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Helical Coil Flow: A Case Study

M. Cozzini[1]

[1]Renewable Energies and Environmental Technologies Research Unit, Fondazione Bruno Kessler, Povo, TN, Italy

Stationary flow configurations in curved pipes constitute an important subject from both the theoretical and the practical point of view. A typical application concerns the calculation of secondary flow effects on the thermal efficiency of heat exchangers. Motivated by a similar problem, this paper investigates the flow patterns in a helical duct of non trivial cross section. The considered ...

The Full-System Approach for Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication

N. Fillot[1], T. Doki-Thonon[1], and W. Habchi[2]
[1]CNRS, INSA, Université de Lyon, Lyon, France
[2]Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, Lebanese American University, Byblos, Lebanon

A ball is in contact with a plane, and a lubricant separates the two surfaces to decrease friction during their relative motion. To avoid wear, the lubricant film thickness should be higher than the surface roughness. The goal of this paper is to show how it is possible to solve efficiently the problem of elastohydrodynamics lubrication with COMSOL Multiphysics®, using a PDE (Partial ...

Large Scale Outdoor Flammable & Toxic Gas Dispersion Modelling in Industrial Environments

A. Hallgarth[1], A. Zayer[1], A. Gatward[2], and J. Davies[2]

[1]Hazard Research & Risk Consultants Ltd, Aberystwyth, Wales, United Kingdom
[2]Independent Consultants, United Kingdom

HazRes has developed a gas discharge and dispersion model in COMSOL which takes into account the effects of localized wind profiles and turbulence generated by buildings, structures and terrain on the dispersion of gases in question. The main focus of this work is to develop and provide clients with more accurate prediction methods relative to industrial standard software tools in modeling ...

Measuring and Calculation of Positive Corona Currents Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

M. Quast[1] and N.R. Lalic[1]
[1]Gunytronic GmbH, St Valentin, Germany

The sensor type developed by Gunytronic uses corona discharge for measuring flow rates in exhaust streams of automotives, aircrafts and industrial plants. This paper will present the development of testing equipment used in laboratory for investigating physical relations on corona currents, charged particle transport, the calculation of the collateral electric fields and high potentials. This ...

Mathematical Model of Blood Flow in Carotid Bifurcation

E. Muraca[1], V. Gramigna[1], and G. Fragomeni[1]
[1]Department of Experimental Medicine and Clinic, Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy

The goal of this research is to provide the medical staff with a numerical system assessment of wall shear stress in carotid bifurcation. Through this model, it will be fundamental to investigate the stress state properties of the surface in contact between the plaque and the artery, and study the geometric relationship between the bifurcation angle and fluid structural properties. The formation ...

A Magnetohydrodynamic Study of a Inductive MHD Generator

A. Montisci[1] and R. Pintus[1]

[1]Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy

The aim of the proposed device is to overcome the typical drawbacks of MHD generators, such as the needed of a very high external magnetic field, the strong dependency of the efficiency by the temperature of the fluid, and the deterioration of the electrodes that are in contact with the high temperature plasma. In fact the proposed device does not need an external magnetic fluid to work, but it ...

Model of Heat and Mass Transfer with Moving Boundary During Roasting of Meat in Convection-Oven

A.H. Feyissa[1], J. Adler-Nissen[1], and K.V. Gernaey[2]
[1]Food Production Engineering, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
[2]Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

A 2D mathematical model of coupled heat and mass transfer describing oven roasting of meat was formulated from first principles. The current formulation of model equations incorporates the effect of shrinkage phenomena and water holding capacity. The model equations are based on conservation of mass and energy. The pressure driven transport of water in meat is expressed using Darcy’s equation. ...

Using COMSOL Multiphysics® for Biomechanical Analysis of Stent Technology in Cerebral Aneurysms

J. Rasmussen[1], M.S. Enevoldsen[1], J. Thyregod[2], and K-A. Henneberg[1]
[1]Department of Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
[2]COOK Medical Europe, Bjaeverskov, Denmark

This work presents new Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) models in both 2D and 3D of the effect of using vascular stents as treatment of cerebral berry aneurysms. The stent is positioned inside the cerebral artery covering the neck of the aneurysm. The stent is expected to alter the blood flow into the aneurysm such that the blood coagulates due to low blood velocity, and rupture of the aneurysm ...

A Preliminary Approach to the Neutronics of the Molten Salt Reactor by Means of COMSOL Multiphysics®

V. Memoli[1], A. Cammi[1], V. Di Marcello[1], and L. Luzzi[1]
[1]Nuclear Engineering Division, Department of Energy, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy

The Molten Salt Reactor (MSR), proposed along with other five innovative concepts of fission nuclear reactor by the Generation IV International Forum (GIF-IV), represents a challenging task from the modeling perspective because of the strong coupling between neutronics and thermo-hydrodynamics due to liquid fuel circulation in the primary loop. In this paper COMSOL Multiphysics® is adopted to ...

Dynamic Crack Propagation in Fiber Reinforced Composites

C. Caruso[1], P. Lonetti[1], and A. Manna[1]

[1]Department of Structural Engineering, University of Calabria, Arcavacata di Rende, CS, Italy

A generalized model to predict dynamic crack propagation in fiber composite structures is proposed. The proposed approach is based on a generalized formulation based on the Fracture Mechanics approach and Moving mesh methodology. Consistently to the Fracture Mechanics, the crack propagation depends from the energy release rate and its mode components, which are calculated by means of the ...