the finite element method, how to properly pose the underlying mathematical model for the fluid ...

Modeling the response of photoacoustic gas sensors

S.L. Firebaugh[1], F. Roignant[2], and E.A. Terray[3]

[1]United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland, USA
[2]Polytechnique Nantes, Nantes, France
[3]Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA

A fast, high-sensitivity detector is required for studies of environmentally relevant gases. Photoacoustic spectroscopy (PAS), an absorption spectroscopy technique in which absorption is detected as sound, is explored as a possible solution. A tuning-fork based PAS sensor is modeled using COMSOL. The model combines the acoustic and piezoelectric modules and also includes viscous damping. The ...

Multiphysics Simulation of the Effect of Sensing and Spacer Layers on SAW Velocity

P. Zheng[1,4], D.W. Greve[2,4], and I.J. Oppenheim[3,4]

[1]Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
[2]Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
[3]Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
[4]National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA

Surface acoustic wave gas sensors use a chemically sensitive resistive layer to detect gas concentration. The resistivity of the sensing material, the sensing layer thickness, and the spacer layer thickness all affect the surface wave propagation velocity. Existing analytic theory relates the change in velocity to various parameters. However some variables in this theory are not ...

Optimization of Carbon Nanotube Field Emission Arrays

B. L. Crossley[1], M. Kossler[1], P.J. Collins[1], R. A. Coutu Jr.[1], and L. A. Starman[1]

[1]Air Force Institute of Technology, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, USA

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been proven experimentally to be well suited for field emission applications. An optimized triode configured CNT field emission array is developed using the COMSOL Multiphysics Electrostatics Application to adjust five key physical dimensions to investigate the effects on the enhanced electric field at the CNT emitter tips. The five dimensions studied are CNT ...

Boundary conditions in multiphase, porous media, transport models of thermal processes with rapid evaporation

A. Datta[1], and A. Halder[1]
[1]Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA

In modeling of thermal processing of biological materials with rapid evaporation, it is critical to provide boundary conditions consistent with the phenomena happening at the surface to accurately predict spatial temperature and moisture content for quality and safety assurance. Boundary conditions in a mathematical model are as important as governing equations itself and describe how the heat ...

Finite Element Modeling of Transient Eddy Currents in Multilayer Aluminum Structures

V. Babbar[1], and T. Krause[1]

[1]Department of Physics, Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, Ontario, Canada

Transient eddy current (TEC) technique is being developed for detection of flaws located at depth within multilayer aluminum structures. The present work involves finite element modeling using COMSOL Multiphysics software to simulate different types of probes by changing some of these parameters in an attempt to generate an output signal of optimum magnitude and shape. Some of the model results ...