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Modeling of Viscous Fingering

E. Holzbecher[1]

[1]Georg-August University, Göttingen, Germany

Viscous fingering is a topic of interest since the beginning of computational fluid dynamics. Here we focus on the classical constellation of miscible displacement, as it has been investigated in Hele-Shaw cells. A temperature or salinity front is entering with a fluid that has a different viscosity. The pure 1D flow is destabilized by the Saffman-Taylor instability. Using COMSOL Multiphysics® ...

Hyperbolic Heat Transfer Equation for Radiofrequency Heating: Comparison between Analytical and COMSOL Solutions

V. Romero-García[1], M. Trujillo[2], M.J. Rivera[2], J.A. López Molina[2], and E.J. Berjano[3]
[1]Centro de Tecnologías Físicas Acústica, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
[2]Dpto. Matemática Aplicada, Instituto Universitario de Matemática Pura y Aplicada, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
[3]Institute for Research and Innovation on Bioengineering, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain

The Radiofrequency Heating (RFH) is widely employed to heat biological tissue in different surgical procedures. Most models analyze the RFH employing a Parabolic Heat Transfer Equation (PHTE) based on Fourier's theory. The PHTE can be used for problems involving long heating times or low thermal gradients. However, when the problem involves short heating times or extreme thermal gradients it is ...

Permanent Magnet Arrangements for Low-Field NMR

C. Horch[1], S. Schlayer[1], and F. Stallmach[1]
[1]Faculty of Physics and Earth Sciences, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany

For low-field NMR (Nuclear magnetic resonance), NdFeB permanent magnet arrangements are proposed to provide the static polarizing magnetic field. Especially a parallel and a circular arrangement of the permanent magnets, iron yokes and small shim magnets were tested and improved by COMSOL. The intent was to guide the design and the construction of NMR magnets by calculating the magnetic field ...

Using COMSOL Multiphysics® for Biomechanical Analysis of Stent Technology in Cerebral Aneurysms

J. Rasmussen[1], M.S. Enevoldsen[1], J. Thyregod[2], and K-A. Henneberg[1]
[1]Department of Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
[2]COOK Medical Europe, Bjaeverskov, Denmark

This work presents new Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) models in both 2D and 3D of the effect of using vascular stents as treatment of cerebral berry aneurysms. The stent is positioned inside the cerebral artery covering the neck of the aneurysm. The stent is expected to alter the blood flow into the aneurysm such that the blood coagulates due to low blood velocity, and rupture of the aneurysm ...

Fast 2D Simulation of Superconductors: A Multiscale Approach

V.M. Rodriguez-Zermeno[1], M.P. Sørensen[1], N.F. Pedersen[2], N. Mijatovic[2], and A.B. Abrahamsen[3]
[1]DTU Mathematics, Lyngby, Denmark
[2]DTU Electrical Engineering, Lyngby, Denmark
[3]Materials Research Division, Risø, DTU, Roskilde, Denmark

This work presents a method to calculate AC losses in thin conductors such as the commercially available second generation superconducting wires through a multiscale meshing technique. The main idea is to use large aspect ratio elements to accurately simulate thin material layers. For a single thin superconductor, several standard test cases are simulated including transport current, externally ...

Static and Dynamic Simulation of an Electromagnetic Valve Actuator Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

R. Wislati[1] and H. Haase[1]
[1]Institut für Grundlagen der Elektrotechnik und Messtechnik, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Hannover, Germany

In this paper an Electromagnetic Solenoid Actuator (EMVA) consisting of an upper and lower electromagnet, a linear moving armature and two preloaded springs is considered as a potential approach in Variable Valve Actuation (VVA) systems for internal combustion engines. The analysis of the upper electromagnet has been performed using Finite Element Method (FEM) simulation. Thereby an axially ...

Model of Heat and Mass Transfer with Moving Boundary During Roasting of Meat in Convection-Oven

A.H. Feyissa[1], J. Adler-Nissen[1], and K.V. Gernaey[2]
[1]Food Production Engineering, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
[2]Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

A 2D mathematical model of coupled heat and mass transfer describing oven roasting of meat was formulated from first principles. The current formulation of model equations incorporates the effect of shrinkage phenomena and water holding capacity. The model equations are based on conservation of mass and energy. The pressure driven transport of water in meat is expressed using Darcy’s equation. ...

The Full-System Approach for Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication

N. Fillot[1], T. Doki-Thonon[1], and W. Habchi[2]
[1]CNRS, INSA, Université de Lyon, Lyon, France
[2]Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, Lebanese American University, Byblos, Lebanon

A ball is in contact with a plane, and a lubricant separates the two surfaces to decrease friction during their relative motion. To avoid wear, the lubricant film thickness should be higher than the surface roughness. The goal of this paper is to show how it is possible to solve efficiently the problem of elastohydrodynamics lubrication with COMSOL Multiphysics®, using a PDE (Partial ...

Measuring and Calculation of Positive Corona Currents Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

M. Quast[1] and N.R. Lalic[1]
[1]Gunytronic GmbH, St Valentin, Germany

The sensor type developed by Gunytronic uses corona discharge for measuring flow rates in exhaust streams of automotives, aircrafts and industrial plants. This paper will present the development of testing equipment used in laboratory for investigating physical relations on corona currents, charged particle transport, the calculation of the collateral electric fields and high potentials. This ...

Transport Phenomena and Shrinkage Modeling During Convective Drying of Vegetables

S. Curcio[1] and M. Aversa[1]
[1]Department of Engineering Modeling, University of Calabria, Arcavacata di Rende, CS, Italy

The aim of the present work is the formulation of a theoretical model describing the transport phenomena involved in food drying process. The attention has been focused on the simultaneous transfer of momentum, heat and mass occurring in a convective drier where hot dry air flows, in turbulent conditions, around the food sample. The proposed model does not rely on the specification of ...