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Multiphysics Analysis of a Photobioreactor

L. T. Gritter [1], E. Dunlop [2], J. S. Crompton [1], K. C. Koppenhoefer [1]
[1] AltaSim Technologies, Columbus, OH, USA
[2] Pan Pacific Technologies Pty Ltd, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

Photo-bioreactors generate biomass by providing a controlled environment for the cultivation of algae due to photosynthesis. Algae cultivation can be controlled through the operating parameters and bioreactor environment to allow for high productivity and the use of systems with large surface-to-volume ratios offers maximum efficiency in the use of light compared to alternative batch systems. ...

COMSOL在压阻式柔性压力传感器中的应用

王宗荣 [1,2], 王珊 [1],
[1] 浙江大学,杭州,中国
[2] 香港大学,香港,中国

引言:柔性压力传感器在电子皮肤、智能假肢以及医疗监测诊断等领域发挥着十分重要的作用。因此压力传感器需要很高的灵敏度、较宽的敏感区间及稳定的性能。利用典型有机硅 PDMS 作为支撑层,聚合物 PEDOT: PSS 作为导电感应层制得的高度不均一微突结构的双压敏机制压阻传感器灵敏度达到了 851kPa-1。其探测范围广,性能优异,为解决目前压阻传感器中灵敏度低、敏感压力区间窄的难题提供了新思路。 COMSOL MULTIPHYSICS® 软件的使用:本文利用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 软件建立了不均匀微突结构的压阻式传感器模型,采用了结构力学与电流场两个物理场,通过电子接触对进行多物理场的耦合。研究在指定位移情况下,压阻式传感器电阻与电流的变化,从而得到灵敏度,验证不均匀微突结构压阻式压力传感器的双作用机制。同时,与均一微金字塔结构的压力传感器进行比较 ...

Interactions of Magnetic Particles in a Rotational Magnetic Field

A. Weddemann, A. Auge, F. Wittbracht, S. Herth, A. Hütten
Bielefeld University, Germany

Particle-particle interactions are usually neglected when considering the behaviour of magnetic particle's so called magnetic beads in e.g. a microfluidic device. However, if the particle density exceeds a critical limit, this assumption might not lead to proper results anymore. In this paper the particle-particle interaction of magnetic beads in an external magnetic field will be discussed. It ...

A Theoretical Model for the Control of Color Degradation and Microbial Spoilage Occurring in Food Convective Drying

S. Curcio[1], M. Aversa[1]
[1]University of Calabria, Department of Engineering Modeling, Rende, Cosenza, Italy

The aim of this work was the development of a predictive model aimed at identifying a proper control strategy of food drying process. In particular, it was intended to determine the effect of operating conditions both on the color degradation, chosen as a reference quality parameter, and on the microbial spoilage occurring during potatoes drying. A transport model, accounting for the ...

Terahertz Resonant Dipole Nanoantennas

S. Tuccio [1], A. Alabastri[1], L. Razzari[1], A. Toma[1], C. Liberale[1], R. Proietti Zaccaria[1], F. De Angelis[1], G. Das[1], E. di Fabrizio[1]
[1]Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, Italy

Nanoantennas have been successfully employed in a wide set of applications. We show the possibility to expand usual nanoantenna functionalities in the THz domain with a gold dipole nanoantenna. We considered an array of aligned planar gold nanoantennas over a silicon substrate. The high near field enhancement, localized at the device ends, indicates potential uses for THz spectroscopy and ...

The Friction Coefficient of Fractal Aggregates in the Continuum and the Transition Regimes

A. Melas[1][3], A.G. Konstandopoulos[1], L. Isella[2], Y. Drossinos[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece
[2]European Commission, DG Energy, Luxemburg
[3]European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy

Aerosol and colloid aggregates are complex fractal-like structures composed of primary spheres. The drag force exerted on a fractal-like object is usually determined by solving numerically the Stokes equation. In this study we calculate it by relating it to a molecule-aggregate collision rate. We create the fractal aggregates with a cluster-cluster aggregation algorithm using the software ...

Studies of Lead Free Piezo-Electric Materials Based Ultrasonic MEMS Model for Bio sensor

P. Pattanaik[1], S. K. Kamilla[1], D. P. Das[2], S. K. Pradhan[3]
[1]MEMS Design Center, Institute of Technical Education & Research (ITER), Sikhya ‘O’ Anushandhan University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
[2]Process Engineering and Instrumentation Lab, Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology (IMMT), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
[3]Dept of ECE, Hi-Tech Institute of Technology, Khurda, Odisha, India

This paper describes the design of an ultrasonic transducer using different lead free piezo-electric materials and evaluates their performance with different glucose levels in the human blood. COMSOL Multiphysics 4.2a was used for the simulation study using 2D axis symmetric model of piezoelectric transducer which was designed with lead free piezoelectric materials such as Barium Sodium Niobate ...

Vibration and Acoustic Analysis of a Trussed Railroad Bridge under Moving Loads

R. Costley[1], H. Diaz-Alvarez[1], M. McKenna[1], A. Miller[1]
[1]U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, MS, USA

Two finite element models have been developed to investigate the acoustic radiation from a Pratt truss train bridge. The first model was a time dependent structural model that determined the vibration response of the structure due to two wheels, representing a single axle, moving across the bridge at constant speed. This model was expanded to include multiple axles to represent a locomotive. The ...

Modeling of Laminar Flow Static Mixers

N. Elabbasi[1], X. Liu[1], S. Brown[1], M. Vidal[2], M. Pappalardo[2]
[1]Veryst Engineering LLC, Needham, MA, USA
[2]Nordson EFD, East Providence, RI, USA

Laminar flow static mixers are accurate, inexpensive fluid mixing devices that can handle a wide range of fluids and mixing proportions. They have a wide range of industrial applications, especially in the consumer product, pharmaceutical, biomedical, and petrochemical industries. A good mixing quality is obtained when the outlet of the mixer has no concentrated volumes of either mixed materials ...

Investigation of the Effect of Spinal Defects on Spondylolysis and Stress Fracture of Vertebral Bodies

M.S. Yeoman[1], C. Quah[2], A. Cizinauskas[1], K. Cooper[1], D. McNally[5], B. Boszczyk[2]
[1]Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
[2]The Centre for Spinal Studies and Surgery, Queen’s Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
[5]Bioengineering Research Group, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom

Spondylolysis (SL) is a defect of the spinal vertebra, and is typically caused by stress fracture of the pars interarticularis bone of the vertebral arch. It is especially common in adolescents who over train in sporting activities. Spina bifida occulta (SBO) is a malformation of the spine where the protruding vertebral bodies are not fully formed. In this study we demonstrate the predisposition ...