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Improving the Sensoring of PEM Fuel Cell by Numerical Techniques - new

S. Skoda[1], E. Robalinho[2], E. F. Cunha[1], M. Linardi[1]
[1]Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares - IPEN/CNEN-SP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
[2]Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

The use of numerical techniques in PEM fuel cell sensoring represents an advantage of project engineering, reducing the costs and accelerating the manufacturing of prototypes. In this work some numerical responses are shown, relating to numerical sensoring of water and oxygen mole fractions at cathode of a 5 cm² of geometric area PEM fuel cell. The need to recognize a geometric figure of merit ...

Multiphysics Modeling of a Grain Storage Chamber - new

P. Guha[1], P. Sharma[1], V. Malhotra[1], S. Mishra[1]
[1]CSIR - Central Scientific Instruments Organisation, Chandigarh, India

Proper storage of grains depends on minimizing attacks of insects, fungi, mites, etc. Development of such pests can be controlled by controlling the temperature of the storage chamber. Hence, before designing grain storage chambers, mathematical modeling and numerical simulations should be performed to predict the temperature distributions. Changes in storage temperature may occur due to several ...

First Approach Toward a Modeling of the Impedance Spectroscopic Behavior of Microbial Living Cells

D. Rauly [1], P. Xavier [1], E. Chamberod [2], J. M. F. Martins [3], J. Angelidis [4], H. Belbachir [5]
[1] IMEP-LAHC, Universite Grenoble Alpes, France
[2] IUT, Universite Grenoble Alpes, France
[3] LTHE, Grenoble Alps University - CNRS - IRD, France
[4] LEAS, St. Ismier, France
[5] HBA Biotech SA, Grenoble, France

The subject of the interactions between electromagnetic (EM) fields and living cells is a strong issue for several decades [1]. Large number of works have been done to study the EM field penetration and inner induced currents in living microorganisms. Relevant information to be collected deals with level and frequency of the EM signal that may affect the development of the considered cells. The ...

Dielectric Adaptive Optical Gels

R. Eisenschmid [1],
[1] OPTIMA pharma GmbH, Schwäbisch Hall, Germany

Adaptive Optics is common sense, since many people use digital cameras with electromechanical iris actors on elastic autofocus lenses. This project tries to create a COMSOL Multiphysics based mathematical model of adaptive optics with electrostatically induced deformation of dielectric gels. Upper and lower sides of a lens (dielectric conductive gel) are coated by transparent conductive films, i ...

Development of a COMSOL Application for the Efficient Evaluation of an Engineered Barrier System

D. Sampietro [1], E. Abarca [1], H. von Schenck [2], J. Molinero [1]
[1] Amphos 21 Consulting S.L., Barcelona, Spain
[2] Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co., Stockholm, Sweden

Radioactive waste repositories include barriers that work to contain the waste, thereby protecting human health and the environment. In deep geological disposal systems, barriers include the natural geological barrier and the engineered barrier system (EBS). The ability of the EBS to limit groundwater flow is important and optimized design solutions are often sought by means of numerical ...


韩建宁 [1],
[1] 中北大学,太原,山西,中国

所谓近场声学,是相对于远场声学而言。传统的声学理论,通常只研究远离光源或者远离物体的声场分布,一般统称为远场声学。远场声学在原理上存在着一个远场衍射极限,限制了利用远场光学原理进行显微和其它光学应用时的最小分辨尺寸和最小标记尺寸。而近场声学则研究距离光源或物体一个波长范围内的光场分布。在近场声学研究领域,远场衍射极限被打破,分辨率极限在原理上不再受到任何限制,可以无限地小,从而基于近场声学原理可以提高显微成像与其它光学应用时的光学分辨率。 声学超材料自问世之日起就受到了国内外科学家们的广泛追捧,在很多领域都可以看到其踪迹,以声子晶体为代表的声超材料具有很多天然材料所不具备的声学特性,为声学信号处理带来了很多创新的思路和途径。 声超材料的突出特点在于采用尺寸远小于入射波长的人工结构构建出等效参数,利用等效参数实现“小尺寸结构调控大尺寸波长”的目的。 ...

基于 ALE 方法的脉冲磁体不可逆电感变化计算

蒋帆 [1], 孙衢骎 [1],
[1] 武汉脉冲强磁场中心,武汉,湖北,中国

目前,脉冲磁体广泛采用导体绕组和加固材料分层交替绕制的工艺(内部层间加固),以提高磁体的整体结构强度。磁体在长期的放电工作过程中,反复经历强电磁力的作用,导体材料(一般为纯铜、铜基合金以及铜基复合材料)在重复的加卸载过程中存在着塑性应变的累积效应,即棘轮效应。导体材料塑性应变的逐渐累积,导致了磁体不可逆电感值的不断增加。因此,磁体的不可逆电感变化可表征磁体内部的整体变形情况,可用于脉冲磁体的疲劳失效预测。 本文基于 COMSOL Multiphysics® 5.1 软件,对脉冲磁体的放电过程建立了电路、电磁场、温度场及结构场的二维轴对称全耦合模型。考虑了放电过程中集肤效应对磁体电阻、电感的影响;在结构场中引入了接触对,采用罚函数法对磁体内部的层间分离机制进行了有效的模拟;利用耦合变量,基于 ALE 方法计算了脉冲磁体在服役过程中 ...

Free Convection In A Square Cavity Partially Filled With Porous Media With Spatial Wall Temperature

A. I. A. Alsabery [1]
[1] Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Malaysia

Free convective fluid flow and heat transfer in cavity domains has received considerable attention over the past few years and the importance of this problem is due to the broad spectrum of industrial applications and environmental situations. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of Darcian free convective heat transfer in a square cavity partially filled with porous media with ...

Multiple-Mode Polymeric-Silicon Dual-Channel Gas Sensors

K. Liang [1], A. Dodabalapur [1], D. Sharma [1],
[1] Microelectronics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin, TX, USA

An organic-inorganic dual-channel sensor makes a strong chemical gas sensor because this device design combines the high chemical sensitivities and selectivity of organic semiconductors [1-4] with the superior electrical performance and convenient integration of silicon semiconductors. As shown in the device schematic in Figure 1, the organic channel is the chemically-active material and is ...

Numerical Analysis of Radiant Heat Emission Systems

F. Ochs [1], M. Magni [2], M. Bianchi Janetti [1],
[1] University of Innsbruck, Unit for Energy Efficient Buildings, Innsbruck, Austria
[2] University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

Radiant heating generally addresses all heat emission systems having a share of radiant heat emission greater than 50%, compared to a convector or fan coil where the heat is transferred mainly by means of convection. Recently, so-called infrared-heating systems are discussed as a cost-effective heating system. Relative small areas of typically 0.6 m x 1.2 m with temperatures up to 120 °C are ...