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Maximizing the Fatigue Crack Response in Surface Eddy Current Inspections of Aircraft Structures

C. Mandache [1], T. Theodoulidis [2],
[1] National Research Council Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
[2] University of Western Macedonia, Kozani, Western Macedonia, Greece

In-service detection of fatigue cracking in metallic aerospace structures relies on capable and efficient eddy current inspection procedures. For best results, inspections with surface scanning eddy current techniques are following rigorous procedures that indicate the instrument settings, probe type and configuration. Parametric numerical simulations are representing great tools for optimizing ...

Modeling, Simulation, and Optimization of Piezoelectric Bimorph For Broadband Energy Harvesting

N. Chen [1], V. Bedekar [1],
[1] Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, TN, USA

The objective of this research is to design a millimeter scale broadband energy harvester device through the use of a multi-cantilever beam approach with a non-linear geometry. In this research, we use COMSOL Multiphysics® software to design, simulate and analyze the voltage and power characteristics under applied mechanical vibrations of a piezoelectric cantilever beam. One piezoelectric ...

Modeling of Mixing-Sensitive Pharmaceutical Drug Substance Processes in Batch Reactors

F. Akpinar [1], B. Cohen [1], J. Tabora [1], A. Glace [1], K. Lauser [1], F. Lora Gonzalez [1], J. Albrecht [1],
[1] Bristol-Myers Squibb, New Brunswick, NJ, USA

Manufacturing of pharmaceutical drug substances involves chemical unit operations that are dependent on effective mixing, particularly reactions and crystallizations. Poor mixing can cause uneven distribution of chemical species in stirred tanks, leading to impurity formation and decrease in selectivity during reactions, and localized supersaturation, uncontrolled nucleation, impurity entrapment ...

Thermo-mechanical Analysis of Steam Generator Bottom Tube Sheet of Steam Generator Test Facility

S. P. Ruhela[1], V. Vinod[1], S. Kishore[1], B. K. Sreedhar[1], I. B. Noushad[1], B. Krishnakumar[1], P. Kalyanasundaram[1], and G. Vaidyanathan[1]
[1] Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu, India

  Steam Generator Test Facility (SGTF) is set up in IGCAR to optimize the design of Steam Generators (SG) for Fast Breeder Reactors. In the SG of SGTF heat exchange takes place from sodium which enters at 525 ºC and leaves at 355 ºC temperature to the water/steam which enters at 235 ºC and leaves at 493 ºC. To reduce the steady state differential temperature and thermal shock during transients, ...

Study of Artificial Molecular Engines Action Through COMSOL Multiphysics® Program

L. Moro[1], F. Lugli[1], and F. Zerbetto[1]

[1]Department of Chemistry “G. Ciamician”, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy

Rotaxanes are a class of molecules recently developed in laboratory that have been heralded as possible molecular motors. The motor is constituted by a linear molecule (thread) and a ring-shaped molecule (macrocycle), which is free to move along the thread, switching between two, or more, energetically stable interaction points (stations). Molecular motors start their functioning far from ...

Computation of the Longitudinal Dispersion Coefficient in an Adsorbing Porous Medium Using Homogenization

A. Rijnks[1], M. Darwish[2], and H. Bruining[3]
[1]StatoilHydro ASA, Bergen, Norway
[2]Shell Exploration & Production International Centre, Rijswijk,
The Netherlands
[3]Section of Geoengineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, TU Delft, Delft, The Netherlands

The method to derive upscaled expressions for the dispersion coefficients for reactive flow in a porous medium uses a periodic unit cell (PUC), which consists for instance of a spherical grain in a cube, but nothing prohibits defining more complex PUC's. Homogenization leads to a coupled system of equations where the flow is described by Stokes equation and the concentration fluctuation is ...

Modeling Soil Water Dynamics with Time-Variable Soil Hydraulic Properties

A. Schwen[1], G. Bodner[2], A. Schnepf[3], D. Leitner[3], G. Kammerer[1], and W. Loiskandl[1]

[1]Institute of Hydraulics and Rural Water Management, Univ. Natural Resour. Appl. Life Sci., BOKU, Wien, Austria
[2]Institute of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Univ. Natural Resour. Appl. Life Sci., BOKU, Wien, Austria
[3]Institute of Soil Science, Univ. Natural Resour. Appl. Life Sci., BOKU, Wien, Austria

Modeling soil water dynamics requires an accurate description of soil hydraulic properties, i.e. the retention and hydraulic conductivity functions. Generally, these functions are assumed to be unchanged over time in most simulation studies. In this paper, we implemented temporal changes in the soil hydraulic properties in a Richards’ equation simulation of soil water dynamics. Based on ...

Large Scale 3D Flow Distribution Analysis in HTPEM Fuel Cells

C. Siegel[1][2], G. Bandlamudi[1][2], N. van der Schoot[1], and A. Heinzel[1][2]
[1]Zentrum für BrennstoffzellenTechnik GmbH, Duisburg, Germany
[2]Institut für Energie- und Umweltverfahrenstechnik, University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany

Accurate bipolar-plate and flow-field layout is one crucial task for optimizing fuel cells. These cell components perform several functions, including charge transport or gas and water transport throughout the cell just to name a few. Overall, the design depends on the fuel cell application or the geometrical size of the assembly. The requirements for a flow-field used in a high temperature ...

Analog to Digital Microfluidic Converter

R. Dufour [1], C. Wu[1], F. Bendriaa[1], V. Thomy[1], and V. Senez[1]
[1]BioMEMS Group, IEMN, University of Lille Nord de France, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France

This paper presents an Analog to Digital Microfluidic Converter (ADMC) using passive valves and enabling the conversion of a continuous liquid flow into droplets for Electro-Wetting On Dielectric (EWOD) actuation. Valves calibration, geometry characteristics and losses reduction have been optimized using microfluidic application mode of COMSOL Multiphysics®.

Structural Mechanics of Cooling Catheters

M. Pavelchak, J. Urcinas, and T. Merrill
Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ, USA

This paper describes the use of structural mechanics capabilities within COMSOL to explore new cooling catheter designs. Cooling catheters may be used to save ischemic tissue resulting from strokes or heart attacks. Typical guide catheters use metallic braiding to ensure torsional strength. Braiding, however, displaces space for flows and limits design options. To explore alternatives to ...

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