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COMSOL News Magazine 2017

COMSOL Multiphysics in Earth Science Education and Research

Dr. R.N. Singh
INSA, Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad, India

Dr. R. N Singh is currently a INSA Senior Scientist. Prior to this appointment, he was a CSIR Emeritus Scientist at the National Geophysical Research Institute (NGRI), Hyderabad. He has been the Scientist-in-Charge of CSIR Centre of Mathematical Modeling and Computer Simulation, Bangalore (1996-99) and the Director of National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nagpur (1999-2003). He ...

Porous Media Based Model for Deep-Fat Vacuum Frying Potato Chips

A. Warning, A. K. Datta, A. Dhall, and D. Mitrea
Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering
Cornell University
Ithaca, NY

A multiphase porous media model involving heat and mass transfer within a potato chip was implemented in COMSOL 3.5a. The diffusive flux in oil and liquid water was modeled from capillary driven flow while the gas phase was modeled using binary diffusion. A non-equilibrium water evaporation rate was used and Darcy's law for the momentum equation to solve for the convection of each species. ...

A Wide Range MEMS Vacuum Gauge Based on Knudsen’s Forces

V. Sista, and E. Bhattarchaya
Microelectronics and MEMS Lab
Department of Electrical Engineering
Indian Institute of technology Madras
Chennai, India

A MEMS based Knudsen’s pressure gauge working in the range of 1e-5 mbar to 10 mbar is designed and simulated in COMSOL. The working principle is based on Knudsen’s forces that arise when two plates are held at different temperatures and their separation is comparable to the mean free path of the ambient gas molecules. The forces change the separation between the plates and capacitance between ...

Multiscale Damage Detection in Conductive Composites

R. C. Thiagarajan
ATOA Scientific Technologies Private Limited, Bangalore, India

Conductive Composites such as carbon fiber reinforced composites are increasingly used in safety critical aerospace applications. The catastrophic macro structural failure of composite structures initiates from a micro level failure event such as fiber breaks. The ability to detect damage early on can improve the safety level and reliability of composite structures. A multilevel self-sensing ...

Pseudo-3D Multiphysics Simulation of a Hydride Vapor Phase Epitaxy Reactor

M. Hackert-Oschätzchen[1], M. Penzel[1], P. Plänitz[2], A. Schubert[1][3]
[1]Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
[2]GWT-TUD, Dresden, Germany
[3]Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology IWU, Chemnitz, Germany

Gallium nitride (GaN) and its related nitride alloys with special physical properties are in technical areas of high interest. The growing of gallium nitride boules on non-native sapphire or silicon carbide requires complicated mechanisms of defect reduction in the lattice structure. Thus the production of gallium nitride substrates is a challenge. Hydride Vapor Phase Epitaxy (HVPE) is a ...

Transport of Vocs through Bioflim in Biotrickling Filters

Balasubramanian P[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Realising the interlinkage of nature and engineering are of paramount essential while comprehending the basics of system’s performances. Application of biotechniques in air pollution control is one such emerging scientific area, where the understandings of these complex systems demand more utilisation of computing softwares. Recently, biofiltration is a versatile biological air pollution control ...

Numerical Simulations of Radionuclide Transport through Clay and Confining Units in a Geological Repository using COMSOL

J. Hansmann[1], M. L. Sentis[1], B. J. Graupner[1], A.-K. Leuz[1], C. Belardinelli[2]
[1]Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate (ENSI), Brugg, Switzerland
[2]Kantonsschule Solothurn, Solothurn, Switzerland

Introduction: The sectoral plan that defines the procedure and criteria of site selection for deep geological repositories for all categories of waste (high-level and low- and intermediate-level waste) in Switzerland started in 2008 and will last for about ten years. ENSI (Swiss Nuclear Safety Inspectorate) is in charge of reviewing the proposals and safety assessments for geological ...

Design of Microfluidic Device for Cellular Experiment Under Controlled Oxygen Tension

K. Funamoto[1], I.K. Zervantonakis[2], R.D. Kamm[2]
[1]Tohoku University, Sendai City, Miyagi, Japan
[2]Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Numerical simulation of oxygen tension was performed to develop a microfluidic device for three-dimensional real-time observation of cellular response under hypoxia. The optimal experimental condition was obtained through investigations of effects of parameters, such as device thickness and flow rates of media and gas, on oxygen tension.

Numerical Modeling of Power Reactors' Fuel Bundles

R. Schmidt[1], T. Yousefi[2], B. Farahbaksh[2], M. Z. Saghir[2]
[1]University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, LA, USA
[2]Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada

Fuel bundles in the CANDU (CANada Deuterium Uranium) reactor are designed for heating a pressurized coolant (heavy water) to generate electricity. The designs for the fuel bundles differ based on the number of heating elements. The flow of heavy water over the elements and inside the shell is highly turbulent. In this paper, COMSOL Multiphysics® is used to simulate the heavy water flow ...

Resonant Frequency Analysis of Quartz Shear Oscillator

T. Satyanarayana[1], V. Sai Pavan Rajesh[2]
[1]NPMASS Centre, Lakireddy Bali Reddy Autonomous Engineering College, Mylavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India
[2]Lakireddy Bali Reddy Autonomous Engineering College, Mylavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India

The most commonly used type of resonator is the AT-cut, where the quartz blank is in the form of a thin plate cut at an angle to the optic axis of the crystal. This paper reports the modeling of a quartz oscillator for a resonant frequency analysis based on piezoelectric effects. The proposed oscillator consists of a single quartz disc with two electrodes on the top and bottom surfaces of the ...