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Simulation of a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst Used in a NOx Storage and Reduction system for Heavy Duty Trucks

C. Odenbrand, and E. Senar Serra
Department of Chemical Engineering, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

This work concerns the performance of an oxidation catalyst used in a NOx storage and reduction system. The oxidation of NO is the main objective of this study, where the presence of CO and propene has also been taken into account. Experimental data has been determined on a monolithic oxidation catalyst mounted after a heavy duty diesel engine in a rig. The conversion of hydrocarbons is ...

Three-Dimensional Simulation of Signal Generation in Wide-Bandgap Semiconductor Radiation Detectors

J. E. Toney[1]
[1]Pennsylvania State University Electro-Optics Center, Freeport, Pennsylvania, USA

We demonstrate the use of Comsol Multiphysics with Matlab to model signal generation in wide-bandgap semiconductor radiation detectors. A quasi-hemispherical detector design is compared with a simple, planar detector. Results show that the quasi-hemispherical design can simply and effectively compensate for the poor hole transport of most compound semiconductor materials.

Inductance of Magnetic Plated Wires as a Function of Frequency and Plating Thickness

T. Graf[1], O. Schälli[1], A. Furrer[1], and P. Marty[1]

[1]Technik und Architektur, Hochschule Luzern, Horw, Switzerland

This paper analyzes the magnetic behavior of electroplated wires. For this purpose the resistance and inductance of single turn loops and coils have been simulated and measured. The measurement is delicate due to the influence of a stray capacitance. We show that the quality factor of magnetic plated loops and coils can be tuned easily by the plating thickness. In addition the quality factor of ...

Long Term Performance Of Borehole Heat Exchanger Fields With Groundwater Movement

S. Lazzari, A. Priarone, and E. Zanchini
DIENCA, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

A numerical investigation of the long-term performance of double U-tube borehole heat exchanger (BHE) fields, in the case of non-negligible effects of groundwater movement, is performed by means of COMSOL Multiphysics. Two time periodic heat loads, with a period of one year, are studied: Q1, with a partial compensation between winter heating (principal load) and summer cooling; Q2, with no ...

Thermal Properties of Copper Tungsten with Copper Via Composite

J. Ma[1], A. Parker[1], and K. Kuan[2]
[1]Southeastern Louisiana University, Hammond, LA, USA
[2]Torrey Hill Technology LLC, SanDiego, CA, USA

This study focuses on a low-cost composite material based on CuW with Cu via, which functions as a more efficient thermal path for heat conduction. A 50mm X 50mm X 1mm CuW(15/85) speciman consists an array of 30X30 uniformly distributed cylindrical Cu via attaching to a microprocessor generating 100 watts power was studied. By calculating the heat flux coming out of the top and the ...

Evanescent Waves at the Interface Between Ear Canal and Otoacoustic Emission Probe

M. Zebian[1,2], J. Hensel [2], and T. Fedtke[2]
[1]Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Braunschweig, Germany
[2]International Graduate School of Metrology, Braunschweig, Germany

Otoacoustic emission (OAE) tests provide an objective examination of the cochlear function. However, the validity of OAE tests is affected negatively by calibration errors. This report sheds light on the evanescent waves arising at the interface between the OAE probe and the ear canal, and analyses the impact of minor eartip modifications on the acoustic length estimation of ear canals, using ...

Energetics of Half-Quantum Vortices

K. Roberts[1]
[1]University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA

Magnetic cantilever measurements have detected half-flux states in mesoscopic rings of the layered material Sr2RuO4, adding evidence that superconducting Sr2RuO4 may be described by a p-wave order parameter. A proposal accounting for this behavior has been presented in which the polarization axis of the condensates lies entirely in the plane. In a half-flux state there is a non-zero ...

Microwave Inactivation of Bacteria Under Dynamic Heating Conditions in Solid Media

S. Curet[1], M. Mazen Hamoud-Agha[1]
[1]GEPEA, UMR 6144, CNRS, ONIRIS, Université de Nantes, Nantes, France

In this study, COMSOL®4.2a is used to model a microwave heating process in a TE10 rectangular waveguide. The sample consists of a small cylindrical Ca-alginate gel (D = 8 mm, H = 10 mm) inoculated with bacteria Escherichia Coli K12. The sample is placed along the microwave propagation direction into the waveguide. Maxwell’s equations and heat transfer are coupled to a microbial inactivation ...

Numerical Simulations of Radionuclide Transport through Clay and Confining Units in a Geological Repository using COMSOL

J. Hansmann[1], M. L. Sentis[1], B. J. Graupner[1], A.-K. Leuz[1], C. Belardinelli[2]
[1]Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate (ENSI), Brugg, Switzerland
[2]Kantonsschule Solothurn, Solothurn, Switzerland

Introduction: The sectoral plan that defines the procedure and criteria of site selection for deep geological repositories for all categories of waste (high-level and low- and intermediate-level waste) in Switzerland started in 2008 and will last for about ten years. ENSI (Swiss Nuclear Safety Inspectorate) is in charge of reviewing the proposals and safety assessments for geological ...

A Study on the Suitability of Indium Nitride for THz Plasmonics

A. Shetty[1], K. J. Vinoy[1], S. B. Krupanidhi[2]
[1]Electrical Communication Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India
[2]Materials Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India

As interest in the electromagnetic spectrum expands towards the infrared and terahertz range, the distinct advantages of using semiconductors instead of metals for plasmonic applications must be understood. Plasmonic resonances in gold (Au) and indium nitride (InN) gratings are studied, in the terahertz (?=30µm) regime. The electromagnetic properties of Au and InN are described by the Drude ...