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Modelagem Computacional de Difusores para Microbombas

A. G. S. Barreto Neto [1], A. M. N. Lima [2], C. S. Moreira [1],
[1] Instituto Federal de Ciência e Tecnologia - IFPB, João Pessoa, PB, Brasil
[2] Universidade Federal de Campina Grande - UFCG, Campina Grande, PB, Brasil

Este trabalho trata do dimensionamento da estrutura bocal/difusor utilizando a simulação computacional com fronteira móvel. Esse tipo de simulação contempla toda estrutura da bomba, isto é, câmara de bombeamento, difusor e área de dispersão de fluxo, de modo a contabilizar o refluxo em função da estrutura, possibilitando um projeto mais realísticos da estrutura.

The Visualization of Ocean Movement in Southern Ocean

M. M. Saidi [1]
[1] Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia

Ocean is the cornerstone in Earth’s system because the surface of the Earth is covered by ocean about 71%. Ocean also holds approximate 97% of the Earth’s water. Ocean is always moving and continuous. This study is focusing on the ocean movement in Southern Ocean which is located in the southernmost of the Earth. It can be called as Antarctica Ocean because it consists of the waters extending ...

Study on the Thermal Behaviors of LFP Aluminum-laminated Battery with Different Tab Configurations

M. Jia [1], S. Du [1],
[1] School of Metallurgy and Environment, Central South University, Changsha 410083, PR China

Abstract: A 3.2V/10Ah LFP aluminum-laminated batteries are chosen as the target of the present study. A three-dimensional thermal simulation model is established based on finite element theory and proceeding from the internal heat generation of the battery[13]. The study illustrates a three-dimensional relationship among the total internal heat generation rate of the battery, the discharge rate ...

An Extension of Lauwerier’s Solution for Heat Flow in Saturated Porous Media

S. Saeid[1] and F.B.J. Barends[2]
[1]Technical University of Delft, Delft, The Netherlands
[2]Deltares and TU-Delft, Delft, The Netherlands

One of the crucial topics in this century is sustainable energy. In this respect, the exploitation of geothermal energy from deep hot aquifers becomes opportune. Hence, insight is required in the heat balance of potential aquifer systems. Essential issues are convection, conduction and dispersion. This article focuses on Lauwerier’s problem. As an extension, it is suggested that beside ...

Dynamic Observation of Magnetic Particles in Continuous Flow Devices by Tunneling Magnetoresistance Sensors

A. Weddemann[1], A. Auge[1], F. Wittbracht[1], C. Albon[1], and A. Hütten[1]

[1]Department of Physics, Thin Films and Physics of Nanostructures, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany

Dynamic measurement of magnetic particles in continuous flow devices is made very difficult by the limitations imposed by the sensors themselves. Thus, certain sensor layouts are restricted to either number sensitive or spatial resolutive measurements of magnetic particles. We investigate different new strategies to increase the detection threshold and introduce designs accomplishing both: ...

High Coupling Factor Piezoelectric Materials for Bending Actuators: Analytical and Finite Elements Modeling Results

I.A. Ivan[1], M. Rakotondrabe[1], and N. Chaillet[1]
[1]FEMTO-ST Institute, University of Franche-Comte, Besançon, France

New giant piezoelectric factor materials such as PMN-PT and PZN-PT were researched during the last decade and are actually becoming commercially available. As they seem very attractive for actuator designs, we studied their potential in replacing PZT ceramics. In a first comparative approach, we tested a series of classic rectangular composite bimorph structures of different combinations of ...

Helium Two-Phase Flow in a Thermosiphon Open Loop

B. Baudouy[1] and F. Visentin[1]
[1]CEA, Irfu, SACM, Gif-sur-Yvette, France

The construction of high magnetic field superconducting coils requires the use of low temperature superconductors that must be cooled down to liquid helium temperature (4.2 K). Natural two-phase convection loops, i.e. thermosiphon loop, are used as cooling system for large superconducting magnets mainly because of its passive nature. The study present a thermohydraulics model realized with ...

Modeling Dispersal of Genetic Information in Structured Agricultural Landscapes with Partial Differential Equations

K. Lipsius, and O. Richter
Institute of Geoecology, TU Braunschweig, Germany

We present a model for plant dispersal in agricultural landscapes to evaluate the gene dispersal from genetically modified (GM) plants. Dispersal from seed and pollen is modeled with partial differential equations. In scenarios, we investigated the effect of roadside application of non-selective herbicides on dispersal of herbicide tolerant oilseed rape (HT OSR). We showed that OSR growing on ...

A Finite Element Analysis on the Modeling of Heat Release Rate, as Assessed by a Cone Calorimeter, of Char Forming Polycarbonate

D. Statler[1], and R. Gupta[2]
[1]Mid-Atlantic Technology, Research and Innovation Center, South Charleston, WV, USA
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA

During the pyrolysis and combustion of polymers, heat is released and is typically measured with a cone calorimeter to better assess the polymer’s flammability. Modeling heat release rate, as assessed by cone calorimetry, has not been extensively studied for char-forming polymers, such as, polycarbonate. Here we determine the heat release rate with the help of a one-dimensional transient finite ...

Magnetic Particle Buildup Growth on Single Wire in High Gradient Magnetic Separation  

F. Chen
Department of Chemical Engineering, M.I.T., Cambridge, MA, USA

Magnetic fluids containing nano or submicron magnetic particles and their application in food, biological and pharmaceutical systems have recently attracted increasing attention. Magnetic particles can be collected efficiently in magnetizable matrices (e.g. iron wires) in high gradient magnetic separation (HGMS) process. In this work, the dynamic buildup growth process is treated as a moving ...

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