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Simulations of Micropumps Based on Tilted Flexible Structures - new

M. J. Hancock[1], N. H. Elabbasi[1], M. C. Demirel[2]
[1]Veryst Engineering, LLC., Needham, MA, USA
[2]Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

Pumping liquids at small scales is challenging because of the principle of reversibility: in a viscous regime, the flow streamlines through a fixed geometry are the same regardless of flow direction. Recently we developed a class of microfluidic pump designs based on tilted flexible structures that combines the concepts of cilia (flexible elastic elements) and rectifiers (e.g., Tesla pump). We ...

Dependence of the Current Density Distribution with Flow Channel Geometry in a Half-Cell Model - new

O. Beruski[1], J. Perez[1]
[1]Institute of Chemistry of São Carlos, São Carlos, SP, Brazil

The present work demonstrates that a simple half-cell model is capable of reproducing qualitatively the main features of the measurements of the current density distribution in a high-temperature polymer electrolyte fuel cell, pointing that computational modeling and simulation are an important tool in the development of such devices. Our main interests with such a model is to optimize working ...

Design, Fabrication and Simulation of Microchannel Network for MEMS

V. Jain[1], A. K. Sharma[2], P. Kumar[2]
[1]Thapar University, Patiala, Punjab, India
[2]Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttar Pradesh, India

The greatest challenge being faced for realization of Micro-Electro Mechanical System (MEMS) technology is the lack of a simple, quick and reliable method for the fabrication of 3-D microchannel in the range of micrometers. A novel fabrication technique which opens possibilities for the production of these microfluidic channels is presented in this paper. The present paper highlights the ...

Investigation on MEMS Based Thermal Sensor for Cancer Detection

A. V. Lakshmi[1], K. C. Devi[1]
[1]PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

This paper presents the design and simulation of a thermal sensor using COMSOL Multiphysics® software for the detection of low body temperature syndrome which can allow the early detection of cancer. This sensor is made of an alloy consisting of two materials with different coefficients of thermal expansion. The main objective of this work is to investigate the structural change in the sensor ...

Simulation of a Piezoelectric Loudspeaker for Hearing Aids and Experimental Validation - new

G. C. Martins[1], P. R. Nunes[1], J. A. Cordioli[1]
[1]Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil

The use of piezoelectric materials in hearing aid loudspeakers, also called receivers, presents technical and economic advantages such as reducing the number of parts of the system and its manufacturing cost. However, the performance of such systems is still not competitive when compared to traditional electrodynamic loudspeakers. In order to achieve an appropriate performance, one option is to ...

Cycling-Induced Degradation of Batteries

M. Vallance [1], A. Meshkov [1], R. White [2], M. Guo [2], S. Rayman [2], L. Cai [2]
[1] GE Global Research, Niskayuna, NY, USA
[2] R.E. White & Associates, Columbia, SC, USA

Rechargeable batteries solve electrification and communication problems. As examples, hybrid battery-diesel generator power supplies efficiently power cell towers in remote locations, detached from the power grid. Large battery banks are used to load level user power requirements, reducing stress on power generation infrastructure. Batteries firm the output capacity of intermittent wind ...

Stress Analysis on All-Ceramic Specimens of Different Geometries During Thermalcycling Tests

D. Fabris [1], B. Henriques [2], J. C. M. Souza [1], J. Guimarães [1], M. Fredel [1]
[1] Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil
[2] Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Blumenau, SC, Brazil; and CMEMS-Uminho, Universidade do Minho, Guimarães, Portugal

Dental restorations can be made by different materials bonded together, which grant good mechanical resistance and aesthetic at the same time. In order to evaluate the behavior of dental restorations in the oral environment, a test, called thermocycler, is used, which simulates the temperature changes and the chemical environment of the mouth. The objective of this work is to evaluate thermal ...

A Virtual Laboratory for the 4 Bed Molecular Sieve of the Carbon Dioxide Removal Assembly

R. Coker [1], J. Knox [1], B. O'Connor [1],
[1] Marshall Space Flight Center - NASA, Huntsville, AL, USA

Introduction: Ongoing work to improve water and carbon dioxide separation systems to be used on crewed space vehicles combines sub-scale systems testing and multi-physics simulations. Thus, as part of NASA’s Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) program and the Life Support Systems Project (LSSP), fully predictive COMSOL Multiphysics® software models of the Four Bed Molecular Sieve (4BMS) of the ...

Finite Element Evaluation of the Strength of Silicide-Based Thermoelectric Modules

A. Miozzo [1], S. Boldrini [1], A. Ferrario [1], M. Fabrizio [1],
[1] Institute of Condensed Matter Chemistry and Techologies for Energy - National Research Council of Italy, Padova, Italy

Silicide-based thermoelectric modules (TEMs) for power generation operate at mid-high temperature range. In the operating conditions, thermal stresses in materials with different coefficient of thermal expansion may reduce the mechanical strength of the modules. In this work, a finite element evaluation of the mechanical strength of a 16 legs thermoelectric module prototype operating with 300 K ...

Modeling and Characterization of Piezoelectric Structures: From Bulk Material to Thin Film

M. Bavencoffe [1], N. Tembhurnikar [1], B. Negulescu [2], J. Wolfman [2], G. Feuillard [1]
[1] INSA Centre Val de Loire, GREMAN, UMR CNRS 7347, 3 rue de la Chocolaterie, 41034 Blois, France
[2] François Rabelais University, GREMAN, UMR CNRS 7347, Parc de Grandmont, 37200 Tours, France

With the development of micro and nanotechnologies, integrated structures based on piezoelectric thin films are widely investigated and their characterization become a crucial issue for the development of new applications. A laser interferometry is here used to assess the mechanical response in quasistatic regime of a piezoelectric sample. To complete this experimental approach, a numerical ...