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Optimization of Carbon Nanotube Field Emission Arrays

B. L. Crossley[1], M. Kossler[1], P.J. Collins[1], R. A. Coutu Jr.[1], and L. A. Starman[1]

[1]Air Force Institute of Technology, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, USA

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been proven experimentally to be well suited for field emission applications. An optimized triode configured CNT field emission array is developed using the COMSOL Multiphysics Electrostatics Application to adjust five key physical dimensions to investigate the effects on the enhanced electric field at the CNT emitter tips. The five dimensions studied are CNT ...

Benchmarking COMSOL - Part 2: CFD Problems

Darrell Pepper
Professor of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Nevada - Las Vegas

Using COMSOL 3.5a, a set of benchmark problems requiring the use of the COMSOL Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) module has been simulated. Several of the problems include fluid-heat transfer interactions (Computational Heat Transfer - CHT). The four problems are: flow over a 2-D circular cylinder compressible flow in a shock tube incompressible heated flow over a 2-D backward facing step ...

Multiphysics Simulation of a Packed Bed Reactor

A.E. Varela[1], and J.C. García[1]

[1]University of Carabobo, Valencia, Venezuela

Most reactor designs are based on pseudo homogeneous models. This paper studies the COMSOL simulation of a packed bed reactor using a 2-D heterogeneous model. The case considered was a packed reactor with spherical catalyst for oxidation of o-xylene in air to phthalic anhydride. Large differences in intra-pellet temperature were found in comparison with the average temperatures resulting from ...

Experimental Observation and Numerical Prediction of Induction Heating in a Graphite Test Article

T.A. Jankowski[1], D.P. Johnson[1], J.D. Jurney[1], J.E. Freer[1], L.M. Dougherty[1], and S.A. Stout[1]

[1]Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA

The induction heating coils used in the plutonium casting furnaces at the Los Alamos National Laboratory are studied here. A cylindrical graphite test article has been built, instrumented with thermocouples, and heated in the induction coil that is normally used to preheat the molds during casting operations. The experiments have been modeled in COMSOL Multiphysics and the numerical and ...

An Analysis of Heat Conduction with Change of Phase with Application to the Solidification of Copper

J. Michalski[1], and E. Gutirrez-Miravete[2]
[1]Hamilton-Sundstrand
[2]Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, US

The goal of this study was to determine the possibility of using the finite element in COMSOL Multiphysics program to obtain a high accuracy solution to a moving boundary problem, specifically, the solidification of copper. A one-dimensional geometry in Cartesian coordinates was used to investigate the solidification of initially liquid copper from a chilled wall maintained at fixed temperature. ...

Electromagnetic Wave Simulation in Fusion Plasmas

O. Meneghini[1], and S. Shiraiwa[1]
[1]Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA

COMSOL has been used to model the propagation of electromagnetic waves in fusion plasmas. For the first time, a finite element method has been used to solve the wave propagation for realistic fusion plasma parameters in the lower hybrid and ion cyclotron frequency ranges. Moreover, for lower hybrid waves, a new efficient iterative algorithm has been developed to take into account the dispersive ...

Multiphysics Simulation of the Effect of Sensing and Spacer Layers on SAW Velocity

P. Zheng[1,4], D.W. Greve[2,4], and I.J. Oppenheim[3,4]

[1]Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
[2]Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
[3]Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
[4]National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA

Surface acoustic wave gas sensors use a chemically sensitive resistive layer to detect gas concentration. The resistivity of the sensing material, the sensing layer thickness, and the spacer layer thickness all affect the surface wave propagation velocity. Existing analytic theory relates the change in velocity to various parameters. However some variables in this theory are not ...

FE Modeling of Surfaces with Realistic 3D Roughness: Roughness Effects in Optics of Plasmonic Nanoantennas

J. Borneman[1], A. Kildishev[1], K. Chen[1], and V. Drachev[1]

[1]School of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA

COMSOL Multiphysics has been widely used to model the near and far-field electromagnetics (specifically, transmission and reflection spectra) of gold and silver nanoantenna arrays. We use a moving 3D mesh, thus preserving the DOF number and simply morphing the structure of the mesh to accommodate the moving boundary. The electromagnetics model consist of four multiphysics models, two ...

Multiphysics Simulation of Isoelectric Point Separation of Proteins Using Non-Gel Microfluidic System

A. Contractor[1], N. Xue[2], J.B.Lee[2], A. Balasubramanian[1], and G. Hughes[1]
[1]Lynntech, Inc., College Station, Texas, USA
[2]Micro Nano Devices and Systems (MiNDS) Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Texas at Dallas, Texas, USA

A portable device that can identify protein and peptides real time in complex biological systems such as human bodily fluids reliably and accurately is in high demand to properly diagnose and treat medical conditions. Lynntech has developed an innovative Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) based microfluidics system with a unique design utilizing multi-channel inlets and outlets for isoelectric point ...

Model of a Filament Assisted CVD Reactor

J. Brcka[1]

[1]TEL US Holdings, Inc., Technology Development Center, Albany, New York, USA

In this presentation we are dealing with the computational fluid model of a Filament Assisted Chemical Vapor Deposition (FACVD) reactor. Proposed strategy in this study involved several steps: (a) development a computational model for FACVD process capable to describe and obtain with reasonable accuracy all relevant phenomena occurring in the reaction chamber; (b) validation the computational ...