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Cluster Diameter Determination of Gas-solid Dispersed Particles in a Fluidized Bed Reactor

M. Das
Department of Biotechnology, PESIT, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Clustering is a common hydrodynamic characteristic observed among suspended gas-solid particles in a fast fluidized bed (FFB) regime of a circulating fluidized bed (CFB) system. In this paper clustering behavior has been studied with Geldart group B particles like coal and iron ore in a circulating fluidized bed of diameter 0.1016 m and height 5.62 m. The cluster size when calculated from the ...

Electrostatic Fluid Structure Interaction (EFSI) on the Huygens Experiment

R. Godard [1], J. de Boer[1], N. Ibrahim[2], and G. Molina-Cuberos[3]
[1]Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, ON, Canada
[2]University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
[3]Campus Espinardo, Murcia, Spain

The Huygens Atmospheric Structure Instrument (HASI) was designed to characterize the physical properties of the lower atmosphere and surface of Titan, the planet-size moon of Saturn. The Relaxation Probe (RP) sensor on the Huygens probe, determined the electrical conductivity in the lower atmosphere of Titan, from 140 km to 40 km. It was suspected that at an altitude above 100km, the booms were ...

Study of Two-Phase Microslug Formation in a Microchannel Cross Junction

M.R. McDevitt, D.L. Hitt, and J.W. McCabe
University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA

NASA and the Department of Defense have interest in the development of satellites which are several orders of magnitude smaller than those currently in use. These ‘nanosats’ will require new propulsion systems to offer precise thrust and impulse-bit characteristics on the order of 10-100 μN and 100-1000 μNs respectively. To meet these demands, a pressure-driven MEMS-based ...

Physical and FEM Simulation of Microprobe Insertion into Brain Tissue

A. Eed Olamat, U. Hofmann, B. Pohl, and N. Nkemasong
University of Lübeck, Institute for Signal Processing, Lübeck, Germany

In order to investigate the implantation of microprobes into brain tissue, we developed a finite-element and a physical model to replace real biological tissue for mechanical testing. Penetrating forces of a tungsten indenter into a layered structure was investigated with different indentation speeds. Numerical and physical model are in good correspondence to each other and reproduce measured ...

Long Term Performance Of Borehole Heat Exchanger Fields With Groundwater Movement

S. Lazzari, A. Priarone, and E. Zanchini
DIENCA, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

A numerical investigation of the long-term performance of double U-tube borehole heat exchanger (BHE) fields, in the case of non-negligible effects of groundwater movement, is performed by means of COMSOL Multiphysics. Two time periodic heat loads, with a period of one year, are studied: Q1, with a partial compensation between winter heating (principal load) and summer cooling; Q2, with no ...

Electromagnet Shape Optimization using Improved Discrete Particle Swarm Optimization (IDPSO)

R. S. Wadhwa[1], T. Lien[1], and G. Monkman[2]
[1]NTNU Valgrinda, Inst. for produksjons- og kvalitetstek., Trondheim, Norway
[2]FH Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany

The magnetic field gradient produced by an electromagnet gripper head depends on its design. Stochastic Methods offer certain robustness to the design optimization process. In this paper, Improved Discrete Particle Swarm Optimization (IDPSO) searching technique is applied to the shape and magnetic field gradient optimization of an electromagnet head. The magnetic field and forces are ...

Multiphysics Modeling of Nanoparticle Detection - Current Status and Collaboration Sought

D. Krizaj[1], I. Iskra[2], Z. Topcagic[1], and M. Remskar[2]
[1]University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Ljubljana, Slovenia
[2]Institut Jozef Stefan, Ljubljana, Slovenia

We are developing nanoparticle detector for airborn particles. The detection principle is based on condensation of nanoparticles forming micron sized water droplets and detection of the droplets by a capacitive type nanodetector. We have successfully performed some experimental evaluations of the detection principle and are in the stage of optimization of several parts of the system. As ...

Comparison of 2D Conduction Models for Vertical Ground Coupled Heat Exchangers

A. Priarone[1], and S. Lazzari[2]
[1]DIPTEM-TEC, Università di Genova, Genova, Italia; Corresponding Author: a.priarone@unige.it
[2]DIENCA, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italia

The effect of the infinite length approximation on evaluating the temperature of the surface of Borehole Heat Exchangers is determined by means of COMSOL Multiphysics. In detail, two 2D models of a BHE are compared: in the first model, the domain is represented by a cross-section of the geometry, while in the second model, it is represented by an axial-section of the geometry and, thus, the BHE ...

A Wide Range MEMS Vacuum Gauge Based on Knudsen’s Forces

V. Sista, and E. Bhattarchaya
Microelectronics and MEMS Lab
Department of Electrical Engineering
Indian Institute of technology Madras
Chennai, India

A MEMS based Knudsen’s pressure gauge working in the range of 1e-5 mbar to 10 mbar is designed and simulated in COMSOL. The working principle is based on Knudsen’s forces that arise when two plates are held at different temperatures and their separation is comparable to the mean free path of the ambient gas molecules. The forces change the separation between the plates and capacitance between ...

Analyzing Drug Delivery and Osteoblast Growth on a Porous Scaffold in a Perfusion Bioreactor

A. Sun, and S. Murray
Dept. of Biomedical Engineering
UCLA, Los Angeles, CA

Implantable Collagen sponges are used in Spinal Surgery as Drug Delivery Scaffolds. An optimal concentration of growth factor that strikes a balance between bone growth and adverse diffusion effects is difficult to find. The porous sponge also serves as a scaffold for Osteoblast growth, and fluid shear has been shown to mediate biological effects on that cell type. We use COMSOL Multiphysics ...

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