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A MEMS Condenser Microphone for Consumer Applications

S. Kesari[1], A. Pandit[1], K. Mishra[1], Kaushal B. K.[1]
[1]Electronics and Communication Engineering, Nitte Meenakshi Institute of Technology, Bangalore, India

The MEMS microphone is also called microphone chip or silicon microphone.The pressure sensitive diaphragm is etched directly into a silicon chip by MEMS techniques and is usually accompanied with integrated preamplifier. Most MEMS microphones are variants of the condenser microphone design. The device consists of a polysilicon diaphragm suspended over a single crystal silicon backplate ...

Simulating Thermotherapeutic Response Induced by Thermal Padding for Treating Acute Injuries

J. Kantor[1], Y. Feng[1], C. Acosta[1], E. Massingill[1]
[1]University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA

Cryotherapy and thermotherapy are common methods of treatment for acute injuries ranging from ankle sprains to complex surgery. The idea behind such treatment is that a change in temperature will reduce pain and constrict fluctuations in blood flow at the targeted area. The purpose of this study is to simulate the vascularized tissue reaction and the resulting blood flow fluctuation from thermal ...

Heat Generation from H₂/D₂ Pressurization of Nanoparticles: Simulation of the Experiments on COMSOL Multiphysics®

A. Osouf[1], G. Miley[2], B. Stunkard[3], T. Patel[3], E. Ziehm[2], K. Kyu-Jung[3], A. Krishnamurthy[1]
[1]Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA
[2]Department of Nuclear, Plasma & Radiological Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA
[3]University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA

A COMSOL Multiphysics® model of our apparatus has been created in order to simulate the pressurizations of our nanoparticles by Deuterium. Using reference measurements during a cooling process, we calibrated the model so that its thermal aspects reflect the ones of our experimental set up. To reproduce the pressurizations, the following variables are parameters : the location of the heat ...

Optimal Design of Flow Distributors for Detecting Blocked Microreactors

[1]Kyoto University, Kyoto, Kyoto, Japan

When the production capacity of micro chemical plants is increased by numbering-up approach, it is important to realize the uniform flow distribution among the parallelized microreactors. In addition, a blocked microreactor needs to be identified as early as possible to achieve the stable long-term operation of micro chemical plants. In this research, a system that can detect a blocked reactor ...

Simulations of Micropumps Based on Tilted Flexible Structures - new

M. J. Hancock[1], N. H. Elabbasi[1], M. C. Demirel[2]
[1]Veryst Engineering, LLC., Needham, MA, USA
[2]Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

Pumping liquids at small scales is challenging because of the principle of reversibility: in a viscous regime, the flow streamlines through a fixed geometry are the same regardless of flow direction. Recently we developed a class of microfluidic pump designs based on tilted flexible structures that combines the concepts of cilia (flexible elastic elements) and rectifiers (e.g., Tesla pump). We ...

Microvascular Dysfunction in PAD Patients - new

K. Cluff[1], H. Mehraein[1], B. Jayakumar[2]
[1]Department of Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
[2]Department of Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA

Background: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is characterized by atherosclerotic blockages of the arteries supplying the lower extremities, which cause a progressive accumulation of ischemic injury to the skeletal muscles of the lower limbs. Despite revascularization treatment intervention some PAD patients require follow up secondary treatment due to a continued decline in limb function, ...

MEMS Based Tactile Sensors for Robotic Surgery

V. Nivethitha[1], S. P. Rakavi[1], K. C. Devi[1]
[1]PSG College Of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

In this work, a piezoelectric tactile sensor will be designed and simulated using COMSOL Multiphysics®. The sensor is designed in order to assess the pressure exerted on the human body while the robotic surgery is performed. The sensor consists of a rigid and compliant cylindrical element. A circular PDMS (Polydimethylsiloxane) film is sandwiched between the rigid cylinder and the base plate to ...

Modeling and Simulation of High Sensitivity CMOS Pressure Sensor Using Free Boundary Circular Diaphragm Embedded on Ring Channel Shaped MOSFET

S. Joy[1], T. Tom[1]
[1]Rajagiri School of Engineering and Technology, Kochi, Kerala, India

Sensors have diverse applications ranging from medical field to space explorations. They convert physical parameters such as temperature, pressure, humidity etc: - into an electrical output. The discovery of piezoresistivity property of silicon and germanium led to miniaturization of pressure sensors. Improvement in the sensitivity is the major factor to be considered while designing pressure ...

Marine Vibrator Bubble Source Simulation and Testing

A. K. Morozov [1],
[1] Teledyne Marine Systems, North Falmouth, MA, USA

Marine Vibrators are a coherent type of sound source, which can be quieter and less harmful for marine habitants than traditional air-gun technology. Such source gives clearer, more precise and higher resolution imaging of the bottom properties due to the coherent signal and streamer array processing. Teledyne Marine Systems is developing a coherent seismic marine sound source technology ...

Microscale Simulations of Catalyst Deactivation During Gas-Phase Upgrading of Biomass Pyrolysis Vapors

P. N. Ciesielski [1], D. Robichaud [2], B. Donohoe [1], M. Nimlos [2],
[1] Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
[2] National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA

Catalytic fast pyrolysis is a process by which biomass may be converted into liquid hydrocarbon transportation fuels and chemical co-products that are alternative to their petroleum-derived counterparts. Chemical compounds in raw pyrolysis vapor have high oxygen content and therefore must be deoxygenated in order to meet specifications for hydrocarbon fuels. One strategy to accomplish this is ...

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