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Micromachined Silicon Integrating Cavities for Far-Infrared Bolometer Arrays - new

M. Audley[1], G. de Lange[1], G. Keizer[1], C. Bracken[2]
[1]SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Groningen, The Netherlands
[2]National University of Ireland, Maynooth, Co. Kildare, Ireland

We are investigating gold-plated micromachined silicon integrating cavities for arrays of far infrared Transition Edge Sensor bolometers. We present the results of our simulations and show how we used COMSOL Multiphysics® software to optimize the geometry of the integrating cavity. We show that we can achieve a high optical efficiency over a wide frequency range.

Mathematical Model of Vacuum Foam Drying - new

M. Sramek[1], J. Weiss[2], R. Kohlus[1]
[1]Department of Food Processing Engineering, Institute of Food Science and Biotechnology, Hohenheim University, Stuttgart, Germany
[2]Department of Meat Science and Food Physics, Institute of Food Science and Biotechnology, Hohenheim University, Stuttgart, Germany

The mathematical model is closely related to the development of a novel drying method for high viscous and sticky materials. The foamed state facilitates diffusive moisture transport and therefore accelerating the drying process. Moreover the dried porous material can be easily converted into the powder. The mathematical modelling aimed at evaluating the complex drying process as basic ...

Computational Simulation Of Blood Flow In Stenosed Arterial Bifurcation Under Body Acceleration

H. S. Binti Ahmad [1]
[1] Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Malaysia

Motivated from previous studies, the present work developed a computational model of pulsatile blood flow through a bifurcation of artery with stenosis subjects to external body acceleration. The blood is treated as a Newtonian fluid. The flow is modelled as an incompressible and laminar flow passing through a bifurcated channel with an asymmetric obstruction representing a stenosis (see Figure ...

Interpretation of Measurements with Novel Thermal Conductivity Sensors Suitable for Space Applications

N. I. Kömle[1], G. Kargl[1], E. Kaufmann[2], J. Knollenberg[2], and W. Macher[1]
[1]Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Graz, Austria
[2]DLR Institut für Planetenforschung, Berlin, Germany

Thermal conductivity of near surface soil layers is a key parameter for understanding the energy balance of planetary bodies. To measure this property, heated needle sensors are frequently used in field and laboratory applications. To adapt this type of sensors for application on space missions, various modifications have to be implemented. An example for such a modified sensor is the so ...

Motion of Uncharged Particles in Electroosmotic Flow through a Wavy Cylindrical Channel

N. Qudus[1], T. Mahbub[1], S. A. Ali[1], and M. Shajahan[1]
[1] Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka Bangladesh

A finite element model is employed to describe the electric potential distribution and electroosmotic flow field inside a wavy cylindrical channel. The model uses coupled Laplace and Poisson-Boltzmann to evaluate the electric potential distribution inside the channel. It also contains continuity and Navier–Stokes equations for the solution of fluid flow. A particle trajectory model was ...

A Semplified Model for the Evolution of a Geothermal Field

L. Meacci[1], A. Farina[1], F. Rosso[1], I. Borsi[1], M. Ceseri[1], and A. Speranza[1]


[1]Dipartimento di Matematica U. Dini, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy

The problem is to understand how a geothermal field can evolve from a water dominated state into a vapor dominated one. A first answer to this question is given by a simplified mathematical model of the dynamics of a geothermal field in which the geothermal fluid is entirely composed by pure H2O. We considered a 1-D geometry and we developed a dynamic model that presents a clear interface ...

Dynamic Observation of Magnetic Particles in Continuous Flow Devices by Tunneling Magnetoresistance Sensors

A. Weddemann[1], A. Auge[1], F. Wittbracht[1], C. Albon[1], and A. Hütten[1]

[1]Department of Physics, Thin Films and Physics of Nanostructures, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany

Dynamic measurement of magnetic particles in continuous flow devices is made very difficult by the limitations imposed by the sensors themselves. Thus, certain sensor layouts are restricted to either number sensitive or spatial resolutive measurements of magnetic particles. We investigate different new strategies to increase the detection threshold and introduce designs accomplishing both: ...

Measuring the Spectra of Metamaterials at an Oblique Incidence

X. Ni[1,2], Z. Liu[1,2], and A.V. Kildishev[1,2]
[1]School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA
[2]Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA

The emergence of electromagnetic metamaterials has given rise to a variety of fascinating applications, including the perfect lens and the optical cloaking device. For a long time the study of the properties of metamaterials was limited to normal incidence only. However, it is extremely important to know the behavior of metamaterials especially in the area of imaging. In this paper, we use ...

Contactless Excitation of MEMS Resonant Sensors by Electromagnetic Driving

M. Baù[1], V. Ferrari[1], and D. Marioli[1]
[1]Department of Electronics for Automation, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy

A contactless electromagnetic principle for the excitation of mechanical vibrations in resonant structures has been investigated. The principle relies on no specific magnetic property of the resonator except electrical conductivity and can be adopted for employing the structures as resonant sensors for measurements either in environments not compliant with the requirements of active electronics ...

Design of an Electrodynamically Actuated Microvalve Using COMSOL Multiphysics® and MATLAB®

M. Williams, J. Zito, J. Agashe, A. Sopeju, and D. Arnold
University of Florida, Gainesville, USA

This paper describes the design of a normally closed, electrodynamic microvalve.  Magnetic forces between a permanent magnet in the valve cover and a soft magnet in the valve seat hold the valve closed.  The combination of electrodynamic actuation and a mechanical restoring spring are used to open the valve.  A device model and a design optimization strategy using COMSOL ...

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