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Computational Modeling and Simulation of the Human Duodenum

B. Hari[1], S. Bakalis[1], P. Fryer[1]
[1]The University of Birmingham, School of Chemical Engineering, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Worldwide attention in the computational modeling and simulation of the human intestine is increasing in order to help understand its complex behavior and improve health. Computational fluid dynamics is an essential tool to understand the mechanics and transport phenomena of the human intestine, thereby advancing the diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal related diseases. The aim of this ...

Solar Cell Cooling and Heat Recovery in a Concentrated Photovoltaic System

M. Cozzini[1]
[1]Fondazione Bruno Kessler (FBK), Renewable Energies and Environmental Technologies (REET) Unit, Trento, Italy

Concentrated photovoltaic systems with high efficiency solar cells are being widely investigated, aiming at improving the cost-efficiency balance in the solar energy field. Different cell types are in use: e.g., high concentration triple junction cells, reaching efficiencies of the order of 35 - 40 % at 1000 suns, and medium concentration mono-crystalline silicon cells, with efficiencies of the ...

Ampacity Simulation of a High Voltage Cable Used in Offshore Wind Farms

E. Pelster[1]
[1]Wenger Engineering, Ulm, Germany

The ampacity of a cable depends on the cross section of its conductor. When selecting a cable design for a specific application it is of interest to choose the lowest possible conductor cross section in order to reduce material costs. Therefore an exact calculation of the ampacity is necessary (it is usually limited by the thermal resistance of the insulating cable materials). Commonly the ...

Geometric Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Airfoil Shapes Using Integrated MATLAB® and COMSOL Multiphysics

A. Safari[1], H. Lemu G.[1], H. Severson[1]
[1]University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway

This paper proposes a framework for an efficient integration between geometric modeling program and analysis tool for a coming automated aerodynamic design optimization mission. This demand can be addressed by using both in-house codes and commercial software which have the good ability of live-link and efficient integration. In this study, the mathematical modeling of a turbomachinery airfoil ...

Current Density Distribution and Material Removal Behavior on the Graphite/Iron-matrix Interface in Cast Iron Under Pulse Electrochemical Machining Conditions

O. Weber[1], R. Kollmannsperger[2], D. Bähre[2]
[1]Center for Mechatronics and Automatization, Saarbrücken, Germany
[2]Institute of Production Engineering, Saarland University, Saarbrücken, Germany

The Pulse Electrochemical Machining is especially suitable for the precise production of complex geometric contours with high precision and high surface quality demands in workpieces in series manufacturing. During this process, the negative structure of an electrode is copied to the workpiece without sub-surface damages. An adequate knowledge of the current density distribution and thus of the ...

Dynamics of a Sessile Droplet Evaporation

G. Marinaro[1], A. Accardo[1], E. Di Fabrizio[1]
[1]Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Nanostructures Department, Genova, Italy

Evaporation of sessile droplets is associated with simple phenomena such as the ring-like spot left by a drying coffee droplet. Evaporation rate plays an important role on the convective motion inside the droplet. These fluxes are for example one of the factors responsible for amyloid fibrillation of proteins, a mechanism present in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer. In our ...

Simulation of Piezoelectric Transformers with COMSOL

T. Andersen[1], M. A. E. Andersen[1], O. C. Thomsen[1]
[1]DTU Elektro, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

In this work COMSOL is utilized to obtain the Mason lumped parameter model for a piezoelectric transformer (PT) design. The Mason lumped parameters are relevant in the design process of power converters. The magnitude of the impedance is simulated for a specific interleaved multilayer thickness mode PT. The PT design has been prototyped and the measurements results are compared with simulations. ...

Multiphysics Modeling of Warm-Air Drying of Potatoes Slices

S. Sandoval Torres[1], A. de Lourdes Allier González[1], L.L. Méndez Lagunas[1]
[1]Instituto Politécnico Nacional, CIIDIR, Oaxaca, Mexico

In this work we solve a model to simulate the drying of potatoes slices. The model considers both the transport of free and vapor water by applying a mechanistic approach. The critical moisture point (CMP) was considered, since it is a transition zone and it represents the point where water saturation is near from cero and hygroscopic domain begins. The CMP divides the hygroscopic and non ...

Keyhole Formation During Spot Laser Welding: Heat and Fluid Flow Modeling in a 2D Axisymmetric Configuration

M. Courtois[1], M. Carin[2], P. LeMasson[2], S. Gaied [1]
[1]ArcelorMittal, Global R&D, Montataire, France
[2]LIMATB Laboratory, Université de Bretagne Sud, Lorient, France

For a better understanding of phenomena associated to the appearance of defects in laser welding, a heat and fluid flow model is developed. This study is focused on the modeling of a static laser shot on a sample of steel. This 2D axialsymmetric configuration is used to study phenomena related to the creation of the keyhole. This model takes into account the three phases of the matter: the ...

A Numerical Comparison of Dielectric based Measurement of Atmospheric Ice Using COMSOL

U. N. Mughal[1], M. S. Virk[1]
[1]Narvik University College, Narvik, Norway

Atmospheric ice is a very complex material with varying electrical properties due to different polymorphs of ice itself. Also, if the medium to be considered is snow, then density becomes an additional parameter because it is a mixture of three dielectrics water, ice and air. The permittivity and loss tangent of naturally occurring ice and snow shows lot of variation at different conditions ...