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Simulations of Micropumps Based on Tilted Flexible Structures - new

M. J. Hancock[1], N. H. Elabbasi[1], M. C. Demirel[2]
[1]Veryst Engineering, LLC., Needham, MA, USA
[2]Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

Pumping liquids at small scales is challenging because of the principle of reversibility: in a viscous regime, the flow streamlines through a fixed geometry are the same regardless of flow direction. Recently we developed a class of microfluidic pump designs based on tilted flexible structures that combines the concepts of cilia (flexible elastic elements) and rectifiers (e.g., Tesla pump). We ...

Dependence of the Current Density Distribution with Flow Channel Geometry in a Half-Cell Model - new

O. Beruski[1], J. Perez[1]
[1]Institute of Chemistry of São Carlos, São Carlos, SP, Brazil

The present work demonstrates that a simple half-cell model is capable of reproducing qualitatively the main features of the measurements of the current density distribution in a high-temperature polymer electrolyte fuel cell, pointing that computational modeling and simulation are an important tool in the development of such devices. Our main interests with such a model is to optimize working ...

Design, Fabrication and Simulation of Microchannel Network for MEMS

V. Jain[1], A. K. Sharma[2], P. Kumar[2]
[1]Thapar University, Patiala, Punjab, India
[2]Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttar Pradesh, India

The greatest challenge being faced for realization of Micro-Electro Mechanical System (MEMS) technology is the lack of a simple, quick and reliable method for the fabrication of 3-D microchannel in the range of micrometers. A novel fabrication technique which opens possibilities for the production of these microfluidic channels is presented in this paper. The present paper highlights the ...

Simulation of a Piezoelectric Loudspeaker for Hearing Aids and Experimental Validation - new

G. C. Martins[1], P. R. Nunes[1], J. A. Cordioli[1]
[1]Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil

The use of piezoelectric materials in hearing aid loudspeakers, also called receivers, presents technical and economic advantages such as reducing the number of parts of the system and its manufacturing cost. However, the performance of such systems is still not competitive when compared to traditional electrodynamic loudspeakers. In order to achieve an appropriate performance, one option is to ...

PDT Study Using a Model Incorporating Initial Oxygen Concentration and Blood Flow Increase

R. Penjweini[1], T. C. Zhu[1],
[1] Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Introduction: Type II photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an experimental modality for cancer treatment based on the combined action of a photosensitizing drug (photosensitizer), a special wavelength of light and singlet oxygen (1O2) generation; the cell killing is caused by the reaction of cellular acceptors with 1O2. A mathematical model has been previously developed to incorporate the macroscopic ...

Modeling of a Multilayered Propellant Extrusion in Concentric Cylinders

S. Durand [1][3], C. Dubois [1], P. Lafleur [1], V. Panchal [2], D. Park [2], P. Paradis [3], D. Lepage [3]
[1] École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada
[2] US Army ARDEC, Picatinny Arsenal, NJ, USA
[3] General Dynamics OTS Canada Valleyfield, Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, QC, Canada

A novel propellant technology requires extruding two formulations with differential burning rates (slow and fast) together as a multilayered propellant. This multilayered propellant is processed into a concentric cylinder configuration, in the form of slow-fast-slow with single perforation. The main challenge originated from the different path lengths between the inner and outer sections of the ...

Time-Domain Model of the Inner Ear to Study Nonlinear Responses

K. Gladine [1], J. Soons [1], J. Dirckx [1]
[1] University of Antwerp, Belgium

The ear doesn’t solely listen but it also speaks. Sounds formed in the inner ear which are measurable in the outer ear are called Otoacoustic emissions (OAEs). Some claim these are produced by the outer hair cells (OHCs), the amplifiers in the inner ear. Our hypothesis is that the OHCs only amplify distortion products (DPs) but do not produce them.

A Virtual Laboratory for the 4 Bed Molecular Sieve of the Carbon Dioxide Removal Assembly

R. Coker [1], J. Knox [1], B. O'Connor [1],
[1] Marshall Space Flight Center - NASA, Huntsville, AL, USA

Introduction: Ongoing work to improve water and carbon dioxide separation systems to be used on crewed space vehicles combines sub-scale systems testing and multi-physics simulations. Thus, as part of NASA’s Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) program and the Life Support Systems Project (LSSP), fully predictive COMSOL Multiphysics® software models of the Four Bed Molecular Sieve (4BMS) of the ...

Modeling Thermo-Fluid Dynamics of a Processing Unit of the Fast-track Trigger for ATLAS

N. Delmonte [1], P. Cova [1], A. Lanza [2], P. Giannetti [3], A. Annovi [3], S. Daniele [4], ,
[1] University of Parma and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare - Sezione di Pavia, Pavia, Italy
[2] Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare - Sezione di Pavia, Pavia, Italy
[3] Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare - Sezione di Pisa, Pisa, Italy
[4] University of Parma - Department of Information Engineering, Parma, Italy

We describe the thermal modeling of a crate hosting boards with Associative Memories (AM) designed for the Fast Tracker Trigger (FTK) system of the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. FTK is a highly paralleled hardware system designed to provide global tracks reconstructed in the inner detector. The hardware system is based on AM for pattern recognition and fast FPGAs for track ...

Finite Element Evaluation of the Strength of Silicide-Based Thermoelectric Modules

A. Miozzo [1], S. Boldrini [1], A. Ferrario [1], M. Fabrizio [1],
[1] Institute of Condensed Matter Chemistry and Techologies for Energy - National Research Council of Italy, Padova, Italy

Silicide-based thermoelectric modules (TEMs) for power generation operate at mid-high temperature range. In the operating conditions, thermal stresses in materials with different coefficient of thermal expansion may reduce the mechanical strength of the modules. In this work, a finite element evaluation of the mechanical strength of a 16 legs thermoelectric module prototype operating with 300 K ...