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The Influence of Channel Aspect Ratio on Performance of Optimized Thermal-Fluid Structures

E.M. Dede
Toyota Research Institute of North America, Ann Arbor, MI, USA

Multiphysics optimization of thermal-fluid systems is an emerging area of interest with application to the development of high performance cooling technologies for electronic systems. This paper builds on previous work focused on the development of a computational platform for numerical optimization. Specifically, a sample optimized topology is briefly described, and the final result is ...

Heat Flux Predictions for a 3-D Compost Model

M. Teutli [1], Jiménez[1], Lozano[1], Peláez[1], J. Roque[2], and I. González[3]
[1]BUAP, Puebla, Mexico
[2]Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa, VZ, Mexico
[3]UAM, Mexico City, Mexico

A 3-D model for compost was constructed taking as geometry basis a truncated cone, with dimensions of 4 m radius and 3 m height; in this structure an energy balance is applied for a two phase system (solid-air). Compost energy processes are modeled using COMSOL with a modified heat transfer equation which includes: volumetric heat capacity, chemical oxidation and biological growing and ...

Finite Element Modeling of a Cell Lysing Chip

S. Maloney[1,2], Y. Li[1,2], G. Auner[1], and J. Smolinski[1]
[1]Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA
[2]Lawrence Technological University, Southfield, MI, USA

We are working on a microfabricated lysing chip that uses a piezoelectric actuator to provide ultrasonic energy to break apart cells. The device contains pillars with varying dimensions. We hypothesize that increasing the aspect ratio of pillars will increase the efficiency of the transfer of ultrasonic energy into the fluid phase and enhance the lysing efficiency. The fluid structure ...

Evaluation of COMSOL as a Tool for Pinpointing Moisture Entering Locations From Inside Surface Moisture

J. van Schijndel
Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands

The location and nature of the moisture leakages are sometimes difficult to detect. Moreover, the relation between observed inside surface moisture patterns and where the moisture enters the construction is often not clear. The objective of this paper is to investigate inverse modeling techniques as a tool for the detection of moisture leakage locations in building constructions from inside ...

Homogeneous and Inhomogeneous Model for Flow and Heat Transfer in Porous Materials as High Temperature Solar Air Receivers

O. Smirnova, T. Fend, P. Schwaryboezl, and D. Schoellgen
German Aerospace Center, Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, Koeln, Germany

Results of simulations on flow and heat transfer in a porous Silicon Carbide honeycomb structure applied as a solar air receiver are presented. In this application porous materials are put in concentrated solar radiation. Flux densities of up to 1000 MW/m² are reached. Simultanously, ambient air flows through the material to be heated up to temperatures of app. 800°C. This hot air is then used ...

Simulation of the Degradation of Methyl Red by Gliding Arc Plasma

S. Cavadias [1], B. Trifi [2], S. Ognier[1], and N. Bellakhal[3]
[1]Laboratoire de Génie des Procédés Plasma et Traitement de Surface, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
[2]Laboratoire de Chimie Analytique et Electrochimie, Département de Chimie, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis, Université Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisie
[3]Département de Chimie et de Biologie Appliquées, Institut National des Sciences Appliquées et de Technologie, B.P. N°676, 1080 Tunis Cedex, Tunis, Tunisie

The use of plasmas for the treatment industrial effluents provides a new alternative to the decontamination of wastewater. The strong oxidizing species (O,O3, OH) generated by the plasma, at room temperature, can oxidise organic pollutants present in the water. Our simulation deals with the degradation of methyl red by a Glidarc humid air plasma producing active species, mainly OH, that can ...

BHE Field Design by Superposition of Effects in Space and Time

S. Lazzari[1], E. Zanchini[1]
[1]DIENCA - University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

A design method for BHE fields in the absence of groundwater flow is presented, based on the superposition of effects. The effects of any periodic heat load with a period of one year can be obtained by a weighted sum of the effects of a monthly unit step heat load, properly displaced in time. The interference among BHEs is evaluated by the superposition of effects in space. The result of the ...

Analysis of Dielectrophoretic Force by Using COMSOL

Taewoo Lee[1]
[1]Department of Biomedical Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea

Dielectrophoresis is a phenomenon in which a force is exerted on a dielectric particle when it is subjected to a non-uniform electric field. In this research, we analyze dielectrophoretic (DEP) force using a geometry containing two electrodes, one with SiO2 and one without, with a gap between them. The relevant governing equations include the DEP force, the electrohydrodynamic and corresponding ...

Design and Analysis of Multilayered MEMS Microphone Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

Saranya srinivasa raghavgan[1], Sowmya Srinivasa raghavan[1], Shruti Venkatesh[1]
[1]Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Chennai, India

In this project, we report a design of MEMS microphone that is based on the application of porous silicon in improving the sensitivity of bulk micro machined capacitive pressure sensors. The property of a low Young’s modulus of porous silicon and its dependence on porosity have been exploited to obtain a higher sensitivity compared to pressure sensors with single crystalline silicon membranes. ...

Drag Fluctuations of a Fully Deployed Flow Actuator Embedded Inside Turbulent Boundary Layer Flow - new

Dr. A. Elzawawy[1]
[1]Engineering & Technology Department, Vaughn College of Aeronautics & Technology, Flushing, NY, USA

Introduction: In this work, a CFD model of 2D flow around a fully deployed flow actuator was developed using COMSOL Multiphysics® software and the CFD Module. The results of COMSOL modeling is also compared with the experimental data of the same dimensions actuator. The 100mmX2mm rectangular actuator is placed inside a turbulent boundary layer flow as shown in Figure 1. The experiments [1], [2 ...

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