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Simulation of Electromagnetic Enhancement in Transition Metamaterials using COMSOL

I. Mozjerin[1], T. Gibson[1], and N.M. Litchinitser[1]
[1]Department of Electrical Engineering, The State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, USA

Metamaterials are a new class of artificial materials, which possess various unusual properties. One of these properties is a negative index of refraction produced by setting both the dielectric permittivity ε and the magnetic permeability μ of the material less than zero. Unique electromagnetic phenomena occurring at the interface between negative-index materials and conventional ...

Wall Effects in Convective Heat Transfer from a Sphere to Power Law Fluids in Tubes

D. Song[1], R. Gupta[1], and Chhabra[2]

[1]West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA
[2]Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India

Heat transfer from a sphere having a uniform temperature and falling axially in a cylindrical tube filled with an incompressible power-law liquid is numerically investigated. The governing equations for simultaneous flow around a confined sphere and heat transfer to power-law fluids were solved numerically using COMSOL Multiphysics. It was found that the wall effects on the mean Nusselt number ...

Finite-Element Evaluation of Thermal Response Tests Performed on U-Tube Borehole Heat Exchangers

E. Zanchini, and T. Terlizzese
[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Energetica, Nucleare e del Controllo Ambientale, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy

The results of two thermal response tests recently performed on two vertical borehole heat exchangers (BHEs) are presented. The BHEs have the same cross section and a depth of 100 m and 120 m respectively. The evaluation of the thermal properties of the ground and grout are performed by a finite-element simulation method, developed through the software package COMSOL Multiphysics 3.4.

A Mean Field Approach to Many-particles Effects in Dielectrophoresis

O. Nicotra, and A. La Magna
CNR-IMM Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy

One of the major applications for dielectrophoresis is the selective trapping and fractionation in lab-on-a-chip devices. Nevertheless, many-particle effects due to high concentrations of biological material around electrodes can cause a rapid decrease of trapping efficiency in dielectrophoretic devices. In this contribution we present a new approach based on a drift-diffusion dynamics to study ...

A Numerical Investigation on Active Chilled Beams for Indoor Air Conditioning

G. Cammarata, and G. Petrone
Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, University of Catania, Catania, Italy

In this study fluid-dynamical and thermal performance of active chilled beams is investigated by 2D and 3D modelling in COMSOL Multiphysics. Three different typologies of those air conditioning systems are considered. Results, obtained for typical range of variation of operational conditions, are principally produced as temperature and velocity distributions. Special attention is paid to the ...

Magnetic Particle Buildup Growth on Single Wire in High Gradient Magnetic Separation  

F. Chen
Department of Chemical Engineering, M.I.T., Cambridge, MA, USA

Magnetic fluids containing nano or submicron magnetic particles and their application in food, biological and pharmaceutical systems have recently attracted increasing attention. Magnetic particles can be collected efficiently in magnetizable matrices (e.g. iron wires) in high gradient magnetic separation (HGMS) process. In this work, the dynamic buildup growth process is treated as a moving ...

Three-Dimensional Simulation of Signal Generation in Wide-Bandgap Semiconductor Radiation Detectors

J. E. Toney[1]
[1]Pennsylvania State University Electro-Optics Center, Freeport, Pennsylvania, USA

We demonstrate the use of Comsol Multiphysics with Matlab to model signal generation in wide-bandgap semiconductor radiation detectors. A quasi-hemispherical detector design is compared with a simple, planar detector. Results show that the quasi-hemispherical design can simply and effectively compensate for the poor hole transport of most compound semiconductor materials.

A Moisture Transfer Model for Drying of Grain

K. Lund[1]
[1]Kurt Lund Consulting, Del Mar, California, USA

A kernel of grain is modeled as an isothermal sphere, with descriptive differential equations scaled or rendered into non-dimensional form, where moisture transfer is governed by internal diffusivity, not by surface conditions. The time dependent problem is solved with COMSOL and the average non-dimensional moisture content and its time-rate of change are obtained; by regression, these numerical ...

Microfluidic Design of Neuron-MOSFET based on ISFET

A. Jain[1], and A. Garg[2]
[1]BITS Pilani, Goa, India
[2]Bhartiya Vidyapeeth College, New Delhi, India

In this paper we suggest a device which combines the operation of a neuron-MOS and an ISFET. An ISFET is an ion-sensitive field effect transistor used to measure ion concentrations in a solution; when the ion concentration changes, the current through the transistor changes accordingly. A voltage between substrate and the oxide surfaces arises due to an ions sheath. It contains a conventional ...

Prism Coupling of Light in Optical Waveguides

J.T. Andrews, R.R. Kumar, and P.K. Sen
Department of Applied Physics, S G S Institute Technology & Science, Indore, Maharashtra, India

We report the results of simulation showing light coupling in waveguides through prism coupling method. Prism coupling method of light coupling in waveguides is a dominant method adopted by photonic device fabricators. It is necessary to understand the effect various parameters on light coupling in such processes. We used industry standard PDE solver COMSOL Multiphysics to study and analyze the ...

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