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Influence of Notches in Corners of Casement Windows on Stress Experienced in the Aluminum Profiles under Thermal Load

J. Arfaoui [1], L. Fromme [1]
[1] University of Applied Sciences Bielefeld, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Bielefeld, Germany

Modern aluminum casement windows consist of an inner and outer profile made of aluminum, which are separated by an insulating bar made of polyamide (see Figure 1). Due to the low heat conductivity of the plastic material the thermal interaction between the living space and the surrounding is reduced significantly, but thermal expansion of the different materials could cause elastic or even ...

Modeling of a Direct Methanol Fuel Cell

J. Drillet [1],
[1] DECHEMA-Forschungsinstitut, Frankfurt, Germany

This work aims at the modelling of a 5 cm^2 Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC) with mixed serial/parallel serpentine flow fields in terms of current/voltage behavior. One of the main challenge to overcome consists on lowering the so-called methanol cross over from the anode through the polymer membrane to the cathode that is responsible for mixed-potential formation at the cathode where both ...

Analysis of an Inductive Proximity Sensor

A. Frey [1], I. Kuehne [2], R. Großmann [1], T. Frommelt [1], L. Fromme [3], T. Koch [4],
[1] Augsburg University of Applied Sciences, Augsburg, Bavaria, Germany
[2] Heilbronn University, Heilbronn, Germany
[3] Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences, Bielefeld, Germany
[4] COMSOL Multiphysics GmbH, Göttingen, Germany

Today, 90 percent of automation sensors are binary proximity detectors. Besides capacitive and optical types, inductive proximity sensors are essential for industrial applications. Compared to their mechanical counterparts, they offer almost ideal properties as contact-free and wear-free working principle as well as high switching frequency and precision. Inductive sensors cover a detection ...

Frequency Response Analysis of a Printed Circuit Board

S. Mathmann[1]
[1]University of Applied Sciences Bielefeld, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Bielefeld, Germany

During a practical course the students compare the measured frequency response of an assembled PCB (Printed Circuit Board) with the simulated data out of COMSOL Multiphysics® software. For this the whole PCB with all components are feed in the simulator and afterwards an eigenfrequency-analysis is carried out. To simplify the effort to do this, a COMSOL® app was created. As result the user ...

Uniform Reaction Rates and Optimal Porosity Design for Hydrogen Fuel Cells

J. H. Al-Smail [1]
[1] King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

We develop a porosity-optimization problem to improve the electrochemical reactions taking place in hydrogen fuel cells. We introduce a mathematical model, which involves a system of conservation laws defined in a porous space domain. Our goal is to find the domain's optimal porosity function that can make the oxygen-hydrogen reaction as uniform as possible. The optimal porosity design ...

Kinetics of Proteins in the Blood-Brain Barrier

K. Gandhi [1],
[1] University of California, Riverside, CA, USA

The delivery of chemotherapy for cancer into the central nervous system, in particular the brain, remains a challenge. This results in brain metastases commonly being a cause of death from cancer. Here, we look at the environment of the blood-brain barrier. Then, we explore two proteins (breast cancer resistance protein and p-glycoprotein) that may inhibit the transport of medications (erlotinib ...

The Effect of Eccentricity in Fully Developed Annular Pipe Flow on Convection Heat Transfer and the Darcy Friction Factor

S. Rabbani [1], A. Elzawawy [1], J. D'Arrigo [1], J. D. Freels [2]
[1] Vaughn College of Aeronautics and Technology, New York, NY, USA
[2] Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

Eccentricity in annular channels contributes to changes in fluid flow characteristics which in turn, affects the performance and integrity of the configuration. This research investigates a model of an annular channel with a diameter ratio of 0.762, an aspect ratio of 68.9:1 and heating of the internal surface of the inner cylinder with a 1.105MW/m2 heat flux. The Reynolds number ranges from 5 ...

Thermal Simulations of Naturally Ventilated Buildings

C. K. Kuruba [1], R. C. Thiagarajan [1],
[1] ATOA Scientific Technologies Pvt Ltd, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Ventilation is mainly used to control indoor air quality and for the purpose of thermal comfort by diluting and displacing pollutants. Because of the effects it has on health, comfort, and serviceability, indoor air quality in our homes is becoming of increasing concern to many people. Many countries even push citizens to opt for energy conservation , energy savings buildings based on natural ...

Design and Simulation of Electroactive Polymer-Based Artificial Muscles for Biomedical Application

A. S. Tripathi [1], B. P. Chatterjee [2], S. Das [3],
[1] Advanced Technology Development Centre, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, India
[2] Dept. of Cardiology, Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, India
[3] School of Medical Science and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, India

Electro-active polymer (EAP) based actuators are one of the suitable contenders for use in artificial muscles based bio-medical application because of their bio compatibility and lower active actuation voltage requirement phenomenon. At present Ionic polymer metal composites (IPMC), a type of EAP based actuator are being developed for various applications. IPMC actuator generally consist ...

Optimal Thermal Design of Converged-Diverged Microchannel Heat Sinks for High Heat Flux Applications

D. Chakravarthii [1], S. Subramani [1], M. Devarajan [1],
[1] Univeristy of Science Malaysia (USM), Georgetown, Penang, Malaysia

With the advancements in aerospace technology, micro-electromechanical systems, hybrid data centres and microfluidics, the miniature size electronic chips in such applications are need of the century. The major challenge in microelectronic chips is to eliminate the generated heat for stable and reliable operation of devices. Microchannel heat sinks are efficient method to dissipate heat when the ...