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Earth Pressure as a Boundary Condition to Bridge Piers and Abutments

M. Quinn[1], D. Whitlow[1], O.D.S. Taylor[1], M.H. McKenna[1]
[1] Engineer Resource and Development Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers, Vicksburg, MS, USA

Bridge piers and abutments makeup the bridge substructure and transmit loads from the superstructure to the bridge foundation material (Figure 1). The bridge abutment serves three purposes: to provide vertical support to the bridge superstructure where the bridge ends, to connect the bridge with the approach roadway, and to retain roadway base materials. There are several types of abutment ...

COMSOL Modeling of a Submarine Geothermal Chimney

M. Suárez [1], and F. Samaniego [2]
[1]Faculty of Sciences, Michoacán University (UMSNH), Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico
[2]Faculty of Engineering Postgrade Studies Division, National University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico City, Mexico

New geothermal energy sources hold promise for the future. Deep submarine geothermal energy related to hydrothermal vents is emerging in many places along the oceanic spreading centers. Shallow submarine geothermal systems are found near to continental platforms. We present the initial development of mathematical models to simulate the energy transport in submarine systems. A model for the ...

Extraction of Thermal Characteristics of Surrounding Geological Layers of a Geothermal Heat Exchanger by COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulations - new

N. Aranzabal[1], J. Martos[1], J. Soret[1], J. Torres[1], R. García-Olcina[1], Á. Montero[2]
[1]Technical School of Engineering, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
[2]Department of Applied Physics, Politechnical University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain

It has been demonstrated that is possible obtain the thermal parameters of geological layers of a BHE (Borehole Heat Exchanger) by fitting temperature evolution in an observer pipe inserted into borehole.

Modeling of Ultrasonic Transducers and Ultrasonic Wave Propagation for Commercial Applications Using Finite Elements with Experimental Visualization of Waves for Validation - new

D. R. Andrews[1]
[1]Cambridge Ultrasonics, Over, UK

Finite element (FE) modelling of ultrasonic propagation using COMSOL Multiphysics® simulations can be used to create images of waves. Unfortunately, in time-stepping solutions, it is possible for numerical instabilities to grow large and dominate the solution adversely. Any design of transducer that is based upon poorly-configured FE models is unlikely to perform as expected and will almost ...

Elastoplastic Models of the Interaction between Active Fronts of the Southern Alps and Dinarides (NE Italy and NW Slovenia)

M. Coccia[1], E. Carminati[1], F. Rolandone[2], M. Battaglia[1], D. Zuliani[3], and P. Fabris[3]
[1]Università La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
[2]Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
[3]Centro Ricerche Sismologiche, Udine, Italy

We use GPS measurements and Finite Element analysis to investigate strain accumulation in the interaction between active fronts of the Southern Alps and Dinarides at the northern edge of the Adriatic micro-plate. We develop a three dimensional model of the area taking into account the regional topography, approximating the crust as an elasto-plastic medium and reproducing as close as possible ...

Evaluation of CO2 Leakages From An Aquifer Storage

A. Thoraval[1], R. Farret[2], A. Cherkaoui[2], and P. Gombert[2]
[1]INERIS, Nancy, France
[2]INERIS, Verneuil, France

This paper presents preliminary estimations of CO2 overpressure into the reservoir and CO2 leakage through the caprock and the overburden. A simple, two-phase flow model in porous media based on Darcy’s law was used, in order to explore easily long time periods. The models produced by COMSOL Multiphysics allow sensitivity studies and preliminary evaluations of the relations between CO2 leakage ...

Lava Tubes at Shallow Depth

M. Di Bari, and G. Zito
University of Bari, Italy

Many theoretical studies concerning lava tubes focus on the thermal disturbances generated on the earth surface. Recently a solution was suggested, where a lava tube located at a great depth h in the soil, where the ratio between h to the major axis of the ellipse a is higher than 10. However, lava tubes more frequently are located at shallower depths.  In this work we ...

Study of HVDC Grounding Systems Using Finite Element Methods

C. K. C. Arruda [1], A. A. Silveira [1], L. C. R. Vieira [1], F. C. Dart [1],
[1] CEPEL, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

High Voltage Direct Current transmission (HVDC) is a suitable alternative for long distance transmission. During the years, the use of this technology has been increasing, which is one of the several reasons to improve methodologies in HVDC grounding systems. Unlike the usual approach in AC, a HVDC grounding system is distinguished by its operating procedures, which is, when it is configured ...

Implementation of an Isotropic Elastic-Viscoplastic Model for Soft Soils Using COMSOL Multiphysics

M. Olsson[1], T. Wood[1], C. Alén[1]
[1]Division of GeoEngineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden

In this paper a elastic-viscoplastic (creep) model is implemented in COMSOL 4.2a and 4.3 and benchmarked against another commercial finite element software package with a very similar material model. It is also validated against commonly performed laboratory tests such as Constant Rate of Strain oedometer tests (CRS) and K0-Consolidated Undrained triaxial tests (K0CU). The implementation in ...

Numerical Study of Flux Models for CO2 - Enhanced Natural Gas Recovery and Potential CO2 Storage in Shale Gas Reservoirs - new

N. Prajapati[1], P. L. Mills[1]
[1]Department of Chemical & Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA

This work encompasses different physics involved in fluid flow in shale gas reservoir. Non-linear equations for fluid flow are solved with COMSOL Multiphysics® PDE module. It focuses on comparing the performance of various species transport flux models by accounting for inter-molecular interactions and gas-rock interactions.

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