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Hemodynamic Therapy of Middle Cerebral Artery Vasospasm Guided by a Multiphase Model of Oxygen Transport

S. Conrad[1,2], P. Chittiboina[3], and B. Guthikonda[3]

[1]Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA, USA
[2]Department of Biomedical Engineering, Louisiana Tech University, Ruston, LA, USA
[3]Department of Neurosurgery, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA, USA

Cerebral vasospasm is a complication of subarachnoid hemorrhage and other neurosurgical emergencies that reduce blood flow to the brain. Part of the approach to management of vasospasm is to improve flow through the stenotic areas by reducing by decreasing blood viscosity and enhancing flow through the stenosis. To examine the interaction of these factors, we applied computational fluid ...

Micro Cooling of SQUID Sensor

B. Ottosson[1], Y. Jouahri[2], C. Rusu[1], and P. Enoksson[2]
[1]Imego AB, Gothenburg, Sweden
[2]Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden

The objective of this work has been to realize a feasibility study of a cooling device for a SQUID sensor using liquid nitrogen flowing through micro channels. The design consists of an epoxy cylindrical vacuum vessel skewed by a silicon microchannel heat sink. The SQUID sensor is situated directly on top of the microchannel heat sink. The device is used at room temperature and should be able to ...

Temperature Excursions at the Pulp-Dentin Junction during the Curing of Light-Activated Dental Restorations

M. Jakubinek[1,2], C. Neill[1], C. Felix[3], R. Price[2,3], M. White[1,2]

[1]Departments of Chemistry and Physics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
[2]Institute for Research in Materials, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
[3]Department of Dental Clinical Sciences, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada

Heat produced during the curing of light-activated dental restorations could damage the dental pulp. Given the prevalence of composite restorations and the importance of avoiding injury to the pulp, efforts should be made to minimize the temperature increase that occurs at the pulp-dentin junction during light-curing. In this investigation we develop and evaluate a COMSOL Multiphysics FEM tooth ...

Magnetic Particle Buildup Growth on Single Wire in High Gradient Magnetic Separation  

F. Chen
Department of Chemical Engineering, M.I.T., Cambridge, MA, USA

Magnetic fluids containing nano or submicron magnetic particles and their application in food, biological and pharmaceutical systems have recently attracted increasing attention. Magnetic particles can be collected efficiently in magnetizable matrices (e.g. iron wires) in high gradient magnetic separation (HGMS) process. In this work, the dynamic buildup growth process is treated as a moving ...

Simulation of Current Collector Corrosion Effects on the Efficiency of Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells

I. Sgura[1], F. Zarcone[2], and B. Bozzini[2]
[1]Dipartimento di Matematica, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
[2]Brindisi Fuel Cell Durability Laboratory, Facoltà di Ingegneria Industriale, Università del Salento, Brindisi, Italy

Corrosion and contact ohmic resistance of the stainless steel current collectors in molten carbonates is one of the greatest obstacles to widespread application of molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFC). We simulate the variation of material parameters values, accounting for the impact of corrosion of the metallic current collectors on the performance of the porous cathode. Furthermore, we couple a ...

Transient Conjugate Optical-thermal Fields in Thin Films Irradiated by Moving Sources: A Comparison between Back and Front Treatment

N. Bianco[1], O. Manca[2], and D. Ricci[2]
[1]Dipartimento di Energetica, Termofluidodinamica applicata e Condizionamenti ambientali, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
[2]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Aerospaziale e Meccanica, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, Aversa (CE), Italy

A two dimensional instationary analysis of the conjugate optical-thermal fields induced in a multilayer thin film structure on a glass substrate by a moving Gaussian laser source is carried out numerically in order to compare back and front laser treatment processes. COMSOL Multiphysics 3.4 code has been adopted to solve the combined thermal and electromagnetic problem in order to compare the ...

Deformation of Drop-within-Drop System under the Influence of High Intensity Oscillating Electric Field

D. Das[1], R.S. Patil[1], S. Kulkarni[1], V.A. Juvekar[1], and R. Bhattacharya[2]
[1]IIT Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
[2]India Atomic Energy Regulatory Board, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

This paper deals with the simulation study using COMSOL on the deformation of drop-within-drop system in a high intensity oscillating electric field. It consists of a composite drop suspended in a continuous phase. This composite drop has a smaller inner drop suspended within the larger outer drop. The outer drop is made up of another immiscible liquid. A high intensity sinusoidally varying ...

Thermal Analysis of Electrorefiner for Engineering Scale Pyroprocessing Studies

S. Agarwal, S.P. Ruhela, V. Mente, M.G. Hemanath, B. Murlidhran, V.S. Kumar, C.P. Reddy, G. Ravisankar, B.K. Sharma, K. Nagarajan, C.A. Babu, and P. Kalyanasundaram
Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu, India

Pyrochemical process based on molten salt electrorefining is ideally suited for reprocessing spent metallic fuels from Fast Breeder Reactors. In this work, a heat transfer analysis of the Electrorefiner cell was conducted to develop a basic tool for designing of the engineering–scale Electrorefiner. The focus of this work is to find out steady state temperature profiles of cover gas and molten ...

Blistering of Industrial Floors on Concrete Substrate: The Role of Air Overpressure

P. Devillers[1], S.V. Aher[2], G. Fau[3], B. Tranain[3], and C. Buisson[1]
[1]Centre des Matériaux de Grande Diffusion, Ecole des Mines d’Alès, France
[2]Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
[3]Centre Scientifique et Technique du Bâtiment, Champs sur Marne, France

A three dimensional COMSOL Multiphysics, transient analysis, diffusion model has been adopted to model the transfers of water in the industrial concrete floors. To take into account the different initial saturation levels at the different levels of the slab, the model is divided into three subdomains. The rise of the waterfront is also simulated and the air overpressure thereby developed at the ...

Finite Element Modeling of a Cell Lysing Chip

S. Maloney[1,2], Y. Li[1,2], G. Auner[1], and J. Smolinski[1]
[1]Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA
[2]Lawrence Technological University, Southfield, MI, USA

We are working on a microfabricated lysing chip that uses a piezoelectric actuator to provide ultrasonic energy to break apart cells. The device contains pillars with varying dimensions. We hypothesize that increasing the aspect ratio of pillars will increase the efficiency of the transfer of ultrasonic energy into the fluid phase and enhance the lysing efficiency. The fluid structure ...

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