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COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulation of Energy Conversion and Storage Concepts Based on Oxide Crystals - new

C. Cherkouk[1], M. Zschornak[1], J. Hanzig[1], M. Nentwich[1], F. Meutzner[1], M. Urena[1], T. Leisegang[2], D. C. Meyer[1]
[1]Institute of Experimental Physics, Technische Universität Bergakademie, Freiberg, Germany
[2]Fraunhofer-Technologiezentrum, Freiberg, Germany

A mathematical model based on a finite element method (FEM) is presented as an initial approach for a system converting waste heat energy into chemical energy. This system consists of a pyroelectric LiNbO3 plate placed into a cylinder which undergoes a laminar water flow with an appropriate periodic heat source. It solves the heat transfer equation in non-isothermal flow, where the density of ...

Void Shape Evolution of Silicon: Level-Set Approach - new

C. Grau Turuelo[1], C. Breitkopf[1]
[1]Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany

The void shape evolution of silicon is a process driven mainly by surface diffusion which leads to a geometrical transformation of trenches etched in silicon wafers due to surface energy minimization. The temperature, the ambient gas and the annealing time affect the velocity of the process. The use of custom PDEs in COMSOL Multiphysics® software and the Level-Set method provide a good base ...

Sound Field Analysis of Monumental Structures by the Application of Diffusion Equation Model - new

Z. S. Gul[1], N. Xiang[2], M. Caliskan[3]
[1]Department of Architecture, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey
[2]School of Architecture, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA
[3]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey

Sound energy distribution patterns within enclosed spaces are the basic concerns of architectural acoustics. Energy decays are analyzed for major acoustical parameter estimations, while spatial energy distribution and flow vectors are indicative in the analysis of sound energy circulation and concentration zones. In this study the acoustical field of a real-size multi-domed monumental ...

Delamination of Sub-Crustal Lithosphere - new

P. Vincent[1], E. Humphreys[2]
[1]College of Earth, Ocean, & Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
[2]Department of Geological Sciences, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA

Introduction: Lithospheric delamination beneath the western U.S. is believed to be the driving mechanism responsible for the evolution of magmatic and topographic features observed at the surface in the western U.S.. This process requires hot asthenosphere to be in contact with the underside of cold sub-crustal lithosphere and believed to be initiated by the Yellowstone hot spot plume that due ...

Optimization of Micro-Structured Waveguides in Lithium Niobate (Z-Cut) - new

H. Karakuzu[1], M. Dubov[1], S. Boscolo[1]
[1] Aston University, Birmingham, UK

We present an optimization procedure to improve the propagation properties of the depressed-cladding, buried micro-structured waveguides formed in a z-cut lithium niobate (LN) crystal by high repetition rate femtosecond (fs) laser writing. It is shown that the propagation wavelength for which the confinement losses of ordinary (O) and extraordinary ordinary (E) polarizations are below 1 dB/cm ...

Extraction of Thermal Characteristics of Surrounding Geological Layers of a Geothermal Heat Exchanger by COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulations - new

N. Aranzabal[1], J. Martos[1], J. Soret[1], J. Torres[1], R. García-Olcina[1], Á. Montero[2]
[1]Technical School of Engineering, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
[2]Department of Applied Physics, Politechnical University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain

It has been demonstrated that is possible obtain the thermal parameters of geological layers of a BHE (Borehole Heat Exchanger) by fitting temperature evolution in an observer pipe inserted into borehole.

Optimization of Smart Diaphragm Material for Pressure Sensor in Ventilators

M. Algappan[1], P. C. Chakravarthi[1], R. Keerthana[1], S. Mangayarkarasi[1], A. Kandaswamy[1]
[1]PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

A medical ventilator is an imperative device used to save life by delivering an assortment of air and oxygen into and out of the patients’ lungs to administer breathing or to assist obligatory breathing. The commercially available diaphragm based pressure sensors made up of silicon measure the air and oxygen flow. The proposed work utilizes the Piezo electric material for the pressure range ...

关于气泡在LIMCA系统中变形的数值模拟 - new

杨文志[1], 王晓东[1]
[1]中国科学院大学,北京,中国

LIMCA技术是一种原位测量高温液态金属中杂质颗粒的方法。测量的原理为:在一个小孔内外设置一对电极,并且通以电流,这样可以在孔口附近形成一个电敏感区,当杂质经过电敏感区时,通过测量电压脉冲信号以检测杂质的信息。对硬质颗粒的LIMCA技术已经有了许多研究,但实际情况下有些颗粒如气泡是可变形的,这将损害LIMCA的精度。 模型使用了 COMSOL Multiphysics® 中的“层流两相流-相场”和“电磁场”模式,气泡和液态铝以相同的初始速度向相同方向运动,同时在液态导电金属中通以电流。由于流体和气泡是运动的,流动会受到洛伦兹力的影响,所以在流场中加入由电磁场计算得到的“mef.FLtzr”和“mef.FLtzz”作为体积力源项。同时流动结构的改变也会影响电磁场,两个物理场之间存在着强耦合,需要同时求解。 数值计算结果给出了在气泡变形情况下的流场、电磁场 ...

Diverse Models for Graphite Brick Deformation and Stress State in UK AGR Nuclear Reactors

J. Burrow [1], A. Bond [1],
[1] Quintessa Ltd, United Kingdom

The UK Advanced Gas-cooled Reactor fleet, operated by EDF Energy, utilize a graphite core consisting of a lattice of around 3000 annular bricks. Due to irradiation, oxidation and thermal effects, the bricks deform and loose mass as they age. Of key concern is the late-life behavior of the bricks, in particular the predicted time at which brick shrinkage reverses into expansion, generating large ...

Effect of Parallel Strip Water Source Spacing on Lateral Infiltration Flux

M. García-Serrana [1], J. L. Nieber [1], J. S. Gulliver [1],
[1] University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA

This analysis evaluates the importance of the lateral component of flow on the infiltration of water from parallel strip sources of water on the soil surface. Flow from such sources will be two-dimensional, having both vertical and lateral components. Here we examine the effect of the spacing between parallel strip sources and the texture of the soil on the rate of infiltration through a given ...