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COMSOL News Magazine 2017

Finite-Element Evaluation of Thermal Response Tests Performed on U-Tube Borehole Heat Exchangers

E. Zanchini, and T. Terlizzese
[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Energetica, Nucleare e del Controllo Ambientale, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy

The results of two thermal response tests recently performed on two vertical borehole heat exchangers (BHEs) are presented. The BHEs have the same cross section and a depth of 100 m and 120 m respectively. The evaluation of the thermal properties of the ground and grout are performed by a finite-element simulation method, developed through the software package COMSOL Multiphysics 3.4.

Sound Attenuation by Hearing Aid Earmold Tubing

M. Herring Jensen
Widex A/S, Vaerloese, Denmark

In this study we model the sound attenuation properties of a hearing aid earmold tube. The model includes thermoviscous acoustic effects and it couples structural vibrations to the external acoustic field. Moreover, the finite element domain is coupled at two boundaries with an electroacoustic model of a hearing aid and an acoustic 2-cc coupler.

Model-Based Calibration System for Direct Thermal Printing

W. Vetterling[1], and Z. Peng[1]
[1]Zink Imaging, Inc., Bedford, Massachusetts, USA

This document describes a method for maintaining the long-term calibration of a full color direct thermal printer. An essential component of the system is a thermal model created using COMSOL Multiphysics that allows fitting of color data recorded at different temperatures and exposure times to model results for the same conditions. The fitted results reveal the depth and thickness of color dye ...

Experimentally Matched Finite Element Modeling of Thermally Actuated SOI MEMS Micro-Grippers Using COMSOL Multiphysics

M. Guvench[1], and J. Crosby[1]
[1]University of Southern Maine, Gorham, Maine, USA

In “Micro-Electro-Mechanical-Systems” shortly known as MEMS, one of the most important and effective principle of creating transduction of electrical power to displacement force is thermal expansion. A slim beam of MEMS material, typically Silicon, is heated by the application of electrical current via Joule heating; it expands and creates motion. In the design of many MEMS devices ...

Multiphysics Modelling of a Micro Valve

F. Bircher[1] and P. Marmet[1]

[1]Institute of Print Technology, Bern University of Applied Sciences, Burgdorf, Switzerland

Electromagnetic micro valves are currently developed empirically or the different physics are treated separately. To accelerate the development-process and for a better understanding of the overall system, a multiphysics simulation is built up. This simulation considers the electromagnetics, the electronics (including the control of the process), the mechanics and the fluidics with respect to ...

Numerical Simulation of the Functional Electromagnetic Stimulation of the Human Femoral Bone using COMSOL

Y. Haba[1], W. Kröger[2], H. Ewald[2], R. Souffrant[1], W. Mittelmeier[1], and R. Bader[1]

[1]Biomechanics and Implant Technology Research Laboratory, Department of Orthopaedics, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
[2]Institute of General Electrical Engineering, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany

In the present study we determined the relative conductivities and permittivities of fresh cortical and cancellous bone measuring human femoral heads in different slices of 1 mm thickness. The identified conductivities of human trabecular bone are used for the electromagnetic field simulation by means of COMSOL using a Micro-Computed Tomography (Micro-CT) model. The calculated model depends on a ...

Numerical Simulations Demonstrate Safe Vitrification and Warming of Embryos Using the Rapid-i™ Device

B.O.J. Johansson[1][2], Y.A. Tarakanov[1], H.J. Lehmann[2], and S.P. Apell[1]

[1]Department of Applied Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden
[2]Vitrolife Sweden AB, Västra Frölunda, Sweden

During cryopreservation of human embryos, ice crystal formation in the embryos or in surrounding media may cause cryodamage to them and can be lethal. A strategy to avoid this is the vitrification procedure when the embryo and the surrounding medium undergo the transition to glassy state rather than a crystalline one during cooling. Similarly, recrystallization in the embryo or the medium must ...

Multi-Scale Modelling of Catalytic Microreactors

B. Hari[1] and C. Theodoropoulos[1]
[1]The University of Manchester, School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science, Manchester, UK

Microreactors are important alternative to conventional reactors in chemistry, chemical, pharmaceutical and semiconductor industries due to their operation characteristics such as increased mass and heat transfer, uniform flow, safety, high throughput through array configurations, smaller plant size and lower cost of production. Models for such reactors need to be able to describe both the ...

Multiphysics Modelling of Food Dehydration during RF Exposure

R. Renshaw[1]
[1]e2v Ltd., Essex, United Kingdom

There is a requirement for an RF (Radiofrequency) industrial dryer that will be capable of dehydrating foodstuff to the correct level after the product has been fried. RF drying should actively target moisture, due to waters high dielectric properties. An industrial dryer can be optimized using modeling to obtain the correct moisture removal rates in the RF drying process. Measurement of the ...

Bio-Effluents Tracing in Ventilated Aircraft Cabins

G. Petrone[1], L. Cammarata[1], and G. Cammarata[1]
[1]Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, University of Catania, Catania, Italy

Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) are issues of very high interest, determining comfortable conditions for occupants and no-contaminated local atmosphere. The aircraft cabins are more confined and have a higher occupant density than other indoor environments such as offices or residential houses. The passengers and the crew share a closed and ventilated cabin, which brings potential risk ...