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Modeling of Coupled Mass and Heat Transfer and Expansion During Baking of Bread in a Mould

V. Nicolas[1], C. Doursat[2], D. Grenier[1], T. Lucas[1], D. Flick[2]
[1]Institut de recherche en sciences et technologies pour l'environnement et l'agriculture, Rennes, France
[2]AgroParisTech, UMR1145 Ingénierie Procédés Aliments, Massy, France

Bread is a food product which various complex physico-chemical phenomena occur during the cooking process. Thus, phenomena of heat and mass transfer are coupled to the deformation. In addition, bread is a multiphase product (solid, liquid and vapor) and composed of various components (dry matter, water, air and carbon dioxide). A 2D model is developed with COMSOL Multiphysics® 4.3b witch ...

Particle Focusing Optimization and Stress Analysis of a Magnetic Horn

S. di Luise[1], A. Rubbia[2]
[1]Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH, Zurich, Switzerland and CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva, Switzerland
[2]Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH, Zurich, Switzerland

A neutrino oscillation experiment aims to the observation of the transformation of a neutrino of a given flavour into a neutrino of a different flavour. A beam of neutrinos is produced through the decay of charged pions which in turn are produced in the collision of high energy accelerated protons impinging on a thick target. A series of magnetic horns is used to focus charged particles produced ...

Thermal Integration of Coupled SOFC System with a High-Performing Metal Hydride Storage

A. Mossadegh Pour[1], A. Dhira [1], R. Steinberger-Wilckensa[1]
[1]Department of Chemistry, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Auxiliary Power Units can play an important role in reducing vehicle emissions, especially in diesel and kerosene driven vehicles. In conventional vehicles the electricity supply comes from a generator that is directly coupled to the propulsion engine. New generation of fuel cell APUs exclusively use Solid Oxide Fuel Cells with some developments in high temperature polymer electrolyte membranes ...

Vibration Analysis of the Wineglass for Glass Harp using COMSOL Multiphysics®

Teruyuki KOZUKA[1]

[1]National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tokyo, Japan

When a wineglass is touched with a wet finger along its edge, it vibrates at single frequency and you hear a clear sound. If the water is added into the glass, the sound pitch changes because the resonance frequency changes with the mass of the glass. When there are plural glasses with different quantity of the water, it becomes the musical instrument called the glass harp. Although the glass ...

Numerical Model for Leaching and Transporting Behavior of Radiocesium in MSW Landfill

Hiroyuki ISHIMORI et al.[1]

[1]Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto, Kyoto, Japan

This paper presents the numerical simulation model for radiocesium leaching and transporting behavior in municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill and discusses on the design for the required geometry and properties of the impermeable final cover and the soil sorption layer, which work for containment of hazardous waste such as radiocesium-contaminated MSW generated by Fukushima Daiichi nuclear ...

Multiscale Electromagnetic Modeling of Contractions in the Pregnant Uterus

V. Tidwell[1], P. LaRosa[2], M. Zhang[1], H. Eswaran[3], A. Nehorai[1]
[1]Department of Electrical & Systems Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA
[2]Monsanto Company, Technology Pipeline Solutions, St. Louis, MO, USA
[3]OB/GYN Department, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA

Uterine contractions during pregnancy are currently poorly understood – experts disagree on the mechanisms by which contractions propagate through the organ and the structural layout of the uterine muscle fibers. We have developed a multi-scale model of the uterus, at the cellular, tissue, and organ levels. By comparing simulated abdomen-level magnetic field readings from our model to clinical ...

Modeling Mechanical Property Changes During Heating of Carrot Tissue - A Microscale Approach

S. Kadam[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Turgor pressure loss and pectin degradation result in texture loss during cooking of plant based materials. To simulate texture loss, a simultaneous heat and moisture transfer, pectin degradation in the cell wall material and solid mechanical model was developed at the microscale using finite elements to predict the homogenized Young’s Modulus of the carrot tissue during heating. The model ...

Advancements in Carbon Dioxide and Water Vapor Separations Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

J. Knox[1], R. F. Coker[1], C. F. Gomez[1], R. Schunk[1], R. Cummings[1]
[1]NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA

NASA's Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) program is pioneering new approaches for rapidly developing prototype systems, demonstrating key capabilities, and validating operational concepts for future human missions beyond Earth orbit" [1]. Under the new Atmosphere Revitalization Recovery and Environmental Monitoring (ARREM) project [2], efforts are focused on improving current state-of-the-art ...

Simulations of Heat and Mass Transport During Biomass Conversion Processes Using 3D Biomass Particle Models with Realistic Morphology and Resolved Microstructure

P. Ciesielski[1], M. Crowley[1], L. Thompson[1], B. Donohoe[1], D. Robichaud[2], A. Sanders[3], M. Nimlos[2], T. Foust[2]
[1]Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
[2]National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
[3]Quantum Electronics & Photonics Division, National Institute of Standards & Technology, Boulder, CO, USA

Predictive simulations of biomass conversion processes will improve their technical performance and reduce economic uncertainty surrounding industrialization of biofuels production. The majority of present conversion simulations treat the biomass feedstock with simplifying assumptions that neglect important characteristics that are unique to biomass particles. These characteristics, including ...

Design of Microwave Cavity for Non-Thermal Plasma Generation

N. Manivannan[1], W. Balachandran[1]
[1]Brunel University, Uxbridge, UK

Design of Microwave Resonance Cavity (MRC) to generate non-thermal plasma to treat NOx and SOx from marine diesel engine is presented in this paper. Microwave frequency of 2.45GHz is used generate the required plasma. A number of wave guides are used to transfer the microwave energy into to MRC from the microwave source. COMSOL multi-physics software is used to model the waveguides and to ...

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