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Simulation of Impact Damage in a Composite Plate and Its Detection

V. Pavelko[1], I. Pavelko[1], M. Smolyaninovs[1], H. Pffeifer[2], M. Wevers[2]
[1]Riga Technical University, Riga, Latvia
[2]Catholic University Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

A problem of damage prediction in aircraft structure and its non-destructive evaluation is very important for aircraft structural health assessment. The analysis of the features of direct impact of thin-walled laminate component of aircraft was performed by COMSOL Multiphysics software. Mainly the GFRC and CFRC laminates were selected in form either thin separate plate or sandwich structure. The ...

Numerical Modeling of Powder Flow During Coaxial Laser Direct Metal Deposition: Comparison Between Ti-6Al-4V Alloy and 316L Stainless Steel

S. Morville[1], M. Carin[1], D. Carron[1], P. Le Masson[1], M. Gharbi[2], P. Peyre[2], R. Fabbro[2]
[1]Université de Bretagne-Sud/UEB-LIMATB, Lorient, France
[2]PIMM, Arts et Métiers ParisTech, Paris, France

This paper presents a 3D numerical model to predict the whole process of coaxial powder flow, including the particle stream flow in and below the nozzle and also the laser-particle interaction process. The Particle Tracing Module of COMSOL Multiphysics is used to solve the coupled momentum transfer equations between the particle and gas phase while incorporating particle temperature evolution. A ...

A Parametric Study on the Dynamic Behavior of Cable Supported Bridges Under Moving Loads Affected by Accidental Failure Mechanisms

P. Lonetti[1], A. Pascuzzo[1], R. Sarubbo[1]
[1]Department of Structural Engineering, University of Calabria, Rende, Cosenza, Italy

The dynamic behavior of cable supported bridges subjected to moving loads and affected by corrosion and accidental failure mechanism in the cable suspension system is investigated. The different types of cable supported bridges are distinctively characterized by the configuration of the cable system [1]. The suspension system comprises a parabolic main cable and vertical hanger cables connecting ...

Exergy Analysis of a Water Heat Storage Tank

F. Dammel[1], J. Winterling[1], K. J. Langeheinecke[2], P. Stephan[3]
[1]Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Germany
[2]IAV, Gifhorn, Germany
[3]Institute of Technical Thermodynamics/Center of Smart Interfaces, Technische Universität, Darmstadt, Germany

A combined heat and power (CHP) plant generates both electricity and useful heat. A heat storage tank enables a decoupling of electricity and heat delivery. In this study a cylindrical hot water storage tank is considered. Charging, holding time and discharging are numerically simulated applying COMSOL Multiphysics 4.2. The performance of the heat storage is evaluated by an exergy analysis. ...

Pore-Scale Simulation of Two-Phase Flow with Heat Transfer Through Dual-Permeability Porous Medium

H.A. Akhlaghi Amiri[1], A.A. Hamouda[1]
[1]University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Rogaland, Norway

This paper addresses one of the major challenges in water-flooded oil reservoirs, which is early water breakthrough due to the presence of high permeable layers in the media. COMSOL Multiphysics is used to model two phase (water and oil) flow in dual-permeability porous medium at micro-scales. The heat transfer module is coupled with the laminar two-phase flow interface, because temperature ...

Modeling of Pulsed Laser Thermal Annealing for Junction Formation Optimization and Process Control

R. Negru [1], K. Huet[1], P. Ceccato[1], B. Godard[1]
[1]Excico, Gennevilliers, France

It is now a well known that the next generation devices in many fields of the semiconductor industry will be based on 3D architectures. In this framework, low thermal budget annealing technological solutions are required. For many applications, either in the field of sensors, microprocessors or high density memories, the Laser Thermal Annealing (LTA), an ultrafast and low thermal budget process, ...

Heat Transfer Modeling of Steam Methane Reforming

E. Carcadea[1], M. Varlam[1], I. Stefanescu[1]
[1]National Research Institute for Isotopic & Cryogenic Technologies, Rm.Vâlcea, Romania

Steam methane reforming is a widely studied process because of its importance for hydrogen production. A two-dimensional membrane-reactor model was developed to investigate the steam-methane reforming reactions. The use of membrane as membrane-reactor separator offer us few advantages because it help in continuously removing the hydrogen from the reaction zone, shifting the chemical equilibrium ...

Model of an Interdigitated Electrodes System for Cell Counting Based on Impedance Spectroscopy

E. Bianchi[1][2], F. Bellati[1], E. Rollo[2], G. Dubini[1], C. Guiducci[2]
[1]Politecnico di Milano, LaBS, Laboratory of Biological Structure Mechanics, Milano, Italy
[2]Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Laboratory of Life Sciences Electronics - Swiss Up Chair, Lausanne, Switzerland

A model of a cell counter sensor based on Impedance Spectroscopy (IS) has been implemented in COMSOL Multiphysics. The cell counter is a silicon-based microdevice consisting in 3D electrodes placed in a wide microchannel: cells flow in the microchannel through the electrodes to be detected. The model allows to evaluate the functionality of the device depending on geometrical parameters and ...

Simulation of Chemotractant Gradients in Microfluidic Channels to Study Cell Migration Mechanism in Silico

P. Wallin[1], E. Bernson[1], J. Gold[1]
[1]Chalmers University of Technology, Applied Physics, Biological Physics, Gothenburg, Sweden

Cell migration of endothelial cells along gradients is an important process in vivo and an interesting target for cancer therapeutics. Microfluidics offer very powerful tools to study such migration processes in detail in the lab. In this study, we describe a model to simulate molecular gradients in a diffusion based microfluidic gradient generator and how a cell senses these gradients via cell ...

FEM Based Design and Simulation Tool for MRI Birdcage Coils Including Eigenfrequency Analysis

N. Gurler[1], Y. Ziya Ider[1]
[1]Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Bilkent University, Ankara, Turkey

Designing a Radio Frequency (RF) birdcage coil used in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) at high frequencies where the wavelength is comparable with the coil dimensions is a challenging task. Before construction of the coil, not only calculating the capacitance value which is necessary for the coil to resonate at the desired frequency but also geometrically modeling the coil in a 3D simulation ...