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COMSOL-News-Magazine-2017
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COMSOL-News-Magazine-2016

生物颗粒光声功率谱的有限元数值模拟研究

李勇 [1], 方晖 [2],
[1] 晋中学院,太原,中国
[2] 深圳大学,深圳,中国

定量分析生物颗粒形态的变化可以为疾病诊断提供依据。例如血红细胞形态的变化常常会伴随有相应的血液疾病[1],细胞的癌变常常伴随有细胞核形态的变化[2]等等。无标记的光学显微成像技术已经可以对生物颗粒的尺度和形状进行直接测量。光声显微成像技术(PAM)利用生物颗粒固有的吸光本领,已经可以对单个生物颗粒(如细胞和细胞器)进行成像[3]。 最近,光声流式仪(the photoacoustic flow-cytometry)已经实现了对单个生物颗粒进行连续检测[4]。然而,为了在大量的生物颗粒中快速检测生物颗粒的形貌,最好的方法是并非对其进行直接成像,而是采用高频光声显微技术[5],它的分辨率来源于实际测量与光声功率谱的分析。 光声功率谱分析需要通过计算建模来获取。我们使用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 有限元分析软件的声学模块用来建模 MFC7 细胞核的光声功率谱 ...

Enhanced Spontaneous Emission in Plasmonic Nanostructures

Jun Yi [1], Song-Yuan Ding [2],
[1] State Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China
[2] Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Energy Materials, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China

Spontaneous emission -- an electron in an excited state of an emitter spontaneously decays to another state with lower energy -- plays an important role in determining the performance of light-emitting diodes, fluorescent dyes, colorants, solar cells, etc. The efficiency of spontaneous emission is determined by the interaction between the emitter and its local electromagnetic environment(1, 2), ...

Delamination of Sub-Crustal Lithosphere - new

P. Vincent[1], E. Humphreys[2]
[1]College of Earth, Ocean, & Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
[2]Department of Geological Sciences, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA

Introduction: Lithospheric delamination beneath the western U.S. is believed to be the driving mechanism responsible for the evolution of magmatic and topographic features observed at the surface in the western U.S.. This process requires hot asthenosphere to be in contact with the underside of cold sub-crustal lithosphere and believed to be initiated by the Yellowstone hot spot plume that due ...

Modelling of Seismoelectric Effects

B. Kröger[1], U. Yaramanci[2], and A. Kemna[1]
[1]1 University of Bonn
[2]GGA Hannover

We present the results of full-waveform time-dependent finite-element modelling of coupled seismoelectromagnetic wave propagation in fluid-saturated porous media. To describe the seismoelectric response of the system a new set of equations is developed which couple the poroelasticity theory and Maxwell’s equations via flux/force transport equations in a thermodynamical sense. The coupling ...

Analyzing a Malfunctioning Clarifier with COMSOL’s Mixture Model

A. de Niet, A. van Nieuwenhuijzen, and A. Geilvoet
Witteveen+Bos, Deventer, The Netherlands

Clarifiers are used to separate sludge and water in waste water treatment plants. In this paper we analyze a malfunctioning clarifier using the mixture model. We are able to receive model results that are reasonably close to measurements from the real clarifier. With the model we can explain the bad separation of water and sludge in the clarifier. Engineers have proposed several actions in order ...

Investigation of Stability of Current Transfer to Thermionic Cathodes

M. Benilov, and M. Faria
Departamento de Física, Universidade da Madeira, Funchal, Portugal

Current transfer from high-pressure arc plasmas to thermionic cathodes may occur in a diffuse mode, when the current is distributed over the front surface of the cathode, or in a spot mode, when most of the current is localized in one or more small areas. Spectra of perturbations of 3D steady-state current transfer to thermionic cathodes of a high-pressure argon arc have been computed in the ...

Modeling the response of photoacoustic gas sensors

S.L. Firebaugh[1], F. Roignant[2], and E.A. Terray[3]

[1]United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland, USA
[2]Polytechnique Nantes, Nantes, France
[3]Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA

A fast, high-sensitivity detector is required for studies of environmentally relevant gases. Photoacoustic spectroscopy (PAS), an absorption spectroscopy technique in which absorption is detected as sound, is explored as a possible solution. A tuning-fork based PAS sensor is modeled using COMSOL. The model combines the acoustic and piezoelectric modules and also includes viscous damping. The ...

Rapid Prototyping of Biosensing Surface Plasmon Resonance Devices using COMSOL & Matlab software

J.J. Dubowski[1], and D.Carrier[1]
[1]Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Université de Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada

We present a Finite Element Method simulation procedure that allows rapid development of prototype devices comprising novel self-referenced interference SPR (surface plasmon resonance) biosensing microstructures. The procedure takes advantage of  COMSOL Multiphysics and MATLAB software and their bi-directional link. The simulation is made using COMSOL RF Module, 2D harmonic propagation ...

Laminar Thermal Mixing in Coating Flows

A. Haas[1], M. Scholle[1], A. Aksel[1], H.M. Thompson[2], R.W. Hewson[2], and P.H. Gaskell[2]

[1]Department of Applied Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany
[2]School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom

Heat transfer in a plane shear flow configuration consisting of two infinitely long parallel plates is considered. In laminar flows over undulated substrates eddies can be generated due to the kinematical constraints. A closed form analytical solution for the velocity field, based on lubrication theory as well as a semi-analytic solution for the temperature field is derived for the creeping ...

Using COMSOL for the Transport Modelling of Some Special Cases in a Bentonite Buffer in a Final Repository for Spent Nuclear Fuel

M. Olin[1], V-M. Pulkkanen[1], A. Seppälä[1], T. Saario[1], A. Itälä[1], M. Tanhua-Tyrkkö[1], and M. Liukkonen[1]

[1]VTT, Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland

The bentonite barrier is an essential part of a safe spent fuel repository in granitic bedrock. In this work COMSOL Multiphysics® is used in modelling the Thermal (T), Hydrological (H), Mechanical (M) and Chemical (C) phenomena and processes taking place in a bentonite buffer. Special interest lies in systems in which the density of bentonite or bentonite pore water varies. Typically, variation ...