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Assembly with a Hinge Joint

This example illustrates how to model a barrel hinge connecting two solid objects in an assembly. In this model, the details of the connection are not the focus of the analysis, therefore, the hinge joint is modeled using a Joint feature in the Multibody Dynamics Module. The connected parts can be either rigid or flexible or a combination as shown in this model.

Differential Gear Mechanism

This model simulates the mechanism of a differential gear used in cars and other wheeled vehicles. A differential allows the outer drive wheel to rotate faster than the inner drive wheel during a turn. This is necessary when a vehicle turns in order to allow the wheel that is traveling along the outside of the turning curve to roll faster and to cover greater distance than the wheel on the ...

Biomechanical Model of the Human Body in a Sitting Posture

The dynamic response of a human body in any vibration environment can be predicted using this biomechanical model. In the automobile industry for instance, this model can be used in ride quality simulation and designing vibration isolators such as seats. In this example, a biomechanical model of the human body is developed to evaluate the dynamic response to the vertical vibrations in a ...

Simulation of Shock Absorber in Landing Gear

This model simulates the dynamics of the shock absorber used in a landing gear mechanism of an aircraft. It analyses the stresses, as well as the heat generated in the landing gear components due to the energy dissipated in the shock absorber. A prismatic joint, with spring and damper, is used to model the shock absorber assembly.

Forces and Moments on Bevel Gears

This tutorial model simulates a pair of straight conical bevel gears. The gears are modeled as rigid, but one of the gears is fixed while the other is hinged on a rigid bar. The rigid bar is also hinged at a point lying on the axis of the fixed gear. A transient analysis is performed to compute the forces and moments at the center of the fixed gear. The results of the analysis are compared with ...

Dynamic Behavior of a Spring Loaded Rotating Slider

This model illustrates the modeling of slider motion caused by a base rotation. The motion of the slider is analyzed under various forces such as inertia force, centrifugal force, spring force and damping force. The prismatic joint, which is used to connect the two components, is spring loaded and also includes damping effects. The motion of the slider is compared with the analytical ...

Centrifugal Governor Simulator

Centrifugal governors, a specific type of governor, control the speed of an engine by regulating the amount of admitted fuel. In order to maintain a near-constant speed, regardless of the load or fuel supply conditions, centrifugal governors use the principle of proportional control. While the governor is in operation, it is critical that it quickly reaches a new steady-state configuration. ...

Mechanics of a Golf Swing

How well you can strike a golf ball is not only determined by your muscle strength, but more importantly it is influenced by the mechanics of golf swing. The outcome of golf stroke is basically determined by the movement of the club head just prior to the impact with the ball. In this example, a multibody analysis of a golf swing is performed. Aim of the analysis is to maximize the club head ...

Rolling of a Rigid Wheel

The purpose of this model is to demonstrate pure rolling of a rigid wheel when given initial forward velocity together with lean about the forward direction. This is implemented through the Multibody dynamics module in COMSOL Multiphysics. The rolling motion of the wheel has been implemented without the use of contact.

Walking Instability in a Washing Machine

Walking instability, due to non-uniform distribution of clothes, is a common problem in lightweight portable washing machines. This problem is more severe in horizontal-axis washing machines, which are more popular because of their high efficiency in spite of high manufacturing cost. This model simulates a simplified model of a horizontal-axis portable washing machine and predicts the verge of ...