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Investigating the Loading Behaviour of Intact and Meniscectomy Knee Joints and the Impact on Surgical Decisions

M. S. Yeoman [1],
[1] Continuum Blue Ltd., Cardiff, United Kingdom

Knee joints are often subject to high loads, which can lead to injury, malalignment, and the progression of osteoarthritis in patients. To better understand the behavior, and the effect of meniscal damage and different meniscectomy repair approaches, a 3D structural mechanics model of a patient specific knee was developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The model made use of the Structural Mechanics ...

Air-Water-Foam Mix Chamber for Fire Protection of Fossil Fuel Containers: Modeling and Optimization

S. Hidrobo [1], A. X. Jerves [1], A. Landazuri [1], S. D. Ballen [1],
[1] Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Quito, Ecuador

Since the industrial demand in the energetic, mining and oil & gas sectors has increased exponentially these last decades, security standards and fire protection methods are extremely important not only for the employees, but also for the infrastructure involved in production areas and processes. Throughout the fire protection circuits on site where fossil fuels are stored and manipulated, the ...

Thermal Integrity Analysis of Concrete Bridge Foundations using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

K. R. Johnson [1],
[1] University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA

Concrete hydration is a highly exothermic process which, in large concrete structures, produces highly elevated temperatures. While this phenomenon has long been understood to be a negative side effect which can cause thermal stress cracking in concrete structures, a relatively new and innovative method known as Thermal Integrity Profiling (TIP) makes use of measured concrete hydration ...

COMSOL® Simulation of Blister Actuated Laser Induced Forward Transfer (Ba-LIFT)

M. Morales [1], , J. J. Moreno [1] , D. Munoz-Martin [1] , C. Molpeceres [1]
[1]Centro Láser UPM, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain

Laser-induced forward transfer (LIFT) is a non-contact direct-write technique that enables the deposition of small volumes of material into user-defined high-resolution patterns with a wide range of structural and functional materials. There are many variations of the LIFT process, each differing in how the laser is absorbed and converted into the mechanical energy required for material ejection ...

Simulation of Chromatographic Band Transport

B. Bunner , A. Kromidas , M. Kele , and U. Neue
Waters Corp, Milford, MA, USA

High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) is a standard method in the pharmaceutical industry for the separation and identification of chemical compounds. Modeling of band transport, or band broadening phenomena, can provide tremendous insight into problems of chromatography that are difficult or impossible to measure experimentally. We used COMSOL to analyze two classes of problems in ...

Cycling-Induced Degradation of Batteries

M. Vallance [1], A. Meshkov [1], R. White [2], M. Guo [2], S. Rayman [2], L. Cai [2]
[1] GE Global Research, Niskayuna, NY, USA
[2] R.E. White & Associates, Columbia, SC, USA

Rechargeable batteries solve electrification and communication problems. As examples, hybrid battery-diesel generator power supplies efficiently power cell towers in remote locations, detached from the power grid. Large battery banks are used to load level user power requirements, reducing stress on power generation infrastructure. Batteries firm the output capacity of intermittent wind ...

Magneto-hydrodynamic Flow in Electrolyte Solutions

M. Qin[1], and H. Bau[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, USA

The paper presents and compares two models for simulating magneto-hydrodynamic flow of RedOx electrolyte in a conduit patterned with circular pillars. The first model solves the coupled Nernst-Planck and Navier-Stokes equations subjected to Butler-Volmer electrode kinetics and provides detailed information on ions’ concentrations. The second model treats the electrolyte as a conductor, and ...

Design and Optimization of an All Optically Driven Phase Correction MEMS Deformable Mirror Device using Finite Element Analysis

V. Mathur[1], K. Anglin[1], V.S. Prasher[1], K. Termkoa[1], S.R. Vangala[1], X. Qian[1], J. Sherwood[1], W.D. Goodhue[1], B. Haji-Saeed[2], and J. Khoury[2]

[1]Photonics Center, University of Massachusetts-Lowell, Lowell, Massachusetts, USA
[2]Air Force Research Laboratory/Sensors Directorate, Hanscom Air Force Base, Massachusetts, USA

Optically addressable MEMS mirrors are required for future high density adaptive optics array systems. We have demonstrated a novel technique of achieving this by actuating low stress Silicon Nitride micro mirrors via cascaded wafer bonded Gallium Arsenide photo detectors on Gallium Phosphide. In the work reported here, we discuss the key design parameters of the device, and present the finite ...

COMSOL Multiphysics for Efficient Solution of a Transient Reaction-Diffusion System with Fast Reaction

M.K. Gobbert[1], A. Churchill[1], G. Wang[1], and T.I. Seidman[1]
[1]Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

A reaction between chemical species is modeled by a particular reaction pathway, in which one reaction is very fast relative to the other one. The diffusion controlled reactions of these species together with a reaction intermediate are described by a system of three transient reaction diffusion equations over a two-dimensional spatial domain. In the asymptotic limit of the reaction parameter ...

Parallel Performance Studies for COMSOL Multiphysics Using Scripting and Batch Processing

N. Petra[1], and M.K. Gobbert[1]

[1]Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

The graphical user interface (GUI) of COMSOL Multiphysics offers an effective environment to get started solving problems. For reproducibility of the results, it is often desirable to explore the script-based modeling capabilities of COMSOL with MATLAB. There are also potential benefits of running COMSOL in parallel, specifically by running several computational threads in shared-memory ...