Assessing the Potential of Ventilated Facades on Reducing a Buildings’ Thermal Load Using Decoupled COMSOL Simulations
J. van Schijndel, C. van Dronkelaar
Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Solar radiation is a prominent contributor of energy in buildings, and can be transmitted directly into a building through opaque surfaces, but it can also be absorbed by building components (i.e. walls, roofs etc.). This study discusses the use and effect of ventilated facades, with an external facade cladding, a sub-structure anchored to the wall surface of the building under solar radiation, ...
E. Amores Vera, J. Rodríguez Ruiz
Centro Nacional del Hidrógeno, Puertollano, Spain
One of the most critical aspects on water electrolysis is gas-liquid separation, especially in systems with forced convection. The main problem of this kind of circulation is that a gas fraction could return to the electrolysis circuit. A suitable design of separator devices could be a solution in order to avoid a gas return to the electrolysis circuit. In this sense, the use of deflectors might ...
B. Reine, J. Di-Tomaso, G. Dusserre, P. Olivier
Université de Toulouse, UPS, INSA, Mines Albi, ISAE, ICA, IUT, Dept. GMP, Toulouse Cedex, France
RESCOLL - Société de Recherche, Pessac Cedex, France
This paper addresses the study of thermal behavior of thermoset polymer matrix filled with microparticles. A numerical model was developed with COMSOL Multiphysics to get a random spatial distribution of fillers in a representative volume element (RVE). This model was then compared to an analytical reference model (Hamilton model) and experimental results. This comparison highlights a good ...
Wenger Engineering, Ulm, Germany
The ampacity of a cable depends on the cross section of its conductor. When selecting a cable design for a specific application it is of interest to choose the lowest possible conductor cross section in order to reduce material costs. Therefore an exact calculation of the ampacity is necessary (it is usually limited by the thermal resistance of the insulating cable materials). Commonly the ...
Multiphysics Process Simulation of Static Magnetic Fields in High Power Laser Beam Welding of Aluminum
M. Bachmann, V. Avilov, A. Gumenyuk, M. Rethmeier
BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Berlin, Germany
The article deals with the application of the Hartmann effect in high power laser beam welding of aluminum. The movement of liquid metal in a magnetic field causes electric currents which build a Lorentz force that decelerates the original flow. The numerical model calculates the influence of a steady magnetic field on partial penetration keyhole laser beam welding of aluminum. Three-dimensional ...
M. Brundu, V. Guida
Procter & Gamble Italia, Pomezia, Roma, Italy
The challenge with the use of Sodium Carbonate Peroxyhydrate (Na2CO3*1.5H2O2) as a bleach source in dry detergent formulations is its lower stability in comparison with other materials, and the risk of quality losses of the product over the shelf life. The issue can be solved with the understanding and modeling of the decomposition mechanism of the powder. It is well known that the decomposition ...
Geometric Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Airfoil Shapes Using Integrated MATLAB® and COMSOL Multiphysics
A. Safari, H. Lemu G., H. Severson
University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway
This paper proposes a framework for an efficient integration between geometric modeling program and analysis tool for a coming automated aerodynamic design optimization mission. This demand can be addressed by using both in-house codes and commercial software which have the good ability of live-link and efficient integration. In this study, the mathematical modeling of a turbomachinery airfoil ...
E. Firat, G. Bandlamudi, M. Crisogianni, P. Beckhaus, A. Heinzel
Centre for Fuel Cell Technology (ZBT), Duisburg,NRW, Germany
Heat management is crucial for the satisfactory operation of HT-PEM (High temperature polymer-electrolyte-membrane) fuel cells. Current work investigates the use of heat pipes in a HT PEMFC stack consisting of 24 cells, each with an active area of 300 cm^2. Heat pipes are known to be thermal superconductors operating on the principles of high convective heat transfer and phase transition. ...
V. Pavelko, I. Pavelko, M. Smolyaninovs, H. Pffeifer, M. Wevers
Riga Technical University, Riga, Latvia
Catholic University Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
A problem of damage prediction in aircraft structure and its non-destructive evaluation is very important for aircraft structural health assessment. The analysis of the features of direct impact of thin-walled laminate component of aircraft was performed by COMSOL Multiphysics software. Mainly the GFRC and CFRC laminates were selected in form either thin separate plate or sandwich structure. The ...
Fondazione Bruno Kessler (FBK), Renewable Energies and Environmental Technologies (REET) Unit, Trento, Italy
Concentrated photovoltaic systems with high efficiency solar cells are being widely investigated, aiming at improving the cost-efficiency balance in the solar energy field. Different cell types are in use: e.g., high concentration triple junction cells, reaching efficiencies of the order of 35 - 40 % at 1000 suns, and medium concentration mono-crystalline silicon cells, with efficiencies of the ...