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Thermal Properties of Copper Tungsten with Copper Via Composite

J. Ma[1], A. Parker[1], and K. Kuan[2]
[1]Southeastern Louisiana University, Hammond, LA, USA
[2]Torrey Hill Technology LLC, SanDiego, CA, USA

This study focuses on a low-cost composite material based on CuW with Cu via, which functions as a more efficient thermal path for heat conduction. A 50mm X 50mm X 1mm CuW(15/85) speciman consists an array of 30X30 uniformly distributed cylindrical Cu via attaching to a microprocessor generating 100 watts power was studied. By calculating the heat flux coming out of the top and the ...

Numerical Analysis of Heating and Ablating Non-Pyrolitic Materials

A. Davidy
IMI
Ramat-Hasharon
Israel

In this paper a two dimensional time dependent model is developed and assessed to describe the interrelated processes of conduction, convective heating and ablation of non pyrolytic ablative material. An aerothermochemical analysis for the process of non-pyrolitic composite material regression in advanced solid-propellant rocket motors has been conducted. The analytical approach is similar ...

Evanescent Waves at the Interface Between Ear Canal and Otoacoustic Emission Probe

M. Zebian[1,2], J. Hensel [2], and T. Fedtke[2]
[1]Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Braunschweig, Germany
[2]International Graduate School of Metrology, Braunschweig, Germany

Otoacoustic emission (OAE) tests provide an objective examination of the cochlear function. However, the validity of OAE tests is affected negatively by calibration errors. This report sheds light on the evanescent waves arising at the interface between the OAE probe and the ear canal, and analyses the impact of minor eartip modifications on the acoustic length estimation of ear canals, using ...

Comparison of Borehole Heat Exchangers (BHEs): State of the Art vs. Novel Design Approaches

P. Oberdorfer, F. Maier, and E. Holzbecher
Applied Geology
Geoscience Centre
Georg-August-University Göttingen
Göttingen, Germany

The efficiency of borehole heat exchangers (BHEs) for geothermal purposes depends not only on material properties but also on their geometrical design. These days most used design consists of two parallel arranged U-shaped pipes which are embedded in a high-conductive shell filling out the borehole. Another common design is a pipe inside of another pipe, with fluid flowing down inside and up ...

Modeling a Non-Flooding Hybrid Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell and Related Diffusion-Migration-Reaction Systems

B.E. McNealy[1], J.L. Hertz[1]
[1]University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA

Introduction: Understanding the mass and charge transport behavior of heterogeneous systems that include diffusion, migration, and reaction of ions is important in fuel cells, batteries, and other electrochemical applications. Here, a numerical model for charged species transport and reaction has been developed to simulate the electrochemical behavior of a novel type of “non-flooding” hybrid ...

Microwave Inactivation of Bacteria Under Dynamic Heating Conditions in Solid Media

S. Curet[1], M. Mazen Hamoud-Agha[1]
[1]GEPEA, UMR 6144, CNRS, ONIRIS, Université de Nantes, Nantes, France

In this study, COMSOL®4.2a is used to model a microwave heating process in a TE10 rectangular waveguide. The sample consists of a small cylindrical Ca-alginate gel (D = 8 mm, H = 10 mm) inoculated with bacteria Escherichia Coli K12. The sample is placed along the microwave propagation direction into the waveguide. Maxwell’s equations and heat transfer are coupled to a microbial inactivation ...

Simulation of a Seal

V. Viola[1]
[1]CARCO, Basiano, Milano, Italy

Simulations of more than one type of seal have been done where the deformation and the stress of the seal itself or the pressure on the housing are of interest. According to the deformation of the seal we can modify the housing of the seal or its geometry depending on the design constraints to meet. Stresses on the seal are indicators of which changes have to be implemented on the geometry so to ...

Vibration and Acoustic Analysis of a Trussed Railroad Bridge under Moving Loads

R. Costley[1], H. Diaz-Alvarez[1], M. McKenna[1], A. Miller[1]
[1]U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, MS, USA

Two finite element models have been developed to investigate the acoustic radiation from a Pratt truss train bridge. The first model was a time dependent structural model that determined the vibration response of the structure due to two wheels, representing a single axle, moving across the bridge at constant speed. This model was expanded to include multiple axles to represent a locomotive. The ...

Application of COMSOL Multiphysics in the Simulation of Magnesium Refining and Production

X. Guan[1], E. Gratz[1], U. Pal[1]
[1]Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Boston University, Brookline, MA, USA

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling is a useful tool to gain an insight into various high temperature metallurgical processes such as the magnesium refining and the magnesium solid oxide membrane (SOM) electrolysis. In both processes, argon gas was used to stir the molten salt (flux) in order to improve the transport of magnesium vapor out of the flux and achieve chemical homogeneity in ...

Numerical Simulations of Radionuclide Transport through Clay and Confining Units in a Geological Repository using COMSOL

J. Hansmann[1], M. L. Sentis[1], B. J. Graupner[1], A.-K. Leuz[1], C. Belardinelli[2]
[1]Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate (ENSI), Brugg, Switzerland
[2]Kantonsschule Solothurn, Solothurn, Switzerland

Introduction: The sectoral plan that defines the procedure and criteria of site selection for deep geological repositories for all categories of waste (high-level and low- and intermediate-level waste) in Switzerland started in 2008 and will last for about ten years. ENSI (Swiss Nuclear Safety Inspectorate) is in charge of reviewing the proposals and safety assessments for geological ...