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Modeling of the Transport Phenomena in Lithium-Ion Battery Electrolytes

A. Nyman, M. Behm, and G. Lindbergh
Applied Electrochemistry, School of Chemical Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm, Sweden

Modeling of mass transport is an important step in evaluating lithium-ion battery electrolytes and understanding cell performance. For high-power applications, concentration gradients in the electrolyte lead to limiting currents, which limit the power-density of the battery. The model has been used for determining a complete set of transport and thermodynamic properties for LiPF6 dissolved in an ...

A Study of Laser Doppler Anemometer Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

I. Lancranjan[1] and C. Gavrila[2]
[1]Advanced Study Centre, National Institute for Aerospace Research “Elie Carafoli”, Bucharest, Romania
[2]Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania

Laser anemometers based on application of Doppler Effect have been developed and are used in-flight, on aircrafts for measurement of air flow parameters, mainly its speed versus the airplane. The air speed measurements are vital for safe flights. The main basic idea of Doppler techniques consists in measuring the frequency of scattered light. In this paper, we propose a study of a laser Doppler ...

Hydrogen Vehicle Leak Modelling in Indoor Ventilated Environments

A. Hallgarth[1], A. Zayer[1], A. Gatward[2], and J. Davies[2]
[1]Hazard Research & Risk Consultants Ltd, Aberystwyth, Wales, United Kingdom
[2]Independent Consultants, United Kingdom

This paper presents and discusses HazRes’ research and results associated with the simulation and modelling of hydrogen release and dispersion events in indoor enclosed environments, using COMSOL Multiphysics. HazRes has developed a gas dispersion model in COMSOL, which takes into account the effects of buoyancy, localized ventilation effects and turbulence generated by obstacles on the ...

The Use of COMSOL in Teaching Heat and Moisture Transport Modeling in Building Constructions

A.W.M. van Schijndel[1] and H.L. Schellen[1]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

This paper presents the use of the multiphysics package COMSOL for teaching heat and moisture transport modeling in the research area of building physics. It includes a description on how COMSOL works and six exercises with 2D, 3D, steady state and transient models. It is concluded that COMSOL is a very useful tool for this kind of engineering education. Especially, the abstraction level of ...

Thermal Analysis of Intermediate Heat Exchanger in a Pool Type Fast Breeder Reactor

S. Agarwal[1], C. A. Babu[1], P. Kalyanasundaram[1], and G. Vaidyanathan[1]

[1]Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam

 Intermediate heat exchanger (IHX) in a pool-type liquid metal cooled fast breeder reactor is an important heat exchanging component as it transfer heat from the radioactive primary sodium in the pool to the non-radioactive secondary sodium. The secondary sodium ultimately heats up water in a steam Generator (SG) to produce the steam for power generation. Intermediate heat exchanger is a ...

Modeling Bacterial Clearance Using Stochastic-Differential Equations

A. Jeremic, and A. Atalla
McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada

In this paper, we develop a mathematical model to simulate the movement of bacteria into and within a capillary segment. Also, we model the transportation through capillary walls by means of anisotropic diffusivity that depends on the pressure difference across the capillary walls. By solving the model using COMSOL, it was possible to predict the concentration of bacteria at points within the ...

Transient Analysis of the Buoyance Driven Flow in a Passive Solar System of Indoor Heating

G. Petrone, G. Cammarata, and L. Cammarata
Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, University of Catania, Italy

This study aims to numerically investigate on a passive solar system for indoor heating called as \"Trombe wall\". The transient buoyancy driven flow characterizing that system and the thermal distribution are solved by numerically integrating the governing equations in COMSOL Multiphysics environment. Simulations are carried-out for a time range corresponding to 12 days. The results are ...

Wind Evaporation On Wetted Surfaces Under Uncertainty Conditions

J.M. Gozalvez-Zafrilla, M.C. Leon-Hidalgo, J. Lora-Garcia, A. Santafe-Moros, and J.C. Garcia-Diaz
Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain

Brine disposal from desalination plants placed in inland areas far from sea is an important problem. Evaporation ponds can be used for reducing the waste to solid state but they require huge amounts of land. Evaporation using arrays of wet surfaces can minimize the land requirements. One characteristic of the methods based on natural evaporation is the uncertainty associated to the influent ...

Hybrid FEM-BEM Approach for Two- and Three-Dimensional Open Boundary Magnetostatic Problems

A. Weddemann[1], D. Kappe[2], and A. Hütten[2]
[1]Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge MA, USA
[2]Department of Physics, Thin Films and Physics of Nanostructures, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany

In principal, the calculation of the magnetic state inside a magnetic object requires the evaluation of the field in the entire unbounded space. With finite element methods restricted to finite domains, commonly auxiliary domains are employed which result in a non-physical cut-off. Not only that these additional domains result in an increased number of degrees of freedom which are strictly ...

Thermal Properties of Copper Tungsten with Copper Via Composite

J. Ma[1], A. Parker[1], and K. Kuan[2]
[1]Southeastern Louisiana University, Hammond, LA, USA
[2]Torrey Hill Technology LLC, SanDiego, CA, USA

This study focuses on a low-cost composite material based on CuW with Cu via, which functions as a more efficient thermal path for heat conduction. A 50mm X 50mm X 1mm CuW(15/85) speciman consists an array of 30X30 uniformly distributed cylindrical Cu via attaching to a microprocessor generating 100 watts power was studied. By calculating the heat flux coming out of the top and the ...