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Modelling Ultra-short Pulse Laser Ablation of Dielectric Materials Using multiple Rate Equations - new

P. Boerner[1], K. Wegener[1]
[1]Institute of Machine Tools and Manufacturing, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

Ultrafast lasers are widely applied in micromachining, material science and physics. In industry, picosecond lasers are becoming more and more established. For pulse lengths shorter than the electron-phonon coupling time, heat affected zones are negligible. Thermally sensitive materials can be processed using ultrashort pulse laser radiation. Multi-component materials and poorly absorbing ...

Multiphysics Model for Breakup of Charged Liquid Droplets in Electric Fields

S. Chaudhuri [1], W. Du [1],
[1] University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA

Predicting and controlling the formation of droplets from a liquid jet is a critical problem in a variety of applications ranging from fuel injection to paint sprays. It is known that liquid droplets subjected to an electric field acquire a net electrostatic charge via induction, and that the magnitude of this charge depends on the conductivity of the liquid and the size of the droplet [1]. When ...

Marine Vibrator Bubble Source Simulation and Testing

A. K. Morozov [1],
[1] Teledyne Marine Systems, North Falmouth, MA, USA

Marine Vibrators are a coherent type of sound source, which can be quieter and less harmful for marine habitants than traditional air-gun technology. Such source gives clearer, more precise and higher resolution imaging of the bottom properties due to the coherent signal and streamer array processing. Teledyne Marine Systems is developing a coherent seismic marine sound source technology ...

Thermal-Optical Modeling of a Signal Enhancement Approach for Paper-Based Diagnostics

D. Gasperino [1]
[1] Intellectual Ventures Laboratory, Bellevue, WA, USA

INTRODUCTION: Point of care diagnostics aimed at low-resource settings need to be relatively simple, robust and low-cost. The most commonly-used diagnostic platform in these settings is the lateral flow assay (LFA). LFAs are paper-based immunoassays designed to perform on-strip binding with analytes in patient samples in order to generate a visual signal if disease-specific antigen is ...

Assessment of COMSOL Capabilities to Analyse the Thermo- Hydrodynamic Behaviour of the MSR Core

A. Cammi[1], V. Di Marcello[1], C. Fiorina[1], and L. Luzzi[1]

[1]Nuclear Engineering Division, Department of Energy, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy

The present work is aimed at evaluating the capabilities of COMSOL Multiphysics® to treat heat transfer in Molten Salt Reactors (MSR). The analyzed situation is represented by the molten salt in turbulent regime flowing through a cylindrical channel surrounded by graphite, with both the fluid and the solid generating power. A suitable validation framework has been set up on the basis of an ...

High Temperature Process Simulation: An Example in Crystal Growth

H. Rouch[1] and O. Geoffroy[1]
[1]INOPRO, Villard de Lans, France

High temperature processes are used in a large variety of industrial application. Simulation helps to solve technological problems and increase energy efficiency in case of industrial scale simulation. We present in this paper a research equipment simulation. The aim is to increase knowledge of temperature field in the crystal growth region in order to give researcher some important information ...

COMSOL Derived Universal Scaling Model For Low Reynolds Number Viscous Flow Through Microfabricated Pillars – Applications to Heat Pipe Technology

N. Srivastava[1], and C.D. Meinhart[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara California, USA

Cooling of high-power density electronic devices remains a challenge. Microfluidic heat-pipes with the potential of achieving ultra-high thermal conductivities offer a low-cost technology for cooling electronics. To achieve high thermal conductivity, it is critical to maximize the rate of liquid transport inside the heat pipe. We propose a novel array of microfabricated pillars to maximize ...

Multiphysical Modeling of Calcium Carbonate Transportation in UV Disinfection in Water Treatment

E. R. Blatchley[1], and B.Z. Sun[1]
[1]Department of Civil Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA

Mineral precipitation on to the quartz surface of the lamp jackets in UV disinfection process (fouling) has been recognized as a major problem for UV radiation delivery during disinfection operation. Fouling behavior was observed to be induced thermally and influenced by hydraulic character of the UV disinfection configuration. Fouling process involves momentum, heat, and mass transport within ...

Coupled Fluid-Structural Analysis of Heart Mitral Valve

A. Avanzini, and G. Donzella
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy

The mitral valve apparatus is a complex and refined mechanism located between the left atrium and the left ventricle of the heart which can manifest various kinds of pathologies. In order to support identification of potentially critical conditions resulting from some typical cardiosurgery operations, it is important to develop models of the mitral valve that enable prediction of both stress in ...

COMSOL Multiphysics for Efficient Solution of a Transient Reaction-Diffusion System with Fast Reaction

M.K. Gobbert[1], A. Churchill[1], G. Wang[1], and T.I. Seidman[1]
[1]Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

A reaction between chemical species is modeled by a particular reaction pathway, in which one reaction is very fast relative to the other one. The diffusion controlled reactions of these species together with a reaction intermediate are described by a system of three transient reaction diffusion equations over a two-dimensional spatial domain. In the asymptotic limit of the reaction parameter ...

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